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Ancient

The old ships of Atlantis

Flight technology could not be an exclusive invention of current humans, there are indications that ancient civilizations like Atlantis, would have mastered this thousands of years ago.

The Wright brothers might not have been the first to fly one in a rudimentary ship, Zeppelin would not have been the first to launch an airship to the heavens.

Ancient civilizations, today lost, have left some traces that would show that they also flew using technology created in those remote years.

Alternative researchers have argued that today’s humanity would have only rediscovered the principles and technology to fly, which other civilizations thousands of years ago, already used.

Hot air balloons on the plains of Nasca

This is a possibility that has been raised by researchers: old Nasca designed and built hot air balloons that allowed them to fly over the plains, and incidentally achieve the great feat of the ancient world: Nasca Lines.

Ancestral technology: the ancient ships of Atlantis
The “astronaut” in Nasca. Credit: Diego Delso / Wikimedia commons / alaudun.blogspot.com.

According to the researcher Jim Woodman, this would be possible using the materials that the people of Nazca had available at that time. Woodman consulted Julian Nott, pioneer of the modern balloon movement.

Nott, initially skeptical, decided to test Woodman’s suggestion. A baloon was built, with the same materials from that region.

Nott said in a statement:

When Jim Woodman approached me with the idea that the people who created the Nasca lines could have seen him from the hot air balloons, I was intrigued but remained skeptical. Even successfully we flew in a balloon that could have been built by the people of Nasca a thousand years ago. And while I don’t see any evidence that the Nasca civilization has flown, it is beyond doubt that they could have flown. ”

Ancestral technology: the ancient ships of Atlantis
Nasca’s hot air balloon. Courtesy: nott.com

Nott adds that, «if the Nasca people flew, why not other civilizations could have done it?

Vimanas: flying ships in ancient India

According to the Vedas, ancient texts of India, the Vimanas were related to religious mysticism; However, over the years, researchers found factors (in the manuscripts) that could reveal advanced technology in ancient times.

The writings present in museums in India and universities, have detailed descriptions of airplanes built in the remote past. The texts describe the use of advanced technology, characteristics of the construction of ships and their flight.

Ancestral technology: the ancient ships of Atlantis
Vimanas Representation

In addition, the Vedas mention air wars and a atomic war originated between an ancient city of what is now northern India and another unknown location somewhere in the gobi desert.

Indeed, a region of the Gobi desert stands out for the presence of green glass nodule and radioactivity. It should be noted that vitrification occurs when the soil is exposed to very high temperatures.

Ancestral technology: the ancient ships of Atlantis
Possible vimana in an old Indian text

Another ancient text, El Ramayana, describe the vimanas as follows:

The Vimanas were shaped like a sphere and sailed through the heavens raising a strong wind. Men aboard the Vimanas could thus cover great distances in a surprisingly short period of time, since the man who was driving did so at will by flying from the bottom up, from the top down, forward or backward. ”

Airships of Atlantis

The Atlantis, the mythical city that was buried by the waters after a terrible catastrophe, remains part of the mystery to this day.

Ancestral technology: the ancient ships of Atlantis
Representation of an airship of Atlantis

References from this ancient and possible place date back to Plato, who described it as “a great island beyond the columns of Hercules.”

Over the years, other researchers have pinpointed its location near the Bimini Islands in the Caribbean.

Far apart from the enigma of its own existence, it is mentioned that Atlantis possessed advanced technology, created by a sophisticated civilization which would have used artifacts, ships, and other devices that would even surpass those existing today.

It is described that the “lost continent” (as some people call it) possessed technology such as underwater ships, motorized ships, a crystal of enormous power that provided energy to the city. But there is something, which has been mentioned very little: airships that could cross the sky of Atlantis, and they would have even explored the rest of the world.

An author who first discussed the possibility of flight technology in ancient times is William Scott-Elliot in his book «The Story of Atlantis and the Lost Lemuria»(«The History of Atlantis and Lost Lemuria»), published in 1909.

Ancestral technology: the ancient ships of Atlantis
Sumerian art representation. An old vimana?

Scott-Elliot mentions advanced technology: airplanes that crossed the skies in silence being driven by an energy lost in the past and unknown today (the ether?)

However, the Scott-Elliot version is not based on direct evidence, it is based on sessions of «Remote Vision» in which he manifested to visualize the ancient machines of Atlantis.

According to Scott-Elliot, the ships of Atlantis were not constructed of metal or wood, but of a material not known at present, of great hardness, strength and low weight. Some metals were also used, but in a strange alloy, mainly red and white.

Ancestral technology: the ancient ships of Atlantis
Representation of possible water vehicle in the remote past

He also mentions that the ships had a boat shape and glowed in the dark as if they were coated with a special paint.

Some scholars believe that Atlantis might exist at the same time as lost civilizations of ancient India, so they could establish business relations; This was 15,000 to 20,000 years ago.

And if both civilizations existed at the same time, it would explain the presence of flight technology in both possible ancient cultures. We may not have been the first to fly, and that action was just a memory we lost in time.

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Ancient

Researchers will determine the age of the ‘Giant of Cerne Abbas’ geoglyph

Phillip Toms of the University of Gloucestershire and his colleagues will study samples taken from the elbows and feet of the Giant of Cairn-Abbas, the famous geoglyph located in the English county of Dorset. Scientists want to clarify the age of this image.

The Giant was carved on a hillside near the present village of Cerne Abbas. Due to the removal of the surface soil layer, the Cretaceous rock was exposed, and as a result, an image of a naked man appeared. Its height is 55 meters, width – 51 meters (due to arms apart). In his right hand he holds a club with a length of 37 meters. Studies have shown that the giant had a cloak draped over his left hand.

The first mention of the Giant of Cerne Abbas in written sources dates back to November 4, 1694. In the “Reports of Church Ministers from St. Mary’s Church in Cerne Abbas” on this date it is indicated that three shillings were spent on the “restoration of the giant”. In 1734, the Giant was described by the Bishop of Bristol, who examined the local landmark during a visit to Cerne Abbas. Four years later, the giant was mentioned in a letter by the antique dealer Francis Wise, and in 1764 he was discussed at a meeting of the London Society of Antiquaries.

Scientists have not yet agreed on whether it appeared in the 16th century or was created earlier. There are currently three main theories. According to one of them, the Giant was carved in a hillside on the orders of the local Lord Denzil Holles and is a caricature of Oliver Cromwell. Halls and Cromwell, although both sided with parliament, were fierce political opponents, and Cromwell even put forward charges against Holz of clandestine ties with King Charles I, who was in besieged Oxford. The version of Halls’s connection with the Giant of Cerne Abbas is based on a report from the 18th century antiquary John Hutchins, who mentioned in a letter that the estate manager told him that “the figure was modern, carved in the time of Lord Hall”.

Proponents of another theory believe that the Giant dates back to Roman times. They note the similarity of the figure with the traditional images of Hercules , which became especially noticeable after the discovery of traces of the cloak (in this version the “cloak” is considered the skin of a Nemean lion). Finally, the third version connects the Giant of Cerne Abbas with Celtic culture. Its appearance is caused by the similarity of the Giant with the image of the Celtic god on the handle of the pan found in Hod Hill in Dorset, which dates from about 10-51 years of our era.

Current researchers intend to use optically stimulated luminescent dating, which allows us to establish how long ago sunlight was exposed to minerals for the last time. “It is likely that the tests will give us a range of dates, not a specific age, but we hope that they will help us better understand and take care of this famous landmark,” says archaeologist Martin Papworth.

Gordon Bishop, chairman of the historical society of Cerne Abbas, said that although some villagers “would prefer the age and origin of the Giant to remain a mystery,” most would like to know at least if he is ancient or only a few hundred years old.

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Ancient

The mystery of the Anasazi, the mystical “tree of life”

In the XII century BC, when the pharaohs and kings ruled the world, representatives of the Indian Anasazi culture lived on the territory of the American states of Colorado, Utah, Arizona and New Mexico. 

They are known for having built the huge city of Pueblo Bonito, on the main square of which a 6-meter pine tree grew. Since there were no other trees growing near the settlement, it was believed that the giant pine tree was sacred to the Anasazi people and was used for religious purposes . However, this assumption was recently rejected because American scientists found that the tree originally grew in a completely different place.

Computer-recreated image of a pueblo bonito with a huge pine tree in the main square

The Tree of Life in the USA

About how scientists managed to dispel myths about the “tree of life” of the city of Pueblo Bonito, was described in the scientific journal ScienceAlert. A settlement of 8,000 square meters, consisting of more than 650 rooms, was first discovered in 1849 by Lieutenant of the American Army, James Simpson. The initial excavations were carried out from 1896 to 1900, during which archaeologists found rooms and other parts of the city. The remains of a tall tree of the species Oregon pine ( Pinus ponderosa ), which was given the name “tree of life”, were found only in 1924.

Photos from the excavation site of Pueblo Bonito

A pine tree was found under the topsoil, and scientists were surprised that the tree survived well even after several hundred years. The leader of the expedition, Neil Judd, shared that the tree had huge roots, so in those days, scientists were sure that the tree originally grew in its place. However, then the researchers came to the conclusion that they deal only with parts of the roots, and not with the entire root system. In addition, at the time of discovery, the tree lay on the ground, so it could be assumed that it had no sacred status and the ancient inhabitants of Pueblo Bonito dragged it from a completely different place.

This assumption was proved after scientists studied the tree rings inside the trunk and found evidence that the tree grew in the Chuska massif. It is located about 80 kilometers from Pueblo Bonito, so researchers can not even imagine how the ancient people managed to move a huge pine tree to such a great distance. Most likely, representatives of the ancient culture did not cut down the tree, but it fell by itself. It could be assumed that the trunk was subsequently dragged, but nearby archaeologists did not find any such traces. Also, they do not know in what position the tree was placed inside the city – it could stand like a pillar or lay along with other logs intended for construction.

Cross section of a sample taken from a tree found in Pueblo Bonito Square

Mysteries of Antiquity

Be that as it may, at the moment the myth of the sacredness of the tree inside the city of Pueblo Bonito can be considered dispelled. But not only the tree, but also the settlement itself was shrouded in riddles. The fact is that people in it clearly did not live on a permanent basis, because on the earth no objects were found that representatives of the Indian Anasazi culture used daily. It turns out that people visited this place only on special occasions and temporarily lived in hundreds of small “houses”, some of which were multi-levelled. Most likely, during mass gatherings, people shared sacred knowledge and performed rituals.

Sacred ceremonies could be held inside the city of Pueblo Bonito, but the tree clearly did not play any role in them.

In general, the city of Pueblo Bonito can be called as important a historical site as Stonehenge in the UK. But it was not preserved as well as it could, because it was built in a very dangerous place. Near the building was a 30-meter rock, part of which weighed more than 30 thousand tons and for many centuries risked collapse. That is why it was known as “threatening rock.” Ultimately, the collapse occurred in 1941 and a rock damaged one of the great walls of the city and some dwellings.

“Threatening rock” before and after the fall

In general, on our planet there are a huge number of historical objects surrounded by secrets. For example, on the island of Easter located in the southeastern Pacific Ocean, there are more than 800 huge statues called moai. Locals still believe that they contain the supernatural power of their ancestors. But recently, scientists have found that they were used by ancient people for other purposes.

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Ancient

Druids of Scotland used lightning in their rites

Kallanish Stone Circle (Lewis Island, Scotland) (ss) Chmee28

A magnetic anomaly was discovered at the site of the ancient Druidic sanctuary in Callanish on Lewis Island in Scotland as reported by the scientific portal Heritage Daily on March 18.

Participants in the Callanish virtual reconstruction project, led by the University of St Andrews and the University of Bradford, have identified a potential connection between the ancient stone circles on Lewis Island and the forces of nature. In the place of the sanctuary, called Irig on Binna Big, also known as Callanish XI, so far there is only one standing stone – the last remaining from the stone circle.

The project team, based on geophysical data, stated that in the center of the sanctuary there was a strong magnetic anomaly with a diameter of about 20 meters. Researchers believe that the anomaly was the result of a powerful lightning strike or a series of strokes about 4,000 years ago. Project manager Dr. Richard Bates of the University of St Andrews said on this occasion:

“Such clear evidence of lightning strikes is extremely rare in the UK, and communication with this stone circle is unlikely to be accidental.”

Bates said it was not known what attracted lightning. It could be a tree or rock, which is no longer there, or the megaliths themselves. “However, this remarkable evidence suggests that the forces of nature could be closely related to the daily life and beliefs of the early farming communities on the island,” he added. The project team hopes to return to Lewis next year to conduct further research in Callanish both on land and in waters, where the old landscape was flooded with rising sea levels.

“The significant results of the Lewis study show that we must understand the landscapes surrounding these ritual monuments, and the role that nature and natural phenomena, including lightning, played in creating rituals and beliefs of people many thousands of years ago,” Professor Vincent Gaffney of Bradford University said.

Callanish on the Scottish island of Lewis, part of the Outer Hebrides archipelago, is an ancient cult site that is one of the most famous monuments of megalithic culture in the British Isles. Callanish includes 19 megalithic objects. The megalithic stones of the shrines were erected during the Neolithic period between 2900 and 2600 BC. e. for worship by Druid priests. Previously, other shrines also existed at this place.

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