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The Origins of Norse Elves

Santa Claus, Keebler cookies, and overloaded shelves. If a person speaks of elves, the brain frequently goes to those who work for Santa or Keebler, or those that hide from small kids in the middle of night. All these are their roles in popular culture now, but it’s likely unsurprising to see that their roots stem from sources less merry and jolly. Instead, one of the first depictions of the elven race would be the ancient medieval sagas and poems of wars, gods, and even death.

Elves in Pagan and Christian Times

Germanic in character, the mythology of the elven race stems in the pre-Christian Norse religion and language. In Old Norse, elves are known as álfar, although this term can be broken up into subcategories. It’s long been considered that elves are creatures of light and goodness, but that is a misinterpretation of earlier texts. Elves in biblical literature are usually described as beautiful, slender, tall creatures with pale hair and skin, and unknowable magical abilities. The elves were very fluid creatures which didn’t adhere to regular gender or sexual roles. Further, occasionally these beings were considered gods or demi-gods, but they were above the human race.

The elves were broken down into classes of light and the dark elves, probably first by Snorri Sturluson in the 13th century. It’s likely that this division of the elven race arose when Christianity became dominant. In the pagan religion, elves were capable of both positive and negative moralities, just like the Faer folk of ancient Ireland, England, and Scotland. Yet beings with dual natures did not translate well to the early medieval Christian faith. The closest comparison these writers could create was one with demons and angels –i.e., the followers of a good God versus the followers of a dark devil. Therefore, the álfar were similarly split into good and bad, or the ljósálfar and dökkálfar, respectively.

The Elves’ Homes

The good elves lived either above ground or in Álfheimr, one of the nine worlds of Norse mythology specifically for the elven race, while the dark elves lived like dwarves in the ground.  Snorri goes so far as to reference a separate realm for the dark elves called Svartálfaheimr, thus explaining the use of svartálfar to describe the “black-elves” in his Prose Edda.

However, the use of svartálfar has been speculated by linguistic researchers as either synonymous with the dökkálfar or the dwarves; in the Gylfaginning (dictated in Snorri’s Edda), the dwarf Andvari (who later creates the ring which causes strife between Brunhild the Valkyrie and her lover’s wife, Gudrun) is described as being from Svartálfar. Thus it is not without merit to postulate that the dark elves themselves are merely dwarves–longstanding enemies of the elves–improperly renamed due to Christian misunderstandings.

Literary Works Interpreting the Role of Elves in Norse Mythology

One should be wary of the most valued texts referencing the Old Norse religion and elves. The aforementioned Snorri Sturluson is most often mentioned, as he was among the first authors who took the oral histories (i.e. sagas) of the pre-Christian Scandinavians and wrote them into a coherent codex. However, because of the second, third, and fourth-hand nature of the retellings of legends discussing elves and other aspects of Norse beliefs, and the fact that Snorri was trying to understand a pagan world through Christian eyes, much of the accuracy of his work is debatable. Nonetheless, Snorri’s work continues to be respected, because the Icelanders were converted to Christianity later than other cultures, and it is believed that the original pagan beliefs prevailed longer, allowing for a shorter time gap between the oral and written traditions.

According to Ph.D. candidate Alaric Hall from the University of Glasgow (2004), the business of elves is one of the few instances in which Snorri’s work is not as reliable as it is in other pre-Christian aspects. Instead, the poetry of the skalds (royal bards) is far more accurate regarding elves, as it is dated to the 9th century, just before the conversion of Iceland. In this poetry, the álfar (also sometimes written as álfr) are often mentioned in poems of mourning for fallen warriors. The earliest known skald, called Bragi inn gamli Boddason, provides álfr as an epithet for one of the strongest and bravest fallen warriors. (This is the equivalent of a warrior being called “god-like” or “shining” in Greek mythology.) It is therefore plausible that such an appellation indicates that elves were not merely an ethereal race wholly separate from humans, but valued as possessing skills and abilities humans could, and should, aspire to achieve.

A third valued work discussing Old Norse faith and elves is the Poetic Edda, a collection of tales written by an unknown author, likely written before Snorri’s text in the 13th century. The estimated dating of such an ambiguously authored poem is estimated due to subject matter, the names of poets and the style and meter of the poetry. As such, the Poetic Edda‘s estimated date could indicate that it was one of the many sources used by Snorri for his work–possibly in conjunction with the aforementioned poetry.

Despite the difficulty of recapturing the initial meaning of the álfar, whether light or dark, good or evil, or any combination of the two, the Nordic origins for elves has managed to survive in various forms because of the later efforts to preserve the Old North religion.

JRR Tolkien, renowned writer of The Lord of the Rings and advanced Anglo-Saxon and Germanic scholar, brought much of the accuracy of the ancient traditions into popular culture, seemingly endeavoring to do so without the biased Christian eye of historians like Snorri. While Tolkien’s work is obviously fictional, it is a valuable example of an attempt to bring the ancient into the present. Jacob Grimm, one of the two brothers who collected Germanic fairy tales, is another pertinent individual relating to the survival of elven traditions.

Thanks in large part to the dedication of the skaldic poets and post-conversion writers, authors such as Tolkien are able to reconstruct facets of the Old Norse beliefs, combating the ever-persistent elven toy-makers, cookie bakers, and (somewhat creepily) grinning Christmas puppets.

Publisher: Ancient Origins

Original link: http://www.ancient-origins.net/myths-legends-europe/diverse-nature-elves-norse-myth-beings-light-or-darkness-008327

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Miniature UFO Remains Rediscovered In The British Science Museum

Remains from a miniature UFO crash in North Yorkshire from over 60 years ago have seemingly been restored in the repository of the Science Museum in London.

In 1957, The Yorkshire Post released a story about the Silpho Saucer – a mysterious disc discovered in Yorkshire. Soon enough, it became famous as the British response to the US-based infamous Roswell event.

It all started when the businessman Frank Dickenson and his two friends were driving up Reasty Hill, near the village of Silpho.

They slowed down their car as they witnessed a gleaming object hovering in the sky which eventually landed in the Borax Forest.

Mr. Dickenson found the metallic debris of the saucer. However, upon his return with a friend, the object disappeared.

He soon published a notice in the Scarborough newspaper and finally managed to buy the saucer for £10.

When they opened the object, they found a small book made of “17 thin copper sheets covered in 2000 hieroglyphs.”

Philip Longbottom, Scarborough café owner, examined the disc. According to him, the disc was shipped to Earth by an alien called “Ullo” while the message threatened: ‘You will improve or disappear’.

The miniature UFO measured only 17.72 inches in diameter and weighed 33.07 Ibs. For many years, UFO believers were questioning what happened to the tiny artifact.

Recently, its remains were recovered inside a cigarette box at the British Science Museum.

Miniature UFO1

The parts of the Silpho artifact were sent to London in 1963 for study. The examination revealed the object involved “fused section of the metal and plastic from the outer casing, a length of hollow copper tubing and pieces from the copper booklet discovered inside.”

As BBC reports, the tests conducted at the time found that the artifact’s shell “contained lead and the copper parts […] of unusually high purity.” As a result, the UFO community became very excited.

However, a metallurgist said that the disc couldn’t have space origins since it wasn’t imperiled toward high temperatures.

Moreover, ever since it appeared, skeptics have doubted its genuineness. They insisted the object a fabrication created from a hot water cylinder in a garage.

Miniature UFO2

In the beginning, the scientific society didn’t want to believe this object was a real space visitor.

Air Chief Marshall Lord Dowding, who led the RAF during the Battle of Britain during WW2 had another opinion. Upon his analysis, he concluded the saucer was a genuine object from space.

Miniature UFO3

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True Giants: Giant Race Which Still Lives In The Solomon Islands

Recently, a new evidence suggesting giants are real surfaced in the location of the Solomon Islands. Researchers investigating the site heard and retold many stories famous among the native people there.

But, let’s start from the beginning. The Solomon Islands actually consists of about 1,000 islands. It is a sovereign state in Oceania, east of Papua New Guinea.

These islands are thought to have been populated by the Melanesian people for a long period of time.

In fact, in 1568, the Spanish explorer Alvaro de Mendaña found the islands and named them Islas Salomon (English: Solomon Islands).

In 1893, the UK founded a protectorate over the Islands. During the World War II, America and Japan had a severe fight over the Solomon Islands.

Most famous of them all was the Battle of Guadalcanal. Thus, many of the American citizens acknowledge the region by the name Guadalcanal.

The first European visitor of the islands was the aforementioned Alvaro de Mendaña who came from Peru.

Before the European approach, the people of Solomon Islands had scandalous habits of cannibalism and headhunting.

The capital of the Solomon Islands, Honiara, is located on the island of Guadalcanal, which is the title the Americans are aware of. However, the intense war between the Americans and the Japanese wasn’t the only conflict at the time.

The Solomon Islands

Japanese soldiers encountered a True Giant.

Marius Boirayon is the Research Director of the Solomon Anthropological Expedition Trust Board Incorporated and one of the people involved in the investigation process on the islands regarding the True Giants.

The Australian-based Boirayon lived and worked in the Solomon Islands as a helicopter pilot and engineer. He also married a Solomon native woman.

Not only he became a citizen there, he also became familiar with the islands’ culture and traditions. Among the stories, of course, were the tales about the giants.

In 2010, Boirayon published the book Solomon Island Mysteries. His work contained stories from the domestic people, including his wife.

He discovered that there were giants living on the islands and one of them was even over 10 foot tall.

These Guadalcanal Giants, as he likes to call them, have long black, brown or red hair, double eyebrows, red eyeballs, flat noses and wide mouths.

The photo beneath shows Harry Trumbore’s drawing of one of the Malaysian True Giants. This giant goes by the name of Orang Dalam (from The Field Guide of Bigfoot and Other Mystery Primates, 2006), as he was similar to the giants portrayed in this book.

Credit: Harry Trumbore

“The Solomon Islander are lacking the understanding that their Giant race [would be a] big scientific discovery to the rest of the World. Whether by design or not, it is appropriate that the Solomon Island’s National logo is ‘The Place That Time Forgot,’” said Boirayon.

Boirayan also gathered many eyewitness accounts of the True Giants. According to him, they are over 15 feet tall creatures that leave footprints around the construction sites of the Solomon Islands.

As per many local reports, the gigantic civilization lives inside the jungle mountain ranges of Guadalcanal. They have large cave systems over the entire island.

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Living alien recovered from 1969 – UFO landing site – USSR

IN 1968 (Correction 1969) during the cold war a video was recorded that would chock the world for decades. It was unclear whether this video evidence was true or not, but recently it became apparent that this video footage was real and an alien UFO did crash land on Soviet soil.

We all have seen the footage of Russian soldiers gathering near a so called UFO crash landing sight, but nobody knew whether this information was real or not. The general remark was there was no hardcore footage that would indicate this crash landing site had anything to do with extraterrestrials.

Until this week. This week, a lot of video’s were surfacing the dark web surrounding this event and they showed what was hidden for the public eye for more than 50 years. An extraterrestrial aircraft did crash to earth and one occupant was found alive by the Russian government.

My sources told me that the recently released footage of the alien were captured right after the crash site was investigated by the Russian government. The footage that was published earlier with the soldiers was recorded after the living alien was relocated to military facility. That military drill was only to make sure no evidence was lost.

The recording of the living alien was always kept a secret until footage of it was released on the dark web this week. According to my sources this footage was recorded right after the alien crash site was investigated by an international research team on the body of the living alien was transported to a military base near Moscow for further investigation.

According to my sources that are familiar with this footage, the UFO crash was real and the footage of the alien body was top secret until it was leaked on the dark web. My sources did not know what happened to the living alien. I’ll try to get more information on this amazing footage that was leaked this week, but I’ll tell you, it’s going to though. Make sure to subscribe to get more updates on this amazing story… Intergalactic peace!

Source: UFO Today

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