Connect with us

Science & Technology

When will we receive Hyperloop – the transport of the future

When will we receive Hyperloop - the transport of the future 86

Originally developed by SpaceX CEO Elon Musk, Hyperloop is a new form of ground transportation that will allow passengers to travel between locations at speeds in excess of 1,100 km per hour.

If you think about it, the futuristic concept of Hyperloop – if it is erected – will produce a real transport revolution. Just imagine: passengers board capsules that move them to their destination faster than airplanes through hermetic tubes. Hyperloop runs on an electric motor and magnetic levitation. However, even though it looks like science fiction, Hyperloop will soon become a reality.

What is Hyperloop?

The idea of ​​Hyperloop came to the mind of the founder of SpaceX and Tesla, Elon Mask, in 2012. However, the entrepreneur set out his vision of an ultra-fast transport system that will move capsules with passengers through steel pipes many years ago. We don’t know if Futurama’s animated series has anything to do with this idea, but it’s very similar to that. Let us remind you, according to the plot, in 3000, people just went into a pipe, which carried them to their destination at great speed.

When will we receive Hyperloop - the transport of the future 87
This is how the Hyperloop passenger compartment might look like

In simple words, the Hyperloop is a train in a pipe. The fact is that air can be pumped out of the pipe and its resistance reduced. The lower the resistance, the higher the speed can be developed. But the path from the idea to its implementation is not easy. So, with an estimated price of $ 6 billion, the Hyperloop concept will never be realized. But regardless of the cost and complexity of building an almost supersonic ground transportation system, according to the head of Tesla, Hyperloop is a cross between an airplane and a train.

When will we receive Hyperloop - the transport of the future 88
It looks like the hyperloop capsule is built by Virgin Hyperloop One

Indeed, there is nothing fundamentally new in the idea of ​​a hyper loop, and all technologies have been tested for a long time, so all that is left is to simply assemble them together. It is noteworthy that the concept of futuristic hyper Loop will be open source. Let us remind you that open source code is a computer program code that is open to all users and allows you to learn during use.

Real Hyperloop Speed

According to the idea – depending on the landscape – Hyperloop speed should reach from 480 to 1220 km / h. The speed of the existing Hyperloop capsules – Virgin Hyperloop One – reaches 387 km per hour. But the record belongs to the German company TUM Hyperloop, which in 2018 managed to disperse the capsule to 457 kilometers per hour.

Who is working on creating the Hyperloop?

Earlier, Musk called on the world community and companies to develop the necessary technology of hyperloop, without the participation of the entrepreneur himself. This led to the formation of many startups and student teams that are working on the development of Hyperloop and translating it into reality. So, recently it became known about considering proposals for the construction of Hyperloop between Paris and Amsterdam, which could transport passengers from one point to another in less than 90 minutes.

But, startup Virgin Hyperloop One, founded by Richard Branson, already in 2017, built a full-size capsule on test tracks in Nevada. Reportedly, the capsule managed to accelerate to 387 km per hour. Recall that the company seeks to achieve a maximum speed of 1220 km / h. At the same time, Virgin Hyperloop deviates slightly from the original plan of Elon Mask, since it combines two main principles:

Firstly, magnetic levitation is a technology that is already used in monorails for lifting passenger capsules and moving them. For magnetic levitation, two sets of magnets are used – one pair lifts the capsules from the paths, and the second moves them at high speed with reduced friction.

Secondly, a vacuum sealed medium with low pressure removes most of the air from the pipes and has no contact with the ground. As a result, the capsules encounter little resistance when moving. It is noteworthy that the air pressure inside the pipe is equivalent to flying at an altitude of 61 km above sea level.

When will we receive Hyperloop - the transport of the future 89
The construction of transport of the future is in full swing

Where will Hyperloop be built?

Virgin Hyperloop One launched the global task of finding the best routes for the new transport system. Out of more than 2,600 proposals for locating hyperloop stations from around the world, the list has been reduced to 35 potential locations. So, with 10 winners around the world, Hyperloop can work in partnership with the government of each of the locations.

Is Hyperloop Technology Safe?

Virgin hyperloop One explains that they have to build thick steel pipes that are extremely difficult to pierce or break. In addition, the pipes are designed to withstand changes in pressure and air leakage, while maintaining their structural integrity. It is also possible to cut off parts of the route and re-pressurize areas where emergency situations occur, and all capsules are expected to be equipped with emergency exits

At the same time, the trip cost in a hyper loop will be lower than a plane ticket, because there are no such large infrastructure costs as in the case of airports, and the operation of the route itself is also inexpensive. One way or another, we should all be preparing for the revolution in passenger and transportation in the next decade. The future is very near.

Science & Technology

New Physics: Mysterious radiation pointed to the verge of discovering a “ghost” particle that makes up dark matter

New Physics: Mysterious radiation pointed to the verge of discovering a "ghost" particle that makes up dark matter 102
Photo: Daniel Molybdenum, NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center

Physicists at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in the United States have found that the mysterious high-energy radiation emitted from the vicinity of a group of neutron stars may indicate the existence of axions – not yet discovered particles within the framework of New Physics, the search for which has been going on since 1977. It is assumed that special types of axions form dark matter. This is reported in an article published in the journal Physical Review Letters. The research is summarized in a press release on Phys.org.

It is believed that axions can form in the core of neutron stars and transform into photons in the presence of a powerful magnetic field. To detect the electromagnetic radiation associated with axions, you need to find stars that do not emit radiation at different wavelengths that can mask the desired signal. 

These objects include the Magnificent Seven neutron stars that emit only X-ray and ultraviolet radiation. They are located at a distance of 200-500 parsecs from the Earth.

The researchers ruled out the scenario that the excess X-rays produced by the Magnificent Seven are actually emitted by other, more distant objects. These sources would be found in datasets from the XMM-Newton and Chandra X-ray space telescopes.

The extra X-rays likely originate from axions hitting an extremely strong electromagnetic field billions of times stronger than the magnetic fields that could be created on Earth, the scientists concluded. The axions themselves resemble neutrinos in their properties, since both have insignificant masses and rarely and weakly interact with matter.

The axion is currently viewed as the most promising candidate for dark matter particles, since another hypothetical candidate, the massive WIMP particle, has gone unnoticed in experiments aimed at detecting it. 

In addition, there may be a whole family of axion-like particles that form dark matter, as suggested by string theory. If axions are found, it will prove that there is a whole new area of ​​physics outside the Standard Model describing the properties of all known particles.

To find out, the next step will be to study white dwarfs, which are not expected to emit X-rays.

“If we see an abundance of X-rays there too, our arguments will be pretty compelling,” said lead author Benjamin Safdie.

Continue Reading

Science & Technology

The goal of human civilization is to create AI and disappear?

The goal of human civilization is to create AI and disappear? 103

Various sources often talk about civilizations that lived long before us. They all developed, prospered for a while, and then disappeared in an incomprehensible way. 

What is the reason for their decline, we probably will not know. All we can do is admire the remains of stone buildings, over which time has almost no power.

While looking for an answer, we somehow accidentally stumbled upon an interesting saying about the life of Japanese samurai: “A samurai has no goal, but a path.” In the end, the “path of the samurai” ended in what is known – death. The path of any civilization ended in the same way.

If you look at the issue through the prism of a samurai saying, then there is no point in looking for why and how civilization ended its existence. Probably, the process itself and its result are important here. But to whom is it important and what result does it expect?

Mysterious director

Apparently, behind the curtains of this “ancient theater” there is a mysterious “director” who periodically makes necessary adjustments to the history of civilization.

To figure out what’s what, you need to look at current trends in science. Where does a person strive with such an irresistible desire to “play God.” This attracts him and at the same time frightens him, but in no way turns him away from the intended path. Most likely, artificial intelligence (AI) is the purpose of our civilization’s existence.

About 50 years ago it would have seemed nonsense, but to someone, perhaps even now. However, if you trace the last 100 years of the life of our civilization, you get the feeling that most of the discoveries were given to mankind at the same time. A powerful leap has taken place in a hundred years. Why did it happen?

At the beginning of the last century, scientists recognized the existence of fields that have memory and the ability to store and transmit information. It is very likely that such or a similar field can be around the Earth and, more interesting, possess intelligence. Isn’t this the same “Director” hiding behind the screen of the “ancient theater”?

If this is so, then at a certain moment the “Director” gives the selected scientist “access” to certain knowledge (perhaps even in a dream, like Mendeleev), and another scientific breakthrough occurs in the world. Step by step, discovery after discovery, humanity is steadily moving towards the creation of AI. The trend is already well visible.

The goal of human civilization is to create AI and disappear? 104

AI is probably the next “Babylon”, which will combine all the knowledge, culture and accumulated experience of civilization. In the future, the neural network will enter into a connection with the general information field and leave humanity without knowledge, technology, and even a spoken language. This will be the next decline of civilization. And the “Director” will receive another array of new data (experience) in order to start creating a new civilization.

If someone believes that past civilizations ended in large-scale conflicts, then most likely this is already the consequences of “turning off” AI.

Co-founder of Skype talked about the threat of AI to humanity

One of the creators of the Skype internet call service, Jaan Ta

The goal of human civilization is to create AI and disappear? 105
Photo: 
© still from the movie “Terminator 2: Judgment Day”

llinn, said that the development of artificial intelligence (AI) threatens humanity. According to him, humans face three key threats, but it is AI that should be feared most of all, the expert said. 

Tallinn explained that at the moment, no one can predict what development AI will achieve in the next decades. In addition, the fact that scientists are creating artificial intelligence that can form a new AI without human intervention is also a cause for concern.

In addition, as the co-founder of the popular video calling service noted, the development of synthetic biology also causes concern. According to him, this direction in science allows the creation of artificial DNA sequences and biological systems that may not exist in nature.

Tallinn also drew attention to the fact that he fears we are entering an era of “unknown unknowns”, things that people are not even able to imagine right now.

Continue Reading

Science & Technology

Volkswagen robot will autonomously charge cars: a working prototype presented

Volkswagen robot will autonomously charge cars: a working prototype presented 106
Copyright: © VW

The renowned German car manufacturer announced a new development. This time, engineers have created a unique robot capable of autonomously charging electric vehicles. 

For more than a year, specialists have been developing this project, but only now the concern was ready to demonstrate the first working prototype. The robot is ready to charge electric vehicles and has shown the high efficiency of this process.

It is called the Mobile Charging Robot, and experts have already compared it to the R2-D2 droid from Star Wars, including squeaks and clangs. Indeed, there is a similarity. Before implementing this idea, the engineers decided that robots should be allowed to charge cars parked in large residential complexes.

This will save their owners from leaving in order to find a gas station. Another advantage is that large parking lots and garages do not have to contain several expensive charging points for electric cars. The car company said in a press release that the robot works exclusively autonomously.

It independently controls and interacts with the vehicle being charged. It opens the cover of the charging socket and independently connects the power plug, then disconnects it. The robot looks like a trailer, which is a mobile energy storage.

It is capable of charging multiple electric vehicles at the same time. Despite the fact that the manufacturer confidently praises its concept, experts saw inefficiency in the fact that first it is necessary to charge the robot’s battery, which is then used to recharge electric cars.

Volkswagen Group Components CEO Thomas Schmall noted that creating an efficient charging infrastructure for the cars of the future is an important step in the company’s development.

Its engineers focus on finding solutions to avoid costly do-it-yourself measures. The mobile robot is only part of the concept that will continue to be developed.

Continue Reading
Advertisement

DO NOT MISS

Trending