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Was That Script Written By A Human Or An AI? Here’s How To Spot The Difference.

Was That Script Written By A Human Or An AI? Here’s How To Spot The Difference. 86

If you spent time on social media today, you probably came across that script for an Olive Garden commercial allegedly written by an artificial intelligence algorithm. The commercial is a hilarious trip into the absurd in which patrons enjoy classic staples of the kind of Italian dining we’ve come to expect from America’s 15th favorite chain restaurant, such as “warm and defeated pasta nachos,” secret soup, Italian citizens, and “unlimited stick.”

The commercial was also, unfortunately, likely not written by AI at all. Instead, it was probably just a boring old human who claimed to have used a neural net for some sweet, sweet social media fame.

Last night, engineer Janelle Shane took to Twitter to lay out some of the telltale giveaways that the script was written by a person pretending to be an AI algorithm for kicks. You may recognize Shane as the person who trains neural nets to create jokes that devolve into nonsense or paint colors that almost sound real after being trained on thousands of actual examples. Yes, the AI-generated results are absurd, but they also highlight one key fact — the neural nets have no clue what the hell they’re talking about.

So how do you spot something written by an AI, anyhow?

“I’d say the clearest giveaways are a really short memory (maybe just a couple of sentences long) and a lack of understanding of meaning and context,” Shane told Futurism. “One characteristic of neural net text is it’ll tend to mimic the surface appearance of things without really getting the meaning behind them.

The fun parts of these bot-written passages are the parts where it creates impossibly-surreal scenarios, but one tell-tale sign that something was actually written by a person is when those individual images still fit together. For instance, the cast of the Olive Garden commercial remains consistent; if an actual neural net had been the author, characters would have been introduced and abandoned willy-nilly.

A neural net trained just on commercials wouldn’t understand how to put together a cohesive narrative, but a human writer would keep an eye out for these things.

Take, for example, this example of a recipe that was written by a neural net trained on recipes:

The instructions, you notice, have absolutely nothing to do with the ingredients listed.

Right now, artificial intelligence excels at incredibly-narrow tasks. It can generate cohesive grammar at the sentence level, but something like a script is still too complex.

“For many years yet, it will be the case that if you see a well-written story with a coherent plot and clever wordplay, it will be because a human did most of the work,” Shane said.

AI-written text will continue to grow in sophistication and prevalence, even if it’s mostly a source of humor today, Shane added. And that means it can grow to be more misleading. Today we’re just talking about who or what wrote a funny commercial online, but as artificial intelligence becomes more sophisticated, it could be used to write misinformation like convincing (but fake news) articles. That could have very real consequences for people who fall for it.

Now, based on what Shane told us, we’ve come up with a list of tell-tale signs to look for if you want to know whether a particular text was penned by human or a bot.

  1. Did it make sense? If something looks like it matches a classic joke convention but the content seems totally garbled, it likely wasn’t written by a person.
  2. How’s their attention span? If the author seems to have forgotten what they were talking about part of the way through, then you’re likely witnessing a neural net’s inherently-short attention span. Meanwhile, if the text seems sophisticated and clever or it seems as though someone actually put care into the structure of their sentences, then you’re looking at signs of a human’s touch.
  3. Did they show their work? As Shane pointed out, whoever managed to write an Olive Garden commercial with nothing but an AI algorithm would be gloating about it much more — we’d see a whole lot more about how they trained their neural net and how they managed to make everything come together. The fact that no one is geeking out about the technical side of this neural net suggests that it doesn’t exist.

The truth at the bottom of all this? We need to know what AI is actually capable of. Because how can we appreciate a parody if we don’t understand what it’s mimicking?

“There’s definitely a place for parodies of AI-generated text,” added Shane, “but the parodies only work if you know what the real stuff is like.”

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A lack of oxygen leads to aging, excess oxygen leads to immortality

A lack of oxygen leads to aging, excess oxygen leads to immortality 99

Israeli scientists claim that by using only oxygen, they have successfully reversed the biological aging process.

A recent study conducted by Tel Aviv University professor Shai Efrati and a team at Shamir Medical Center showed that when healthy adults over 64 were placed in a pressurized chamber and given pure oxygen for 90 minutes a day, five days a week and within three months, the aging process not only slowed down, but actually changed in the opposite direction.

In particular, a study published in the peer-reviewed journal Aging focused on whether this oxygen enrichment process could reverse two key indicators of biological aging: the contraction of DNA telomeres and the accumulation of senescent cells in tissues. Telomeres are located at the ends of a chromosome, consist of repeating sequences of non-coding DNA, and serve as caps to protect the chromosome from damage during replication.

A lack of oxygen leads to aging, excess oxygen leads to immortality 100

Each time replication occurs, these bumpers take a hit, making the chromosomes shorter and shorter. Once the telomere reaches a certain length, the cell can no longer replicate, which leads to aging: malfunctioning of cells, which ultimately leads to cognitive or other age-related impairments and even diseases such as cancer.

About 35 adults over the age of 64 took part in the study and applied hyperbaric oxygen therapy, using 100% oxygen at an ambient pressure greater than one absolute atmosphere to increase the amount of oxygen dissolved in body tissues.

A lack of oxygen leads to aging, excess oxygen leads to immortality 101

Every 20 minutes, participants were asked to remove their masks for five minutes, returning oxygen to normal levels.

However, during this period, the researchers saw that fluctuations in free oxygen concentration were interpreted at the cellular level as a lack of oxygen – rather than interpreting the absolute level of oxygen.

In other words, repeated intermittent hyperoxic (increased oxygen levels) exposure induced many of the mediators and cellular mechanisms that are usually induced during hypoxia (low oxygen levels). Dr. Efrati calls this the hyperoxic-hypoxic paradox.

“The fluctuations in the oxygen level that we have created is what matters,” he told The Jerusalem Post. “During this process, there is, as it were, a lack of oxygen, which causes cell regeneration.”

The practical consequences of therapy include increased attention, processing speed, and executive function, which tend to decrease with age and about which more than 50% of people over the age of 60 express concern.

According to the study, the changes were equivalent to having the participants’ bodies at the cellular level go back 25 years.

“We’re not [just] slowing aging – we’re moving back in time,” says Dr. Efrati. Efrati has been studying aging for ten years and runs Aviva clinics in Florida. The study, he said, is evidence that the cellular basis of the aging process can be reversed, adding that it “offers hope and opens up the opportunity for many young scientists to target aging as a reversible disease.”

It could also allow doctors and scientists to find a way to control telomere length and develop drugs to help them grow again when needed. But will it make people live longer?

The duration of the effect has yet to be determined in the long term, says Efrati. But “probably yes.” We know people with shorter telomeres die earlier, so that makes sense.”

At the moment, the only drawback of the study is the limited sample size, that is, so far relatively few people have participated in the experiment, but over time, scientists will solve this problem too.

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Cyberfarm 2077. YouTuber showed what a Russian cyber village could look like

Cyberfarm 2077. YouTuber showed what a Russian cyber village could look like 102
Photo: video screenshot youtube.com/birchpunk

On November 19, the day the Cyberpunk 2077 video game was supposed to be released, a five-minute video about a Russian cyber village appeared on YouTube. It combines the aesthetics of cyberpunk with the life of the Russian provinces.

Cyberfarm 2077. YouTuber showed what a Russian cyber village could look like 103

Russian director and blogger Sergei Vasiliev made a short film that is an excerpt from the life of a fictional Russian village with the technologies of the future. The short film was shot in the style of a video blog. 

“They say that Russia is a technically backward country, there are no roads, no robotics, rockets do not fly, and mail takes too long. [This is not true],” the creators say.

The main character, a farmer called Nikolai, talks about his cyber farm, where three androids work, and invites new workers to his business. The robots milk the cows, walk them and go to fetch water. Instead of a cesspool, there is a black hole in the toilets, and mail is delivered by flying wagons of the Russian Post. New technologies have also solved the problem of Russian roads – cars now fly over it, but even there are holes in the air.

The authors of the short film said that a “creative association of enthusiasts” worked on the creative, and now they “plan to release further videos in the same universe.”

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German scientists have found a drink that kills coronavirus in five minutes

German scientists have found a drink that kills coronavirus in five minutes 104

German scientists from the University of Ulm have discovered a natural product that kills up to 97% of the coronavirus in the body. The researchers published their work in the journal bioRxiv.  

During the study, experts mixed juices with viruses at room temperature and monitored the results. It turned out that black chokeberry juice most effectively suppresses the activity of the virus in the human body – it destroys up to 97% of COVID-19 pathogens in just five minutes.

Scientists have discovered a product that kills coronavirus by 97%

In addition, pomegranate juice can kill up to 80% of the coronavirus pathogens. The rest of natural juices and green tea can also weaken the disease, since they have an acidic environment and plant polyphenols that negatively affect the virus.

Scientists have discovered a product that kills coronavirus by 97% in 5 minutes

In order to get rid of 80% of COVID-19 pathogens, scientists recommended that patients rinse the oropharynx with these solutions and rinse the nasopharynx. The study adds that plant polyphenols and acidic environments have a damaging effect on viral proteins.

During the study, scientists mixed drinks with viral particles and influenza A virus (IAV), adenovirus 5 (AdV5) and SARS-CoV-2. The observation was carried out under room temperature conditions. The experts also worked on swine flu with different juices and teas.

“Preventing the initial infection or reducing the viral load of an infection can relieve symptoms, prevent spread to the lower respiratory tract or transmission to another person,” the study said.

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