Connect with us

Underworld

Why Alcohol Is A Drug & It’s Time We Start Looking At It That Way

Have you ever noticed the apparent disconnect that many people tend to have with regards to alcohol being a drug? Countless times, I’ve heard people who I know slam back some cocktails on a fairly regular basis say in conversation, in a somewhat judgmental tone, something along the lines of, ‘this is exactly why I don’t do drugs.’ As if they are somehow superior to those who smoke marijuana or use other recreational or psychedelic drugs from time to time. Or how about that person with the crazy caffeine addiction with the same response? Don’t even get me started. While traveling and staying in many different hostels there are often signs that say in bold, NO DRUGS ALLOWED, yet there is a bar and a fridge full of beer.

I believe that this disconnect is the cause for justifying our alcohol usage and often, our alcohol abuse. Because people generally don’t really think of alcohol when they think of drugs, it perpetuates this idea that unless you are a serious alcoholic, alcohol is relatively harmless. This couldn’t be further from the truth.

Alcohol Is 100% A Drug & A Harmful One At That

A drug is classified as any substance that has a physiological effect when ingested or otherwise introduced to the body. Ding, ding, ding – there you have it, alcohol IS a drug. Perhaps the reason we tend to not think of alcohol as a drug is because of how the media tends to portray it. The media certainly wouldn’t want us to think of alcohol as a drug because drugs are bad, and if we did we may be more inclined to change our relationship with it and we wouldn’t want that now, would we?

Another possibility is because alcohol is legal, and often promoted, pushed and expected in our society. Because we want to believe that our governments and policy makers have our best interests in mind, we might think, well, it can’t be that bad if it’s legal. Unfortunately, this is a dangerous way to think as this type of thing goes way beyond our governments and is more so in the hands of large corporations who have the money to keep the truth hidden, and ultimately to keep us consuming things that are toxic to our health, like alcohol.

The Media’s Role

In the media, for example, you rarely see a TV show or a movie where the characters aren’t regularly consuming copious amounts of alcohol, and both these characters and those in alcohol advertisements are portrayed, to varying degrees, as sexy, cool, spontaneous, and fun. In fact, an estimated $8 billion in advertising was spent on alcohol promotion between 2002-2009. While knowledge of alcohol’s dangers is nowhere near as common as that of, say, smoking, it still begs the question, why is it kept in the dark? A lot of information is coming forward these days about how sugar is the tobacco of the 21st century and so on, but it seems the truth about alcohol’s dangers are largely being ignored.

So, Why Are We Lying To Ourselves?

Like any other substance, sugar, coffee, marijuana, potato chips, T.V., and video games – alcohol is an escape. Before I decided to quit drinking, I remember thinking that maybe I could learn to cut back or control my addiction, but that there was absolutely no way that I could quit for good, and the idea of not having some sort of relief from the way I had been feeling totally freaked me out. But after getting to the root of what was causing me to drink in the first place, it was easy to leave this behind, because I had faced myself, I didn’t have something that I needed to escape from anymore. Of course, I’m not perfect, I still do escape with other things from time to time, but alcohol was a problem for me.

Maybe alcohol isn’t a problem for you, or maybe you don’t realize how much of a problem it is, but regardless we have to accept that this substance is a drug. With most other things, moderate use is okay and likely won’t do too much harm, but binge-drinking on the weekends and having multiple glasses of wine a day is definitely not moderate use and is definitely pushing the lines of a drug addiction. We have to be honest with ourselves and if we feel that we need alcohol to have fun, to feel good or to manage stress then it’s clear that there are aspects of our lives that need to be looked at, accepted and addressed. Escaping with any substance is just a temporary feeling of relief and often, if left un-dealt with, our issues will only get worse.

Much Love

Source link

Underworld

Havana Syndrome again? CIA officers are mowed down by a mysterious disease

A CIA officer in Moscow experienced symptoms of the so-called “Havana syndrome” in 2017. This became known to The New York Times with reference to sources in diplomatic circles.

CIA officer Mark Polimepulos, who helped lead covert operations in Russia and Europe, complained about the manifestation of mysterious symptoms. According to the newspaper, in December 2017, he felt severe dizziness, which later developed into a prolonged migraine, forcing him to retire. At that time, Polymerpoulos was 48 years old.

It is noted that such a case was not the only one. Similar symptoms were experienced by the staff of the American ambassadors in Cuba and China in 2016-2018. However, the exact number of cases and the place where this happened is not named. It is alleged that the US diplomats have tried to influence in a similar way around the world.

At the same time, the US State Department was unable to establish an unambiguous reason that caused the “Havana syndrome.” Among other things, it was assumed that the diplomats may have been exposed to an unidentified sound effect.

In 2017, it was reported that, beginning in late 2016, American diplomatic officials and their relatives in Cuba began to complain of symptoms such as hearing loss, nausea, headaches and balance disorder. 

The Associated Press received audio footage of the attack and described the harassing sounds as “the high-pitched sound of crickets combined with fingernails scratching on a board.” Then the American government suggested that Russia or China could be the culprit.

Many victims are still undergoing rehabilitation. Specialists from the University of Pennsylvania performed magnetic resonance imaging and revealed visible changes in the structure of the brain in the diplomatic missions.

Differences were found in 23 men and 17 women who complained of health problems while on diplomatic duties in Havana. Scientists have yet to figure out what causes the unusual symptoms.

Continue Reading

Underworld

How Russia and the United States nearly started a nuclear war in 1995

The Norwegian meteorological rocket incident remains the only time in history that the Russian president has activated his nuclear briefcase.

On January 25, 1995, Doomsday could have come in the world: the Russian Federation was preparing to launch a nuclear strike on the United States. How did it come about that the states that left the confrontation of the Cold War in the past and had just normalized relations with each other found themselves on the verge of mutual destruction?

The beginning of the war?

The cause of the crisis was an ordinary Norwegian meteorological rocket. Its launch from the small island of Anneia at 7 am local time (10 am Moscow time) towards Spitsbergen caused a stir in Russia. 

Black Brant XII.

Black Brant XII. Legion Media / ZUMA Press

Equipped with scientific equipment to study the aurora borealis, the Black Brant XII was similar in size to the nuclear-powered American Trident D-5 ballistic missile, intended for launch from submarines. In addition, it flew along a trajectory along which, as the Russian Defense Ministry believed, American missiles would fly in the event of a nuclear war. 

In December 1994, Norway informed 28 states, including Russia, about the planned launch, but did not give a specific date, limiting itself to specifying the period: from January 15 to February 10 of the next year. Due to bureaucratic delays, this information did not reach the Russian Missile Warning System, which sounded the alarm.

Decisive minutes

An emergency meeting with the country’s top political and military leadership was convened in the Kremlin. Defense Minister Pavel Grachev, Chief of the General Staff Mikhail Kolesnikov and President of the Russian Federation (as Supreme Commander-in-Chief) Boris Yeltsin had three strategic missile forces control terminals activated – the so-called nuclear suitcases.

Vladimir Sayapin / TASS

The military believed the lone missile could have been fired to create an electromagnetic pulse that knocked out Russian radars and communications systems. Following it, a massive blow could be expected.

For several tense minutes, as leaders watched it flight, it was decided whether Russia would launch a nuclear strike against the United States. 

“Little is known today about what Yeltsin said at the time, given that it could have been some of the most dangerous moments in the entire history of the nuclear era,” The Washington Post journalist, David Hoffman wrote three years after the incident : “They make it clear that the Cold War nuclear readiness system continues to operate, and how catastrophic its consequences could be, despite the fact that the feud between the great powers is already over.”   

The situation was discharged only when it became clear that the rocket had gone towards Spitsbergen (not far from which it fell into the ocean). The nuclear cases have been deactivated. Russian President Boris Yeltsin (center) and Russian Defense Minister Pavel Grachev (right).

Russian President Boris Yeltsin (center) and Russian Defense Minister Pavel Grachev (right). Igor Mikhalev / Sputnik

The incident with bringing Russia’s Strategic Nuclear Forces to combat readiness, soon became the property of the world community. When, four years later, the Norwegians were about to repeat their launch of Black Brant XII and reported this to the Russian Foreign Ministry, the US additionally warned all key Russian military departments about it through their channels. As a result, this time there were no unpleasant surprises. 

Source: rbth.com

Continue Reading

Underworld

Germany conducted exercises in case of nuclear war

Bundeswehr / Birthe Brechters

The Bundeswehr with partners in the North Atlantic Alliance ( NATO) trained in operations in a nuclear war.

The German army, together with Italian, Belgian and Dutch colleagues, conducted exercises in the event of a conflict with the use of nuclear weapons.

The location of the exercise “Steadfest Noon” was chosen airbase “Nörfenich”, where the tactical squadron of the Luftwaffe 31 “Boelcke” is located. Together with the Luftwaffe of the Bundeswehr, the air forces of other NATO countries, in particular, Italy, the Netherlands and Belgium, took part in the exercises.

According to a report by Bild, the exercise scenario involved training procedures for safely removing nuclear weapons from storage, delivering ammunition and installing them on aircraft. The training flights took place without nuclear weapons, and in parallel with the aviation exercises at the Büchel airbase, where the tactical squadron of the Luftwaffe 51 Immelman is located, the Resilient Guard air defense systems were trained to protect the airfield from air attacks.

The training sites for the Luftwaffe of the Bundeswehr were not chosen by chance, since the Nörfenich airbase is a reserve storage site for the B61, a hydrogen bomb that forms the basis of nuclear weapons of the US strategic nuclear forces. 

Some of this ammunition is stationed at NATO bases in Europe. The exact number of hydrogen bombs that are stored at European sites and which ones are not reported. In Europe, the B61 is carried by Panavia Tornado fighter-bombers (pictured) and General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon fighters.

Recall that the B61 thermonuclear bomb is the main weapon of the US strategic nuclear forces, although it entered service in 1968. Since 2012, a new guided version of the B61-12 has been under development, which will replace all B61 and B83 bombs that have been in service since 1983. It can be used both on strategic bombers and tactical aircraft. About two billion dollars were spent on the development of the 12th modification of the aerial bomb.

Continue Reading
Advertisement

DO NOT MISS

Trending