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4 Billion People Are Obviously Not Wrong! Football Is An Ancient Game…

This historic sport is not just a video game – a fresh lifestyle.

The actual origins of football of individuals kicking the ball about for sports activity stretch back a lot more than 2.000 years. Trump the actual Olympic Games, none other sports activities event these days measures to the FIFA World Cup. With four billion dollars fans of football. It really is undoubtedly the most well-known sport on the planet. Exactly how did a historical ball game pull through even today to turn out to be the actual mammoth wearing event loved around the world?

Shock! Britain did not start football!

‘Association Football’ is obviously the descendant of a historic game that spanned the world. China says the first documented ‘football’ game, exists in the Warring States time period. Cuju was obviously a demanding foot as well as ball activity including kicking the ball right into a net. Such as today, the players could not touch the ball with their arms. This particular ball was a skin stuffed with feathers to maintain this light. However, by the Tang Dynasty, the actual ball ended up being air-filled.

4 Billion People1

Applying only the feet to manage a ball when operating, passing, as well as scoring, likewise today, displays great bodily skill. This really is the reason why the earliest reference to Cuju was at an exercise from the military guide from the 3rd century BC. The ‘game’ was to keep fit and therefore was extreme and chaotic. However ultimately the reputation from the sport relocated to the top classes as well as royal surfaces. They played it just for amusement within wealthy towns.

“Soldiers that were from the actual imperial military often created cuju groups for the pleasure of the emperor. The degree of female cuju groups also enhanced. Data reveals that every 17-year-old woman beat the team of army troops. Cuju actually grew to be popular among the scholars as well as intellectuals. When a courtier was missing talent, he might excuse himself by performing as a scorekeeper.”

Abilities and Extravagant Footwork

They performed Cuju in diverse types in Korea, Japan as well as Vietnam. Japan version, Kemari, is a ball game China released into Japan. Among the earliest recommendations to this sport are in the actual Nihon Shoki, the 2nd most ancient book associated with Japan history.

football

The actual aggressive, as well as violent elements, were removed, and also the goal from the game would work together using the other participants to use their own feet to maintain the ball up while not letting it hit the floor. These days, such skilled techniques as well as footwork to maintain the ball up as well as away from the actual opponents is a fun section of the sport besides making some outstanding players, such as Cristiano Ronaldo.

The actual Greek Episkyros

A popular ancient Greek game, Episkyros, is usually related to football due to the fact a popular portrayal on the vase shown at the Nationwide Archaeological Art gallery, Athens. Nevertheless, it is a true component in the sport’s tale are much less clear.

football

Episkyros centred on team-work, where 2 groups of 12 to 14 participants each confronted off with one soccer ball. Unlike soccer, they can use hands toss or get the ball. They’d toss the soccer ball until someone pushed one of the team players right behind a line on the floor in their own ending. It was incredibly chaotic, and to contemporary eyes may look a lot more like American rugby instead of football.

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Ancient

Burial Site of Anglo-Saxon Prince May Be Greatest Discovery Ever in UK

When the discovery of a well-preserved royal gravesite is being compared to finding the tomb of King Tutankhamun, it’s obviously a big deal. When it’s in the UK and the remains may be from a 6th century Anglo-Saxon prince, it’s definitely a significant find. When the richly-appointed ancient royal tomb is discovered between an Aldi’s and a pub, it’s the height of irony. The tomb was once believed to belong to Sæberht of Essex, the first East Saxon king to have been converted to Christianity, but new evidence points to it belonging to his brother, Saexa.

“In 2003 archaeologists from MOLA (Museum of London Archaeology) excavated a small plot of land in Prittlewell, Essex, for Southend-on-Sea Borough Council. They were astounded to discover an intact Anglo-Saxon burial chamber.”

According to its website, when the team from MOLA opened what would have been a 13-foot (4 meters) square timber tomb about five feet high Prittlewell, near Southend, Essex, they found over 40 well-preserved artifacts, including a lyre (a harp-like instrument), gold coins, a gold belt buckle, drinking vessels, a sword trimmed with gold, a flagon from Syria and decorative glass beakers, all placed carefully in such a way that they knew it was the tomb of royalty. Unfortunately, what they didn’t find was the royalty – the only human remains in the tomb were tooth enamel fragments. (Photos of the artifacts here.)

(Wikipedia)

“The team left no stone unturned, using a range of techniques – from soil micromorphology and CT scans to Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy and mass spectrometry – in their quest to reconstruct and understand the chamber as it would have been on the day of the funeral.”

After the site was excavated and the artifacts taken to MOLA, 15 years of research at first pointed to the tomb belonging to Sæberht, who ruled over the Kingdom of Essex from 604 to 616 CE. Sæberht was the first East Saxon king to have been converted to Christianity and gold crosses found in the tomb which would have been placed over the eyes confirmed this was a Christian burial, making this the earliest known Christian tomb ever found in the UK. However, further study showed the tomb being built somewhere between 575 and 605 – too soon for Sæberht.

The artifacts have been stored and displayed at the Museum of London Archaeology, but now a number of them are being moved back to Southend to go on permanent display for the first time at the Central Museum. In conjunction with the move, MOLA archeologists are now stating that the tomb most likely belonged to Saexa, Sæberht’s brother who died earlier and never ruled Essex. Not much else is known about Saexa or how he died, according to Sophie Jackson, MOLA’s director of research and engagement.

“There’s a lot of debate about whether he was a fully-fledged hairy beast Saxon warrior, or younger. Had he died before he could really prove himself?”

Nonetheless, Jackson joins in with those who call the discovery between a pub and an Aldi’s “our equivalent of Tutankhamun’s tomb.” If you can’t make it to the museum, MOLA has an outstanding recreation of the tomb on its website.

“A fully-fledged hairy beast Saxon warrior”? That doesn’t sound much like Tut.

Source: Mysterious Universe

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Chunk of Stonehenge returned after 60 years

Image Credit: PD – Wiki
A little piece of Stonehenge is now back where it belongs. 

A piece of the enigmatic monument that has been missing for six decades has finally been returned.

The cylindrical fragment, which measures just over one meter long, was obtained by Robert Phillips of diamond cutting firm Van Moppes in 1958 when some of the cracked stones at the world-famous heritage site were being re-enforced with metal rods.

Phillips would end up taking the stone core with him when he emigrated to the United States but now, on the eve of his 90th birthday, he has finally asked for it to be returned to where it belongs.

“The last thing we ever expected was to get a call from someone in America telling us they had a piece of Stonehenge,” said Heather Sebire of English Heritage.

Given that it was taken from the middle of one of the stones, the missing piece is not as weathered as the monolith itself, making it ideal for study. Scientists hope that a detailed analysis could help to reveal more about precisely where the stones that make up Stonehenge originally came from.

“Studying the Stonehenge core’s ‘DNA’ could tell us more about where those enormous sarsen stones originated,” said Sebire.

Intriguingly, a total of three such cores were removed from the monument during the 1950s, meaning that two more of them are still out there in the hands of private owners.

Determining their whereabouts however is likely to prove a considerable challenge.

Source: Reuters

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They find remains of a mysterious Mayan queen of 1,500 years old

The complete skeleton of a 1,500-year-old Mayan queen has been discovered in a hidden pyramid in the Guatemalan jungle. Archaeologists believe that the remains of her husband, the king, are very close.

skeleton of Mayan queen

Little is known about the identity of this monarch found in an underground chamber inside a pyramid in the Holmul area – a Mayan archaeological site near the border with modern Belize.

According to the archaeologists, the technique called LIDAR was the one that allowed to find pyramids, entire cities, walls, among other Mayan treasures, that until now had gone unnoticed in the north of Guatemala.

Among these structures identified by laser technology, there is a complex of three pyramids on the outskirts of the city of Witzna. The bones of the queen, discovered under one of these pyramids, denote that she was already an old woman at the time of death, and the trousseau that accompanies her clearly evidences her position within royalty.

This finding means that at least one “king” is buried nearby, so archaeologists will continue to explore the site in search of their remains. The hypothesis is sustained, in addition, in a vase to drink chocolate found there, whose inscriptions name a monarch.(Mayan queen)

“Nobody but a king or queen would have possession of this type of item,” explained archaeologist Francisco Estrada-Belli. “We know from many references elsewhere that, on certain important occasions, a king would invite his allies and his lords and make some of these vases made for him and then donate them to his closest allies. We believe that this is the reason why this individual, who is definitely not the person named in the vase, must have it. “

Mayan queen

The excavation in the Witzna complex also revealed an old military building: a watchtower. At his feet, inside a deep well, a skull and teeth belonging to a sacrificed child were unearthed.(Mayan queen)

Also, more ritual activity in the area includes a large number of fragments of vessels that would have been offerings deposited on the top of the queen’s pyramid.

Other stone monuments have signs of having suffered the effects of fire and destruction of their inscriptions; something that scholars believe represents more evidence of rituals or of some military attack.

“What happened at the base and at the top of the pyramid – burned by fire – can be two different things, but in the case of a broken stone monument, we are sure that this was basically an attack on the city . Many of the most important buildings were destroyed, burned, and the monuments with the images of the disfigured kings, “said Estrada-Belli.

More details about this discovery are released in “Lost Treasures of the Mayans”, a documentary broadcast in National Geographic. What do you think? Leave your comment below.

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