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Mysteries

The Secret of the Wicked Remnants of Chegem

In the mid-18th century, shepherds from Kabardino-Balkaria accidentally discovered a tomb with strange mummies and many gold ornaments. When they started robbing the cave, they heard a voice warning of revenge.

On April 3, 1767, the Kizlar Commandant, Major General NA Potapov, sent a very unusual report to the Synod of Governments. In view of the fact that the language has undergone significant changes since then, we will pass on the contents of the document in our own words.

And so:

“… One of the inhabitants of the Chegem’s Gorge (Nalchik, Kabardino-Balkaria) says he found a pit three kilometers from the sheep grazing site and had a door in it. Walking into it, he saw an elderly man and a girl sitting unresponsive. There was a book in front of the old man, and there was a golden pan in front of the girl, and many gold and silver things in it. The girl wore a gold ring on one finger.

The Chegem Mountains

This resident told six of his comrades and they went to the place. They took all the gold and silver that were there. When they reached to take the gold ring, the girl told them not to, because death would come to them.

However, the shepherds did not listen to her, took the treasures and took them to their village. For three nights, a voice was heard in the village, saying that those who had taken the treasure should bring it back, otherwise all the inhabitants would be in trouble. The shepherds returned some of the treasures to the pit, and the man and girl were no longer there.

On the fourth night, all the shepherds and their families die. After that, other peasants die.

Captain Kireev and a special commission have been dispatched to the scene with an order to investigate the unusual death of Chegem residents. ”

Captain Kireev reported the following:

“The landowner Kasai Atazukin and the resident of Chegem – Barak Beshtov, told me that an infection had occurred in the fall because of a shepherd from Chegem. As he grazed his sheep in the mountains, he accidentally stumbled and fell into a pit where he saw a door.

As he entered it, he saw many treasures, several crosses of gold and silver, and two incorruptible bodies: a man in a monastic robe and a woman, apparently a girl. The shepherd told this to his comrades, who went to the place, took many treasures, and finally, when they began to remove the ring from the girl’s hand, they heard an unusual voice forbidding them to take the treasures.

However, they did not obey and took whatever they wanted. They brought the treasures to their homes, and then one by one, they all died, along with their wives and children. Only two months later, twenty people died. The other inhabitants took the rest of the treasure back, made worship rituals, and only then the infection subsided.

I ordered Mr Colonel Kopitowski and Mr Peter Davidov, who was in those places, to check the place where the bodies were found and to find out without touching anything. ”

Nikolai Potapov’s report contained an urgent request to send an experienced missionary, Georgian Abbot Gregory, to help him. In May 1767, the relevant Decree was issued.

Abbot Gregory was reportedly summoned to the Holy Synod’s office on May 20, where he was asked to go to the Caucasus to investigate “the human incorruptible bodies found in the dugout.” There is also a statement in the document: “ From the report sent to the Holy Synod by Major General Mr. Potapov, take an exact copy and send it to the College of Foreign Affairs for review. 

It will be appropriate here to clarify that the Synod is the highest authority of the Russian Orthodox Church, which was part of the national government and was committed to the spread of Christianity.

The Doctor of History – V. Vinogradov, writes:

“The history is not hidden: in those years, the so-called Ossetian spiritual mission, at the behest of the Russian government, began the active propaganda of Christianity among the highlands of the Central Caucasus.

Ancient Tombs in Eltyubyu, Chegem. Photo by Alex Svirkin / wikimedia.org

Unfortunately, no documentary sequel to the Chegem story has ever been found, although many documents have been reviewed and researched. The name of the Kizlar commandant Potapov is mentioned on their pages quite often, as well as reports on events in Kabarda. The name of the abbot Gregory is also mentioned, but not a word about the relics themselves and their fate.

It also remains unknown what happened to the treasure – the gold pot, the ring, the other gold and silver items that the shepherds returned to the crypt.

It is very likely that the sacred relics of the mummies of the old man and the girl are in one of the underground tombs in the Chegem area. Who will be the next one to find the entrance to the crypt and hear the unusual warning?

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Mysteries

The strange disappearance of three boys in Murphy’s Cave

In the US state of Missouri, one of the local attractions is a vast network of caves that have thousands of passages, both above and below ground.

Because of these caves, Missouri is often referred to as the “state of the caves,” and it is not surprising that they attract many explorers as well as adventurers.

Most of these caves were well explored in the first half of the twentieth century. But because of the intensive construction of Highway 79 in the 1960s, employees sometimes encounter new gaps that lead to unexplored parts of local caves.

One of these caves is called the Murphy’s Cave. The openings leading to its tunnels were located very close to the houses of the city of Hannibal, one hundred miles northwest of St. Louis.

This city is known as the birthplace of Mark Twain and in particular the Mark Twain Cave where Tom Sawyer films were made. Excursions to this cave are still being made.

In the 1960s, parents strictly forbade their children from even looking at the openings in the ground. They feared crashes and other disasters. But who could stop the curious children?

The three Hannibal boys were particularly curious about the caves. They were 10-year-old Billy Hoag, his brother 13-year-old Joel Hoag and their friend 14-year-old Craig Dowell.

They regularly picked up lanterns and went down into the dark cave tunnels. Their parents forbade them to go there, but in response the boys said they would play in the yard and actually went to the caves.

On May 9, 1967, the three children headed to Murphy’s Cave. They were waiting for the moment when the construction workers at the site would go to rest. The parents found out when they saw the characteristic reddish dirt on their clothes. There was a serious rebuke.

However, on May 10, the three went to the same cave again, using the moment Houg’s parents were in the store to shop.

The boys prepared thoroughly. They took shovels, lanterns and other necessary things. At 3pm, they were spotted by a casual passer-by walking to the entrance of Murphy’s Cave. He noticed that the boys were dragging a makeshift ladder of boards to lower themselves through the opening inside the cave.

This was the last time these children were seen alive. After that, they disappear and even traces of them, much less their bodies, were found.

When the parents of the Hoag brothers returned from the store and saw that their children had disappeared, they became very angry and intended to give them a good lesson. But when the children did not return home during the time that they would usually go back from their games, their parents were worried. They began to pray that nothing bad would happen to the boys.

When it was dark, the Hoags went to their neighbors and someone told them that they had seen the Hoag brothers and young Dole near the Murphy Cave. City officials have been notified of the disappearance of the three children, who may have been lost in the cave.

The next morning, police, national guards and volunteers organized a mass search for the boys. At one point, FBI experts got involved in the process.

Hundreds of people explored the tunnels of all nearby caves, not just Murphy’s Cave. All suspicious passageways, narrow cracks and still unexplored tunnels were carefully checked.

But everything was in vain. They did not even find traces of the children. The tunnels of Murphy’s Cave are very complex and winding. They were all well researched.

Then, searchers began looking around the surrounding forests, abandoned houses and old mines. They even summoned a few psychics who claimed they could “feel” the place where the children had disappeared. But, again without result…

This large-scale search of the missing went on for 10 consecutive days and was among the most popular searches in Missouri’s history. As a result, only one probable trace of the boys was found – a baby sock lying near the entrance to the cave.

The sock wasn’t dirty, so it obviously hadn’t been in that place for a long time. The search crew clung to it as a probable evidence. However, none of the parents of the missing children was able to confirm whether the sock belonged to one of the Hoag brothers or Dowell.

The opening leading to Murphy’s Cave, to which the boys were last seen

There were some false footprints. At one point, near a cave, they found a dried puddle of brown liquid similar to blood, but during the investigation it turned out that the puddle was from a spilled bottle of fertilizer.

Another such clue is that someone apparently saw the boys out of town alive after the search began, but no children or traces of them were found at that location.

There was also a strange message about a man in a black cloak who was not recognized as a city resident, police officer or anyone else. He was spotted in many places where children were being searched. It was as if he was trying to hide and secretly monitor the work of the search groups.

According to one of the first versions, the children were buried alive when one of the cave tunnels collapsed, but as mentioned above, all possible tunnels of the nearest caves were checked by search crew and they did not find any traces of fresh collapses there.

According to another version, the boys may have accidentally entered a completely new tunneling system that other researchers have not noticed. And nowadays, near Hannibal, sometimes new tunnels are found in the local caves, which are caused by expansion, rainfall and other reasons. All new tunnels have been carefully inspected.

Volunteers are still trying to find the remains of the missing boys or at least their belongings. But, so far, they haven’t found anything …

Other theories say that the children fled to another city or were abducted.

The memory of this strange disappearance of these three boys is still commented on in Hannibal. A memorial plaque with the boys’ names and their history is placed next to the ill-fated entrance to Murphy’s Cave, which is now closed.

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Mysteries

Connection between Alpha Draconis and Egyptian Pyramids Revealed

Alpha Draconis, also known as Thuban, is located about 300 light years away in the northern Draco constellation.

Connection between Alpha Draconis and Egyptian Pyramids Revealed
Did eclipse studies help the Egyptians build their pyramids? Credit: Public Domain

Despite its “alpha” designation, it shines as Draco’s fourth-brightest star. Thuban’s fame arises from a historical role it played some 4,700 years ago, back when the earliest pyramids were being built in Egypt.

Could the new astronomical observations shed light on what motivated the builders of the Egyptian pyramids?

Astronomers using data from NASA’s Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) were surprised when they discovered that the bright star Alpha Draconis and its fainter, previously known companion actually undergo mutual eclipses.

Egyptology students already know that the ancient Egyptians were skilled astronomers who regularly observed the sky and tracked various celestial objects.

Previous research has revealed that the ancient Egyptian papyrus calendar 86637, Cairo, is the oldest preserved historical document from naked eye observations of a variable star, the Eclipsing binary algol – a manifestation of Horus, a god and a king.

It was confirmed that the ancient Egyptians knew about the variability of the ‘Demon Star’ Algol 3,000 years before Western astronomers.

Astronomers suggest that it is now possible that the first eclipse of the ancient North Star played a key role in building the Egyptian pyramids.

About 4,700 years ago, the star Thuban may have served as the Northern Star. It seemed to be the closest to the north pole of the earth’s axis of rotation, the point around which all other stars appear to rotate in their nocturnal motion.

Today this role is played by Polaris, the brightest star in the constellation Ursa Minor. The change happened because the earth’s axis of rotation performs a 26,000-year cyclic oscillation, called precession, which slowly changes the position of the sky at the rotational pole.

The North Star or Thuban is actually a pair of stars and the largest star between the pairs is four times larger and warmer than the Sun. The surface temperature of the larger star is about 9,700 degrees Celsius. Its mate, which is five times weaker, is probably half the size of the primary and is 40% warmer than the sun. Previous studies have suggested that Thuban exhibited slight changes in brightness that lasted about an hour, suggesting the possibility that brightest star in the system was pulsing.

Angela Kochoska, postdoctoral researcher at Villanova University in Pennsylvania, said:

The eclipses are brief, lasting only six hours; therefore terrestrial observations can easily lose them. And because the star is so bright, it would quickly saturate detectors at NASA’s Kepler Observatory, which would also conceal eclipses.

The alpha star Draconis (circled), also known as Thuban, is known to be a binary system. NASA’s TESS data now shows that its two stars suffer mutual eclipses. Credit: NASA / MIT / TESS

Many scientists think ancient Egyptians relied on the bright stars Big Dipper and Little Dipper to align their pyramids in a north-south direction with an accuracy of up to 0.05 degrees. However, it’s still debated how the pyramid builders took accurate measures for the alignment. Since the tilt of Earth’s axis has changed over time, so have the positions of the stars.

Using sophisticated astronomical software, scientists were able to turn back the astronomical clock and study the sky at the moment the pyramids were built. These studies showed that the two stars revolved around the opposite pole in the Old Kingdom sky, and an imaginary line joined these stars across the north pole.

This means that when the two stars placed vertically above each other both mark the true north position for the pyramid builders. In this case, if the calculation is correct, construction of the Great Pyramid of Giza began between 2485 and 2475 BC.

This animation illustrates a preliminary model of the Thuban system, now known as an eclipsing binary, thanks to data from NASA’s exoplanet transit research satellite (TESS). The stars orbit every 51.4 days at an average distance slightly greater than the distance of Mercury from the Sun. We see the system about three degrees above the orbital plane of the stars, so that they undergo mutual eclipses, but none of them are completely covered by your partner. Credits: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center / Chris Smith (USRA)

Kochoska, who presented the findings at the 235th meeting of the American Astronomical Society in Honolulu on Jan. 6, said she is planning a follow-up study to look into additional eclipses that TESS can see.

Padi Boyd, a TESS project scientist at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center, said in a statement:

The discovery of eclipses in a known, bright and historically important star highlights how TESS affects the wider astronomical community. In this case, uninterrupted, high-precision TESS data can be used to help constrain fundamental stellar parameters to a level never before reached.

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Sister of Russia’s great mystery victim manifests

A fascinating new view of the Dyatlov Pass incident presents several enlightening first-hand perspectives on the case, including rare information from the sister of one of the victims, whose name has become synonymous with a mysterious event.

Dyatlov case: Sister victim of one of Russia's greatest mysteries manifests
Photo: Public Domain.

Published by the BBC, the play excellentely revisits the infamous 1959 tragedy, in which nine Russian college students died in the Ural Mountains in unexplained circumstances that continue to bother researchers today.

One of the people interviewed for the article was Tatiana Perminova, who was 12 when her brother, Igor Dyatlov, embarked on the unfortunate walking trip. She recalled that their mother had tried to dissuade him from following the journey, arguing that he should focus on his studies. However, Perminova recalled, Igor managed to convince her after promising that it would be his last trip to the mountains before graduating. “And indeed,” his sister remarked sadly, “it was his last time.”

Coldly, Perminova revealed that she was the one who answered the phone at her house six decades ago, when authorities phoned with the frightening news that Igor had died.

She said:

The next day my parents were summoned to college, and the nightmare began.

As for what may have caused the disappearance of his brother and colleagues, Perminova indicated that families were as confused by the case as the rest of the world, and were insulted by the Russian authorities that “you will never know the truth, so stop to ask questions. ”

She stressed:

Don’t forget, in those days, if they told you to shut up, you would be silent.

However, with six decades since the incident, Perminova no longer harbors these fears. As such, she dismissed popular prosaic theories for what killed the group, such as an avalanche or hurricane, and suggested that something more sinister had occurred.

She asked:

If it was just an ordinary walk that went wrong because of extreme weather conditions, why worried the highest authorities in the country? I think that means something extraordinary has happened.

Although she did not seem to present a specific theory for what killed her brother and friends, Perminova spoke of the tremendous pain that families have suffered in the last sixty years with so many unanswered questions.

The nine victims of that fateful day. Montage Credit: BBC

She said, noting an ongoing effort by independent investigators in Russia to exhume the bodies of the victims of Step Dyatlov for a further examination:

Emotionally, this is very difficult. Imagine digging up their coffins. But if there is no other way to find the answers, ok, let’s see what happens next.

Other firsthand witnesses featured in the play include a man who participated in the search that led to the discovery of the bodies of the victims, as well as a woman who lived in a nearby village at the time of the incident and claims to have seen a “bright and fiery object in the sky” which somehow resembled a missile. This observation seems to give credence to the possibility that Dyatlov and his comrades might have died from a cover-up accident. This was repeated by another local resident who was also 12 at the time of the incident and recalled how “there were rumors throughout the city that these students had participated in some kind of test or experiment.”

All in all, the BBC program is a must watch for those studying the Dyatlov Pass incident, as it includes a wealth of previously unpublished stories of individuals who were closely linked to the case, such as Perminova, or who resided in the area after the intriguing event occurred. It also features conversations with contemporary investigators who are still trying to solve the mystery of what happened to the nine hikers in the Ural Mountains that fateful February night so long ago.

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