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The Oumuamua Conundrum

“It is in the admission of ignorance and the admission of uncertainty that there is a hope for the continuous motion of human beings in some direction that doesn’t get confined, permanently blocked, as it has so many times before in various periods in the history of man.”


Richard P. Feynman

When studying about the most notable scientific stories of the XXIst century, future students will probably giggle when trying to memorize a peculiar word found in their books: Oumuamua.

Recognized as the first object of unquestionable interstellar origin to ever intrude into our solar system –we know this because of the highly eccentric orbit it displayed in contrast to the ecliptic plane that most bodies in the system follow when orbiting around the Sun– Oumuamua was discovered in October of 2017 by Robert Weryk at the Haleakala Observatory in Hawaii, and ever since it has continued to puzzle scientists because its shape and behavior was even weirder than the name it was assigned to (it means “first distant messenger” in Hawaiian). Oumuamua moved like a comet, and yet it didn’t produce the characteristic tail of these icy bodies. To make things even more confusing, the varying light emitted by this not-comet suggested Oumuamua was at least 10 times as long as it was thick. How could this ‘interstellar baton’ retain its fragile form for so long?

And then there was the final insult to our knowledge about errant astronomical bodies, observed in June of last year: new data from the Hubble telescope confirmed Oumuamua’s velocity had increased during its rendezvous with the inner solar system, in ways that could not be explained by simple celestial mechanics and gravitational influences.

Astronomers paused their collective hand from scratching their collective head only to make that hand into an angry fist when they read a truly bold and controversial paper co-written in November of last year by Abraham Loeb, chairman of Harvard University’s astronomy department, and his postdoctoral student Shmuel Bialy. The paper was very rigorous in its math and the scientific assertions it proposed, and at the same time it did something no-one else in the scientific community dared to do: Suggest Oumuamua was in fact an ancient solar sail built by an extraterrestrial civilization and deliberately sent to intercept our solar neighborhood.

American-Israeli theoretical physicist Abraham (Avy) Loeb
American-Israeli theoretical physicist Abraham (Avy) Loeb

Last week the Israeli newspaper Haaretz published an excellent interview with Loeb, which not only helps to explain in layman terms why Oumuamua is a true anomaly, but also highlights the many problems arising from the way the academic community tends to behave when confronted by a scientific mystery: with an a-priori contempt for any kind of novel ideas, especially when it comes to the possibility about alien life. An arrogant ‘it can’t be therefore it isn’t’ attitude that is even more prevalent –ironically enough– among the scientists more directly involved with the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI). It’s almost as if we are so certain there’s no one else out there, we keep on looking for signs we’re not alone without really expecting to find any.

Not only that, but Loeb points out the kind of fear prevalent among his colleagues of making their ideas public, if they happen to be too ‘heretical’:

“The article I published was written, in part, on the basis of conversations I had with colleagues whom I respect scientifically. Scientists of senior status said themselves that this object was peculiar but were apprehensive about making their thoughts public. I don’t understand that. After all, academic tenure is intended to give scientists the freedom to take risks without having to worry about their jobs. Unfortunately, most scientists achieve tenure – and go on tending to their image. As children we ask ourselves about the world, we allow ourselves to err. Ego doesn’t play a part. We learn about the world with innocence and honesty. As a scientist, you’re supposed to enjoy the privilege of being able to continue your childhood. Not to worry about the ego, but about uncovering the truth. Especially after you get tenure.”

In the interview, Loeb explains to the Haaretz reporter that Oumuamua is probably shaped like a flat pancake instead of a cigar. Not only that, but its relative velocity compared to the average speed of all the stars in the region suggests this ‘distant messenger’ was at ‘relative rest’ until the solar system reached its position while traveling around the center of the Milky Way. Read that last sentence again until it sinks in.

But how to explain the biggest mystery of all –Oumuamua’s sudden and inexplicable acceleration once it entered the inner solar system? “The only hypothesis I could think of,” Loeb says, “is a push from solar radiation pressure. For that to work, the object would have to be very thin, less than a millimeter thick, in other words a type of pancake. In addition, the Spitzer Space Telescope found no evidence of heat emission from the object, and that means that it is at least 10 times more reflective than a typical comet or asteroid. What we have, then, is a thin, flat, shiny object. So I arrived at the idea of a solar sail: A solar sail is a spaceship that uses the sun for propulsion. Instead of using fuel, it is propelled ahead by reflecting light. In fact, it’s a technology that our civilization is developing at this very time.”

How solar sails work

I urge you to read the interview in its entirety. In the end,  I feel whether Loeb is correct or not about Oumuamua, and it was not in fact an ancient probe sent by an advanced civilization tens of thousands of years ago, is not the most important thing about the paper he and his student wrote. As the scientific director of Project Starshot which studied the possibility of deploying solar sails traveling at one-fifth the speed of light, critics could very well argue he’s falling into an ‘antropomorphization’ of this astronomical anomaly, attributing aliens with the same kind of technology we’re currently trying to develop –then again, SETI is also guilty of the exact same thing, insisting our hypothetical galactic neighbors would only bother to communicate with us using radio transmissions.

No, the value in Loeb’s hypothesis is that it helped to highlight how in the cutting-edge areas of Science, we tend to punish innovative thinking instead of encouraging it. Scientists are being conditioned to stick to what is accepted by the status quo in order to protect their careers. Only the older scientists who are sufficiently shielded from professional suicide by having already achieved enough recognition, or won enough prizes and medals, are the ones brave enough to dare to say “what if” out loud. With that kind of rationale, we are less likely to make any major breakthroughs.

“If you’re not ready to find exceptional things, you won’t discover them. Of course, every argument needs to be based on evidence, but if the evidence points to an anomaly, we need to talk about an anomaly. Who cares if this anomaly appeared or did not appear in science-fiction books? I don’t even like science fiction.”

Loeb’s colleagues are still detecting mysterious fast radio bursts (FRBs) coming from the deepest reaches of the Universe. Nobody knows what originates them, but suggesting they could be actual transmissions of artificial origin is not considered kosher among ‘serious’ researchers. Likewise, NASA is getting prepared to probe the surface of Mars in search of microbial fossils, and yet the debate involving meteorite ALH 84001, discovered in Antarctica more than 20 years ago, rages on. The findings of the scientists who suggested the microscopic structures found inside the meteorite were signs of Martian life were flat-out rejected by most of the scientific community –this at a time when even considering the possibility that Mars had had water in its ancient past was simply preposterous.

Meteorite ALH 84001. Signs of Martian fossils?

Perhaps schools should teach the future generations of scientists and thinkers to dare to be wrong more often. Instead of waiting ’til they get tenure and secure retirement.

SOURCE:

The Daily Grail

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Aliens & UFO's

Camping In An Alien Zone

If you fancy a camping trip this summer, then why not spice things up a bit by camping in a haunted location or an alien zone. Camping in areas where UFO’s have been spotted is a thrilling experience, and who knows, you may wind up experiencing your very own close encounter of the third kind.

And what better time to ponder over the mysteries of the universe and the vast potential for alien life than while you’re on the open road!

Jump on board the Extraterrestrial Highway

There is no better place for an alien focused camping trip than the Nevada State Route 375, also known as the Extraterrestrial Highway. It’s a vast and lonely 98 mile stretch of road that has had many reported UFO sightings, hence the nickname.

Camping or RVing on this route will give you your best shot at an alien encounter but do be aware that spending long periods in a location such as this, far away from human civilization will increase your chances of an encounter with unexplained.

Quirky stops along the way

There are also some great little stops along the route that will enrich your extra-terrestrial experience. ‘The Little Aleinn’ is undoubtedly one of the most famous stops along the route.

Once you’ve had your fill of alien patties, we mean beef burgers… You can take a look at the UFO-themed merchandise in the gift shop and have a chat with the staff about the different alien encounters that have been recorded on the road, and they can point you in the direction of the UFO crash sites and the mysterious area 51.

Catch a glimpse of Area 51

Visitors are of course limited on how close they can get to the infamous and highly classified area 51, besides, the US government wouldn’t want you uncovering the world’s best kept extra-terrestrial secrets.

In any case, just make sure you’re on the lookout at all times, particularly if you are camping off road out there in the wilderness, as you never know what you might see. Turning your attention skywards at night is an absolute must as the stargazing opportunities are unparalleled.

Strange sightings in the desert and forests of Arizona

Sedona, Arizona is also one of the most popular destinations in America for spotting UFO’s. Sedona first appeared on the alien hot spot map after local residents witnessed an array of mysterious and unusual lights in the night sky back in 1997.

There are a number of tours that go out there during the night for visitors where you will be equipped with telescopes, binoculars and night-vision goggles. This might be your best chance at spotting alien activity, as the amount of recorded sightings of alien activity is astonishing. Many reports indicate sighting of portals, orbs, aliens and even Bigfoot.

The secret Ranch

Another popular location in the heart of the National Forest that draws in a high number of tourists is the mysterious Bradshaw Ranch. Reports say that this infamous ranch has actually been confiscated by the U.S government because it was reported to have accommodated an extremely powerful inter-dimensional portal…

While visitors are not permitted to enter the National Forest at night, there are a number of tour operators that will take you there for an overnight stay, leaving at dusk. According to many accounts, it is during the last hour of twilight that many of these strange and exciting phenomena’s take place.

A secret alien base in the Tonto National forest

This isn’t the first reference to there being a secret alien base in this location. Former US Airforce Intelligence Officer George Filer claimed that aliens in UFOs were helping the US during the Vietnam War. He is now the Director of the world’s largest organization dedicated to alien and UFO investigation known as the Mutual UFO Network (MUFON).

The most major base is said to be located in the Tonto National Forest in New Mexico, where there has also been a spate of unexplained disappearances in the last 30 years, with mysterious circumstances surrounding them such as abandoned cars with people’s valuables left behind.

If you decide to go camping in this location, make sure you don’t leave the tent alone, and be sure take a few torches with you to conduct your own alien investigations.

Mysterious Disappearances

During the construction in 2013 local officials received a call from a man who claimed to have seen UFO’s and aliens working together with people on site, as well as severed heads, which he claimed to have pictures of.

This man was early 60’s and reported to be perfectly sound of mind. He said he called the local office near the site only to find that the people there seemed to turn a blind eye to the allegations which he found suspicious.

In light of these shocking discoveries and supposed high presence of alien activity, camping in the Tonto National Forest is not for the faint hearted. If you are a thrill seeker of the highest order with oodles of courage and a keen imagination then this is undoubtedly one of the best camping in an alien zone locations.

Camping at the location of one of the most famous UFO sightings

Another popular hotspot for Extra-terrestrial activity is Mount Rainer in Washington. 1947 was a particularly active year for UFO sightings in the United States. On June 24th 1947 a civilian pilot named Kenneth Arnold reported seeing 9 glowing bright blue and white objects soaring through the sky above Mount Rainer in a V formation at an estimated 1700mph.

He described the objects as saucer like, describing their erratic motion as like a saucer skipping across the water, it is because of this sighting that people believe that most UFOs are shaped like flying saucers. This reported sighting was considered to be the first most significant and widely reported in the United States.

Despite the enthralling alien encounter possibilities, the views across Mount Rainer are reputed to be absolutely breathtaking, and there are tons of stunning camping destinations across the park.

You could choose to camp at the foot of Mount Rainer of brave a trek up to its summit if you are feeling adventurous. Some great destinations that offer fantastic views of the night sky include the Glacier Basin, Mystic Camp, White River and Cougar rock.

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Aliens & UFO's

TR – 3B ASTRA – From Myth To Reality

If you have any idea about the sightings of UFOs (unidentified flying objects), you probably just stare at the sky and wonder what aliens control these things. For, TR-3B Astra, it is not what you’d expect at all.

To understand the truth about TR-3B Astra is to catch a glimpse into the world of Aurora, one of the best kept secrets by the government today. To clarify this, Aurora is not a planet of aliens or an invading army of cyborgs. As a matter of fact, this is happening right here on the U.S. soil.

So, what is this TR-3B Astra?

The TR-3B Astra, also known as the black triangle, is a nuclear-powered anti-gravity aircraft secretly built and maintained by the U.S. government.

It all started in 1982 and is part of the Black Program, a secret Air Force project funded with what is known as the Black Budget (estimated to be worth about $3 billion).

The technology behind this aircraft is considered beyond everyday technology. Some even point out that it might as well have been inspired by alien technology. For example, this aircraft can move stealthily, a feat uncommon during those times.

The TR-3B Astra is extremely lightweight, giving it the ability to easily outmaneuver other aircrafts. This is possible through a technology known as the MFD technology. The MFD is a short form of a circular plasma-filled accelerator ring, called a magnetic field disruptor.

This technology designed by the Sandia and Livermore Laboratories is so powerful that it was totally kept a secret by the government, making it officially non-existent. As you would expect, a lot of money goes into this research.

A good amount of citizens’ taxes go to fund this project carried out at the Area 51 Groom Lake Air Base in Nevada. To understand how massive the operations going on in Nevada are, know that the government owns about 80% of all the lands in Nevada.

Source: Matrix World Disclosure

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Aliens & UFO's

UFO Lands On A Mountain In Trinidad And Filmed By Witnesses

On the evening of January 14, 2019, Ms. Dorothy Romero, who lives in the city of Trinidad, Colorado (United States), witnessed with her husband the landing of an unidentified flying object on the historic Simpson’s Rest mountain. Then the video sent by the witness claiming UFO Lands On A Mountain In Trinidad.

«My husband was outside to wash our porch when he saw a UFO flying directly over our house … At first I didn’t believe him and I thought it was just flashes and lightning. However, my husband insisted and claimed that the object had landed at Simpson’s Rest, on the mountain directly behind our house. When he landed, he produced sparks that seemed to come out of the bottom of this mysterious object, ”Dorothy related.

«I had my phone in my hand and started recording what was happening. I regret that the quality of the video is not the best, but you can see very well the bright UFO behind the roof of our house, which later disappeared without a trace, as if it had vanished.

To clear up any confusion, it should be noted that the UFO in question is spherical and can be seen somewhat below the luminous sign of the city of Trinidad (as specified by the witness in English in the video).

UFO Lands On A Mountain In Trinidad Simpson's Rest Mountain, in the background, during the day.
UFO Lands On A Mountain In Trinidad
Simpson’s Rest Mountain, in the background, during the day.

The mountain where the UFO would have landed owes its name to George S. Simpson, a famous explorer, merchant and pioneer who settled in what is now the city of Trinidad in 1848. History tells us that the explorer survived an attack by the Ute natives when hiding in a recess of the mountain for three days. When he died years later, he asked to be buried in that place.

The landscape from Simpson’s Rest is amazing, from there you can see the entire city of Trinidad, the Purgatory River and its valley. Would the UFO be there for this view?

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