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The sun is no more a “gift”. Expect an anomaly already in 2024 as space weather is deteriorating

The sun is no more a "gift". Expect an anomaly already in 2024 as space weather is deteriorating 1

The sun can both caress and incinerate. And if in the old days people were more worried about the harvest, then in our days there is added worry about power grids, satellites, and communications.

At all times, people glorified the Sun. The Main Star warms us, feeds us, and simply lifts our spirits. But it is very capricious – it is characterized by cyclical peaks of activity.

Scientists predicted the next peak in 2025. But, as it turned out, NASA is wrong – expect “gifts” from the main star very soon.

This is our Sun, lit, seething, “spiting” plasma in different directions. 
This is our Sun, lit, seething, “spiting” plasma in different directions. 

A nice side effect

Let’s start with the positive. Thanks to solar activity, we can observe the spectacular phenomenon of “dancing” aurora around the Earth’s poles.

The northern and southern lights are a product of the interaction of charged particles from the coronal mass with atmospheric gases. When they connect, the sky is painted with a multi-colored glow.

Coronal mass is an ejection of matter from the stellar corona, which is a giant cloud of solar plasma.

In 2023, due to frequent geomagnetic storms, auroras appeared most intensely and surprised residents of all corners of the planet.

The lights were observed in Missouri, New Mexico, California, and North Carolina. At the same time, the light show was also available to residents in the south-east of Great Britain.

2023 ended with a large X5-class solar flare, the most powerful flare of the 25th solar cycle (so far) and the most powerful solar eruption since the severe storms in September 2017.

The flare’s emissions caused a deep blackout of shortwave radio communications over the Pacific Ocean. Mariners and radio amateurs may have noticed signal loss on all frequencies below 30 MHz for more than 60 minutes after the peak of the flare.

The explosion also caused a solar tsunami. Formally, the flare is directed parallel to the current portion of the Earth’s orbit but but in reality it flew in all directions:

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Why is solar activity dangerous?

The development of technology has led to the fact that people have become dependent not only on earthly, but also on space weather.

Solar storms caused by coronal ejections disrupt the Earth’s ionosphere and affect the upper parts of the atmosphere. People who are weather dependent may feel worse. But solar flares are not limited to their influence on all living things. They can lead to global disasters.

The first to suffer are the astronauts who are closest to the star. The sun releases high-energy particles that can damage electronics on spacecraft.

View of the northern lights from the ISS, from an altitude of 400 km above the Earth.  Photo: NASA/Scott Kelly, Tim Peake.
View of the northern lights from the ISS, from an altitude of 400 km above the Earth. Photo: NASA/Scott Kelly, Tim Peake. 

These particles reach our planet 30-72 hours after the release, provoking powerful geomagnetic storms.

They disrupt the operation of satellites. Electric currents are created in the upper atmosphere, affecting power grids.

Geomagnetic storms can lead to navigation failures and loss of communications.
They disrupt commercial airline flight patterns. To avoid serious disruptions, aircraft do not fly close to the Earth’s poles during such periods.

Anyone can experience all the delights of solar activity, especially when we encounter unstable electrical networks, an Internet outage, or a GPS failure.

Will progress collapse?

Scientists love to exaggerate. Perhaps this time everything will remain at the level of “we thought everything would be much worse” and the troubles will still pass by?

Hard to say. Scientists are not deliberately pumping things up. They are simply trying to calculate the maximum possible damage.

After all, it is almost impossible to predict the scale of solar activity in advance. The star is “on his own mind” and does not seek to initiate anyone into its behavior. The flash power is always different.

Coronal activity is unpredictable.  How it will affect space weather - only the Sun knows
Coronal activity is unpredictable. How it will affect space weather – only the Sun knows.

The fact that the researchers’ warnings are very serious is confirmed by past examples.

The year 1859 went down in history thanks to the “Carrington Event.” Then, due to a powerful geomagnetic storm, telegraph stations sparkled and in some places caught fire. Even the tropics were able to enjoy the breathtaking view of the Arctic lights in the sky.

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In 1989, solar activity knocked out the power grid in Quebec. In early 2022, 38 of 49 Starlink satellites burned up due to a coronal mass ejection.

If something like this happened today, the damage could reach trillions of dollars. It will take a lot of time to restore power grids.

The most dangerous regions are the Pacific Northwest, the upper Midwest and the eastern Appalachian Mountains. But in reality, no one is immune from disaster.

When to expect peak solar activity

While observing the behavior of the Sun and analyzing the size and number of spots on it, NASA researchers suggested that the peak of activity will begin in the summer of 2025. But Indian scientists from the Center of Excellence in Space Science have a different opinion!

Every 11 years, the Sun experiences periods of low and high activity. Spots help predict it.

The rate of change of the magnetic poles of the star depends on their number and size.

Coronal holes on the Sun appear as giant dark spots.  Photo: NASA.
Coronal holes on the Sun appear as giant dark spots. Photo: NASA. 

Back in 1935, Swiss astronomer Max Waldmeier noticed that the higher the growth rate of spots, the more powerful the cycle. Strong cycles reach peak activity faster.

The current 25th solar cycle is considered very active. There is a high probability that he will need much less time to reach the maximum.

So, when will the intensive period begin? Researchers from India advise expecting “gifts” from the Sun as early as early 2024. At best – in September 2024.

Scientists advise preparing now for the peak of activity to try to minimize its damage. But will it be possible to do this?

Humanity is proud of the greatest inventions, unprecedented technologies.
But are we able to resist the Sun? Do you think we should be afraid of the collapse of the World Wide Web or will the greatest scientific minds save us from disaster?

Not only the sun is preparing surprises, the entire solar system has entered a 12-year cycle, the cosmic impact on all planets, including the Earth, the core, magma, the ocean are warming, so we observe an increase in climatic anomalies.

It is important to understand all this and speak in order to form a public demand for the powers that be, only by combining the scientific potential of humanity will we able to find a solution.

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When the next Great Electromagnetic Storm comes, the Internet will be shut down, not even because the communication nodes, which are somehow protected, will burn out, but because all the appliances of the household level will be covered with a copper basin along with computers, notes and phones

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