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Stephen Hawking’s Final Words: We Live In ‘The Matrix’

Just before Stephen Hawking passed away in March, the renowned physicist claimed the universe is a computer simulation, just like the one portrayed in ‘The Matrix’ movies.

Ten days before his death, Hawking published his final and most groundbreaking theory on the origin of the universe – and to-date it has recieved very little media coverage.

Zerohedge.com reports: As PBS reports, the new report, co-authored by Belgian physicist Thomas Hertog, counters the longstanding idea that the universe will expand for eternity.

If you asked an astrophysicist today to describe what happened after the Big Bang, he would likely start with the concept of “cosmic inflation.” Cosmic inflation argues that right after the Big Bang — we’re talking after a teeny fraction of a second — the universe expanded at breakneck speed like dough in an oven.

But this exponential expansion should create, due to quantum mechanics, regions where the universe continues to grow forever and regions where that growth stalls. The result would be a multiverse, a collection of bubblelike pockets, each defined by its own laws of physics.

“The local laws of physics and chemistry can differ from one pocket universe to another, which together would form a multiverse,” Hertog said in a statement. “But I have never been a fan of the multiverse. If the scale of different universes in the multiverse is large or infinite the theory can’t be tested.”

Along with being difficult to support, the multiverse theory, which was co-developed by Hawking in 1983, doesn’t jibe with classical physics, namely the contributions of Einstein’s theory of general relativity as they relate to the structure and dynamics of the universe.

“As a consequence, Einstein’s theory breaks down in eternal inflation,” Hertog said.

Einstein spent his life searching for a unified theory, a way to reconcile the biggest and smallest of things, general relativity and quantum mechanics.

He died never having achieved that goal, but leagues of physicists like Hawking followed in Einstein’s footsteps. One path led to holograms.

Diagram of evolution of the (observable part) of the universe from the Big Bang (left) to the present. After the Big Bang and inflation, the expansion of the universe gradually slowed down for the next several billion years, as the matter in the universe pulled on itself via gravity. More recently, the expansion has begun to speed up again as the repulsive effects of dark energy have come to dominate the expansion of the universe. Image and caption by NASA.

Instead of the ‘standard’ description of how the ‘universe’ unfolded (and is unfolding), the authors argue the Big Bang had a finite boundary, defined by string theory and holograms.

The new theory – which sounds simplistically like the world of the red-pill-blue-pill Matrix movies – embraces the strange concept that the universe is like a vast and complex hologram. In other words, 3D reality is an illusion, and that the apparently “solid” world around us – and the dimension of time – is projected from information stored on a flat 2D surface.

The Telegraph reports that Prof Hertog, from the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (KT Leuven), said:

“It’s a very precise mathematical notion of holography that has come out of string theory in the last few years which is not fully understood but is mind-boggling and changes the scene completely.”

Applied to inflation, the newly published theory suggests that time and “the beginning” of the universe arose holographically from an unknowable state outside the Big Bang.

Prof Hawking said before his death:

“We are not down to a single, unique universe, but our findings imply a significant reduction of the multiverse, to a much smaller range of possible universes.”

And believe it or not, there’s actually evidence that the world works this way.

As PBS concludes, some physicists point out that the Hawking-Hertog theory is preliminary and should be considered speculation until other mathematicians can replicate its equations.

Sabine Hossenfelder, a theoretical physicist with the Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, said on her blog that the ideas put forward in this paper join others that are currently pure speculation and don’t yet have any evidence to support them. She makes it clear that while the proposals aren’t uninteresting, Hawking and Hertog haven’t found a new way to detect the existence of universes other than our own.

“Stephen Hawking was beloved by everyone I know, both inside and outside the scientific community,” she wrote.

“He was a great man without doubt, but this paper is utterly unremarkable.”

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Science & Technology

They have discovered the secret of longevity and it is not a rejection of bad habits

Japanese scientists have examined more than 40,000 cells taken from many older adults over the age of 50.Among these people are seven “extra-long lives” who have passed their 110th anniversary. A unique immune system has been found in their blood, which effectively fights cancer cells and dangerous infections.

Most often, centenarians wonder what they eat and what their lifestyle is. It usually turns out that neither cigarettes nor alcohol prevent them especially from reaching adulthood. Also, longevity is not affected by special diets.

Now, scientists are learning that the key to longevity is not a lifestyle, but the presence of a special immune system. Seven Japanese superlongs have been found in the blood of more than ordinary whites T cells or CD4 cells that “hunt” viruses and cancer cells.

Each has a significant amount of these cells. These are the so-called T-helper or T-lymphocyte. They help other white blood cells fight infections.

But firstly, in the blood of these perennials are found much more than the norm of these T-cells and secondly, they have been so “toxic” that, in addition to infections, they aim to find and destroy potential cancer cells.

Such an immune system has helped these centenarians to live for over a hundred years without any problems. These people do not even have heart diseases.

This important study was conducted by specialists at the RIKEN Center for Integrative Medicine in Japan, Keio University (Keio University).

The lead scientist of the study – Dr. Kosuke Hashimoto says:

“Long-lived people usually spend their entire lives in good health. Their strong immune system protects them perfectly against tumors and infections. “

It seems that having such an immune system in the body is an innate genetic trait that gives these people a great advantage.

Some of the oldest people on the planet, such as Frenchwoman Jeanne Calment and American Richard Overton, have smoked and abused alcohol throughout their lives that has not affected their health.

Jeanne Kalman died in 1997, at the age of 122. You can find her pictures on the internet during her 117th birthday celebration. They are seen smoking as a steam engine and in good health. In addition, Kalman adored wine, olive oil and chocolate, considering these habits as key to her longevity.

Jeanne Kalman

Richard Overton died at the age of 112.

Richard Overton

Other centenarians say the key to sound health is through special diets, exercise, regular work, regular sex, avoiding stress, praying, observing moral principles, bathing frequently in hot tubs and even eating pig feet. In essence, all this turns out to be self-belief.

Pierre Carnancy, Deputy Director of the RIKEN Center says:

“We believe that the type of cells we find is a true guarantee of many years of life and good health, protecting organs from cancer and other diseases.”

That study is published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS).

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Richard Dawkins: “Not accepting the theory of evolution is crazy!”

The great ethologist, evolutionary biologist and popularizer of modern science, Richard Dawkins, in 2012, met with Archbishop Rowan Williams on one of the airwaves, who convinced and continues to convince everyone around that life on Earth appeared by the will of God.

Richard Dawkins

Richard Dawkins carefully listened to the archbishop’s fantasies and conjectures, and then told his interlocutor about the theory of evolution and told the details of the origin of life on Earth. Airtime was limited, so Dawkins presented the information in a compressed form, but that was enough.

“I am inspired by the elegance of your explanation. Your arguments are beautiful and I can even agree with some of the above. However, the Universe, creating a person, was guided by clear principles and this can speak of a certain higher mind, ”said Rowan Williams.

“I can’t understand why believers do not want to see beauty in the fact that life could have been born from scratch and absolutely by accident. Isn’t that a stunning and not a great idea? Why does everything need to be distorted? Not accepting the theory of evolution is crazy, ”Dawkins responded.

The discussion between the archbishop and the scholar lasted more than an hour and at the end of the dialogue Dawkins admitted that on a 7-point scale he considers himself an atheist at 6.9. In other words, Richard Dawkins will be ready to believe in God if believers provide irrefutable evidence.

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Fossil tooth sheds light on world’s largest ape

Image Credit: The Jungle Book – Mowgli And King Louie ©2015 Disney

That is one enormous ape. 

Standing up to three meters tall, Gigantopithecus was the largest ape to ever walk the face of the Earth.

More than twice the size of today’s great apes, this enormous primate was a veritable King Kong – a gargantuan hulking beast that would have put even the legendary Bigfoot to shame.

The species lived across parts of what is now Southern Asia and roamed the planet from around nine million years ago until its disappearance somewhere around 100,000 years ago.

Now scientists have succeeded in learning more about this prehistoric giant thanks to the discovery of a two million-year-old fossil tooth in a cave in China.

Incredibly, they were able to obtain skeletal protein samples from the tooth despite its extreme age.

It turns out that Gigantopithecus was actually related to today’s orangutans.

“It would have been a distant cousin (of orangutans), in the sense that its closest living relatives are orangutans, compared to other living great apes such as gorillas or chimpanzees or us,” said Dr Frido Welker from the University of Copenhagen.

It is hoped that tooth protein analysis could help scientists learn more from other fossils as well.

“This study suggests that ancient proteins might be a suitable molecule surviving across most of recent human evolution even for areas like Africa or Asia and we could thereby in the future study our own evolution as a species over a very long time span,” said Dr Welker.

Source: BBC News

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