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4 Billion People Are Obviously Not Wrong! Football Is An Ancient Game…

This historic sport is not just a video game – a fresh lifestyle.

The actual origins of football of individuals kicking the ball about for sports activity stretch back a lot more than 2.000 years. Trump the actual Olympic Games, none other sports activities event these days measures to the FIFA World Cup. With four billion dollars fans of football. It really is undoubtedly the most well-known sport on the planet. Exactly how did a historical ball game pull through even today to turn out to be the actual mammoth wearing event loved around the world?

Shock! Britain did not start football!

‘Association Football’ is obviously the descendant of a historic game that spanned the world. China says the first documented ‘football’ game, exists in the Warring States time period. Cuju was obviously a demanding foot as well as ball activity including kicking the ball right into a net. Such as today, the players could not touch the ball with their arms. This particular ball was a skin stuffed with feathers to maintain this light. However, by the Tang Dynasty, the actual ball ended up being air-filled.

4 Billion People1

Applying only the feet to manage a ball when operating, passing, as well as scoring, likewise today, displays great bodily skill. This really is the reason why the earliest reference to Cuju was at an exercise from the military guide from the 3rd century BC. The ‘game’ was to keep fit and therefore was extreme and chaotic. However ultimately the reputation from the sport relocated to the top classes as well as royal surfaces. They played it just for amusement within wealthy towns.

“Soldiers that were from the actual imperial military often created cuju groups for the pleasure of the emperor. The degree of female cuju groups also enhanced. Data reveals that every 17-year-old woman beat the team of army troops. Cuju actually grew to be popular among the scholars as well as intellectuals. When a courtier was missing talent, he might excuse himself by performing as a scorekeeper.”

Abilities and Extravagant Footwork

They performed Cuju in diverse types in Korea, Japan as well as Vietnam. Japan version, Kemari, is a ball game China released into Japan. Among the earliest recommendations to this sport are in the actual Nihon Shoki, the 2nd most ancient book associated with Japan history.

football

The actual aggressive, as well as violent elements, were removed, and also the goal from the game would work together using the other participants to use their own feet to maintain the ball up while not letting it hit the floor. These days, such skilled techniques as well as footwork to maintain the ball up as well as away from the actual opponents is a fun section of the sport besides making some outstanding players, such as Cristiano Ronaldo.

The actual Greek Episkyros

A popular ancient Greek game, Episkyros, is usually related to football due to the fact a popular portrayal on the vase shown at the Nationwide Archaeological Art gallery, Athens. Nevertheless, it is a true component in the sport’s tale are much less clear.

football

Episkyros centred on team-work, where 2 groups of 12 to 14 participants each confronted off with one soccer ball. Unlike soccer, they can use hands toss or get the ball. They’d toss the soccer ball until someone pushed one of the team players right behind a line on the floor in their own ending. It was incredibly chaotic, and to contemporary eyes may look a lot more like American rugby instead of football.

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Ancient

Previously Hidden Ancient Sites Emerge Across Britain Due To Hot Weather

Previously hidden archaeological sites have emerged in fields across Britain after the hot, dry summer exposed some of new cropmarks.

Aerial photographs have exposed patterns which reveal the sites of prehistoric settlements, burial mounds and Iron Age, Bronze Age and Roman farms.

Among the new discoveries are two Neolithic monuments near Milton Keynes in central England.

These are rectangular-shaped constructions believed to have been enclosed paths or processional ways, usually dating from between 3,600 and 3,000 BC.

One monument was recently mapped, but until this year another one next to it was hidden beneath a bank of earth that is being gradually ploughed away.

Several of the finds are in the south-west region of Cornwall, including an Iron Age round – a settlement surrounded by a circular ditch – in St Ives.

Crops planted above ancient ditches or other earthworks often flourish because the disturbed ground retains more moisture than undisturbed soil. As a result, in drought conditions, they stay green longer.

In contrast, crops planted above the remnants of ancient stone walls grow less well, and after a dry spell are often more bleached in colour.

When viewed from above, both can give a clear outline of what lies beneath.

“This spell of very hot weather has provided the perfect conditions for our aerial archaeologists to ‘see beneath the soil’ as cropmarks are much better defined,” said Duncan Wilson, chief executive of Historic England.

“The discovery of ancient farms, settlements and Neolithic cursus monuments is exciting.

“The exceptional weather has opened up whole areas at once rather than just one or two fields and it has been fascinating to see so many traces of our past graphically revealed.”

Historic England also discovered an Iron Age burial site in Yorkshire, northern England, with cropmarks representing square ditches surrounding a burial mound.

Further details have also emerged of existing sites, including lost Elizabethan buildings and gardens associated with Tixall Hall in Staffordshire.

source: Independent 

featured image: Aerial view from 500ft of cropmark at Grange Farm © Copyright Chris

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The Book of the Giants: Text with 2,000 years of Antiquity describes the Nephilim

More than 60 years ago, excavations at the Qumran Caves (Dead Sea) revealed almost a thousand ancient scrolls that offered important glimpses of humanity’s past.

Archaeologists were surprised to find so many unusual texts and among them, a roll of paper that offers clues about the Nephilim.

It’s called The Book of the Giants. Let’s review the ancient stories about these beings.

The Bible makes several references to the Nephilim and most can be found in the book of Genesis. Most of the information concerning these giants of antiquity come from the apocryphal book of Enoch. This ancient Jewish religious work is attributed to Noah’s great-grandfather, although some scholars date parts of it to around 300 BC.

Enoch is a disconcerting character. The book of Genesis tells us that he lived on Earth for 365 years, before being taken by God; “He walked with God, and he was gone; because God took him. “During his time here, our planet was also inhabited by” angels “who interacted freely with humans, and eventually crossed paths with the” daughters of men “and gave birth to a race of abnormally strong hybrids and giant called Nephilim.

The origin of the word Nephilim is not fully understood, but scholars have proposed several etymologies: “The fallen”, “apostate”, or “these that cause others to fall.” Regardless of their name, the Nephilim have always been a synonym for giants.

The Book of Giants found in the Qumran caves offer a different perspective from that of the Enoch book. Although incomplete, the fragments of the scrolls paint a grim picture: the Nephilim became aware that, as a result of their violent and deviant forms, they faced imminent destruction, and that it scared them enough to ask Enoch to speak in his name before God.

The text begins by detailing how the Nephilim plagued the Earth and everything that lived in it. But once everyone begins to receive the prophetic dreams of fate, fear seeps into their hearts. The first to have these dreams was Mahway, the titan son of the angel Baraquel. In his dream, he saw a tablet being submerged in the water. When the tablet emerged, all but three names had been removed. This symbolizes the flood and subsequent destruction of all, except the children of Noah.

At that time, this fact had not become evident to the Nephilim so they debated the meaning of Mahway’s dream, but they were not successful in interpreting the signs. Soon after, two more giants, Ohya and Hahya, the children of the fallen angel Shemihaza began to have similar dreams; They dreamed of a tree being uprooted except for three of its roots.

After this, the rest of the group of giants began to have apocalyptic dreams:

Then two of them had dreams and the dream of their eyes had fled before them, and getting up, he came to [… and told him] his dreams, and told him in the assembly of [his companions] the monsters [… En] my dream I was seeing this night [and there was a garden …] the gardeners and those who were watering [… two hundred trees and] great buds came out from its root […] all the water, and the fire burned all [the garden … ] They found the giants to tell them the dream … ”

The giants have realized the prophetic nature of their dreams and sought the help of Enoch. Unfortunately, Enoch had already disappeared from the face of the Earth so the chosen Nephilim, one of its members, made a cosmic journey in order to find it.

[Mahway] poured into the air like strong winds, and flew with his hands like eagles [… left behind] the inhabited world and passed over desolation, the great desert […] and Enoch saw it and greeted it, and Mahway said to him […] here and there for the second time for Mahway […] the giants await his words, and all the monsters of the Earth. If it has been taken […] from the days of […] its and that would be added […] we would like to hear from you its meaning […] two hundred trees that came down from heaven … ”

Unfortunately, parts of the rolls were damaged without possibility of repair, but the description of the text is obvious. One of the Nephilim traveled off the Earth in search of Enoch and his powers of vision-interpretation. The text becomes very interesting if we substitute some terms and consider it not as an allegorical story, but as the description of an actual event whose meaning became confused in time.

If we consider flying “hands like eagles” a metaphor, can we hypothesize that Mahway took off from Earth in a spaceship? In this case, does “desolation, the great desert” refer to interstellar space? It depends on how far we are willing to interpret a fragment of a 2,000-year-old scroll.

Enoch sends Mahway back from where he came from, promising that he will speak to God on his behalf. Unfortunately for the Nephilim, the Enoch tablets sent to them did not bring them good news:

The Enoch scribe […] a copy of the second tablet that [Enoch] sent in the same part of Enoch the scribe observed [… In the name of God the great] and a saint, for Shemihaza and all his companions […]

Let it be known that you have not […] and the things you have done, and that your wives […] them with your children and the wives of [your children] for your debauchery on Earth, and there has been over you […] and the earth is crying out] and they complain that you and your children’s acts […] the harm you have done to him.

[…] Until Raphael appears, behold, the destruction [is approaching, a great flood, and will destroy all living beings] and what is in the deserts and the seas. And the meaning of matter […] about you as evil. But now, untie the bonds [that tie you to evil …] and pray. ”

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1000 Pillar Temple – Impossible Ancient Technology Found

Today we are going to look at one of the strangest ancient sites in India – this is the Thousand Pillar Temple which is at least 750 years old. On first sight, it looks like a regular temple, but there is something fundamentally different about this temple, because there are no visible joints at all between the stone blocks in the walls of this temple.

This is a large temple, but look carefully as I go from the ground to the top, do you see any joints? This makes people wonder if this entire temple is made of one solid rock, like the Kailasa Temple, but archeologists confirm that it is in fact made of many many blocks of stone.

In 1300 A.D , an army of the Muslim King Allauddin Khalji tried to demolish this temple, and they took out many of the stone blocks from the ground and the ceiling, because it was easier to dismantle them, but they could not dismantle the blocks on the walls. If you look at the floor, these are newer stone slabs placed by the Archeology department, and you can see how these blocks are loosely connected.

If you compare the modern day stone masonry with the ancient technique, modern technology appears quite primitive, because you can clearly see the joints. The archeology department has been trying to restore the temple from the destruction and graffiti by Allauddin Khalji’s army.

Now, why is this temple called ‘The thousand pillar temple’? Most visitors wonder why this is known as the thousand pillar temple because it doesn’t have a thousand pillars. It is called so because it is made of one thousand blocks of stone, this is the actual reason why this name is used. But even in most sophisticated temples like the Lepakshi temple, we can see clear evidence of joints between the blocks, but in this temple, the joints are not visible.

What is fascinating is that there was no cement, mortar, or glue used to join these blocks. How did ancient builders achieve such an extraordinary level of jointing, many centuries ago? What kind of technology existed and how was such a temple built?

The underlying technology is this:
Ancient builders created a complex interlocking system with at least a dozen different cuts in each stone block. These complex cuts maximize the amount of surface area shared by the connecting blocks, and will create an extremely tight fit.

This is hard enough to do between 2 stone blocks, but imagine using several stone blocks on all sides and how many cuts would have been needed to connect 4 or 5 blocks together. I mean, this is just an extraordinary technology. This can be done on wood, but how did they manage to make these cuts on large stone blocks many centuries ago? Making these cuts is one thing, but the level of precision, to make these joints invisible can be achieved only with advanced machines.

We can clearly see that building a massive temple with no visible joints is impossible with primitive tools. Did ancient builders use cutting, drilling and polishing tools, just like today? If so, do we have any evidence of these tools in the temple itself?

How about these carvings which resemble modern drilling and polishing tools? In most temples, we usually see carvings of Gods, but in this temple, we can see these tool like carvings, with a conical, striated top with a long shaft, which is remarkably similar to modern day tool bits.
Just compare these carvings with today’s tool bits side by side. You have to admit there is an uncanny similarity. Is this a coincidence, or did ancient builders use tool bits just like us, to make these precise interlocking system?

The pillars in the temple confirm that drilling machines were in fact used. There are very tiny holes drilled on these pillars. My friend is struggling to send a thread through the small holes, but these holes are too small even for a thread. The priest is happy to help us, he picks up something thinner than a thread and inserts it successfully through these holes.

If you think these carvings are not drill bits, how do you explain such tiny holes carved on the pillars? How do you explain the construction of an entire temple with no visible joints? Were they created with advanced machines, or with simple tools like chisels and hammers?

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