The Pool of Siloam, located in the southern part of the City of David and within the Jerusalem Walls National Park, is an archaeological and historical site of national and international importance. It was first built about 2,700 years ago as part of Jerusalem’s water supply system in the 8th century BC, during the reign of King Hezekiah, as described in the Bible.
The Pool of Siloam served as a reservoir for the waters of the Gihon spring, which were diverted through an underground tunnel and thus was already considered one of the most important areas in Jerusalem during the First Temple period.
It was used during this period as a ritual bath by millions of pilgrims, who gathered there before ascending through the City of David to the Temple.
In 1880, the inscription of Siloam was discovered in the tunnel, just a few tens of meters from the pool.
The inscription, currently in the Archaeological Museum of Constantinople, is written in ancient Hebrew script and tells how the water of the spring was diverted to the pool during the reign of King Hezekiah. The Bible says about it:
1. After such deeds and fidelity, Sennacherib, king of Assyria, came and entered into Judah, and besieged the fortified cities, and thought to tear them away for himself. 2 When Hezekiah saw that Sennacherib had come with the intention of fighting against Jerusalem, 3 then decided with his princes and with his military men to fill up the springs of water that were outside the city, and they helped him. 4 And a multitude of people gathered together, and covered up all the springs and the stream that flowed through the country, saying, Let not the kings of Assyria, when they come here, find much water.
A half kilometer long tunnel was cut in the rock under the city, after which the water began to fill the very pool of Siloam:
Over the years, many traditions have been associated with the Pool of Siloam and since the late 19th century, it has been the focus of expeditions from all over the world.
In the 1890s, a group of British-American archaeologists led by Frederick Jones Bliss and Archibald Campbell Dickey uncovered some of the steps leading to the pool. In the 1960s, British archaeologist Kathleen Kenyon began excavations in the area.
In 2004, during infrastructure works carried out by the Hagihon water company, some of the steps were uncovered.
Siloam (Heb. origin, meaning “Sent One”) has an additional special significance: : It is mentioned in the Gospel of John, as the place to which Jesus sent a “blind man from birth” to be washed in order to complete his healing and regain his sight.
According to the 1st Book of Kings, Solomon, the son of David, was anointed to the kingdom of Gion at the source, so ‘Messiah’ will also most likely be anointed to the kingdom there.
Additionally, the Siloam pool was used as a supply of fresh water only during the siege of the city, the rest of the time there was a ritual bath before visiting the Temple. Therefore, since the Israelis are restoring the pool right now (technically, this could have been done many years ago), it means that the Temple will soon be constructed, perhaps even at the same time.
We foresee, of course, the protests of the Lebanese and Palestinian public, but what can you do, Its nonetheless the End of Times.
Dark clouds over Vatican
Just a few days after the death of Pope Benedict and in the middle of an unprecedented conflict is the interior of the Vatican, as Deutsche Welle reveals, the clash of the two worlds divided into conservative and more progressive is in full swing. The tension is to such an extent that there are even fears of a possible schism.
Pope Francis has been known for his progressive views since the beginning of his term and has been described as the “Pope of the poor”. However, Pope Benedict’s decades-long secretary, Archbishop Georg Genswein, disagrees with his ideas and opinions. In fact, he does not hide his disagreements and criticizes relentlessly the pontiff.
According to the publication, the archbishop accuses Pope Francis of “breaking” Benedict’s heart when he strictly limited the celebration of the Divine Liturgy in Latin. Immediately after, his secretary and closest associate, Joseph Ratzinger, added that the Argentine Pope took away a large part of his responsibilities, as well as that he did not listen to Benedict’s advice on dealing with the claims of homosexuals and combating the so-called “gender theory”.
Benedict’s secretary went so far as to declare that “inside the Vatican, in the past, he found that there was the devil, who acted against the pontiff emeritus”.
Francis answered meaningfully that “we must worship God and not the false idols that seduce us with prestige and power with the allure of false news.” “We meet the Lord in humility and silence,” he characteristically said.
However, the conflict is not only on a personal level. After the death of the German pope emeritus, the ultra-conservative wing of the Roman Catholic Church raised their voices significantly, fearing that he may be put on the sidelines for good. In fact, the discussion about the succession of Francis has opened and both sides are already preparing their chosen ones.
It seems that the conflict will not stop, on the contrary, a new cycle will be triggered. And this, because in a few days his secretary Joseph Ratchinger will present his book entitled “Only the truth, my life next to Pope Benedict”.