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Why Some Scientists Worried About Interest in Aliens and the “Face” on Mars

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1976 was a historic year for Americans. A contentious U.S. election was underway between incumbent Gerald Ford and Jimmy Carter, his Democratic challenger. It was also the year of the bicentennial, as the United States celebrated two centuries since its founding. And like NASA had done less than a decade before by putting men on the moon, in September of that year the space agency would seek to make history again, as the Viking 2 mission went speeding toward the Red Planet in an attempt to place an unmanned lander on Martian soil.

In the humid summer months preceding the successful Viking 2 mission, its predecessor, Viking 1, had already been in orbit around Mars, sending back a constant stream of photographs which NASA scientists planned to use to help them locate a suitable landing site for Viking 2. On July 25th, the usual batch of images were being received and processed, when a peculiar geological feature of the planet began to reveal itself.

One of the photos depicted a sloping prominence, befitted with a number of depressions and rock formations that, casting hard shadows and observed under the sharp contrast of Viking 1’s photography, bore an obvious likeness to a human face.

Some thought little of it, chalking the ghostly visage staring back at the orbiting Viking 1’s cameras as being merely an instance of pareidolia—the natural tendency of the human eye to assemble familiar shapes and images from random features in nature.

Most who observed the area depicted in the photograph probably thought this, in fact. Although it is hard to imagine that there weren’t some, at least—or perhaps even several—who hadn’t cautiously entertained the other possibility: what if there had been a civilization on Mars at one time? And if so, what if this gloomy face befitted upon an odd, polygonal mountain in the Cydonia region, might actually be some remnant of that civilization?

It wasn’t long before NASA determined that the “face” on Mars was, in fact, a natural formation. In their own words, upon releasing the image publicly just days later, the space agency described a “huge rock formation in the center… which resembled a human head.”

The famous photograph from Viking 2 in 1976, which spurred debate over a “Face on Mars” (Credit: NASA).

The image was, of course, enough to get people talking, whether or not they believed NASA’s determination about the photograph. Many found it impossible to believe that the likeness of the curious features in the photograph to a human face could be pure coincidence. The hope for discovery of life on Mars had already been a source of great anticipation: now an eager public was nearly sold on the idea, but instead of microbes, hoped that within the coming months there would be irrefutable evidence of life on the planet in the form of archaeological traces of a civilization that once lived there.

Interestingly, some scientists were concerned about the emphasis being placed on the search for life on Mars. “There is also a fear that if too much emphasis is placed on the possibility of life and none is then found, as still seems likely, the public will consider the mission a futile failure,” a New York Times article reported on July 22, 1976, just three days before the photos of Cydonia returned to Earth depicting what many believed to be a face.

However, if the famous “face on Mars” had indeed been such, it would raise a number of hard questions. Chief among them is: how could a feature like this—if artificial, as many claimed—have lasted for the untold amounts of time that passed before Viking 1 arrived… especially considering how much it appears to have weathered in the few decades since that time?

While the 1976 photographs remain the most famous ones of the region depicting an alleged face, NASA has released numerous additional photos of the location over the years, captured during ensuing missions (which is interesting in itself, since it shows that there was at least a modicum of interest in the unusual collection of features). However, as we can see in the photos below, NASA’s infamous face didn’t appear to age very well:

By 1996, the “face” looked a lot more like a pile of rocks (Credit: NASA).

Arguably, the more perplexing element to the region where the Martian “face” appears is not the rocky places that form what many liken to eyes, a nose, and a mouth, but the odd, almost geometric shape of the outcrop itself. According to Space.com, “The rocky outcropping that creates the illusion is approximately a mile across and bears a resemblance to buttes or mesas from the American West. It likely formed from a combination of landslides and collected debris.”

Additionally, the differences between the 1976 and 1998 photos are actually greater than those between the first photos, and some of the most recent, in which the face-like details appear to have returned, although only slightly: 

 

Perhaps what is most fascinating about all of this is people’s desire to look for unusual things on barren, alien worlds. Rather than aliens, or simply a desire to believe in them, people’s interpretations of Martian “anomalies” seems to say an awful lot about us.

I’m reminded of a story my grandmother told me once as a child. Often at night, she and her siblings would become very frightened by the sound of loud crashes that came from the back of their family home. Occurring only at night, they would emanate from the back of the home, the portion facing the forest at the edge of their property. Naturally, they began to believe that an animal—or perhaps something else—had been appearing and pounding on the house at night. Several years later, she laughed about how she finally learned that the thick slabs of pine in the walls would creak and pop as they cooled at night, no monsters necessary.

In much the same way that some people interpret random, natural events as evidence of “supernatural” happenings, people seem to both enjoy, and at times even display a need to look for structured things in environments where none should exist. In years since, similar “anomalies” have continued to appear on Mars, which range from odd structures and other alleged “manmade” features, to sightings of Bigfoot.

So let’s face it: that famous “face on Mars” was never really a face at all. Of course, that’s not to say that there aren’t other “faces” that have been spotted on the Red Planet… 

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Fact or fiction

General Steven Kwast (USAF): “Technology exists to Teleport Human Beings from Earth to any place”

Steven Lloyd Kwast is a retired United States Air Force lieutenant general who held a conference last month that seems to signal further that space will be the next major battlefield.

Steven Kwast’s conference, which was held at the prestigious Hillsdale College, included comments that strongly suggest the possibility that the US military and its industry partners may have already developed next-generation technologies that have the potential to change drastically the aerospace field and human civilization, forever, as also reported by The Drive magazine in an extensive article on advanced space technology.

Between 11.55 – 12.10 minutes of the video you can see below, Kwast somehow bizarre claims that the United States currently has revolutionary technologies that could render current aerospace capabilities obsolete: ” Technology is on engineering benches today. But most Americans and most members of Congress have not had time to really look into what is happening here. But I have had the benefit of 33 years of study and friendship with these scientists. This cutting-edge technology can be built today with a technological system that is not very evolutionary, suitable for transporting (or rather teleporting – DNA) any human being from anywhere on planet Earth, to any other place in less than an hour. ”So, General Kwast, in his speech at Hillsdale College, clearly stated that STARGATE technology really exists.

Dr. Dan Burisch, a former employee of the secret military forces of the United States, who also worked directly under the orders of the “Majestic 12” talks about these technologies. One of his most important statements relates to  “Stargate” or dimensional portals. They are devices made also on Earth, but with technology of extraterrestrial origin. According to Dr. Burisch, information on how to build the Stargates is in the Sumerian tables that were used to communicating with other extra-planetary civilizations.

Through this Stargate technology, any human being can access a wormhole and teleport from the Earth to anywhere else, even in space, on the Moon or on Mars. Dan describes a Stargate that is in Area 51 telling that next to this huge apparatus, there was a platform that allowed the object to be thrown inside the wormhole to travel to other stars, transporting people or materials from one place to another, instantly.

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The dinosaurs probably looked very different

For many years, many artists and films have “recreated” dinosaurs based on their discovered skeletons.

Very little is known about dinosaurs. In particular, there is no practical information on what kind of skin they actually had, whether fully or partially covered with feathers, flakes or fur, what color they were.

In addition, based on fragmented skeletal bone findings, it is very difficult to understand how these animals actually moved and what was the percentage of their body fat.

Therefore, over the past decades, there have been cases where the tail parts are confused with the horns of the head. And a dinosaur, moving mainly on two hind legs, was described as walking on four limbs, etc.

The pictures below are examples of reconstructions of the appearance of the Megalosaurus, from an earlier to a later stage.

Because of all this, Turkish paleo-artist Cevdet Mehmet Kosemen decides to fantasize about “what will the look of modern animals look like if they are recreated mainly by their skeletons, as the dinosaur images are recreated“.

The drawings turn out to be quite daunting, and according to one commenter – “nightmarish“.

Swans
Pelican and stork
Baboon

According to Kosemen, contemporary reconstructions of dinosaur appearance, especially in Hollywood films, are created by skeletons being simply “lined” with skin, without taking into account subcutaneous muscles, fat and other soft tissues.

For the first time, Kosemen’s idea of ​​doing something similar came to light when he saw an X-ray of a crocodile on which his skeleton was clearly visible. In fact, this crocodile was quite large, but if it had been designed exactly according to the skeleton, it would have been a completely different reptile.

Hippo Head
Zebra
Elephant
Rhino. The rhino has no horn, since such skeletons with horns and hooves are not preserved in the skeletons
Cow
Cat
Python

Kosemen believes that bare teeth in the jaws of dinosaurs are the most common mistake of artists. In many predatory reptiles, the teeth are mostly covered and rarely seen.

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Fact or fiction

The Alien Monkey Case

Some cases illustrate how far a joke can go. If it was a joke, of course.

On the night of July 8, 1953, three American students, Edward Waters, Thomas Wilson, and Arnold Payne, were traveling by car on Highway 78 west of Atlanta. Suddenly, Waters saw someone on the road and was forced to stop abruptly.

The three boys had an incredible sight. Two short humanoid creatures stood in the way, and beside them lay a third being. At first glance, it was dead and wounded, as if hit by a car.

When the two living monkey-like humanoids saw the humans, they rushed to the red alien ship, which immediately flew out and disappeared into the night sky.

Shortly thereafter, the boys met Officer Sherley Brown. They told him what they saw, and when the officer went to the designated location, he found the dead body of a strange creature and a black burned circle of asphalt, apparently left behind by an alien ship.

This story immediately makes a lot of noise in the media and remains current for a few days. The three students were the center of attention of the journalists and gave many interviews.

The body of the strange little creature was transferred to a hospital. There, one of the doctors said that “it is definitely not from Earth“. Then the US Air Force became interested in the case.

Then, the body of the being was taken and given to Dr. Hermann Jones of Emory University and Professor Marion Hines. Soon, they announce the following:

“We cannot explain the lack of fur, but for all other reasons, we consider this creature to be a monkey and its characteristics are closest to that of rhesus monkeys.”

When these words appear in the media, the three students immediately acknowledge the fraud, and that this body is indeed a rhesus monkey.

It turns out that while playing cards, Waters bets $ 10 that he will make his photo appear in the newspapers in the coming days. Then he and two of his friends came up with a plan for how to do it.

They bought rhesus monkeys from a local pet store. To keep the seller silent, they paid him a generous amount. Then they killed the innocent animal, shaved his body with a razor, cut off his tail, and “artistically” laid him on the road to a certain place. Nearby, using a striking machine, they made the “alien ship trace”.

The monkey’s body is now in a museum

The court fines Waters $ 40, but then there are many calls from offended citizens who demand more, higher fines.

The reaction of the locals was so violent that Waters soon had to leave Atlanta and move to another city.

Many conspiracy theories have emerged for this story. In fact, in those days many people claimed to have seen strange lights and UFOs in the area. It was said that the three students were forced to “admit” that it was their “joke”.

Conspiracy theorists point to the rapid disappearance of the Waters, the main eyewitness. They think he may not have been hiding from angry citizens, but he was abducted by the FBI because he was a major eyewitness.

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