It’s a place that almost seems too magical to exist: the world’s largest underwater cave, spanning an incredible 347 kilometres (216 miles) of subterranean caverns, discovered in Mexico a month ago.
When archaeologists unveiled this immense, immersed labyrinth, they said it wasn’t just a natural wonder, but an important archaeological find set to reveal sunken secrets of the ancient Maya civilisation – and already that promise is holding true.
Unveiling their preliminary findings this week, a research team led by underwater archaeologist Guillermo de Anda from Mexico’s National Institute of Anthropology and History said the sprawling cave consists of almost 250 cenotes (naturally occurring sinkholes) and hosts 198 archaeological sites, some 140 of which are Maya in origin.
“This undoubtedly makes it the most important submerged archaeological site in the world,” de Anda says.
“Another important feature is the amount of archaeological elements that are there and the level of preservation they contain.”
Among the finds the divers have already uncovered are human remains, including skeletons and seemingly burnt human bones, that are at least 9,000 years old – suggesting human activity in the eastern Mexican region goes back thousands of years earlier than researchers thought, possibly as part of an ancient Maya trade route.
“The merchants followed established routes and used these places as ritual pilgrimage points, they made stops at altars and sacred sites to make an exchange with the gods and they’ve left their mark there,” de Anda told media at a press conference.
De Anda, who leads the Great Maya Aquifer Project (GAM), suggests people probably didn’t actually live in the branching underwater cave – called the Sac Actun System – but ventured inside it during periods of great climate stress to search for water.
But their culture and the caves were nonetheless inextricably linked, with the divers finding numerous examples of Maya-era pottery and other ceramics such as wall etchings, but also evidence of larger artefacts, such as a shrine to the Maya god of commerce and a staircase structure inside one cenote.
When they didn’t have staircases, descending into the world’s largest underwater cave could be dangerous – the amount of bones the cavern holds suggests not everybody was able to climb back out again, and the same fate may have been true for many animals.
Inside the cave, researchers found fossils of numerous creatures from the last Ice Age, including giant sloths and bears, as well as the remains of an extinct elephant-like animal called a gomphothere.
Amidst the excitement over this bevy of early discoveries comes a warning from the researchers, who caution the archaeological site is already imperiled by human activity – both from tourists who enter the cenotes to snorkel and swim, and also pollution: a major highway runs over much of the cave, which is also close to an open-air dump.
If those threats can be contained, there’s no telling what we could learn from this “enormous octopus” of a cave, which, as the researchers explain, could become even bigger – if divers can successfully link it to other branching underwater caverns nearby.
“There are other caves around Sac Actun that might be connected,” said one of the team, GAM’s chief of underwater exploration, Robert Schmittner.
“We’re already close to the next one and they’re probably linked. That other one is 18 kilometres (11 miles) long and is called ‘The Mother of all Cenotes’ … If so, the cave system would be longer than 500 kilometres, and it seems to have no end.”
Ancient Egyptian Pharaoh May Be the 1st Known ‘Giant’
The supposed remains of Sa-Nakht, a pharaoh of ancient Egypt, may be the oldest known human giant, a new study finds.
Myths abound with stories of giants, from the frost and fire giants of Norse legends to the Titans who warred with the gods in ancient Greek mythology. However, giants are more than just myth; accelerated and excessive growth, a condition known as gigantism, can occur when the body generates too much growth hormone. This usually occurs because of a tumor on the pituitary gland of the brain.
As part of ongoing research into mummies, scientists investigated a skeleton found in 1901 in a tomb near Beit Khallaf in Egypt. Previous research estimated that the bones dated from the Third Dynasty of Egypt, about 2700 B.C.
Prior work suggested that the skeleton of the man — who would have stood at up to 6 feet 1.6 inches (1.987 meters) tall — may have belonged to Sa-Nakht, a pharaoh during the Third Dynasty. Previous research on ancient Egyptian mummies suggested the average height for men around this time was about 5 feet 6 inches (1.7 m), said study co-author Michael Habicht, an Egyptologist at the University of Zurich’s Institute of Evolutionary Medicine.
Ancient Egyptian kings were likely better fed and in better health than commoners of the era, so they could be expected grow taller than average. Still, the over-6-foot-tall remains the scientists analyzed would have towered over Ramesses II, the tallest recorded ancient Egyptian pharaoh, who lived more than 1,000 years after Sa-Nakht and was only about 5 feet 9 inches (1.75 m) tall, Habicht said.
In the new study, Habicht and his colleagues reanalyzed the alleged skull and bones of Sa-Nakht. The skeleton’s long bones showed evidence of “exuberant growth,” which are “clear signs of gigantism,” Habicht said.
These findings suggest that this ancient Egyptian probably had gigantism, making him the oldest known case of this disorder in the world, the researchers said. No other ancient Egyptian royals were known to be giants.
“Studying the evolutionary development of diseases is of importance for today’s medicine,” Habicht said.
In the early dynasties of Egypt, short statures were apparently preferred, with “many small people in royal service,” Habicht said. “The reasons for this preference are not always certain.”
Still, because the alleged remains of Sa-Nakht were buried in an elite tomb, there may have been no social stigma attached with gigantism at the time, the researchers said.
The scientists detailed their findings in the August issue of the journal The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.
Originally published on Live Science.
Gornaya Shoria – The Largest “Man-Moved” Stones On Earth?
We recently shared some compelling evidence, suggesting that a number of megalithic sites, dotted all around the world, are far older than the civilisations claimed as the builders.
It seems that as modern academia has gained a stranglehold upon the education of mankind, it has wilfully ignored, and in some cases suppressed, the truth regarding many unexplained ancient ruins found all over Earth…
The pregnant woman of Baalbek for example, a megalithic stone many attribute as the largest ever “man- moved” stone, and although many stones slightly lighter, can be found effortlessly placed within ancient structures everywhere…
Academia stresses that it couldn’t be moved any further.
The same can be seen with Yangshan quarry in china, home to the largest known cut megalith in the world. Again, academia suggests that this stone was abandoned due to its size. Completely ignoring the enigmatic notches, indicating that the entire shape off these enormous rocks, had actually been carved prior to their attempted liberation from the bedrock, they insist that it was abandoned suddenly not due to unknown circumstances, but due to them not able to move them…
And although the ancient Egyptians, and better known, seagoing romans themselves, claimed ownership to many of these perplexing structures, often adjourned with impossible architecture, and clearly displaying a severe level of erosion,,, there are some sites coming to light, which have seemingly been left to the eons, never again being claimed as another’s work.
Deep within the southern wildernesses of Siberia, lies the mountain of Shoria. Rarely visited by humans, and even less frequently studied, this remote mountain however, was a few year ago, discovered to be the home of something astonishing…
Now known as the Gornaya Shoria Megaliths, their truly astonishing enormity, has made it hard for certain fields of study to even give this place a second glance, and although some of the structure now revealed to the world through photographs, clearly shows that these remarkable stone walls have indeed an artificial origin… The few funded individuals who have looked at the site, have still somehow had the audacity to claim that it is nothing more than a geological formation…
Made with stone blocks many times larger than the stone of the pregnant woman, and with them reaching high up into the heavens far above the tree lines, one has to wonder, who could have built this cyclopean wall?
When did they build it?
How did they build it?
Where did such enormous stones come from?
With such enormous structural blocks, it is no surprise that this mind-boggling structure, has survived the tests of time.
Was this enormous structure built when the climates of Siberia were much milder?
It is important to note, if as we have suggested many times, an ancient, advanced, stone-working civilisation, once thrived here on earth, many, many years ago… Many of their smaller stone structures would have slowly eroded away, until now appearing to be nothing more than geological. An convenient circumstance for funded geologists, yet not a viable explanation for a site made from 4,000 plus ton, granite blocks, thus, exceptionally resilient to the elements.
A remarkable location, one which needs serious archaeological explorations in search of remains, so we may one day ascertain the true builders of this amazing place.
Source: Mystery History | YouTube
Submerged “Mythical City” Found In Egypt?
We have covered many strange and unexplained things, which can be found within Egypt.
Home to undoubtedly one of the most perplexing structures on the face of the planet, it is a place which also displays erosion from an as yet, untold history, evidence of a far greater antiquity, and obviously its many unexplainable creations.
Yet there are still many amazing areas of this once flourishing civilisations home, which are yet to be told.
One such site which is currently being unravelled, is the once lost, submerged city of Heracleion.
Also known as Thonis, it was a place long thought to have been mythical, a city of extraordinary wealth, mentioned by Herodotus, visited by Helen of Troy and Paris her lover, but according to legend mysteriously buried under the sea.
Recent discoveries have in fact confirmed that Heracleion was true, not only that it existed, but diverse believe that after more than a decade of research and exploration, within the area, actually know where it is.
Successfully uncovering many of its treasures, archaeologists have been able to produce a picture of what life was like in this city in the era of its existence.
Although it was long attested as mythical, upon its amazing discovery, the same academia, immediately put forward a dating for its apparent submersion.
Stating beyond doubt, that the city disappeared beneath the Mediterranean waves around 1,200 years ago.
So far, they have discovered the remains of more than 64 ships, lots of Gold coins, Giant 16 foot statues uncovered and brought to the surface, with hundreds of smaller statues of minor gods being found on the sea floor.
Slabs of stone inscribed in Ancient Egyptian have also been brought to the surface.
Dozens of small limestone sarcophagi were also recently uncovered by divers, and are believed to have once contained mummified animals, put there to appease the gods.
Dr Damian Robinson, director of the Oxford Centre for Maritime Archaeology at the University of Oxford, who is part of the team working on the site, said, quote, “It is a major city we are excavating.
“The site has amazing preservation. We are now starting to look at some of the more interesting areas within it to try to understand life there. “We are getting a rich picture of things like the trade that was going on there and the nature of the maritime economy in the Egyptian late period. There were things were coming in from Greece and the Phoenicians.”
Another string to a once amazing civilisations bow, we will keep you posted regarding any perplexing finds.
Thanks for watching guys, and until next time, take care.
Mystery History | YouTube
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