Connect with us


Unusual and Little-known Artifacts of Antiquity

Unusual and Little-known Artifacts of Antiquity 98

Sometimes archaeologists discover many unusual and rare things that have come to us since ancient times.

Here are some of these unusual artifacts.

Gold spirals from Denmark

In 2015, on the island of Sheland, also known as Zealand, Danish archaeologists discovered nearly 2,000 small spirals made of gold. The spirals were buried in the ground in an open field. They immediately puzzled historians.

Fleming Cowl of the Copenhagen National Museum writes:

“We do not know what they are intended for. I personally tend to think that they are part of the rich decoration of the mantle of a priest or royal person, or perhaps they were fringed on a hat or umbrella. Or, they were inside the decomposed tissue. “

Unusual and Little-known Artifacts of Antiquity 99

The thin spirals reach 3 cm in length, and the dating shows that they were made approximately between 900 and 700 BC.

The spirals were discovered in the same area where other curious gold artifacts – gold cups and rings – were previously discovered. The symbols depicted on these objects clearly indicates a pagan cult of the sun.

Bone armor

In 2014, in Omsk, Russian archaeologists have discovered a unique bone armor created in the Bronze Age 3900-3500 years ago.

Unusual and Little-known Artifacts of Antiquity 100

The armor is perfectly preserved. According to scientists, it belonged to a noble warrior and was very expensive. It does not indicate which bones and which animals were used to create it, but presumably these are the remains of horses, deer, and elk.

The armor is buried at a depth of one and a half meters, on the bank of the Irtysh River. Earlier, nothing like this was found in these places, as in other parts of Siberia. This is why a theory emerges that the bone armor is actually made from a different culture, and the unknown soldier received it as a trophy.

Pyrite mirrors

Pyrite mirrors, or so-called “Mesoamerican mirrors,” are a little rough but incredible artifacts. A total of just over 50 were found and only in one specific territory in Arizona (Arizona).

Unusual and Little-known Artifacts of Antiquity 101

About a thousand years ago, noble and rich people lived in this place called Snaketown. It was these pyrite crystal objects that were made for them.

According to historians, the tradition of such mirrors may have come to Arizona from the territories of Mesoamerica. The technique of processing mirrors from Arizona is very similar to that of the Olmecs, Mayans, and Aztecs.

In these places, pyrite does not occur, which means that it was brought from somewhere outside. Maybe from Mesoamerica itself, like exotic trophies.

To make such a mirror was a very difficult and painstaking job. A small mirror took 110 to 160 days to work. It was necessary to carefully process the thin slabs of pyrite and then carefully glue it to a wooden base.

The Sicilian monolith

This site was discovered in August 2015, at a depth of 40 meters, off the coast of Sicily (Sicilia). It is a stone and apparently man-made megalith reaching up to 12 meters in length.

Unusual and Little-known Artifacts of Antiquity 102

The megalith is divided into two parts and has three holes on it, including one on the slightly pointed tip. It was created about 9350 years ago (!), That is, it is twice as old as Stonehenge.

According to historians, this may be an ancient lighthouse. Another theory is that it used to be, in ancient times, a cult site that was later flooded.

The Jerash silver scroll

In 2014, in the ruins of an old house in Jerash (Jerash), Jordan, a unique artifact has been discovered – an ancient amulet from the 8th century AD, which contains inside fragile silver sheets of text.

Unusual and Little-known Artifacts of Antiquity 103

Unfortunately, it is impossible to retrieve the sheets without damaging them, which is why scientists resort to modern technology. Using 3D scanning, they are able to understand 17 lines of text.

According to historians, these are records of a “Jewish magician” who lived about 1300 years ago. Part of the text is written in a Greek-like language and is a spell against disease. Another part of the text is completely incomprehensible. All we know is that the language is similar to Arabic.

Egyptian Dolls

Dolls of Ushebti, sold in ancient Egyptian temples, were made of stone, clay or wood. They were placed in the casket of a dead man.

Unusual and Little-known Artifacts of Antiquity 104

At the same time, each doll was given a special spell that this doll had to say before Osiris, the God of the dead. Therefore, such dolls were still called “defendants”.

According to Egyptian mythology, after death, a person’s soul falls into the afterlife of Osiris. He decides where to set her up and sends her to work. Ushtubi dolls helped the soul, replacing it in hard work.

The richer the deceased was, the more Ushebti dolls laid in his coffin to help him in the world beyond. Once, archaeologists discovered a burial site with 365 dolls, one for each day of the year. Injuries are often found in tombs and less frequently in scarab amulets.

The standard doll spell states:

“Oh, whisper! If you are instructed to do any work that needs to be done in the beyond – look, be on your guard to do what is to be done for the person there. “Here I am!“- to answer when they call you.”


Archaeologists have discovered “unknown” constellations in an Egyptian temple

Archaeologists have discovered "unknown" constellations in an Egyptian temple 115
Previously unknown ancient Egyptian constellations found © Live Science

A team of scientists from Germany and Egypt, which carried out work in the ancient temple of Esna, found references to previously unknown ancient Egyptian constellations, but so far they cannot link them to existing ones.

In Egypt, archaeologists have discovered images of unknown constellations during the restoration of an ancient temple. This is reported by LiveScience.

Restoration work is being carried out in the 2,000-year-old temple by experts from Germany and Egypt. During the removal of soot and dust from the walls, drawings began to appear, with which the ancient Egyptians decorated the temple.

“The carvings and hieroglyphs look so vivid as if they were drawn yesterday. But we are not repainting anything, we are just removing the soot,” Christian Leitz says, professor of Egyptology at the University of Tübingen.

During the restoration, researchers cleaned up ancient carved scenes depicting constellations, including the Big Dipper and Orion. Scientists have also found previously unknown constellations, including a constellation called “Apedu n Ra” or “Geese of Ra”, which are the ancient Egyptian sun gods.

Archaeologists have discovered "unknown" constellations in an Egyptian temple 116

Mentioning these constellations, without depicting them, does not yet allow us to say which star clusters are in question.

The first modern description of a Greco-Roman temple in the city of Esna dates back to 1589, when it was visited by a Venetian merchant. The city of Esna, about 60 km south of the ancient capital of Luxor, used to have more temples. Two buildings were destroyed during the industrialization of Egypt, and the largest, the Temple of Esna, was used for storing cotton in the first half of the 19th century.

Archaeologists have discovered "unknown" constellations in an Egyptian temple 117

The sanctuary, which they decided to use as a warehouse, was prized for its location in the city center. Decades of desolation have left the temple dirty, covered in soot and bird droppings.

Archaeologists have discovered "unknown" constellations in an Egyptian temple 118

To date, only its vestibule remains from the temple. The large sandstone structure is supported by 24 columns, as well as 18 freestanding columns, decorated with paintings and carvings. It stretches 37 meters long, 20 meters wide and 15 meters high. But the remains of the temple are only a small fraction of its former size when it was built under the Roman emperor Claudius (reigned 41-54 AD). Scholars do not know what happened to the rest of the temple when a Venetian merchant visited it in the 16th century, little remained of the structure.

Archaeologists have discovered "unknown" constellations in an Egyptian temple 119

According to Leitz, the construction and decoration of the temple, including the astronomical drawings on the ceiling, could take about 200 years.

He notes that when the ancient Egyptians decorated the temple, they first drew with ink, creating sketches for carvers, and then colored the relief designs.

On the astronomical ceiling of the temple, many drawings have remained in ink, so they were found only during the restoration.

Continue Reading


A portrait of an alien? In Bulgaria, archaeologists have found a clay mask of an unusual shape

A portrait of an alien? In Bulgaria, archaeologists have found a clay mask of an unusual shape 120
Ancient mask resembles an alien (Photo: Bulgarian National Radio)

A prehistoric clay mask or figurine without a mouth dating back to the 5th millennium BC was found in the prehistoric settlement of Salt Pit in northeastern Bulgaria.

A whimsical mask or figurine without a mouth combines human and animal features and resembles an ” alien” from a science fiction movie, archaeologists are sure.

“ Many people compare him to … an alien in a space suit,” the Bulgarian National Radio said in a statement about the discovery.

A late Eneolithic mask was found on the Provadia-Solnitsata mound in northeastern Bulgaria, its shape is close to triangular. The front side protrudes forward and contains an image of a supposedly human face, while the back side is dented and rough in shape.

According to archaeologists, each of the two corners of the upper side of the prehistoric mask or figurine has a short protrusion, “probably stylized ears.” The figurine’s ears have small holes that were used to carry or hang the artifact.

“The artifact was most likely a status symbol hanging on a person’s chest. Interestingly, there is even a hint of mouth on the artifact. But the emphasis is on the eyes – their shape, size, and the vertical polished stripes underneath say much more,” the researchers said.

The head of the archaeological team, Professor Vasil Nikolov, told Bulgarian National Radio that there is no way to know for sure what exactly the 6,000-year-old clay mask or figurine might have been used for by prehistoric people.

Judging by the two holes in the stylized ears of the mouthless mask, it could be hanging on the wall or even being a potter’s vessel lid that could be raised or lowered with a string. According to him, the image on the mask of an ” alien” is a mixture of anthropomorphic and zoomorphic features and “is strongly associated with the masculine principle.”

Two furnaces from the Early Eneolithic ( Copper Age) were excavated at the mound of the Bazovets settlement in North-Eastern Bulgaria.

One of two prehistoric kilns dating back about 7,000 years, was first partially excavated in the 2019 archaeological season. However, during the last excavations of the Bazovets mound, it was completely exposed, and a second kiln from the same structure was discovered.

During the last excavations of the mound of the Bazovetsky settlement, 57 archaeological artifacts were discovered. These include items made of flint, animal bones, horns, and ceramics, including fragments of anthropomorphic and zoomorphic figurines.

Continue Reading


Staffa – “Island of columns”, which according to the legends of the Vikings was built by giants

Staffa - "Island of columns", which according to the legends of the Vikings was built by giants 121

Some places on our planet are so amazing that legends have been made about them for millennia. According to one of the legends, earlier on Earth there was a race of giants, which I love to talk about in my articles. It may be rather strange, but there is plenty of evidence that giants are not just a beautiful fairy tale, but could actually live on Earth.

Interestingly, according to some scientists, gigantism in the past was characteristic not only of living things, but also of plants, insects and people. The reason for this could be a different composition of the planet’s atmosphere, in which a small size meant a small chance of survival.

Staffa - "Island of columns", which according to the legends of the Vikings was built by giants 122

Some of the ancient buildings are so majestic that people definitely could not build them, and there are traces of such ancient buildings in many countries. Huge stone blocks weighing several tons, which people could hardly lift, because they did not possess the technologies of our time. But there are wonders of the world, which are difficult to understand, and one of them is the “Island of Columns”. Either nature skillfully did its job, or the giants of antiquity could build this miracle, but about everything in order.

Fingal’s Cave is located on the Scottish island of Staffa. The height of the ancient temple is about 20 meters, and the width is only about 14. People who have fallen into the cave note that it is like an ancient temple built using amazing technology. This place is often called the melody cave, because you can hear amazing sounds of nature in it, as if the natural philharmonic society invited you to its free concert.

The mystery lies in the basalt columns, which look so amazing that you start to doubt the natural formation of these columns, maybe that’s why legends about giants appeared, that people do not believe that the columns could have appeared naturally? But let’s return to the legend, in which we are told about the amazing giant Fingal, who lay down to rest before his next fight. Up to this point, he has erected a unique king between Ireland and Scotland, in which there were thousands of such columns.

Staffa - "Island of columns", which according to the legends of the Vikings was built by giants 123

The giant’s rival came to a duel to the cave, and the war was met by Fingal’s wife, who pointed to her husband wrapped in blankets and said that this was their baby. The words of the giant’s wife frightened the other giant so much that he imagined his rival, whose height could exceed his height several times. Then he decided to escape from the place of the battle, destroying the dam behind him so that Fingal would not catch up with him.

Fingal’s Cave gained fame after the famous scientist Joseph Banks visited the small island in the 17th century. After his rave reviews, this place was visited by many famous people, and Felix Mendelssohn even dedicated his overture to the unusual musical grotto.

Staffa - "Island of columns", which according to the legends of the Vikings was built by giants 124

There is no direct connection between this piece of land and Scotland. First, tourists take a ferry to the Isle of Mull, and from there they follow boats to Staffa Island.

Here is such a beautiful fairy tale in which the wife of a giant cunningly did not let her husband fight.

Continue Reading