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Why Some Scientists Worried About Interest in Aliens and the “Face” on Mars

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1976 was a historic year for Americans. A contentious U.S. election was underway between incumbent Gerald Ford and Jimmy Carter, his Democratic challenger. It was also the year of the bicentennial, as the United States celebrated two centuries since its founding. And like NASA had done less than a decade before by putting men on the moon, in September of that year the space agency would seek to make history again, as the Viking 2 mission went speeding toward the Red Planet in an attempt to place an unmanned lander on Martian soil.

In the humid summer months preceding the successful Viking 2 mission, its predecessor, Viking 1, had already been in orbit around Mars, sending back a constant stream of photographs which NASA scientists planned to use to help them locate a suitable landing site for Viking 2. On July 25th, the usual batch of images were being received and processed, when a peculiar geological feature of the planet began to reveal itself.

One of the photos depicted a sloping prominence, befitted with a number of depressions and rock formations that, casting hard shadows and observed under the sharp contrast of Viking 1’s photography, bore an obvious likeness to a human face.

Some thought little of it, chalking the ghostly visage staring back at the orbiting Viking 1’s cameras as being merely an instance of pareidolia—the natural tendency of the human eye to assemble familiar shapes and images from random features in nature.

Most who observed the area depicted in the photograph probably thought this, in fact. Although it is hard to imagine that there weren’t some, at least—or perhaps even several—who hadn’t cautiously entertained the other possibility: what if there had been a civilization on Mars at one time? And if so, what if this gloomy face befitted upon an odd, polygonal mountain in the Cydonia region, might actually be some remnant of that civilization?

It wasn’t long before NASA determined that the “face” on Mars was, in fact, a natural formation. In their own words, upon releasing the image publicly just days later, the space agency described a “huge rock formation in the center… which resembled a human head.”

The famous photograph from Viking 2 in 1976, which spurred debate over a “Face on Mars” (Credit: NASA).

The image was, of course, enough to get people talking, whether or not they believed NASA’s determination about the photograph. Many found it impossible to believe that the likeness of the curious features in the photograph to a human face could be pure coincidence. The hope for discovery of life on Mars had already been a source of great anticipation: now an eager public was nearly sold on the idea, but instead of microbes, hoped that within the coming months there would be irrefutable evidence of life on the planet in the form of archaeological traces of a civilization that once lived there.

Interestingly, some scientists were concerned about the emphasis being placed on the search for life on Mars. “There is also a fear that if too much emphasis is placed on the possibility of life and none is then found, as still seems likely, the public will consider the mission a futile failure,” a New York Times article reported on July 22, 1976, just three days before the photos of Cydonia returned to Earth depicting what many believed to be a face.

However, if the famous “face on Mars” had indeed been such, it would raise a number of hard questions. Chief among them is: how could a feature like this—if artificial, as many claimed—have lasted for the untold amounts of time that passed before Viking 1 arrived… especially considering how much it appears to have weathered in the few decades since that time?

While the 1976 photographs remain the most famous ones of the region depicting an alleged face, NASA has released numerous additional photos of the location over the years, captured during ensuing missions (which is interesting in itself, since it shows that there was at least a modicum of interest in the unusual collection of features). However, as we can see in the photos below, NASA’s infamous face didn’t appear to age very well:

By 1996, the “face” looked a lot more like a pile of rocks (Credit: NASA).

Arguably, the more perplexing element to the region where the Martian “face” appears is not the rocky places that form what many liken to eyes, a nose, and a mouth, but the odd, almost geometric shape of the outcrop itself. According to Space.com, “The rocky outcropping that creates the illusion is approximately a mile across and bears a resemblance to buttes or mesas from the American West. It likely formed from a combination of landslides and collected debris.”

Additionally, the differences between the 1976 and 1998 photos are actually greater than those between the first photos, and some of the most recent, in which the face-like details appear to have returned, although only slightly: 

 

Perhaps what is most fascinating about all of this is people’s desire to look for unusual things on barren, alien worlds. Rather than aliens, or simply a desire to believe in them, people’s interpretations of Martian “anomalies” seems to say an awful lot about us.

I’m reminded of a story my grandmother told me once as a child. Often at night, she and her siblings would become very frightened by the sound of loud crashes that came from the back of their family home. Occurring only at night, they would emanate from the back of the home, the portion facing the forest at the edge of their property. Naturally, they began to believe that an animal—or perhaps something else—had been appearing and pounding on the house at night. Several years later, she laughed about how she finally learned that the thick slabs of pine in the walls would creak and pop as they cooled at night, no monsters necessary.

In much the same way that some people interpret random, natural events as evidence of “supernatural” happenings, people seem to both enjoy, and at times even display a need to look for structured things in environments where none should exist. In years since, similar “anomalies” have continued to appear on Mars, which range from odd structures and other alleged “manmade” features, to sightings of Bigfoot.

So let’s face it: that famous “face on Mars” was never really a face at all. Of course, that’s not to say that there aren’t other “faces” that have been spotted on the Red Planet… 

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Fact or fiction

Scientists have found fragments of bones and wood in nails, which could be used to crucify Jesus Christ

Researchers have not yet undertaken to draw parallels with the biblical story, but they argue that the found nails have definitely crucified someone.

Scientists have discovered fragments of ancient bone and wood in nails that could have crucified Jesus Christ. Debates about their authenticity are still ongoing in scientific circles. It is reported by The Sun.

The nails are believed to have been found in Jerusalem, in a first-century burial cave that could have been the resting place of Caiaphas, the Jewish priest who sent Jesus to death, according to the Bible.

But in 1990, from the excavation site, the aforementioned nails disappeared.

Years later, filmmaker Simha Yakubovich announced that he had found nails driven by the Romans into the cross of Jesus. Then scientists rejected Yakubovich’s statement, saying that the nails he found did not resemble those that were found in the tomb of Caiaphas.

nails, Jesus Christ, crucifix
One of the nails found. Photo: Pen News / Aryeh Shimron

But a new study showed not only that the nails were from the same tomb, but also that they actually crucified someone.

nails, Jesus Christ, crucifix
Another found nail. Photo: Pen News / Aryeh Shimron

The lead author of the study, Aryeh Shimron, compared the material from the nails to the material from the ossuaries of the tomb – limestone boxes in which the bones of the dead were kept.

“The material entering the caves does not differ significantly from burial to burial depending on the topography, soil composition in the region, microclimate and surrounding vegetation. Consequently, the caves have excellent physical and chemical characteristics,” says Shimron.

He investigated the properties of the materials that had fallen into the tomb and its ossuaries over the centuries. Shimron discovered that Caiaphas’s cave was the only place where the nails could have been. A total of 25 tombs were checked.

nails, Jesus Christ, crucifix
Ossuary for the bones of the deceased. Photo: Pen News / Aryeh Shimron

“We also found small pieces of wood in the iron oxide rust on the nails. They were well preserved and completely fossilized. Therefore, this is an ancient tree, not accidentally or artificially attached to nails. In the rust and sediment on the nails, we also identified and photographed several microscopic bone fragments “, – the scientist notes.

For Dr. Shimron, a retired geologist who worked with the Israel Geological Survey, the evidence is compelling.

“I believe that the scientific evidence that nails were used to crucify someone is strong enough,” the author emphasizes.

nails, Jesus Christ, crucifix
Pieces of wood on nails. Photo: Pen News / Aryeh Shimron

It is also important to note that crucifixion nails were previously considered powerful amulets. Therefore, the repentant Caiaphas could have left the nails with him, Yakubovich claims. He also says that the nails found would be enough to nail a human hand to the bar. The nails themselves could be bent at the ends to prevent the convict from freeing himself.

nails, Jesus Christ, crucifix
A fragment of bone on one of the nails. Photo: Pen News / Aryeh Shimron

But Dr. Shimron believes that his discovery does not in any way connect the ancient nails with Christ.

“The evidence that the nails were used in the crucifixion is really compelling. But the only evidence of their connection to Jesus is that they were found in Caiaphas’s tomb. Is there enough evidence? on assumptions “, – summed up Shimron.

The Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA) previously argued that the found nails had nothing to do with Caiaphas’ tomb. The department decided not to change its position now, in the light of a new study.

“It seems that the nails mentioned were indeed found in one of the caves in Jerusalem dating back to the same period. However, a direct connection with this particular cave has not been proven. In fact, even if such a connection were found, we still cannot confirm with certainty that the burial place belonged to the high priest Caiaphas,” the department said in a statement.

They also note that in the past there were many questions related to the arrangement of the cave, which was too simple and did not correspond to the higher social status of the priest.

Be that as it may, if the nails were indeed used in the crucifixion, it is a surprisingly rare find. There is currently only one undeniable example of a crucifix found in 1968. Then archaeologists discovered a heel bone with a nail driven into it.

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Fact or fiction

The date of the beginning of the Great War has become known?

As our readers and visitors to many other sites and forums have already noticed more than once, in the past few months people around the world have begun to see some alarming, sometimes even completely wild and crazy dreams – atomic war, rain from asteroids, zombie invasion etc. Is it connected with the approach of something like that, or is it someone is inspiring people?

It is impossible to unequivocally answer this question, nevertheless, it can be assumed that if the world is waiting for a war, it means that if not every person on Earth, then many people will be somehow informed about this by some prophetic dreams.

A couple of days ago, one of the participants in the discussion on abovetopsecret.com shared a dream with interlocutors, which he rightly qualifies as prophetic. Since in this prophetic dream we are talking about the approximate date of the beginning of the Third World War, we offer it to the attention of our readers. So:

Good day all, I normally keep this stuff to myself as it’s usually along the lines of Deja Vu, but as most of it is lining up with current events I figured I’d throw it up here. Take it as you will.

About the beginning or middle of last year I had an unusual dream. It lasted the entire night. It ran in chronological order and after each set I woke up. After going back to sleep the dream picked back up at where it left off.

The dream:

I was leaving a vehicle and walking towards a large, long building. I was walking through the parking lot towards it. A woman walked up to me and showed me a box, or frame with something important on it that I needed to see. I could not make out what it was. The moment froze and it was explained to me that what was on the frame was not important. The moment was the image that I needed to remember. That moment of standing in this parking lot, outside this building, with this woman presenting a frame or box for me to observe, this was a marker for me to know that the events to follow were about to start. I woke up and then went back to sleep.

I will make a note that this event happened in Oct of last year, 2019. I was taking a Class A driving course and had pulled the rig into the DMV parking lot for the test. I got out and started walking towards the building when the female instructor came out and met me in the parking and presented a clip-box with paperwork on it for me to read. That moment popped and I remembered the dream and knew it was that moment I had seen.

Returning to the dream. I was shown a series of events in succession as I was led through the streets. People were roaming the streets in protest and bewilderment. The elderly had been removed from society and placed into homes that were now off limits to anyone younger. No one could go in and see them. Throngs of people gathered around these homes demanding access but were denied. Resources grew scarce and a conflict arose between the young and the old. The elderly argued that they should be provided some of the few resources as they could not obtain it themselves due to their predicament. The young argued that all resources should be given to them alone as they were the future and had to survive. This is the second time I woke up.

After falling back asleep a voice spoke to me and said that Cannabis would be decriminalized at the Federal level. I was told this was the second marker for me to watch for. When this happened it would signal the beginning of the great war. I was told that this war, unlike the others, was not going to be about land or money or religious ideologies, but the strife between the young and the old. After this I woke up.

Upon going back to sleep, I saw a figure of a woman like a warrior on a field of flame and strife. She said each night she would return to the battle grounds.

Given recent events I figured I’d share. I don’t completely get the whole strife between young and old causing a war, but who knows what tomorrow brings.

This dream is now being discussed in several forums, since in the summer of 2020 a bill was put to the vote in the US Senate to legalize marijuana at the federal level – now it can only be smoked in a few states. Voting was scheduled for September 18th, but when September 18th came, the Senate moved the vote to “post-election.” Thus, the third and most important part coincided with the prophecy from the dream.

Only the story about young and old is not very clear. Some see it as a fight against a pandemic, during which older people in many countries were indeed locked in their homes. There is also an opinion that this part of the dream is allegorical. That is, the elderly are conservatives, republicans, and the young are liberals and democrats or, the elderly are the West and the United States, and the young are the recently reared China.

The author of the post finds it difficult to interpret. Nevertheless, a 2/3 dream came true and its last third is the legalization of marijuana in America. As soon as the bill is voted on, will the Great War begin?

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Fact or fiction

Earth is threatened by asteroid collision a day before US elections

A refrigerator-sized asteroid could hit Earth a day before the US presidential election , which is scheduled for November 3. American astrophysicist Neil DeGrasse Tyson announced this on his Instagram page.

“Asteroid 2018VP1, a refrigerator-sized asteroid in space, is speeding towards us at over 25,000 miles per hour,” he wrote.

At the same time, the scientist assured that there would be no particular harm from such a collision, since the asteroid is relatively small in size. According to Tyson, if “the end of the world comes in 2020, it is not the fault of the universe.”

According to NASA, the probability that an asteroid will enter the Earth’s atmosphere is 0.41 percent. It is expected to flyby at 384 thousand kilometers.

Asteroid 2018 VP1 was discovered on November 3, 2018. It belongs to the “Apollo” group – these are asteroids whose paths cross the earth’s orbit.

No protection from dangerous asteroids

Humanity does not have the technical ability to prevent a large asteroid from falling to Earth. Currently, there are no such opportunities. The only means is to notify the population. However, we cannot predict where on Earth the asteroid will hit. The orbit and angles of entry into the atmosphere are determined with an error. It turns out that one asteroid can have a whole track from possible points of impact, which can stretch for half of the Earth.

The origin of life when an asteroid falls

Japanese scientists studying the origin of life on Earth simulated on an experimental setup the conditions that arise when an asteroid falls into the ocean. It turned out that with such an event complex organic compounds such as amino acids are formed in water.It turned out that the shock produces amino acids such as glycine and alanine, which serve as building blocks for proteins involved in many biological reactions.In the early stages of development on Mars, as on Earth, falls of meteorites and asteroids were common, and the formation of amino acids induced by impacts could well be the first step towards the origin of life, scientists say.

US presidential election

The US presidential election will be held on November 3. The current leader of the country, Donald Trump, is running for a second Republican term. His main rival is Democratic candidate Joe Biden. 

According to the data on the number of views in the past debate, Biden’s speech was watched by 600 thousand more people than Trump.

Most states vote in whole or in part by mail. Earlier, Trump called Biden “the worst presidential candidate in history” and jokingly promised to leave the United States if he loses the election.

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