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Weird ‘chicken from hell’ dinosaur lived alongside T. rex

Weird 'chicken from hell' dinosaur lived alongside T. rex 86

By Will Dunham

WASHINGTON (Reuters) – If you’re a dinosaur with a nickname as funky as “the chicken from hell,” you had better be able to back it up.

A mounted replica skeleton of the new oviraptorosaurian dinosaur species Anzu wyliei on display in the Dinosaurs in Their Time exhibition at Carnegie Museum of Natural History in Pittsburgh

A mounted replica skeleton of the new oviraptorosaurian dinosaur species Anzu wyliei on display in the …

A dinosaur called Anzu wyliei that scientists identified on Wednesday from fossils found in North Dakota and South Dakota does just that. It had a head shaped like a bird’s, a toothless beak, an odd crest on its cranium, hands with big sharp claws, long legs for fast running and was probably covered in feathers.

It is the largest North American example of a type of bird-like dinosaur well known from Asia. Its extensive remains offer a detailed picture of the North American branch of these dinosaurs that had remained mysterious since their first bones were found about a century ago, the scientists said.

What would someone think if they encountered this creature that lived 66 million years ago? “I don’t know whether they would scream and run away, or laugh, because it is just an absurd-looking monster chicken,” said University of Utah paleontologist Emma Schachner, one of the researchers.

Anzu wyliei measured about 11 feet long, 5 feet tall at the hip and weighed about 440 to 660 pounds (200 to 300 kg), the researchers said.

“It has the nickname ‘the chicken from hell.’ And that’s a pretty good description,” said paleontologist Matt Lamanna of the Carnegie Museum of Natural History in Pittsburgh, who led the research published in the journal PLOS ONE.

“If you could get in a time machine and go back to Western North America at the end of the age of dinosaurs and see this thing, I would say your first reaction might be, ‘What a weird looking bird,'” Lamanna added. “It would not look like most people’s conception of a dinosaur.”

The new oviraptorosaurian dinosaur species Anzu wyliei …

The new oviraptorosaurian dinosaur species Anzu wyliei is shown in this illustration courtesy of Sco …

Scientists think birds arose much earlier from small feathered dinosaurs. The earliest known bird is 150 million years old. This dinosaur’s bird-like traits included a beak, hollow leg bones and air spaces in its backbone, paleontologist said Hans-Dieter Sues of the Smithsonian Institution’s National Museum of Natural History.

Its bizarre head crest resembled that of the cassowary, a flightless bird native to Australia and New Guinea.

Fossils of feathers are extremely rare and they were not found with any of the three partial skeletons of Anzu wyliei. But the researchers believe it had feathers based on fossils of close relatives from China that have clear evidence of them.

ASIAN COUSINS

It closely resembles its Asian cousins like Oviraptor, whose fossils have been found brooding over a clutch of its eggs in a bird-like manner. The Asian part of the family includes many well-preserved examples, from ones as small as a turkey to one even bigger than Anzu wyliei. The North American branch until now had been represented by largely fragmentary remains.

Anzu wyliei lived at the sunset of the age of dinosaurs, not long before an enormous meteorite is thought to have struck Earth about 65.5 million years ago and wiped them out along with hordes of other creatures, while sparing many birds.

It lived in a humid, warm, low-lying environment dotted with rivers and swamps that may have looked like the Louisiana bayou. It was lush with vegetation and plant-eating dinosaurs like the horned Triceratops, armored Ankylosaurus, dome-headed Pachycephalosaurus and duck-billed Edmontosaurus.

But also hanging around the neighborhood was one of the fiercest predators in Earth’s history, Tyrannosaurus rex.

Anzu wyliei may have been an omnivore, munching on leaves, fruits or flowers while also swallowing the occasional mammal foolish enough to cross its path, the researchers said.

It probably needed to be careful not to end up on someone else’s menu. “To a T. rex, this thing would not look like a ‘chicken from hell.’ It would look like lunch,” Lamanna said.

Its genus name, Anzu, is named after a feathered demon in Sumerian mythology. Its species name, wyliei, honors the grandson of a trustee of the Carnegie museum in Pittsburgh where the lead researcher works.

The three sets of bones – which together included almost all parts of the skeleton – come from a region famed for dinosaur remains known as the Hell Creek Formation of the Dakotas and Montana. Two of the three sets of remains had partially healed injuries, perhaps the remnants of a couple of dinosaur tussles.

(Reporting by Will Dunham; Editing by Cynthia Osterman)

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Bizzare & Odd

An abnormal phenomenon on Earth captured from space: NASA and ESA have never seen such lightning

An abnormal phenomenon on Earth captured from space: NASA and ESA have never seen such lightning 99

The Atmosphere-Space Interactions Monitor (ASIM) observatory has recorded five blue jets , an anomalous type of lightning that strikes from the top of a thundercloud into the stratosphere. This is reported in an article published in the journal Nature.

On January 20, a video filmed from the International Space Station was posted on the channel of the European Space Agency, which puzzled all academics who study the atmosphere and build theories about how everything works there:

The 10 microsecond jets were sighted on February 26, 2019, near Nauru Island in the Pacific Ocean. One of the lightning flashes produced a jet that reached the stratopause – the boundary between the stratosphere and the ionosphere at an altitude of about 50 to 55 kilometers. In addition to the jets, “elves” were recorded, which are expanding rings of optical and ultraviolet radiation in the stratosphere, lasting no more than a millisecond.

Electrical phenomena in the upper atmosphere are poorly understood and attract a lot of attention from physicists from around the world. They are short-lived and vary greatly with altitude. 

Blue jets occur during electrical breakdown between the positively charged top of a thundercloud and the negatively charged air layer above it. As a result, a leader is formed – a conducting channel of ionized air, through which the discharge propagates. However, in this case, the radiation from the leader was weak, which indicates that the leader itself was short compared to the conductive channels of conventional lightning.

The blue jets belong to streamers – branched filaments of electrical discharges, similar to those generated by Tesla coils. In addition, blue jets are more likely to occur as a phenomenon than previously thought.

Some of the most mysterious are the “elves”. Their name comes from the abbreviation ELVES , which stands for “Emission of Light and Very Low Frequency perturbations due to Electromagnetic Pulse Sources.”. These phenomena reach four hundred kilometers in diameter and occur at an altitude of about one hundred kilometers. The list of optical phenomena associated with electrical discharges in the upper atmosphere does not end there. There are also TROLL , Pixie , Ghost, and Gnome , but their nature is even less understood. 

There is nothing like this, that is, such strange huge lightning has never been observed before. Something is happening in the Earth’s atmosphere, and it started quite recently. How it will end and what will result in – we do not know, since people living today have no such experience.

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Bizzare & Odd

Ancient asteroid sent dinosaur bones into moon

Ancient asteroid sent dinosaur bones into moon 100

The impact of the asteroid that destroyed the dinosaurs 66 million years ago was so powerful that it sent into space huge volumes of earth’s soil and rocks from the crash site. But together with them, he could send into orbit the remains of living beings, including dinosaurs.

Such a possibility is discussed in the book “The End of the World” by the scientific journalist and winner of several awards Peter Brannen, according to the Daily Mail.

It is known that an asteroid or meteorite about 10 km in size collided with the Earth 66 million years ago, forming the Chikshulub crater on the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico. About 15 trillion tons of ash and soot were thrown into the air. Because of  this, during the day it was dark on Earth, like a moonlit night.

As a result of the lack of light in plants, photosynthesis slowed down, which could lead to a decrease in the concentration of oxygen in the atmosphere. Temperatures on continents dropped by 28 ° C, in oceans by 11 ° C. The disappearance of phytoplankton has led to the extinction of zooplankton and other marine animals. Other species died after them. 

This is one of the largest mass extinctions in the history of the Earth, which is called the Cretaceous-Paleogene. Brannen, trying to make the numbers more descriptive, points out that the asteroid (or meteorite) was larger than Everest and crashed into the atmosphere 20 times faster than a flying bullet. At the same time, the pressure of the atmosphere was so strong that a crater in the Yucatan began to form even before the asteroid fell.

The “response” release of soil into the atmosphere occurred only within a second or two after the impact and was incredibly powerful.

“So there are probably little pieces of dinosaur bones on the moon,” Brannen suggests.

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Bizzare & Odd

Loud booms, glowing rings and asteroids: The Earth’s magnetic field began to periodically disappear

Loud booms, glowing rings and asteroids: The Earth's magnetic field began to periodically disappear 101

Recently, scientists have begun registering too many anomalies associated with the Earth’s magnetic field. It periodically weakens or disappears altogether, deforms and twists. Experts cannot yet say for sure what is happening to the planet.

American researcher James Kaufman published interesting results: for some reason, the density of the solar wind in the nighttime part of the planet is much higher. As soon as the sun rises, this density begins to decrease.

Loud booms, glowing rings and asteroids: The Earth's magnetic field began to periodically disappear 102

Previously, the solar plasma went in the direction of the orbit of Mars and other planets, but now it moves in the opposite direction from the globe.

It is impossible to find an explanation based on existing physical laws. Some have put forward the incredible hypothesis that the Sun has turned into a black hole and is now close to the Earth.

Loud booms, glowing rings and asteroids: The Earth's magnetic field began to periodically disappear 103

According to some researchers, this could lead to the fact that the radiation does not move from the Sun to other planets, but from Pluto to the Sun.

According to other experts, on the side of Mars there may be a massive body, the radiation of which is comparable to that of the sun. A second stream is created, which blows off the Earth’s plasma and carries it to the Sun. 

Loud booms, glowing rings and asteroids: The Earth's magnetic field began to periodically disappear 104

The presence of such a space object could explain the multiple increase in the number of meteorites, comets, asteroids falling to the Earth and flying past it – which can be a cloud of debris going in front of such a huge object. 

The closer this object approaches the Earth, the more falling meteorites will be, and as the object approaches, the size of the meteorites falling to the Earth will increase. Then, loud boom sound are getting more intense and sun-like objects appear out of nowhere:

As far as we know, neither the airlines nor even the Pentagon have such devices. Moreover, the thing was somehow very powerful, since its brightness is phenomenal – the light sources merged into one and illuminated the entire space around.

Strangesounds.org, have prepared an excellent overview of the so-called “booms in the sky” that have been roaring over the United States lately:

People hear a rumble, as if the fighter took the sound barrier directly overhead. But – no one sees any planes anywhere. Unfortunately, it is very rare to “photograph” the crash, but it so happened that one woman accidentally filmed how her door to the veranda began to shake from this “boom in the sky”:

What kind of object could it be and create all these anomalies? For example, a wandering planet, the same mysterious planet X (aka Nibiru in the ancient epic of the Sumerians)?.

https://twitter.com/sweetleaf_505/status/1349726640490774531
https://twitter.com/NibiruIsAHoaxxx/status/1348478207243153409

These are only assumptions, and it takes time to find out what is really happening with our planet.

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