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Weird suburbia: How atomic bombs and UFOs created modern America

After World War II, nuclear anxiety and flying saucer fantasies altered our understanding of suburban life

Levittown— You can imagine how it will look from space: the houses and roads and backyards arranged in neatly ordered rows, a framework of streetlights and driveways in a perfectly arranged grid at night. Located on what was once an expanse of potato fields, midway between New York City and the munitions plants of Long Island, the first Levittown, formerly known as “Island Trees,” is opened to the public in February 1947. A planned community of six thousand households offering affordable housing in the form of small, detached single-family units, this new conurbation quickly expands to embrace a further eleven thousand homes, each situated sixty feet apart on their own patch of ground. Constructed from prefabricated sections and components, Suburbia has at last begun to extend its grand conformity into space.

An accomplished publicist, William J. Levitt trades in myth as much as in real estate. To help his community grow, he presents it as a new form of American life: one that offers the comfortable ideals of middle-class existence, with no money down. To thousands of returning servicemen, most of whom are young and raised in the big cities, this represents a sweet deal for both them and their families. A white picket fence, a front lawn, and a backyard to call your own, far from the crowded urban squalor of the streets, and all at such low, low prices: how can William Levitt and Sons afford to do it?


Levittown’s original inspiration is the planned community created in secret at Oak Ridge, Tennessee, to house the technicians and scientists of the “Manhattan Project” busily engaged in developing the first atomic weapon. For ease of orientation, the identical housing units that make up Oak Ridge are arranged along a series of precise grids and identified by numbers and colors. Levitt developed the basic models and techniques for preparing low-cost suburban homesteads out of prefabricated units while fulfilling military housing contracts during the closing years of World War II when storage facilities, dormitories, and administrative buildings had to be built quickly, cheaply, and in vast numbers.

From the start Levittown constitutes a strategic response to modern warfare. The Atomic Bomb has done its job too well. A future conflict in which whole cities might be obliterated does more than demoralize the enemy: it demoralizes everyone. The masses are defined and affirmed to the point of their own destruction. As a result, the politics of Total War, in which the entire resources of one nation are pitched against those of another, don’t just call for proliferation but diffusion as well. A dispersed population is so much harder to find.

William Levitt’s new suburban grid and the existing global one are becoming superimposed. What the Marshall Plan and the Truman Doctrine both have at their core is the concept that there is just one world, a single sphere of influence. The same month Levittown opens its gates to the public, the Voice of America starts broadcasting to the Soviet Union for the very first time.

An ever-expanding, subdivided tract of land, the suburbs constitute the location for a project that will connect humanity directly with outer space, with the future, and with its own emergent inner self. The possibilities are limitless. Levittown homes come with a television set already installed. What was formerly designated the “living room” is now a domestic environment, irradiated by the blue-gray glow of the cathode ray tube.

High-fidelity stereophonic sound systems will extend the boundaries of this new sensory laboratory even further. In 1947 Capitol Records releases “Music Out of the Moon,” a suite of compositions on a set of 78 rpm platters with characteristically mellifluous arrangements by Les Baxter. This sequence of six themes features the mysterious sounds of Dr. Samuel Hoffman at the Theremin, the electronic musical marvel from the Soviet Union that can be played by the simple expedient of waving one’s hand in what appears to be empty space. even more otherworldly in their effect are the wordlessly lush close-harmony choruses Baxter has set running through the course of each song. eerily streamlined and enigmatic, they flesh out what titles like “Lunar Rhapsody,” “Moon Moods,” and “Celestial Nocturne” can only hint at. More importantly, as the sleeve notes suggest, the record requires its own specific setting.

“Take it home,” the listener is advised. “Set the stage, in the evening when you are perhaps a little weary of the work-a-day world; its hypnotic beauty assures a unique musical experience.”

More specifically, it articulates the concept of encountering space-age technology in a space-age home. In its self-contained isolation, the suburban colony becomes a model for life not just on this planet but on all the others too. At the same time, this self-contained isolation will eventually establish the suburbs as a complex psychiatric community where aberrations such as alcoholism, schizophrenia, and sexual deviancy can be studied in clinical depth by an increasing number of sociologists, psychiatrists, and cultural anthropologists. It will also supply the pharmaceutical companies with a growing number of customers for a new generation of drugs. In other words, Suburbia will not only radically transform methods of perception but models of behavior as well.

If the skies above Levittown seem particularly dark in 1947, it’s because the Nuclear Clock has been set running for the first time on the front cover of The Bulletin of Atomic Scientists. Intended to show the close proximity of humanity to total annihilation, the clock’s minute hand is periodically shown edging its way toward ultimate midnight. Featureless and brand new, standing where there had once been only fields and wasteland, the suburbs seem not so much isolated in space but in time as well.

There is, after all, something mythic about the idea of an advanced civilization perishing overnight in some single vast cataclysm. Named after the lemurs that once populated it, the lost continent of Lemuria is said to have disappeared beneath the Indian Ocean centuries before the start of recorded history, an early utopian center that had managed to combine technical achievement with advanced spiritual knowledge.

Like another Atlantis, Lemuria’s submerged contours mean that it is no longer subject to the physical confines of normal geography: Lemuria can be everywhere and nowhere, even here on this former stretch of agricultural land between Long Island and New York City. Lemuria is a phantom island, one of those agreements made with the facts that can sometimes go on, untroubled, for centuries. In fact, the enormous timescale involved, the passage of entire millennia ruptured by the devastating events of a single night, has pushed the Lemurians and all their works far beyond the narrow calibrations of human progress.

Which is fine for a bunch of backward foreigners, but this is the United States of America, and things are done a little differently around here.

In 1947, at the same time as Levittown is being constructed, David Henken locates a ninety-seven-acre site in Pleasantville, Westchester County, New York, for a cooperative housing project. The Pleasantville community is to be called “Usonian Homes II,” its name and design both derived from architect Frank Lloyd Wright’s plan for “Usonia,” a colony of simple but elegant single-family homes to be built on circular one-acre plots of land. Wright came up with the name by combining the words “utopia” and “USA,” thereby expressing precisely the kind of spiritualized manifest destiny Henry R. Luce would have applauded. “The Usonian dwelling seems a thing loving the ground,” declares Wright in The Natural House, “with a new sense of space, light and freedom to which our USA is entitled.”

Mathematical logician Albert Wohlstetter, a close friend of the modernist architect Le Corbusier, following the example of William J. Levitt and Frank Lloyd Wright, also immerses himself in prefabricated house design. Having worked at the National Housing Agency on a program to develop prefabricated modular living units that can be easily transported and quickly assembled into low-cost homes, Wohlstetter moves to Los Angeles in 1947 to start a private company that applies the rigorous architectural ideals of the International Style and the Bauhaus to the same basic approach.

That November the Broadway-Crenshaw Center opens to the public in south Los Angeles. Occupying 550,000 square feet, with thirteen acres of parking, a Broadway department store, a Woolworth’s, a cluster of smaller shops, and Von’s supermarket, it can claim to be the first outdoor shopping mall in existence. At the other end of the timescale, carbon dating is used for the first time in 1947 to establish the antiquity, and in many cases the reality, of historical artifacts. It’s a tacit reminder that each fabulous new age that dawns, each great new city built, comes shadowed by its own loss. But for now let us content ourselves with the fact that Lemuria really does exist once more, reconstructed out of prefabricated concrete, mass-produced shingles, and precut drywall. The dream can be yours, no money down.

From Outer Space to the Military-Industrial Complex

Organizing the Future— Mere progress is the preoccupation of lesser beings. Lemuria begins and then it ends: it neither grows nor develops. Marvels of the modern age require more than that. The first Polaroid Land camera goes on public display in New York in 1947. In California, the Ampex electrical Corporation demonstrates its Model 200 tape recorder, the first professional machine designed for commercial studio use, at Hollywood’s Radio Center.

Quickly finding a home for themselves in the suburban environment, thereby helping to usher in the Pushbutton Age, such devices require the marshaling of considerable resources, capital, specialized equipment, and man-hours. It’s not surprising therefore to note that some of the major organizational structures of what will be denounced by decade’s end as the “military-industrial complex” suddenly start falling into place in this year of miracles.

The Atomic energy Commission assumes active civilian control of America’s nuclear program from the very first day of 1947; and Project RAND, an Air Force think tank of scientists and mathematicians, starts its slow move toward incorporation as a nonprofit business venture based in Santa Monica, California. established at the end of 1945, Project RAND became an independent division of the Douglas Aircraft Company in March 1946. Retaining its original Air Force name, a streamlined modernist shortening of “Research and Development,” RAND is the first organization to bring those two concepts together formally. Its first official publication, commissioned by Major General Curtis e. LeMay, on the feasibility of earth-orbiting satellites, was published in May 1946. As Deputy Chief of the Air Staff for Research and Development, LeMay sees United States airpower extending beyond the sky into outer space, ultimately reaching into the future itself, thereby fundamentally altering the way in which the earth itself is viewed, and at what remove, in the decade to come.

Speculating on the potential design, performance, and possible use of a manmade satellite, Preliminary Design of an Experimental World-Circling Spaceship is only the first of many RAND reports exploring the possibilities of man in space. Its cover art shows a missile, the world, and a mathematical grid in an abstract freestanding relationship with one another. One of the simplest yet also the most elegantly complex expressions of human thought and ingenuity, the grid offers up a perfect reflection of the times. Precise and potentially limitless, it contains within its blank uniform spaces all the possibilities of the future; its vectors reaffirm the connection between Levittown’s suburban divisions and the lines of latitude and longitude encircling the globe itself.

One person to look more deeply into the grid than the rest is James Lipp, head of Project RAND’s Missile Division. “Since mastery of the elements is a reliable index of material progress,” he declares early in 1947, “the nation which first makes significant achievements in space travel will be acknowledged as the world leader in both military and scientific techniques. To visualize the impact on the world, one can imagine the consternation and admiration that would be felt here if the United States were to discover suddenly that some other nation had already put up a successful satellite.”

Lipp’s observation indicates the extent to which it is not the unpredictability of the future but the changeability of the present that concerns industrial society. Capable of constructing its own world, the future is already here. It’s merely a question of dealing with it.

Primarily concerned with defense strategy, bombing patterns, and long-range military planning, the experts at RAND are less interested in hardware than in behavior: how systems develop and take on a creative life of their own. To this end, Project RAND holds a symposium in New York in 1947 as a first step toward enlisting economists and social scientists in its work on national defense. “I assume that every person in this room is fundamentally interested in and devoted to what can broadly be called the rational life,” mathematician and RAND consultant Warren Weaver declares in his keynote address. “He believes fundamentally that there is something to this business of having some knowledge, and some analysis of problems, as compared with living in a state of ignorance, superstition and drifting-into-whatever-may-come.”

Responsible for organizing this event, having also coauthored parts of RAND’s Preliminary Design of an Experimental World-Circling Spaceship, is the writer and political analyst Leo Rosten. The man who persuaded Walt Disney to make animated propaganda films for the Pentagon during World War II, Rosten is asked by John Williams, head of RAND’s Mathematics Division, to invite key figures from the social sciences to attend. This Rosten proceeds to do while working at night on the screenplay for The Velvet Touch, a murder mystery for RKO Radio Pictures starring Rosalind Russell.

When finished, the movie will tell the story of a Broadway actress who murders her producer and then, conscience-stricken, helps the investigating detective to uncover the clues that will solve the case. Its cat-and-mouse plot owes more than a little to the mathematically precise methods of determining rational strategies in the face of uncertainty developed by John von Neumann, consultant to the Theoretical Division at Los Alamos National Laboratory. Known informally as “game theory,” its principles have been outlined in Theory of Games and Economic Behavior, written by von Neumann in collaboration with Princeton economist Oskar Morgenstern and first published in 1944. A seminal work that will influence the thinking of corporate executives and military planners for decades to come, it suggests how game theory might be applied to both economic theory and the social sciences. Among the book’s more enthusiastic readers is RAND’s John Williams, who persuades von Neumann to join Project RAND as a part-time consultant in December 1947.

The adoption of game theory at this time indicates a moment of transition: one in which the physicists and mathematical logicians at RAND are no longer obliged simply to predict the random motion of subatomic particles but to contemplate how their effects might influence human outcomes. Arthur Raymond, chief engineer at Douglas Aircraft, further articulates this shifting relationship in 1947 when he defines RAND’s main preoccupations as “systems and ways of doing things, rather than particular devices, particular instrumentalities, particular weapons, and we are concerned not merely with the physical aspects of these systems but with the human behavior side as well.” A quantitative approach to the unpredictable complexities of human psychology, behaviorism is still a relatively new science; assessing its subject as little more than a species of responses, it helps place the rat inside the maze and pit the cat against the mouse.

In its impact on such soft sciences as economics and sociology, game theory represents the mechanization of policy by other means: the hardwiring of strategists and soldiers, mathematicians and logicians into the decision-making process. More importantly for those wishing to see an evolutionary process at work within the technological advances of progress, it reveals how the short-term and the long-range have become closely related by the same factors. Game theory’s interdisciplinary applications eventually prompt John Williams, despite some initial resistance from Major General LeMay, to broaden RAND’s range and scope by creating divisions at Santa Monica for the study of economics and the social sciences.

The analysts RAND subsequently brings into these new departments represent a cross-section of the very sociologists, psychologists, and anthropologists who will descend upon the suburbs, testing and probing its inhabitants. Top wartime psychiatrist Brigadier General William Menninger makes this clear in his keynote address as newly elected president of the American Psychiatric Association at their 1947 conference, held at the Pennsylvania Hotel in New York that year. Although there are still fewer than five thousand practicing psychiatrists in the United States, Menninger takes great pains to spell out to his colleagues the vital importance of bringing the potential benefits of psychiatry to the masses and of his ambition to “offer its therapeutic effort to a world full of unhappiness and maladjustment.”

Under Menninger’s kindly interest, the suburbs will gradually be transformed into Suburbia: as much a state of mind as a dispersed geographical location. As such, Suburbia can only give birth to itself. Its inhabitants, their expectations, and the way they intend to live their lives are merely by-products of that process, the raw material of social engineering. In relocating from the cities, the new suburbanites have left their extended families behind, together with their traditional values and knowledge. The door is thus left wide open for the psychologists and social scientists to walk in and take a look around.

Those who view with alarm the bodying forth of the military-industrial complex might do well to consider for a moment the third part of this descriptive proposition. That military and industrial interests should be seen coming together so intimately to form a “complex” says a great deal at a time when the nation’s psychiatric elite is set to exert greater public influence. Such a thorny interlocking of drives and inhibitions, obsessions and barely suppressed urges is sure to have a deleterious effect not only on the physical aspects of these systems, to paraphrase Arthur Raymond of the Douglas Aircraft Company, but also on the human behavior side as well.

It is perhaps not altogether surprising, therefore, to discover that it is a pilot who is destined to report one of the most aberrant pieces of technological behavior to take place in this modern age.

“They flew like a saucer would if you skipped it across water,” Kenneth Arnold tells Bill Bequette of the East Oregonian, referring to the nine unidentified flying objects he has seen speeding through the skies toward Mount Rainier on the afternoon of June 24, 1947. According to Arnold’s written report submitted to the US military, they moved “in a definite formation but erratically” in a “diagonal-like chain, as if they were linked together.” It is the image of the “flying saucer” that sticks in the popular imagination, however; its flashing and darting establishes an erratic but discernible visual rhythm that will continue to reverberate for years to come. A few weeks later, when the July 8 edition of the Roswell Daily Record appears in New Mexico with the headline “Army Air Force Captures Flying Disc in Roswell Region” spread across five columns of its front page, the transformation of motion into archetypal form is complete.

Although both stories have originated from local newspapers, they are quickly picked up all over the world, following the global grid now being comfortably imposed upon the earth’s surface. Never has a message been so clear, or its implications so ambiguous. “They’re more than atom bombs or falling stars,” runs the stark warning in “When You See Those Flying Saucers,” a hillbilly ballad written in 1947 by Charles Grean and Cy Coben. Released as a 78 rpm disc on the RCA Victor label, the song links religion and atomic devastation with the “trouble and unrest brewing” on the far side of the Iron Curtain. If it came out of the sky, the assumption goes, it can only be a judgment from on high. The other assumption, exemplified by the lack of a conditional preposition in the song’s title, is that it’s only a matter of time: of “when,” rather than “if.”

Both Arnold’s Mount Rainier sighting and the crashed saucer in Roswell will go on to assume mythic status, subject to endless lines of speculation, research, and argument. It is worth reflecting at this point, however, upon just how close both these incidents are to the ragged edge of aviation technology as it exists at this time. According to his own account, Arnold was piloting his “specially designed mountain airplane” in search of a crashed C-46 Marine transport. The flying disc reported to have come down in the New Mexico desert is investigated by officers from Roswell Air Force Base, home to the US nuclear bomber wing. Less than two years previously the Enola Gay took off from Roswell AFB into the blinding light of summer on its way to Hiroshima.

The Atomic energy Commission and Project RAND are soon studying the flying saucers, AeC chairman David Lilienthal going so far as to make a public statement discounting any direct relationship between such sightings and the effects of atomic radiation. However, the main connection between the saucers and the emergent military-industrial complex will inevitably be supplied by the United States Air Force: an organization that has had to wait until now for an Act of Congress to bring it into being. The 1947 National Security Act does as much to recalibrate the American war machine as von Neumann and Morgenstern’s Theory of Games and Economic Behavior. It establishes the Department of Defense, creates the National Security Council, and separates off the United States Air Force as an independent entity from the rest of the Armed Forces. More importantly, it replaces the old wartime Office of Strategic Services with a brand new organization: the Central Intelligence Agency.

Great organizations create themselves out of confusion, and the United States Air Force is no exception. Glimpses of the future start to flash up at random. Over one weekend in the summer of 1947, a bunch of bikers go on a drunken rampage through the little town of Hollister, California, establishing the renegade motorcycle gang as another modern myth. Most of these mechanized outlaws are ex-servicemen, many of them former Army Air Force, bored with peacetime and looking for excitement.

They are clearly not alone in their frustrations.

At exactly the same time as Kenneth Arnold’s account of flying saucers over America is making headlines around the world, the May 1947 issue of Mechanix Illustrated devotes its cover to the US Navy’s “Flying Flapjack”: a disc-shaped twin-propeller aircraft boasting a bold new arrangement of cockpit and engines within a circular fuselage. “It hovers like a helicopter: will it fly faster than the speed of sound?” the magazine wonders. Painted bright yellow with a futuristic silver undercarriage, the airplane’s advanced “discoidal” shape is tested in June 1947 along Long Island Sound for a Navy Day display, causing excited bathers to report seeing a “flying saucer.” It is the Flying Flapjack’s first and only public flight. The Navy quickly drops the project to concentrate on jet-propelled craft instead.

The chaos continues.

On June 21, 1947, a marine salvage operator in Puget Sound sees a group of flying saucers over Maury Island, three miles out from Tacoma, Washington. Seemingly in distress, one of the saucers scatters hot debris over the island’s bay area in the form of light metal and black, rock-like slag. Investigating the incident, Air Force intelligence officers Lieutenant Frank M. Brown and Captain Davidson dismiss it as a hoax. They are transporting some of the debris back to Hamilton Field AFB on August 1, when their B-25 crashes, killing them both. All the remaining pieces of saucer debris are then immediately impounded by Major Sander of S-2 Army Intelligence, McChord Field AFB.

Although the Maury Island incident is soon dismissed as a tragic hoax, it indirectly helps the USAF and the flying saucers to extend and define their presence through each other. Just as LeMay predicted, issues of air supremacy and the threat of outer space have helped to position the USAF ahead of all the other organizations, especially in a year when the prototype Bell 47 helicopter gets wheeled out of the hangar and the jet plane is offering unprecedented levels of speed and maneuverability. It is the flying saucer’s shape, however, that really speaks of the future. For those on the ground, the flying saucer doesn’t appear to depend on the same stresses and strains as the helicopter or jet plane do to get into the air. Rather than heaving itself up toward the sky, it seems to swoop effortlessly down from above. Its rounded design continues to mock the forward momentum of the jet plane, even after Chuck Yeager, piloting the Bell X-1 research plane, breaks the sound barrier for the first time in October 1947.

But where exactly does it come from? Initial speculation is that it may be the Soviets at work. Or it could be some secret project whose existence is hidden somewhere in the small print of the National Security Act.

At the end of 1947, the US Air Force sets up Project SIGN to investigate public sightings of strange things in the sky. As the name suggests, SIGN is an indication of that which has hitherto gone unnoticed: a signifier for what has so far passed without comment. By determining the significance of what may or may not exist in the skies over America, the Air Force impresses itself with greater clarity upon the popular imagination.

Except that at the very beginning it is movement and speed that define the flying saucer as a mass phenomenon, not its shape. Its overall visual appeal is one of metallic lightness, of reflective surfaces that glint and flash as the saucer maneuvers at high speeds. It has no stabilizing tail and leaves no trail.

The Maury Island saucer inadvertently marked itself out as a fraud by leaving that blackened trail of slag and scrap metal behind. While such a display may not be out of place among the ore-smelting operations of Tacoma Bay, slowly poisoning the islands in Puget Sound with toxic deposits of arsenic and lead, this saucer’s sheer physicality denies it a presence in the future. It is only by removing all trace of its existence from the scene that the Air Force belatedly confers significance upon the incident.

The flying saucer becomes associated with forms of technology so superior that they can no longer be adequately detected by the human senses. As such, it is the elusive representative of an emergent invisible order of energy: of rays and beams, wireless transmissions and radiation bursts.

In a year when technicians at Bell Laboratories begin tests on an early model transistor, the US government formally takes control of General Electric’s cloud seeding experiments, and military contractors Raytheon come up with a basic idea for the microwave oven, the appearance of the flying saucer in popular culture marks a transition from mechanical forms of energy transfer to electronic ones. Like radio waves, TV signals, and atomic energy, whatever powers and steers the flying saucer remains a strange and unseen mystery. As the pragmatic era of edison appears to give way to a visionary Age of Tesla, the flying saucer also marks the deep gulf that has opened up between the actual accomplishments of technological progress and those who feel the future really can’t get here fast enough. Suddenly the Raytheon microwave oven may not seem so humble anymore.

Excerpted from “Welcome to Mars: Politics, Pop Culture, and Weird Science in 1950s America” by Ken Hollings, published by North Atlantic Books, copyright © 2014 by Ken Hollings. Reprinted by permission of publisher

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Aliens & UFO's

” To Be Or Not To Be ” Alien Among Us?

More than 400 years ago, Giordano Bruno, an Italian humanist theologian and philosopher of the Renaissance era, wrote that “there are countless planets orbiting other suns in space, which could host similar creatures, even superior to those of on earth.”

The visionary was burned in Rome in 1600. Towards the end of the nineteenth century, the scientific-fantastic works of Jules Verne and H.G. Wells have begun to popularize the idea of alien life.
Now controversial researcher Stephen Hawking tells the whole world that aliens exist, but it would be wise for us to avoid contact with them.

Until now, nobody has brought incontestable and generally accepted proof that we are not alone in the Universe.

Therefore, believing or not believing in aliens is, ultimately, a personal option that is based on the level of education, imagination, and enthusiasm of each of us. We will not try to change your beliefs. Not in a radical way.

Question on a paranormal topic discussion forum: “How many aliens live on Earth at this moment, disguised as humans?” Response: “All but you are aliens; you are the only remaining man but do not be afraid, we will come soon after you. “

Beyond this joke, several extremely serious polls reveal an amazing fact: one in five people thinks that aliens live among us, disguised as humans.

A poll of public opinion conducted by Reuters with 23,000 adult subjects in 22 countries concluded that India is an epicenter of alien activity in local consciousness and that 45% of people there are convinced of an alien invasion is already in progress.

Recent Polls – Belief in Aliens & UFOs

The Chinese are not far away, 42% of them are adhering to similar ideas, followed by 29% of Japanese people who suspect their fellow countrymen might have extraterrestrial origins.
In Australia, 23% of those surveyed believe that aliens are on Earth, while Belgians, Germans, and Swedes are more skeptical and only 8% accredit such a theory.

Of course, many of those who denied the possibility that foreign beings can live among us might be aliens themselves who want to remain undiscovered.

Leaving the joke aside, the most important thing that all of these figures tell us is that the theory of infiltration of beings from other worlds in our ranks has not only three crazy followers, lost in isolated world corners but, on the contrary, tens of millions people around the globe are giving such a chance.

But where are THE OTHERS ?

Only in the observable universe, there are billions of galaxies with thousands of stars, meaning that there are billions and billions of living planets in the cosmos.

How is it that if there are so many worlds, worlds similar to Earth, where life can exist, science did not find aliens?

Known as the Fermi paradox, this question continues to leave scientists unanswered.

Mankind has advanced rapidly over the past 100 years, but this period becomes insignificant compared to the history of at least 13.82 billion years of the Universe.

Therefore, it is not difficult to imagine that we will go to visit other planets in the future. It seems unlikely that we will be the first civilization to reach this point.

So we should not have heard of other species so far?
This question has led some scholars to believe that true interstellar travel is not possible, that no civilization can resist enough to get in touch with another.

Specialists have proposed to analyze the obstacles that have stopped humanity from visiting other planets.

The most important of these obstacles is space travel itself, which is extremely difficult based on our current knowledge.


Even if we can travel at a speed close to that of light, something impossible to conceive at the moment, we would need 100,000 years to cross the Milky Way. Therefore, visiting another planet remains impossible for the moment.

Of course, we do not take into account warp speeds or wormholes, since they are not scientifically proven at this time, yet.

THE OTHERS – Friends Or Foes?

Popular culture has “programmed” us to see alien beings as standard: we see these creatures in gray or green shades, with long, elongated heads, attached to semi-atrophied bodies with large black eyes.

However, many researchers, for various reasons, have come to believe that there are multiple, even a multitude of species or alien races. Some of them are universally accepted by the followers of the idea.

The most famous type of alien is the tiny little gray, sometimes known as Zeta Reticulan. This kind of alien is the main suspect behind the abduction phenomenon.

The Others, Alleged Grey Alien

Extraterrestrials are suspected of having little or no feelings, the greys are regarded as cold and cruel scientists who run experiments on humans, lacking any kind of compassion. They seem to work as a single unit of cohesion, with some collective consciousness, controlled by a Gray leader.

The only care they have is the perpetuation of their own species, which some think they might be genetically damaged.

Another species of aliens, which, especially lately, is the main subject of many conspiracy theories, is that of reptilians. This breed is one of the few whose existence almost all the enthusiasts of the phenomenon are convinced, but whose origins give rise to heated debate.

Who are THE OTHERS, where do they come from and what is their mission?

Many subcategories of aliens are framed as reptilian. Some of the most titrated are Draconians or Dracos, who would come from the Alpha Draconis solar system.

In fact, they would have formed colonies there, but proclaim the Earth as their home planet. Some even think that Terra would belong to them, while others believe that the reptilians have inseminated this planet and see in us their biological property.

Regardless of the situation, they perceive people as inferior. They are an old race, if not primordial, being cruel and very capable. Escalating the subject, myths say reptilians can change their shape, simulating the human aspect.

From here, there is a step up to the conclusion of some communities that follow the theory that these aliens are stealthily leading the world, right under our eyes.

Another extraterrestrial species among Ufologists is that of the Pleiadians, a name was given to a group of Nordic aliens, or “multidimensional spiritual beings” in the Perseid Star Cluster, in the Taurus constellation, about 400 light-years from Earth.


Their original planet is Erra, located in an alternative dimension with a fraction of a second, before the one we live in. These aliens would be very similar to humans.

Billy Meier, the Swiss who claimed that he had telepathically contacted him in the 1940s, and in 1970 the man came up with pictures of Pleiadian ships and sketches to illustrate them.

Since then, the Pleiadians have been the subject of intense debate. It is believed that they are deeply spiritual and close to nature, peaceful beings who want to prevent the self-destruction of mankind, giving us subtle philosophies and alternative ways of existence.

And Anunnaki is an important alien race coming from a controversial planet from the Solar System, Nibiru. In the Sumerian myths, this astral body would be the home of an advanced human-alien species called Anunnaki, to which the Bible would also have some hidden references.

This breed had arrived on Terra 450,000 years ago, looking for minerals, especially gold, which they found and exploited in Africa. It is believed that Anunnaki would have genetically created Homo sapiens, especially to be their slaves, by mixing their own genes with those of Homo erectus.

The ancient inscriptions indicate that the Sumerian human civilization in Mesopotamia was made under the careful guidance of these “gods,” the notion of royalty being inaugurated just as mediation between the human species and Anunnaki.

They are described as resembling humans, but bigger and more physically strong, as well as a very aggressive and temperamental race, they are devoid of morality, according to human standards, and with brutal methods.

Secret Service and Aliens

In 1972, in the northern part of New Mexico, several tourists discovered a canyon. Later there went researchers from New Mexico University.

The walls of the canyon had pictograms and several objects were found under a rock. These were dated to the years 800 BC. One of the objects seemed to be a compass.

Immediately after this discovery, the canyon became the property of the US government and tourists’ access was forbidden. The American secret services, the NSA, have been involved in the research of the canyon and the recovery of all the artifacts.

NSA’s involvement implied that something of major importance had been discovered.

In 1994, a cave collapsed in a canyon and an entrance was found leading inside a grotto. A truly underground complex has been discovered, consisting of 23 rooms linked by several tunnels. The walls feature pictograms and hieroglyphs that seemed to be of alien origin.

The NSA has sent its own researchers whose identity remains anonymous and who are specialized in alien artifacts.

Over seven months, the researchers studied the artifacts and came to the conclusion that the caves had an alien population.

Among the most mysterious objects discovered were some optical discs. The entire team of NSA researchers has been trying to decipher the mysterious optical discs through various technological methods.

One of the researchers had the inspiration to compare the writing of ancient Sumerian texts with the hieroglyphs discovered inside the rooms. The resemblance was striking.
Optical discs have been analyzed and re-analyzed.

It was finally found that the information on the discs was stored in 23 units, as did the number of rooms.

Each unit corresponded to a room. After a long period of time, the information has been decrypted. Those who had stored this information were called the Flying Creators. They considered themselves messengers of philosophy, arts, and science. The disks also contained information about the 7 enigmas of humanity.

Immediately after the discs were decrypted, the team of NSA researchers was fired and forced to sign a confidentiality statement.
One of the researchers, Dr. Anderson, broke the silence and spoke of this discovery.

NSA denied the researcher’s statements, and access to the canyon is still guarded by the US military. Something that should not be seen or searched hides inside the canyon.

During the Cold War, many analysts believe secret services were the true leaders of the world’s states. In addition, in conspiracy theory, any secret service is nothing but a real “state in the state.”

With their own levers and people in key posts, the respective intelligence service would have the power in any country and under any regime. In fact, the true meaning of power today is access to Information.

Whoever holds as much information about a domain, organization or person, that person has power over the domain, organization, or person in question.

And when we report on information, the secret services remain the institutions that are in the possession of the largest databases about absolutely any field, updated and revised daily bases.

As we turn our attention to the various UFOs, we see that almost any incident involving aliens has links, in one way or another, with secret services.

From the franchises of information that has passed over time in the media and conspiracy theories, it is clear that most of the world’s major information services have a dedicated department dedicated to 100% studying, contacting and even maintaining relationships and exchanging information with alien beings.

Astronauts, and Aliens

Several NASA astronauts claimed they were in contact with aliens. “Alien civilizations are monitoring us for a long time”
Major space astronauts of the American Space Agency claim that they saw UFOs during or even before space missions.
At least four NASA astronauts have publicly revealed belief in aliens.

Edgar Mitchell

The astronaut who was the sixth person who went to the moon in 1971 at the Apollo 14 mission claims to have experienced an intense spiritual experience when he came back from the mission and has since devoted his life to demonstrating the existence of alien life.
He also claims aliens have saved humanity in the past from a devastating nuclear war and suggests that the Vatican secretly holds that an alien race is trying to contact us.
Mitchell died on February 4, 2016 at the age of 85, close to the 45th anniversary of the moonlighting.

Gordon Cooper

The Mercury Project of which Cooper took part was between 1958 and 1963 and aimed to send a man into orbit.
During training, Cooper claims to have seen a UFO flying over an American base in Germany. The astronaut argues that “we must first show them that we can solve our problems peacefully before they are accepted as universal team members.”
Cooper suffered Parkinson’s disease at the age of 77 and died of cardiac arrest on October 4, 2004.

Deke Slayton

Just like Cooper, Slayton claims to have seen a UFO in 1951. He describes it as “a plate that stood at a 45-degree angle. I had no room, otherwise, I would have taken pictures. ”
Slayton was diagnosed with a brain tumor in 1992 and died in 1993 at the age of 69.

Brian O’Leary

The astronaut was selected for a mission on Mars in 1967, but this was not the case. Another experience changed O’Leary’s perspective on aliens.

The astronaut became a professor of physics at Princeton University after leaving NASA. During this time, he specified that there is abundant evidence that we are contacted.

Alien civilizations have been monitoring us for a long time, and their appearance is different from any type of traditional Western materialist perspective.

O’Leary died of intestinal cancer on July 28, 2011, shortly after diagnosing the condition.


The fact that we do not yet fully understand physics does not mean that UFOs are not real, but we simply do not have the capacity to understand these physical phenomena.

I think it is in our nature to go out, explore and report what we see The fact that there are things in this universe that are beyond our understanding is indeed a real theme.

We have scientific observations to prove the truth of these phenomena.



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Aliens & UFO's

USO – What Are Unidentified Submerged Objects? Under-waters UFOs?

USO | If the vast majority of people think that are probably the flying machines with which our planet is visited by the beings of the Cosmos, few are the ones who have heard of the mysterious objects that cross the under-waters of the lakes and oceans, just like the similar devices that fly in the sky.

Does it prefer some UFOs to travel under the water? Or are we dealing with a new category of mysterious objects? Two questions that modern science does not get to find answers …

Those who pass through the depths

Incorporated in the oblivion of more well-known phenomena in the field, such as Area 51, the Voronezh episode, or 1-4 grade encounters, the case of Unidentified Submerged Objects (USO, in specific language) raises a series of new questions, sensitively different from those accompany the classic (already …) theme of UFOs.

According to the reputed UFO scientist, Dr. Timothy Good, strange objects that travel through the Earth’s waters bring into question one of the most disturbing theories about visitors from other worlds.

People, being self-proclaimed the most intelligent and powerful species on Earth, find it difficult to accept the possibility of being visited at a certain moment by far superior beings from other planets.

Jules Verne’s famous scientific romance “Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea” opens with an unidentified submerged object moving at great speed terrorizing the sea lanes and many speculating that the strange object was a sea monster attacking passenger and cargo ships.

What can we do in front of creatures from other worlds moving through water as easily as their fellow creatures roam the heavens in flying ships? What are they looking for on Terra? What do they want from us? Why is it moving through lakes and oceans? Some immense stretches of water have mysterious properties that allow them to be true interdimensional crossing gates? We do not know yet.

People’s knowledge of this captivating subchapter is (yet) summed up to simple assumptions along with a review of the most important cases recorded in the ever-increasing volume of UFO phenomenology.

We find it surprising that the accounts of USO are hundreds of years old, just like many more famous UFOs. It seems that people have mentioned in their writings and chronicles metallic objects, most often bright or provided with headlamp-like devices that cut off ocean waters at high speed.

They often sank into the depths, disappearing without a trace from the amazed eyes of the seafarers, sometimes they suddenly poured out of the waters to fly to the heavens.

Reciprocation was sometimes valid, some eyewitnesses from previous centuries retelling in documents preserved today about UFO-like devices that sink subtly, preferring as submarine transport, which hid them from the eyes of people’s astonishment.

According to some reports, the USOs that stood on the glaciers of the poles were melting ice as they moved to the surface, leaving behind them true free channels in the ice caps. Did they perform so well because of the heat emanating from the engines or the fogging layer of friction, as the crews of Soviet ships overlying the Arctic and Antarctica were saying?

Instead, the crews of fishing vessels that were witnesses to USOs in industrial fishing fleets declared that strange objects are responsible for the disappearance of fish in the area, and experts have depleted the variants of such a situation where visitors from other worlds ” they stole the fish, the creatures of the sea were frightened by running away from swimming underwater or fish and other animals were leaving the polluted waters after the object passed.

Some of the extraterrestrial enthusiasts go so far as to say that visitors from other planets have ecological inclinations, warning the fish banks not to come close to the Homo sapiens sapiens species …

“Several underwater files” …

Probably the most credible USO incident occurred on September 4, 1971, when four members of the National Geographic Institute of Costa Rica flew from a bimetal Cote Lake near the Arenal volcano.

The team of researchers wanted to map and photograph the entire area that at that time was still unexplored. For this purpose, the expedition has a special camera attached to the bottom of the plane.

The camera was large format and triggered automatically every 20 seconds to take a new photo of the lake and its surroundings. At the end of the research mission, when specialists developed the photo, they noticed a bizarre presence, which at first seemed to be a 36-meter diameter metal discarded when it was just entering the deep waters of the lake.

Artist Interpretation of a USO

The object whose details were accurately captured by the camera did not appear on any other instant of the movie. Subsequent studies at Kodak headquarters in the United States have shown, without stamping, that there is no flaw of refraction, chromatic aberration or another defect in photography, the specialists declaring the photo to be purely authentic …

Lake Cote is a very deep one, and there are many accounts of locals who frequently saw flying objects entering or coming out of their water at high speed. The day after the incident involving the 4 National Geographic members at 9 am, two fishermen on a lake boat heard a metallic noise nearby.

When they turned their heads in the direction of the sound, they saw a metallic submarine object equipped with 3 turrets. Shortly without noise, the giant machine came out of the water and headed for the mountains to the north of the lake.

On the night of November 6, 1973, there was another meeting with a USO, this time near the eastern coast of the United States. The fishermen of Pascagoula, Mississippi, were direct witnesses, as did the Coast Guard.

In total, 9 witnesses saw a circular-elliptical metal object, about 6 meters long and have a golden light at the top. The object moves without noise over the water at a height of 1-2 meters.

As soon as people spotted him and began shouting and shaking, the object sank into the water, as if hiding from people. The Coast Guard made a detailed report and contacted the closest US base Navy in the area.

To the surprise of everyone, the American Navy radars have identified a metallic object of 6 meters in the same area.

There is, however, a place on Earth that can easily be called the capital of USO phenomena, and in no other area of the world, there is a place where the frequency of strange objects in the depths is so great. It’s Puerto Rico, a tropical island in the Caribbean Sea.

Puerto Rico is located in the corner of the famous Bermuda Triangle, famous for the number of unexplained displacements of boats, ships, planes, and helicopters. A large number of USO incidents have been reported around the El Yunque Jungle Mountains and Jungles.

Bermuda Triangle

Here, the USO UFO phenomenon has become so commonplace that locals have become accustomed to them as daily incidents. So did the American Marines who were assigned to missions in the area.


Felix Rivera is a professional diver who owns his own recreational or industrial diving company near the American Naval Air Station, one of the American bases on the island. Felix confirmed that many USO witnesses are soldiers and US military personnel at the base.


North of Puerto Rico is an area called the San Juan Strait, a place feared today by American authorities who are alarmed by a large number of military and private aircraft that have disappeared and continue to disappear regularly in this place.

A place that would rightly deserve the fame created around the Bermuda Triangle. Even more interesting is what happens in the depths of the San Juan Strait, where the researchers discovered a deep submarine fault over 9,000 meters.

Here is, in fact, the deepest point in the Atlantic, the underwater pressure is so great that life is normally impossible, and any man-made submarine would be crushed by the immense pressure of water.

The reports of the navy and US aviation report about a circular-shaped metallic ship that often appears above the water, stationing for an indefinite period of time before sinking without a trace into the blue of the Atlantic.

What does the Russian Navy hide?

Russia (including the former Soviet space) hides a range of USO phenomena, highly documented and studied by a number of prestigious specialists.

Recently, the leaders of the Russian Center for Studies of the UFO Phenomenon have accepted to publish only a small part of the information considered by the Kremlin to be “capable of provoking panic among the population.”

The “safe” dossier was handed to researchers Paul Stonehill and Philip Mantle, the two researchers announcing that they will write a book on the basis of the data that will treat all USO case history in Russia’s history.

One of the most spectacular cases is that a Soviet warship spotted an unidentified object moving through the Pacific Ocean through its submarine detection equipment.

What Are Unidentified Submerged Objects (USO)?

The ship’s commanders thought they had discovered an American submarine on an espionage mission. The strange object stood deep, the Russian officers launching radio calls in which they were tending to surrender. The shock of everyone came when the object decided to leave the Soviet ship.

It disappeared astonishingly fast, radars calculating that the submarine ship was moving at a speed of about 450 km / h at a depth of 5,000 meters … while the maximum speed of the most efficient submarine built with the current technologies, does not exceed 65 km / h at a maximum depth of 50 meters …

The first case of USOs studied by the Soviets refers to the Odessa incident, when several officers and soldiers from the Sevastopol Naval Base have observed and identified a USO that left the Black Sea in August 1950 in the immediate the approach of a Soviet military cruiser.

Since then, according to data recently sent by Russian authorities, over 300 USO cases have been counted, which makes it right to ask ourselves what information is hidden in the Russian Navy databases?




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Aliens & UFO's

Alien Beings of Some Kind Really Did Genetically Engineer Mankind

Dr. Joseph P. Ferrell, author of “The Cosmic War” states, “There was once a very high paleo-ancient civilization long ago with science and technology far beyond our own. That civilization was inter-planetary by extent; it existed in our own celestial neighborhoods it fought a war and blew itself apart; and as it was doing so, realizing that it would lose all of its high science in initiated efforts to preserve it. The rise of the “mystery schools,” ancient religions, occult societies, and all such groups since then have been a long-term recovery process, and the people involved have been doing so covertly.”


Be careful not to let the specific words chosen by Dr. Farrell cause you to instantly dismiss what he suggests. Even the most devout Christian can find reference in the Holy Bible of the fallen angels in Genesis Chapter 6. They too came from the heavens and brought with them highly sophisticated technology. Terminology may vary a bit, but the stories throughout all ancient cultures are always the same. Modern “science” would have you believe humans evolved, however nothing in the ancient remains has been able to explain how modern man just popped up out of nowhere from cave dwellers to a highly advanced civilization with schools and their own writing in the first documented civilization in ancient Mesopotamia. Modern “science” cannot explain it, but the writings of that civilization surely do. In the following video, researcher Jim Nichols presents new evidence about how our modern world is in fact the dark resurrection of a super high-tech civilization that destroyed itself many thousands of years ago through unrestrained weapons science and occult corruption.

That theory is well in keeping with the idea that something other than man built many of the ancient megalithic structures found situated around the globe, and the secrets behind those structures are being held close to the chest by the global elite and secret societies of the planet. For what purpose? Do they know something? The ancient writings of that first civilization speak about the Ancient Anunnaki who were responsible for mankind’s ‘little push’ that accelerated the development of intelligent beings on Earth. Take a look at the evidence below and the links at the bottom and make your own decision. Before making any final conclusion, be sure to check out findings that are very recent in nature, and suggest mankind is approaching full disclosure of what our government’s really know. First, Russia Orders Obama: Tell World About Aliens, Or We Will, and then, President Obama Builds up to ‘Extraterrestrial Disclosure’

According to the Ancient Astronaut theory, in the distant past, before the dawn of civilizations, intelligent extraterrestrial beings tampered human DNA on Earth to create mankind as we know it.

According to numerous theories which seem ever more possible in recent years, ancient mankind was genetically manipulated in the past.

Without this genetic manipulation, which explains the abrupt rise in human intelligence and fast development, civilization as we know it would probably still not exist today. This is the missing link in the history of mankind.

According to many authors, the Ancient Anunnaki were responsible for mankind’s ‘little push’ that accelerated the development of intelligent beings on Earth.

One of the best pieces of evidence that supports the theory that mankind was genetically manipulated in the past by a species of intelligent Aliens is the blood type group Rh Negative.

Humans have four possible general blood types: A, B, AB and O; this classification is derived, according to scientists, from proteins which are found on the surface of cells which are designed to fight off bacteria and viruses in the human body.

The vast majority of humans beings on this planet have these proteins which means they are Rh positive.

But a minor group, the Rh Negative lacks these proteins. So how is this crucial difference explained scientifically? And why does it even exist?

Throughout the years, several scientific studies have searched for this answer.

Interestingly, the negative RH strain is characteristic, for example, of the British royal family, which has generated controversial theories about a possible extraterrestrial lineage.

Although this hypothesis has not been confirmed, the disturbing questions it generates floats in the air: how would we react to the fact that a small portion of the Earth’s population has a genetic code that has been altered in the distant past by highly advanced extraterrestrial beings?

Genesis 6:4 “God came into the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, and the same became mighty of old.”

From the King James Bible: “women children – men of Israel, male children of God, not children of man – Ex. 34:23.”

Ex. 34:7 states “The iniquity of the father will be unto the children unto the fourth generation.”


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