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Was Pharaoh Tutankhamun killed, or died from natural causes?

Pharaoh Tutankhamun or King Tut was the Egyptian king of the 18th dynasty. He was the youngest pharaoh and ruled for only 10 years. Tutankhamun died at a young age of 18, leaving many puzzles to archival history scholars. Many records of ancient Egypt claim that the young king was a righteous ruler with great prospects for the future. But his untimely death cut short people’s expectations.

Researchers still investigate how Pharaoh Tutankhamun died

Tutankhamun was mummified and buried according to accepted rituals in ancient Egypt. In 1922, the tomb of Tutankhamun was found with all its things, and quite well preserved.

In 2010, DNA analysis confirmed that he was the son of Akhenaten, whose remains were also found in a nearby grave. Since the king died at such a tender age under suspicious circumstances, the researchers began an investigation into the death of Tutankhamun.

There are many theories regarding the death of Tutankhamun, and now this has become one of the mysteries of history, which has been studied a lot. While some researchers believe that he was killed for power hunger, others believe that he died due to a fall from a chariot or illness. Let’s look at some of the theories:

Tutankhamun’s Theory of Murder

Some evidence points to servants close to Tutankhamun who may have been responsible for the murder of their king. Their motives could be greed or external power. Perhaps they were not happy with the changing situation after Akhenaten’s death.

During his reign Akhenaten made many changes, one of which was the promotion of the idea of ​​one God. This put the priests in ancient Egypt in opposition to him and his family. Akhenaten forced many priests to close their temples and worship one god.

Amid this hostile environment, Pharaoh Tutankhamun ascended the throne after his father. Since he was young, he was helped by many, especially Ay and Horemheb. These two people were close to him, so there are many conspiracy theories surrounding these people.

Assassin Theory: King Tut was very dependent on Ay. He was one of the closest people to the king. It is said that Ay had all motives to kill Tutankhamun. By killing the king, he will be able to inherit the throne and become the next pharaoh of Egypt. In fact, after the pharaoh died at the age of 18, Ay inherited the throne.

The theory of murder is reinforced by a crack found at the base of Tutankhamun’s skull. The ring, discovered in Cairo in 1931, stated that Ankhesenamun (Tutankhamun’s wife) and Ay got married shortly after the death of the young king.

Ankhesenamun was forced to marry, as some tablets found during this period depict a queen asking from the Hittites (enemies of Egypt) to save the throne of Tutankhamun. She was also unhappy with Ay’s desire to marry her. And she writes: I will never choose my servant and make him my husband. I’m afraid!

“I will never choose a servant for myself and make him my husband.” I’m afraid!

Horemheb, killer theory: Horemheb was the deputy king, and the young Tutankhamun made all the royal decisions after discussing with him. When the king grew up and began to make his own decisions, Horemheb’s influence gradually faded away.

Since the king gained independence, and the help of Horemheb was no longer needed, he could oppose Tutankhamun. He was also against the new thinking of one god, promoted by Akhenaten. Although Horemheb did not receive the throne immediately after the death of King Tutankhamun, he became a pharaoh after the death of Ay. After becoming a pharaoh, he returned to the original form of religious worship in Egypt.

Many Egyptologists believe that Horemheb was a traditionalist and wanted to convert Tutankhamun to his line of faith. But when the king grew up, he had the same thought as his father, which upset Horemheb.

During his reign, Horemheb removed the name of Pharaoh Tutankhamun from many places and replaced it with his own name. This shows the hatred that has found its place in the heart of Horemheb towards the young king.

Natural causes of death

Another group of Egyptologists and historians believes that there is not much evidence that Tutankhamun was killed. They see his death from natural ailments. A panel of forensic experts examining King Tut’s body concluded that he might have died due to infection. According to them, a crack in the head could be caused by mummification or during the excavations themselves.

Another study conducted on the remains of the pharaoh showed that his leg was broken, which could cause his death. Researchers discovered a left leg fracture that could have occurred a few days before the king’s death.

Based on these findings, a group of scientists came to the conclusion that the king fell from the chariot in one of his hunting expeditions. Wounds and fractures, infection, a crack in the base of the skull – all this led to the death of the king.

Today it is difficult to establish and confirm the true cause of Tutankhamun’s death. Too many years have passed since that era. However, historical secrets give rise to many assumptions and legends about events in the life of courtiers.



Ancient ritual site found three times larger than Stonehenge’s Sarsen circle

Stonehenge Credit: Ko / Unsplash Kit

A huge ancient ritual site dating back over 6,800 years has been discovered in Poland. It is believed to have been used by neolithic people for between 200 and 250 years, with new features added every few dozen years, archaeologists have said

The circular structure is 109 meters in diameter, has three times the size of the inner Sarsen Circle in Stonehenge and about the same size as the exterior ditch of the monument.

The structure, which has been called “roundel” due to its circular shape, was first seen in 2017. Since then, archaeologists have been working on the site to understand its importance. Researchers have announced that radiocarbon dating indicates that the site was built before 4,800 BC.

Ancient ritual site found three times larger than Stonehenge's circle
Nowe Objezierze

The roundel is located in the town of Nowe Objezierze, about 80 kilometers east of Berlin, Germany. It consists of a central area surrounded by three gates that lead to the interior. It then has four ditches circling it. Each ditch is larger and deeper than the last, and it appears they were dug at relatively regular intervals, with a new one being added every few dozen years. The ditches were about 4 to 6.5 feet deep.

Other similar circular enclosures dating to between 4,850 B.C. and 4,600 B.C. are found in a fairly limited area of Europe, including around the River Danube. These are generally thought to have had a ritual purpose and served as some sort of astronomical calendar.

Speaking about the new roundel in Poland, the project leader, Lech Czerniak, from the University of Gdańsk, said in a statement:

This is quite sensational, given the fact that it coincides with the dating of structures located on the Danube, considered the oldest. It seems equally important that the four ditches surrounding the central area of the structure probably did not function simultaneously, but every few dozen years, a new ditch with an ever larger diameter was dug.

“The primary focus of the project are questions about the social aspects of the functioning operation of roundels, including what prompted the inhabitants of a given region to make a huge effort in building and maintaining the roundel, where the idea and knowledge necessary to build this object came from, and how often and for how long the object was used

Ancient ritual site found three times larger than Stonehenge's circle

In addition to dating the roundel, archaeologists also excavated the area and found hundreds of bones, ceramics, stone and flint artifacts, shells and dyes. The bones are now being analyzed by experts and the team hopes to get more information about the communities that used the structure for worship. It is believed that, like the other circular enclosures, the Roundel was used as a “ritual calendar.”

Czerniak said:

It is worth realizing that many so-called pre-literate communities celebrated the most important holidays once in a few, or even a dozen or so years, but very intensely

This is undoubtedly a great find that will help you understand much more of the history surrounding this site.

Source: Newsweek

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Egypt hints at ‘mummified lion’ discovery

Image Credit: CC BY-SA 3.0 Daniel Mayer

The Pyramid of Djoser complex at Saqqara. 

Archaeologists in Egypt have discovered the mummy of a very large animal, most likely a lion or lioness.

The Ministry of Antiquities reported on Monday that the mummy, which is much larger than most, was unearthed in Saqqara – a vast ancient burial ground south of Cairo that once served as the necropolis for the ancient Egyptian capital of Memphis.

It is home to numerous structures including the world-famous Step Pyramid of Djoser.

According to the ministry, it is still not completely clear that the mummy is that of a lion however all should be revealed when radar scans are undertaken over the next few days.

A press conference is expected next week with the full details of the discovery.

While cat mummies were very common in ancient Egypt, lion mummies were much rarer. The people of the time worshipped domestic cats as the living incarnation of the half-feline, half-woman Goddess Bastet, so it is likely that lions and other large cat species would have been especially revered.

The first example of a lion mummy – which was preserved as a skeleton – was found back in 2004.

It turned out to be one of the largest lions known to science.

Source: Washington Post

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“14 million years” old vehicle tracks discovered(Video)

Even if we have not found their tracks, there is an indeterminate number of civilizations scattered throughout the galaxy and the universe, and it would be feasible that, in the vicinity of our Earth there are some.

These civilizations could be in different phases of scientific, technological and social progress. Some just beginning their process, and others that have a breakthrough so spectacular that they have become travelers of the cosmos.

This is a controversial claim, since human civilization is only intended by conventional archaeologists to extend several thousand years, not millions of years. Not to mention the idea of ​​a prehistoric civilization advanced enough to have space vehicles.

There are petrified wheel tracks found in several places, including parts of Turkey and Spain, and were supposedly left by heavy all-terrain vehicles dating back 12 to 14 million years ago.

The wheel tracks cross the faults formed in the middle and late Miocene period (approximately 12 to 14 million years ago), suggesting that they are older than those failures, Koltypin said on his website.

At that time, the soil would have been moist and soft, like a malleable clay. Large vehicles sank into the mud as they passed over it. Tire grooves at various depths suggest that the area eventually dried up.

Koltypin said the vehicles still drove over while drying, and did not sink so deeply.

The vehicles were similar in length to modern cars, but the tires were about 9 inches (23 centimeters) wide.

He said that the geological and archaeological works that contain information about these grooves are few and far between. Such references generally say that the tracks were left by cars pulled by donkeys or camels.

“I will never accept it,” he wrote of these explanations. “I myself will always remember … many other inhabitants of our planet wiped from our history.”

Koltypin argues that the tracks could not have been left by lightweight trucks or chariots, since the vehicles would have been much heavier to leave these deep impressions.

He has conducted many field studies in several places and extensively reviewed published studies on local geology. He hypothesizes that a road network extended over much of the Mediterranean more than 12 million years ago.

These complete roads would have been used by people who built underground cities like that in Cappadocia, Turkey, which, according to him, are also much older than those of conventional archeology.

Petrified wheel grooves have been found in Malta, Italy, Kazakhstan, France and even in North America, Koltypin said.

One of the main clusters is located in Sofca, Turkey, with tracks covering an area of ​​approximately 45 by 10 miles (75 by 15 kilometers). Another is in Cappadocia, Turkey, where there are several pockets, one of which is 25 miles by 15 miles.

Conventional archaeologists attribute many of the clues to various civilizations in different periods of time. But Koltypin said it is not right to attribute identical roads, ruts and underground complexes to different eras and cultures.

Instead, he attributes them to a unique and widespread civilization in a distant era. Multiple tumultuous natural events, such as tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, floods and tectonic disturbances that have left large fractures in Earth, have removed much of the remains of this advanced prehistoric civilization, he said.

The surrounding underground cities, irrigation systems, wells and more, also show signs of being millions of years old, he said.

But, “without significant additional studies by large groups of archaeologists, geologists and folklore experts, it is impossible to answer the question… What do you think?

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