Connect with us

Planet Earth

The Only Place On Earth Like Mars Habitat

The Only Place On Earth Like Mars Habitat 86

Movile Cave Video


Movile Cave

Being silent for many years, the accidental discovery of some Romanian specialists conducting geodesic studies in 1986 for the location of a thermal power station near the Black Sea at Mangalia, the Movile Cave was to be considered one of the greatest discoveries of the century that revolutionized the theories of life on earth.
The Earth has few places away from a possible nuclear attack, and one of them is in Romania. We talk about Movile cave in Dobrogea, completely isolated from the outside

The epochal discovery made by researcher Cristian Lascu was certified ten years later by NASA researchers who brought to Mangalia an ultra-sophisticated mobile laboratory and a team of scientists who launched a research project in collaboration with Romanian counterparts.

Unveiled in a mining pit, it is one of the world’s most famous caves, 240 meters long, with gorgeous and spectacular galleries. It is a relatively small cave, with narrow passages covered with clay. It has developed especially horizontally with a few cavities not exceeding 3 meters.

Movile Cave
Movile Cave

The Movile Cave, near Mangalia, would amaze the whole scientific world with the discovery of life in a unique chemoautotrophic ecosystem, totally isolated from the terrestrial atmosphere and perpetuated in a subterranean world hostile to humans, animals or plants living on the surface.

For the first time when life was discovered in the most obscure landforms, the underground life did not depend on the surface.

NASA’s Larry Lemke, who is working on a lifetime research mission on the Red Planet, has resembled the living conditions of the Movile cave with Mars and has suggested that there may have been life forms on this planet, 3.5 billion years ago, when Mars was warmer.

The case of the Movile cave brought back the hope of finding incipient life forms in the underground of the red planet, where there are hot water sources.

Movile’s inspiration also inspired the American scriptwriters who cast the movie “The cave,” in 2005, directed by Bruce Hunt.

But at Movile, biologists at the National Institute of Speleology have discovered a completely enclosed circle, a stable ecosystem made up of creatures and fungi, totally isolated and independent of the terrestrial surface, at only 20 feet deep based on chemosynthesis, and was completely separated from the outside environment for about 5.5 million years.

This has made one of the researchers who has discovered and studied the flora and fauna here to conclude that if, after a nuclear war, life on earth disappeared, this ecosystem would be a survivor.

The scientific exploration of Movile Cave, confesses Cristian Lascu, began only in 1990, during which time the cave was isolated.

“In total, there have been discovered 35 completely new species living in a very rich hydrogen sulphide environment with a very oxygen-rich atmosphere but rich in carbon dioxide and methane, somewhat resembling volcanic tailings Mars Planet, as NASA has later appreciated, “says Lascu.

The species found in this cave are most of the arthropods belonging to the Arachnida, Crustacea, Myriapoda and Insecta classes. Among the aquatic species, the specimens belong to Phyla Platyhelminthes (worms), Nematoda (worms), Rotifera, Annelida (segmented worms).

This cave is populated by raptors who take their nutrients from the few Nematoda species (worms) and Annelida (segmented worms), which, in turn, depend on chemically synthesizing organisms.

Also, new predatory species such as two pseudoscorpions, one myriapod, four spiders, and a water scorpion, the lizard living on the worms and a centipede about 5 centimeters long have been discovered. (A spider whose only nearby relative is found in the Canary Islands was discovered).

Movile Cave, one of the most unusual ecosystems, is populated with invertebrates that have adaptations due to underground life such as they have a depigmented body, regression, or total absence of the sense of vision, feed on bacteria and fungi that get energy from hot sulfur sulfurous springs under the cave.

Movile cave
These autotrophic bacteria are a source of food for other heterotrophic bacteria and fungi. Together they form a bacterial mats and films, covering the walls of grottoes and surface water, especially in the third, the far-air bell, where the atmosphere is more “ethereal”, and serve as food for the local “herbivorous” fauna – isopods, springtails, woodlice, pseudoscorpions on hunted predators – 5-cm centipedes and spiders.

From a geological point of view, the cave is situated in the Moesica platform and dates back to the Quaternary.

With a total length of 300 meters, it is considered relatively small, with narrow passages that make up a labyrinth of low, 1-2 meter galleries with a rounded profile, dug in oolitic limestone and Sarmatian limestone.

The underground environment is very rich in hydrogen sulfide (8-12 mg / l), the oxygen level is quite low (max 10%), the carbon dioxide level is high (2-3.5%), while the methane level is quite high (1-2%).

The water in the cave has a different chemical composition than the nearby fountains, and in the sediment of the cave, there were no radioactive isotopes common in the soil of Romania after the 1986 Chernobyl accident.

The entrance to the cave is made by an artificially dug, followed by about 200 m of labyrinthine dry galleries with a rounded profile (1-2 m in height) and flooded (the siphons are represented by three relatively small air bells).

References:
  1. https://www.speologie.org
  2. https://stirileprotv.ro
  3. https://www.mangalianews.ro
  4. http://www.imperialtransilvania.com
  5. https://www.agerpres.ro

Source link

Comments

Planet Earth

Polar vortex: “wild” winter is coming in the US, Northern Europe and East Asia after the 16th of January

Polar vortex: "wild" winter is coming in the US, Northern Europe and East Asia after the 16th of January 99

In the upper atmosphere above the North Pole, experts saw a rapidly swirling vortex of cold air that could bring severe frosts to the United States, Northern Europe and East Asia. Serious cold snap and snowy weather are expected after January the 16th.

Snowfalls and a cold snap hit South Korea since the start of 2021, hitting historic snow maximums and temperatures. In the country, for the first time since 1964, television and newer communications are sending people cold snap warnings:

The situation is similar in Japan, where a new snow storm hit historic highs:

On January 7, the thermometer In Beijing dropped to -20 degrees Celsius, breaking the 1966 record. In other regions of China, the temperature is also not sugar, and you can only move around in special uniforms:

The cold even reached Taiwan, where the temperature in some areas dropped below freezing point, snow poured down and people realized that rice terraces can be used as a ski jump:

Even more snow went to Spain, where on January 6, 2021, a temperature of -34.1 ° C was recorded – the lowest on record. After that, a snow storm hit the country, which has not been seen for 80 years:

The same thing happens in Canada and in the northern states of the United States:

It seems that after a stratospheric warming, the subpolar vortex began to split:

The vortex itself is a standard phenomenon. However, this time experts were surprised at his movement. It is possible that in the near future it will be divided into two parts. 

Scientists associate the strange behavior with the changed climate in the Arctic, which has become warmer. From September to December, the amount of ice cover decreased significantly.

The polar vortex is a low-pressure region located in the stratosphere and filled with cold air. When the jet stream of air that holds the vortex weakens, the low pressure area moves south. 

As the ice shrinks, more moisture will move inland. It will turn to snow, so snowfalls are expected. Snow, in turn, reflects heat, leading to a cold snap.

Continue Reading

Planet Earth

Hospital in Naples was evacuated after a new, huge sinkhole appeared

Hospital in Naples was evacuated after a new, huge sinkhole appeared 100

Eyewitnesses said they heard a loud crash at dawn when a huge hole in the ground formed outside the Ponticelli Ospedale del Mare hospital in eastern Naples.

Early in the morning of January 8, 2021, a sinkhole occurred in the parking lot of a clinic in Naples. The depth of the formed cavity is about 20 meters, the total area of ​​the hole is about 2,000 square meters.

No casualties were found at the scene; firefighters say the sinkhole “affected an area of ​​about 500 square meters” and engulfed several cars parked near the hospital.

As the press writes and as a little can be seen from the videos, rescuers and firefighters were running around the pit together with the governor of the area.  But who should be there in the forefront are Italian geologists, since Naples stands in the very center of the volcanic system known as the Phlegrean Fields.

If the surface collapsed, moreover – the surface reinforced with concrete and reinforced from below with some kind of communications, then we are talking about serious soil deformations caused by the activity of magma.

Italy has been in doubt since the summer of 2020, because swarms were observed there in very atypical places in May, and according to the forecasts of old Italian seismologists, who had witnessed many strong earthquakes, it should have boomed in the August region.

Fortunately, nothing bad happened to Italy and there was no big earthquake. But, since there are swarms, it means that something is being prepared, the magma is gathering strength. 

Following this particular sinkhole event – an obvious sign that a major earthquake in Italy is already very close.

Continue Reading

Planet Earth

A new great pandemic cycle has begun (again) in China

A new great pandemic cycle has begun (again) in China 101

In the first months of 2020, the whole world with a certain fright followed the events unfolding in China, where people fell on the streets during the day and astronauts wandered, and in the evening crematoria began to smoke. And now, with the onset of December, the cycle seems to be repeating itself.

Shunyi area in Beijing, where the authorities announced “wartime status” the day before. As you can see in the videos, thousands of people are lined up in the queue for mandatory testing:

Dalian city, where “wartime” is also declared. Neighborhoods are blockaded, people are walled up in entrances, familiar characters of George Lucas roam the streets:

https://twitter.com/UndergroundSilk/status/1341741036297723905?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw

Chinese ‘rescuers’, before performing a combat mission:

Chengdu City:

Daluo Port, Yunnan – tourists came for adventure and they received the ‘time of their life’ after leaving the ramp:

If something happens in Beijing, it does not mean that tomorrow the same will happen everywhere. However, the trend towards such dynamics is observed and, as the practice of the first wave of the pandemic has shown, all countries and people, to one degree or another, have taken into account the ‘Chinese experience’. 

Therefore, one must think that everything will now be in peace, as in spring – a new global round of the fight against the Covid has begun in China, a new great pandemic cycle!

Continue Reading
Advertisement

DO NOT MISS

Trending