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Aliens & UFO's

What do we know about UFOs? 10 assumptions about what aliens look like

What would be missing from a disaster film in which volcanoes erupt, fires burn, and a pandemic tries to kill everyone on their way? Aliens of course! The other day, the Pentagon pleased all the ufologists of the world, recognizing the authenticity of the UFO videos shown earlier, shot by pilots of the U.S. Navy in 2007 and 2017. In total, three records were published on which an object, similar to a fly on the lens, moved smoothly, dissecting the airy surface and surprising the pilots.

According to David Fravor, one of the pilots, during an exercise in the Pacific Ocean, 160 kilometers from San Diego, an unknown “ice mass” or “dark matter” appeared from the water. He describes the object as “shapeless and extremely mobile.” Skeptics hastened to assume that the impressionable commander saw an ordinary submarine, but he thought differently, as a result of which he was ridiculed upon arrival at the Nimitz aircraft carrier.

UFO videos are usually very distorted, and pilots in reality see everything differently

Commander David Fravor said they were ordered to track an unidentified object that appeared over the ocean at an altitude of 24 kilometers, then decreased by 18 kilometers and disappeared. Once at a given point, the pilots saw a trace in the ocean – the waves were breaking on something big. An oval object about 12 meters long hung above this place at an altitude of 15 meters. It moved randomly back and forth. When the fighters began to descend, the object rushed towards them, and then flew away sharply “I have never seen such an acceleration,” said Fravor.

The Pentagon explains its action to confirm the videos as the desire to put an end to and get rid of rumors. The “program for advanced recognition of air threats” ran from at least 2007 to 2012, and it cost taxpayers at least $ 22 million. This was announced at the Pentagon in response to requests from The New York Times, Politico and The Washington Post.

Most of the money allocated from the budget went to a private contractor, Bigelow Aerospace, whose founder, Robert Bigelow, is a staunch supporter of the theory that aliens have visited Earth. Bigelow stated that he was “absolutely convinced” of the presence of aliens among us. Now Bigelow is busy with a very important business for his kind of people – the construction of a space hotel, the deadlines for which have already been postponed three times. The opening date is presently scheduled for 2022.

Conspirologists have long shown us various ancient monuments that clearly prove the existence of UFOs : these are numerous falsifications like artifacts from Burroughs caves, and speculations about famous images, such as the icon of the prophet Elijah in a chariot or the “Annunciation” by Carlo Crivelli, which allegedly depict alien ships. 

However, modern researchers are inclined to believe that the era of the appearance of UFOs began very recently. The first comparison of the shape of a UFO with a saucer belongs to Texas farmer John Martin, who saw in 1878 a strange orange object in the sky resembling a large flying saucer.

The “Crucifixion” fresco, which was found in Kosovo, in the Vyskodechansky monastery

Later, rumors about UFOs acquired a completely different character, up to the absurd. For example, ufologist John Kiel describes a case in which a woman claimed to have seen a UFO that read “UFO” on it ; there is a known case where a UFO had an image that looked like a stylized drawing of lightning against a circle; Kiel also described “wheelless cars traveling through deserted places a few inches above the ground,” mentioned “giant gondola-like cars with many rows of portholes soaring over the Kaitatini Mountains in northern New Jersey .”

A similar incident also occurred with the American businessman Kenneth Arnold, who was flying his own plane over the Cascade Mountains and suddenly saw that “a chain of objects moving like saucers across the water, like thrown flat stones, stretching for at least 5 miles, tacked between high mountain peaks.” The case in the Cascade Mountains had a wide public outcry and became a reference point for the general attraction of Western culture to the UFO phenomenon . Moreover, alien ships in the 40s were very popular among patients in psychotherapy rooms.

But can the lion’s share of the observed objects simply be a collective malfunction in the matrix?” “, Mass hallucination, psychosis, or does this phenomenon have a different explanation? After all, it happens that one person sees a UFO, and sometimes the phenomenon acquires a mass character, so that the whole village is romantically watching the effect, as if in S. Spielberg’s film “Close Encounters of the Third Kind”. Some UFO phenomena can be explained to the world with theMandela effect.” The bottom line here is that several people have the same memories of an event that contradicts real facts. The “supernatural adviser” Fiona Brum explains this discrepancy with the multiplicity of worlds or the “ multiverse” interpretation of quantum mechanics.

In the absence of an observer, electrons and other subatomic particles scatter like waves, but it is worthwhile to establish observation and their behavior changes. In fact, until they are watched, particles seem to exist in several places at the same time.

Nobel laureate physicist Erwin Schrödinger explained this strange concept of thought experiment  Schrödinger’s cat” in 1935.

However, Brum believes that collective memories are not in fact false, and that she and others who remember the past were actually in a parallel universe with a different timeline that somehow intersected with ours.

Every three minutes, someone on Earth reports that they saw a UFO
Every three minutes, someone on Earth reports that they saw a UFO

UFO species (according to eyewitnesses)

“Solid” objects

Western ufologists often call UFOs that look like solids, that is, by type consisting of matter. Some of these objects may even look metallic. Solid objects are divided into several different subspecies: disk-shaped, triangular, spindle-shaped (these are objects in the sky in the form of two cones with a common base. It was reported that they flew with the axis of symmetry perpendicular to the ground), ovoid objects. see, for example, “Case at Socorro,”

C

Flying” objects

As an example, in the morning of February 25, 1942 at Los Angeles, there was an encounter with unknown flying objects, at which the US defense “aircraft” opened fire with anti-aircraft installations, firing around 1430 shells. One of the objects, according to witnesses, was still hung on the air, despite the fact that the shells exploded near it. There are also the screw types flying devices – rod-shaped objects ranging from a few centimeters to several tens of meters.

“Soft” objects

UFOs that do not produce the impression of a substance, in particular, a mysterious glow, fog with unusual properties, lights are called “soft” objects . Sometimes one person can take what he sees as a ghost, and the other as a UFO. Will they both be right? Maybe. After all, luminous silhouettes and objects make UFOs and their “inhabitants” related to angels and ghosts materialized in spiritualistic sessions, and contacts with UFOs – with religious visions and trance.

But can we imagine what aliens from other planets look like based on biochemical analysis and chemical analysis of the planet?

Alternative biochemistry is studying the possibility of the existence of life forms that are characterized by biochemical processes that are completely different from those that have arisen on Earth, the so-called non-carbon life forms. Differences include the replacement of carbon in the molecules of organic substances by other atoms, as many scientists have expressed, but no one has proposed a theory that describes the possibility of reconstructing the whole variety of compounds necessary for the existence of life, but often such phenomena can be found in fantastic literature.

The possibility of extraterrestrial life, based on “alternative” biochemistry, is not only a general theme of science fiction, but is also considered in a scientific context.

Among the most likely candidates for the role of a structure-forming atom in alternative biochemistry, silicon is called. It is in the same group of the periodic system as carbon, their properties are very similar in many respects. However, silicon atoms have a larger mass and radius, they are more difficult to form a double or triple covalent bond, which can interfere with the formation of biopolymers. Silicon compounds cannot be as diverse as carbon compounds.

But for now, we can only dream about space and be content with confirming the inexplicability of a flying object recorded on video by a pilot. We decided to assume …

What aliens might look like in this or that habitat

1. Other biochemistry

Life on Earth is based on three biochemical “requirements” – carbon, water and DNA. If you replace any element with something else, life will go along a completely different path of development.

1. Other biochemistry.

2. Enhanced gravity

What would happen if gravity were twice as powerful on Earth? To begin with, humanity would hardly continue to walk on two legs. In addition, legs would become much shorter and the bones larger. All life forms of the Earth would decrease in size and begin to live less. If we halve gravity, the picture would be completely opposite.

2. Enhanced gravity.

3. A different atmosphere

The atmosphere affects the appearance of the planet’s organisms no less than gravity. Millions of years ago, the Earth’s atmosphere was much denser and more saturated with oxygen, which allowed dinosaurs to reach enormous sizes. Also on the planet there are organisms that do not need oxygen at all, which also affects the appearance.

3. A different atmosphere. 

4. Lack of water

The lack of water on other planets does not necessarily lead to the fact that life cannot be born there. Liquid ammonia may well act as a substitute for water, since it shares most of its properties.

4. Lack of water.

5. Lack of DNA

Until recently, it was believed that only DNA can ensure the existence and development of life. But recently, scientists were able to synthesize XNA (xenonucleic acid), which also stores and transmits genetic information. Aliens also could well dispense with other proteins in their body.

5. Lack of DNA.

6. Other habitat

The Earth provides its inhabitants with many different biomes – tundra, seas, steppes, tropical forests, deserts, etc. In each of them, organisms adapt to their own environment and look completely different. Should we explain the difference between deep-sea fish and the steppe eagle? And what will the alien creatures look like after that?

6. Other habitat. 

7. Aliens can change their appearance

Human civilization has evolved very quickly – at least we think so, but if the aliens had more time to develop their technology, they could learn to change their appearance at their discretion.

7. Aliens can change their appearance.

8. Life from orphaned planets

According to the most rough estimates, about 200 billion orphaned planets are wandering in our galaxy, not attached to any known star. Despite this, it is possible that intelligent life could also develop on them if a different source of energy existed. If only she looked incredibly alien.

8. Life from orphaned planets.

9. Non-biological creatures

There is a considerable chance of finding alien robots instead of the organisms we are used to. Either because they replaced biological bodies with mechanical ones, or were originally created in this form.

9. Non-biological creatures. 

10. The factor of chance

The factor of chance on the scale of even a galaxy, not like the Universe, plays a huge role. Of course, we would like the aliens to look like us, but the chances of this are close to zero. Do not forget about it, if we still manage to establish contact at one point.

10. The factor of chance.

This is how we present them.

Beyond the borders of distant stars, we can only imagine what wonderful and magical creatures live in the constellation Milky Way. Not that this is your regeneration, x-ray vision, or stone skin.

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Aliens & UFO's

UK UFO case to be kept secret until 2072

The UK Department of Defense has blocked the planned release of a dossier detailing the famous UFO incident.

Back in August 1990, two tourists walking in the Scottish Highlands near Calvine, Pitlochry, witnessed a strange rhombic object hovering over the nearby landscape.

They managed to take pictures of the UFO before it flew away at significant speed.

Eager to share what they saw, the couple contacted the Scottish Daily Record and shared both their story and the photos they took.

Then the journalists shared the pictures with the UK Department of Defense.

It turned out that the tourists weren’t the only ones who saw the object – the pilot of the RAF Harrier jet also witnessed the phenomenon – again near Calvine – after being forced to investigate this UFO.

Military intelligence officers sent these images to JARIC, which is the Joint Air Intelligence and Reconnaissance Center.

It is the UK’s military center of excellence when it comes to image analysis. These intelligence officers concluded that these photographs were real and that no one had the slightest idea what they were.

Several mock ups of the photos have been made, while the real things remain hidden
Several mock ups of the photos have been made, while the real things remain classified

Thirty years later, the dossier of the Ministry of Defense, including photographs, was scheduled for declassification and publication, which is typical of such documents.

However, the release has now been postponed for another 50 years for unknown reasons.

According to the 30-year rule, the file was supposed to be released on January 1, 2021, but if the ministry gets it, it won’t be released until January 1, 2072 – an 82-year closure.

“By the time the world gets to see the file, the two witnesses will be dead. It is crazy. What are the authorities trying to hide?”

A complaint lodged under the Freedom of Information Act about the National Archives withholding the documents is now under investigation by the UK information watchdog, the Information Commissioner’s Office.

The National Archives refused to comment further. The MOD refused to comment at all.

What are the authorities trying to hide?

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Aliens & UFO's

FBI decrypted documents confirm that there are giant aliens

The topic of aliens has always attracted attention. Recently, foreign media disclosed that a declassified document released by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) once again confirmed the existence of UFOs and aliens.

FBI Declassified Document: Describes UFO and Aliens

https://twitter.com/AgentApplebutt3/status/1303403903585718273?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw%7Ctwcamp%5Etweetembed%7Ctwterm%5E1303403903585718273%7Ctwgr%5Eshare_3&ref_url=https%3A%2F%2Fsputniknews.gr%2Fviral%2F202009098195787-exogiinoi-gigantes-kai-onta-apo-alles-diastaseis-ereuna-tou-FBI-mila-gia-thermo-epeisodio-me-UFO%2F

The British “Daily Star” reported that earlier this year, the FBI released the decrypted documents in 1947. The 70-page decrypted report contained a “Memorandum 6751”. The person who wrote the report was an anonymous university professor.

“Memorandum 6751″ mentioned that there were flying saucers, unidentified creatures, and ” giant aliens resembling humans “.

The report stated that these aliens are like humans, “but larger in size. They are not from any planet known to people, but from the etheric.” “Ether” is a term used in ancient Greece, generally referring to the atmosphere or sky.

Sketch of flying saucer. (Pixabay.com)

There is also a description of the flying saucer in the decryption report, which refers to the fact that most of the flying saucers are loaded with alien creatures. The flying saucers have powerful radiation, are very fast, and have powerful attack capabilities.

“These flying saucers have a kind of radiant energy or light that can easily disintegrate any spacecraft that launches an attack. They can re-enter (earth) from the ether at will, or they can simply disappear from our sight without leaving a trace.”

The report states, “If one of these (flying saucers) is attacked, the attacking aircraft will almost certainly be destroyed. As far as the general public is concerned, this may lead to proximity panic and international suspicion.”

Tesla is a ” Venusian “

In recent years, due to the expiration of the confidentiality period, the FBI has published many decrypted documents on its official website, including one about the famous inventor Nicholas. Tesla (Nikola Tesla) declassified documents, caused a public heat. The document mentioned that Tesla came from “Venus” and was an “alien”.

The FBI declassified document mentioned that the famous inventor Nicholas. Tesla came from “Venus” and was an “alien”. (Public domain)

The decrypted document is called “Nikola Tesla Part03 of03”. It is the third document about Nikola Tesla decrypted by the FBI. It has 64 pages of content, some of which are blacked out and cannot be distinguished.

The remaining content that is not blacked out contains the following passage: “The people of the universe have contacted Nikola Tesla many times and told the FBI that Tesla was from Venus. Tesla was brought to the earth in 1856 to a Yugoslav couple to raise.”

The publication of this document shocked the world. Faced with a wave of discussions and doubts from netizens, the FBI did not make any response or explanation, which is even more curious.

F-18 fighters chase UFO

“The Wall Street Journal” recently reported that the non-profit organization “National UFO Reporting Center” data shows that so far this year, UFO sightings have increased by 51% over the same period last year. The center has received approximately 5,000 sightings reported.

On September 8, the United States retired Lieutenant Colonel David. David Fravor accepted the Massachusetts Institute of Technology scientist Rex. In a live webcast interview with Lex Fridman, he talked about the bizarre experience of driving an F-18 fighter jet to chase UFOs 16 years ago.

There are American pilots chasing UFOs in F-18 fighter jets. F-18 fighter data map. (Michael Dodge/Getty Images)

On November 14, 2004, a UFO was found in the waters of San Diego, California, and Frevo piloted an F-18 fighter to investigate. Both he and the pilot of the other fighter saw a white Tic Tac mint-shaped flying object.

Subsequently, the pilot Chad Underwood flew an F-18 fighter jet, caught UFO on the radar, and successfully filmed UFO video with an infrared camera.

In April this year, the Pentagon released three videos of UFOs, one of which was taken by Underwood during this operation.

12 U.S. soldiers live on alien planets

Former Minister of Defense of Canada Paul. Paul T. Hellyer once disclosed that there are aliens living on the earth and working for the US government. Many US presidents have also admitted the existence of aliens on different occasions.

In addition, some U.S. military personnel disclosed that a top-secret exchange between the U.S. military and aliens was named “Operation Zeta,” and an alien envoy came to the United States. In July 1965, 12 American soldiers secretly boarded an alien spacecraft to the planet Zeta.

Of these 12 people, 4 never returned to Earth. Of these 4 people, 2 died, 2 chose to stay on Zeta, and the remaining 8 returned to Earth 13 years later.

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Aliens & UFO's

How many extraterrestrial civilizations can exist nearby?

Still from the movie "Prometheus" 20th Century Fox

In the 12th episode of the series ” Space”, Which aired on December 14, 1980, co-author and host of the program Carl Sagan introduced viewers to the eponymous equation of astronomer Frank Drake. 

Using it, he calculated the potential number of advanced civilizations in the Milky Way that could communicate with us using the extraterrestrial equivalent of our current radio communication technology. 

Sagan’s estimate ranged from a “paltry few” to millions. If civilizations don’t always destroy themselves shortly after the discovery of radio astronomy, then the sky can literally buzz with messages from the stars,” Sagan said in his inimitable manner. And yet Sagan was pessimistic about the fact that civilizations are able to survive their own technological “Youth” – a transitional period when the development of culture, say, nuclear energy,

If aliens exist, then why don’t we “hear” them?

Life in the universe

Sagan and other scientists suggested that the emergence of life on planets should be a cosmic inevitability, since according to geological data, it arose on earth amazingly quickly: more than four billion years ago, almost immediately after our planet cooled down enough. And if, as in our world, life on other planets arose quickly and evolved, becoming more complex over time, perhaps intelligence and technology could also be ubiquitous throughout the universe.

However, in recent years, some skeptical astronomers have tried to lend more empirical weight to such claims, using a sophisticated form of analysis called Bayesian statistics. The researchers focused on two unknowns: the likelihood of life on Earth-like planets from abiotic conditions – a process called abiogenesis – and therefore the likelihood of intelligent life. But even with such estimates, astronomers disagree about what they mean for life in other parts of the cosmos.

Drake’s equation, introduced by an astronomer in 1961, calculates the number of civilizations in our galaxy that can transmit or receive interstellar messages using radio waves. It is based on the multiplication of a number of factors, each of which quantifies some aspect of our knowledge of the galaxy, planets, life, and intelligence. 

These factors include: stars with exoplanets; the number of inhabited planets in the exoplanetary system; the number of inhabited planets on which life originates, and so on.

We may never know if there is life beyond Earth.

Today we know that worlds around stars are the norm, and that Earth-like worlds are common in the universe. However, one of the biggest uncertainties in the entire chain of factors is the likelihood that life, which originated in other worlds, makes the leap from chemistry to life. Ignoring this uncertainty could lead astronomers to make some pretty bold claims.

For example, astronomers from the University of Nottingham in England recently made headlines when they calculated that our galaxy must have at least 36 intelligent civilizations capable of communicating with us. This estimate was based on the assumption that intelligent life appears on other habitable terrestrial planets approximately 4.5-5.5 billion years after their formation. 

However, it is difficult to answer questions about the probability of abiogenesis and the emergence of intelligent life, because scientists have only one information: life on Earth.

Another problem with assumptions based on what we observe locally is the so-called selection bias. Imagine buying lottery tickets and winning on your 100th try. In this case, it would be reasonable to designate the probability of winning the lottery as 1%. 

This misleading conclusion is, of course, a selection bias that occurs if you only survey the winners and none of the losers (i.e. tens of millions of people who bought tickets but never won the lottery). When it comes to calculating the probability of abiogenesis, exactly the same thing happens, since scientists simply do not have information about all the worlds where life did not appear.

Abiogenesis probability

If you apply Bayes’ theorem to calculate the probability that an event, such as abiogenesis, will occur, astronomers first come up with a probability distribution for that event — a better guess, if you will. For example, it can be assumed that abiogenesis is as likely between 100 and 200 million years after the formation of the Earth, as it is between 200 and 300 million years after that time or any other 100-million segment of our planet’s history. These assumptions are called Bayesian a priori . Statisticians then collect data or evidence and combine the previous and actual data to calculate the posterior probability.

The answer to the question of how common life is in the galaxy remains unknown

In 2012, astronomers at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton were the first to apply Bayesian analysis to abiogenesis. According to their approach, life on a planet like Earth orbiting a star like the Sun does not arise until a certain minimum number of years (tmin) after the formation of this world. If life does not arise before a certain maximum time (tmax), then, as its star ages (and eventually dies), conditions on the planet become too hostile for abiogenesis.

However, this study is not without its drawbacks. For example, some researchers have questioned the assumption that intelligence emerged at a specific time after abiogenesis. This prior could be another example of selection bias, a concept influenced by the evolutionary path that our own intelligence has taken.

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