On April 5, 33 AD, with difficulty carrying a roughly hewn cross on his shoulders, Jesus walked through the narrow streets of Jerusalem and climbed a mountain called Lobnaya, or in Hebrew – Golgotha. There the execution took place and He was crucified, and with him the robbers Gestas and Dismas.
This happened on Friday, and since the next day was Great Saturday, which was a holiday for the Jews, they turned to the procurator of Judea, the Roman Pontius Pilate, with a request, so as not to desecrate the bodies of those executed on the bright holiday, to order the crucified to break the bones on their feet and remove them from crosses. In principle, this was quite commonplace, since execution by crucifixion involved not only nailing or tying the convict to the crossbeams, but also breaking his bones before death on the cross. It is understandable that after this death occurred much faster and became painful. Pilate nodded graciously in agreement: he, too, did not want to drag out the disgusting procedure.
According to the Gospel and other historical books, the centurion Gaius Cassius Longinus was present at the scene of the execution as an official representative of the Roman authorities. A cunning and experienced man, Guy could no longer fight because of his sight – both eyes were struck by a cataract, and the centurion was very poorly seen. But he heard well and deftly knew how to confuse human souls, so he was sent to the colonial army of the Romans in Jerusalem, to the restless Judea to help and subordinate Pontius Pilate: to deal with issues of religion and politics. That is, in modern terms, ensure security and perform counterintelligence functions.
In his hand, the centurion held an old spear with a long sharp tip of more than half a meter length – according to legend, the ancient prophet Phineus supposedly dug it to accumulate magical powers. As a true pagan, Longin believed in magic and specially found this spear, about which all sorts of legends and fables told. Guy preferred to keep it with him at all times, so that it would not fall into alien, hostile hands.
It was not in vain that Guy Cassius received his salary and ate his bread, washed it down with wine – for more than two years, constantly remaining in the shadows, he closely watched the activities of the crucified Christ now, making many informers with his own eyes. And then, when they came to kill his executed legs and already killed one and the other, an extraordinary and unexpected thing happened to the centurion – he suddenly believed in Jesus Christ! And when the Jews wished to cut Christ’s legs too, the Roman sharply prevented this, remembering that, according to the ancient prediction, all the bones of the Messiah should remain intact.
Having believed at the time of the crucifixion of the Son of God, the Messiah and the Savior of the human race, Cassius decided on an extraordinary act that forever inscribed his name in History – he pierced with his unusual spear the right side of Christ between the fourth and fifth ribs: the traditional blow of the Roman legionnaires for verification, is alive or not crucified? If he is dead, then neither blood nor water will flow from the wound.
Both blood and water flowed out of the Savior’s wound, and at that moment the centurion miraculously received sight! The executioners were deprived of the opportunity to break the bones of Jesus, and the ancient prophecy came true: “let his bones not be broken.” In some brief moment, the entire further history of mankind and the paths of its possible development were concentrated in the hands of the centurion – to subsequent generations, Guy Cassius became known as the Longinus Spearman, and his spear became one of the greatest Christian shrines. Later, one of the nails was nailed into his tip, which was nailed to the Savior’s cross. The legend says:
Together with the Spear, man takes the fate of the world into his own hands.
Hitler arrived in Vienna in 1909, when he was seventeen years old – he wanted to enter the Academy of Arts, but failed in the exams. His mother had already died, but there was still money left, and he placed his sister in the care of relatives.
Adolf lived in a cheap furnished room, slept for a long time, got up late and went to theaters or museums. One day he came to the Hofburg Palace, where numerous relics of the Austro-Hungarian Habsburg dynasty were kept. In one of the halls, Hitler suddenly felt a strange power.
“I slowly felt some kind of magical presence,” the Fuhrer later recalled. – I felt this feeling in those rare cases when I realized the great Destiny destined for me!
In a quiet museum hall, the incredible suddenly happened: when Adolf stood in front of the Spear, according to him, a window to the future seemed to open before him and in a short, unthinkable flash of light, he clearly saw the future. And suddenly he realized: he could very well become a kind of conductor of the transition of the Christian idea into a purely nationalist.
When the money ran out, Adolf moved to the overnight stay of the Vienna suburb of Meidling – there he cleaned the snow, worked as a porter, in the day work and painted, painted, painted – mainly the Spear Fate – and sold watercolors to foreign tourists.
As soon as there was at least some amount that allowed us not to think about food for a day or two, the future Fuhrer went to libraries and archives: he rummaged frantically in catalogs, manuscripts and books, trying to find any information about the magic Spear. Now it completely took possession of him and pulled imperiously for itself – the manic idea did not leave Adolf day or night, he subordinated everything only to her. He soon established: it turns out, “copies of fate” … a few! And each spear seriously claims to be the title of the original. How to distinguish the true among them.
One of the arrowheads was kept in the Vatican’s treasury, but Hitler rightly judged that the Holy Fathers hardly needed military world domination. Moreover, they did not at all insist that it was they and only they who had the original of Longinus’s Spear.
The second copy was in Paris, where he was once brought from the looted by the crusaders of Constantinople, the King of France, Saint Louis. The third arrowhead was in the Polish Krakow – the former capital of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. However, all the “Spears”, except for the one stored in the Vienna Hofburg Palace, turned out to be without inserts in the form of a nail. It made me think seriously. But to achieve a guaranteed result, it would be best to bring all the relics together.
The books said that after the Romans the Spear of Fate was owned by the Byzantine Emperor Constantine – at first he was a vicious persecutor of Christians, but then suddenly in 313 he legitimized Christianity throughout the empire, for which he received the nickname the Great, and later he was canonized and canonized. Another Byzantine emperor, Justinian, who owned the relic, became famous for his scholarship and unprecedented power.
By unknown means, the Spear fell into the hands of Karl Martell and, with his magical help, with a small army, he managed to stop and give a serious rebuff in 732 at the Battle of Poitiers to the Muslim conquerors. Later, the owner of the Spear of Destiny was the founder of the Carolingian dynasty, Charlemagne, who was elected emperor in 800 and united the peoples of Europe. After him, the relic passed into the hands of the German monarchs: Henry I the Fowler, Otgon of Saxony and Frederick I Barbarossa.
As a trophy, the magic Spear went to the Russian prince Yaroslav, the father of the legendary Alexander Nevsky, but in the end the greatest Christian relic appeared in the Golden Horde, in the greedy hands of Mamaia – not knowing the true value of the “rusty piece of iron”, the khan gladly exchanged it for the Moscow prince Dmitry on two captured murz. And Dmitry, having received the Spear of Fate, utterly defeated the Horde on the Kulikovo field.
In 1410, the Spear adorned the treasury of the founder of the Jagiellonian dynasty, the Lithuanian prince Jagiello: it was presented to him by the Russian sovereign, a descendant of the Donskoy, as a sign of brotherhood and common victory over the German knights. Is this not the spear that is kept in Krakow?
But further research said: no, not that! All this is far from it, the real Spear of Destiny during the Swedish occupation of Poland fell into the hands of Charles XII – a young and greedy king-conqueror, simply obsessed with wars and campaigns. But the king died during the siege of one of the fortresses, and years later, Marshal Bernadotte of France, who became regent of Sweden, reverently presented the ancient relic to Napoleon Bonaparte.
The Corsican did not know defeat until in the burning Moscow captured by the French, the Russian partisan Kuzma Netkach, risking his life, failed to steal the relic and deliver it to the Tarutino camp of Field Marshal Kutuzov. In 1813, before his death, Mikhail Illarionovich bequeathed to transfer the Spear of Longin to the most experienced military leader of Europe and Napoleon’s implacable enemy to the Austrian Marshal Blucher. So the Spear of Destiny was in Vienna. So this is where the real relic is? After all, composer Richard Wagner and philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, adored by Hitler, specially came to the Hofburg to bow to her.
But the most important thing that Adolf learned from books and manuscripts was that the Spear of Destiny served as a spiritual symbol of the creation of the Teutonic Order – a union of German knight-monks, welded together by the most severe discipline.
Wandering aimlessly through the alleys of the park or sitting on a bench, Hitler pondered for hours on what he had managed to learn about the Spear of Destiny, and gradually came to the conclusion that the ancient relic he had seen in the hall of the Hofburg Palace and the sensations he experienced was a sign from above that indicates to the possibility of discovering new, ready to change ways of development of the peoples and states of Europe, and even the whole world!
“Yes, it is undoubtedly the key to power and my own destiny,” he muttered, as if in a feverish delirium. “I will reveal all his mystical secrets!”
At the age of twenty-four, Hitler left Vienna, deciding to move to Munich, where he registered with the police as a stateless person. But he left Vienna with firm certainty that he would return here, would certainly return. Even if it was not possible to enter the Academy of Arts, but other, much more important knowledge was obtained. Adolf almost felt like a new prophet. He already understood: to implement the ideas of the rule of nationalism, you need to create your own military “knightly” order.
On November 8, 1923, the newly-minted leader of the National Socialists, Adolf Hitler, who was twice wounded in the war, started a “new national revolution” on the eve of the anniversary of Germany’s surrender, called the “Beer Putsch.” The speech failed, but when Hitler and the other putschists were tried in Munich on February 26, 1924, Hitler skillfully made heated speeches and quickly earned the fame of a patriot and an implacable fighter with the left. He was sentenced to five years of imprisonment in the Landsberg fortress for “treason”, but Hitler served only a few months and then did not lose time in vain – Mein Kampf was born in prison.
The crowd is a woman who loves the ruler more than the supplicant! Hitler remarked cynically and rather aptly, stepping outside the prison gates. – Who owns the crowd, he owns the street! Of course, in the broad sense of the word. And whoever owns the street owns all of Germany!
His populist propaganda and cynical ideology of National Socialism were very accurately calculated for the crowd, for the people of the street – dysfunctional, hungry, humiliated by terrible military defeats, but still retaining the memory of past glory. In 1933, year after year, nineteen centuries after Jesus ascended Golgotha, Hitler gained 17.5 million votes in the Reichstag elections and came to power. Coincidence, or is there a hidden, still unsolved secret meaning in this?
Further events rolled at an appalling speed – there was already a “black order” of the SS, when one of the most far-sighted politicians in Europe, and even the world, wise by experience and always very friendly with special services, who informed him a lot about the Vienna period of the Fuhrer’s life and his hobbies, “British intelligence has long been considered the strongest,” Sir Winston Churchill said in desperation:
Why can’t we stop him ?! Why our sheep in the government do not understand: now he will move to Austria – he needs Vienna and the Spear of Destiny! As soon as he possesses it, Hitler’s plans to establish world domination will immediately move from the field of theory to the bloodiest and most terrifying practice!
Churchill was absolutely right – in 1938, General Keitel’s troops and Guderian’s black tanks pushed across the borders and soon found themselves on the streets of old Vienna, tightly surrounding the Hofburg Palace. The Führer went to Linz and there eagerly awaited the report of the SS Reichsfuhrer Heinrich Himmler, who was instructed to personally monitor the seizure and protection of the ancient relic – Adolf was seriously afraid that at the very last moment the Spear of Fate could inexplicably slip out of his hands as it slipped out of his hands Napoleon in burning Moscow.
Finally Himmler reported – everything is in order! And Hitler immediately arrived in Vienna, where he took the best room in the Imperial Hotel. The Fuehrer was informed about the seizure of the relic and the provision of its delivery to Nuremberg was entrusted to Martin Bormann’s father-in-law, the well-known Adolf Walter Buch, who had more than once carried out many of the leader’s secret assignments.
Soon Hitler himself rushed to the Hofburg Palace. Giving a sign to his retinue and the guard to stay, he entered the vault alone and shut the door tightly behind him. He stayed there for over two hours, and no one dared to disturb him. What was going on there? Adolf Hitler took this great secret with him. But there is no doubt: this is a very tragic time for the past XX century.
A year later, the partition of Poland took place, and ancient Krakow with its relic was in the hands of the “black order”. Then Paris fell, and the third relic also fell into the hands of Adolphe, and he could always reach the fourth, which was kept in the Vatican, with the help of Duce, the Italian fascist dictator Benito Mussolini. Here is what was once conceived by him, oddly enough, happened!
After the Anschluss of Austria, Hitler openly announced his claims to world domination and the establishment of a “new world order” – after all, the Spear of Destiny was already in his hands! And after the capture of Krakow and Paris, the question of a large campaign to the East – the traditional direction of the German conquests – became only a matter of time.
Why, possessing all the ancient relics, did Hitler never win? Apparently, God opposed this, since it is impossible to put Christian shrines at the service of the dark forces. A great mystery and mystery, which until now has not been resolved: how and under what unclear circumstances did the Führer lose the Spear of Destiny stored in Nuremberg? Almost unbelievable, but true – it was in the hands of the commander of the American army, General Dwight Eisenhower. Perhaps that is why Hitler persistently sent Otto Skorzeny, the best saboteur of the Third Reich, to hunt him. However, he was also not lucky.
After the victorious May 1945, the relic, along with other military trophies, was delivered to the United States, and Eisenhower presented it to President Harry Truman, who took the place of the deceased Roosevelt. There is information that the Soviet special services after the liberation of Vienna were very interested in the Spear of Fate – do not forget: Joseph Stalin had, albeit incomplete, but a church education. He studied at a theological seminary and knew much more than jury atheists. However, the Spear was already taken by the Americans. A number of years later, they returned it to the Austrians, and now it is again in the Hofburg Palace. The circle of times has closed, and the ancient relic has taken its place. Hopefully, forever!
The mysterious death of an equally mysterious tourist
No one ever found out who this man was, what his name was and where he lived and worked. He did not hide his face and allowed many to take pictures of himself, but so far no one has identified him. And his death turned out to be frighteningly strange.
The term “hiking” in the United States refers to long walks in the fresh air, mainly in the lap of nature. And “hikers” are those who are fond of it. Hiking does not require special equipment and preparation, because the walking routes are laid along well-known paths, where there are no difficult obstacles and which pass near settlements.
Many outdoor enthusiasts, including the elderly and the disabled, practice hiking in the United States. They usually take with them a backpack, some supplies of food and water, as well as a tent if they plan to spend the night away from the settlements.
In April 2017, the man walked outside New York City and walked 2,200 miles on the Appalachian Trail, a well-known hiking trail. Then he walked the Florida Trail through Key West. It had been a long and arduous journey, but he did it easily.
Along the way, the man encountered many people, but did not tell anyone his name and seemed a little strange. He quickly became famous among other hikers and earned the nicknames “Denim” and “Mostly Harmless” from them, because his favorite book was “The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy”.
Everyone he met on the trails later described him as a friendly, likeable and cheerful person who had a friendly and smiling face, but at the same time tried to stay away from other hikers. He was often asked to come on a visit to wash, dine or do laundry, but he most often turned down these offers, preferring to spend the night in his tent or in tourist hostels.
What happened to him later turned into a real detective riddle, which no one has yet solved. On July 23, 2018, two hikers, Nikolaus Horton and Logan Bull, were passing through a site called Camp Noble at Big Cypress National Reserve in Collier County, Florida. Suddenly, not far from the trail, they noticed what seemed to them an abandoned tent of bright yellow color, and out of curiosity they came closer.
Inside the tent, they found something that shook them to the core, there was the dead body of another hiker, which looked unusual even for a corpse:
“His body was twisted, and his eyes were wide open and looked straight at me.” – said Horton.
Outwardly, it was a man between the ages of 30 and 50 with a beard, but as thin and haggard as a prisoner of a concentration camp. Near the tent were his boots, walking sticks, and in the tent there was a backpack with things, a wallet with $ 3,640 in cash, and two notebooks covered with travel notes and some sort of computer-like codes.
The hikers called the police and soon an investigation was launched into the death of the unknown traveler. His body weighed only 83 pounds (37 kg) and all over it appeared that he died of severe exhaustion.
This immediately seemed very strange to everyone, because not far from this place was a road where there were eateries and cafes, and the dead man had a lot of money. Then the investigation was faced with the problem of identifying the corpse, it turned out that his prints were not in the police database, and a sample of his DNA sent for research at the University of North Texas did not show any similarity to any of the samples from the national databases.
Detectives looked through hundreds of cases of missing people in the United States to try to find a photo of a similar person, but this also did not lead to any result. Only later, when the portrait of the deceased began to be shown to other hikers, one of them recognized the deceased as a man nicknamed “Mostly harmless.”
One of the first to recognize him was a woman named Kelly Fairbanks, who said that she met him on the routes and talked, and he told her that he left New York and was walking the trails to Key West. For some time they walked along the path and Kelly spoke of him as a kind and very nice person with good eyes.
“I was surprised that he didn’t have a phone with him, it’s strange for hikers not to take the phone, and then we wished each other a good journey and said goodbye. So sorry for him, but he died doing what he loved.”
Then many more were found with whom “Harmless” met on the trails between New York and Key West, and they all told about the same. Many even photographed him as a keepsake. No one, however, knew his name, or who he worked for, whether he had family or friends.
It was discovered that he once registered at the hostel under the name Ben Bilemi, but this name was not listed in any of the US databases, so it was assumed that it was a pseudonym. Hikers could not name a single trait of “Harmless” by which it was possible to identify his identity. He did not have an unusual accent, and among his things, only unusual codes in his notebook indicated that he could be associated with computer scientists. One of the hikers claimed that Harmless once told him that he was working in the high-tech industry, but that was the only statement of this kind.
The police were taken aback. Who was this guy? Where did he come from and where did he live? If he worked in the field of IT technology, then why did no company identify him when his photos were repeatedly shown on TV? Was he engaged in some kind of secret activity, with which his strange death could be connected? In the meantime, a medical examination of Harmless’s corpse presented new puzzles.
Experts have never been able to find the cause of his death. He did not have any dangerous diseases, moreover, he was in general surprisingly in excellent health. The only clue was extreme exhaustion.
And this exhaustion was also very unusual, because it turned out that some other hikers met “Harmless” just before they found him dead, while he did not look exhausted at all. The photographs of “Harmless” taken as a souvenir by these hikers proved the veracity of their words.
All this made the case even more strange and incomprehensible, but on this the investigation finally stood up. Even the active dissemination of his photographs on social networks did not help in the hope that Internet users would recognize him.
This man did not hide his face, he had a cheerful and kind disposition, he seemed not afraid of anything and just enjoyed his rest on the trail. And then he suddenly died of extreme exhaustion in his tent, not far from the cafe and with a lot of money in his wallet. What happened to Harmless?
‘Alien’ message creativity. What the crop circles really hide
At the beginning of last month, an ordinary French farmer, Gerard Benoit, suddenly became famous throughout the district. Early in the morning of July 5, 2020, walking out into his field near the town of Vimy in the very north of the country, he found that it was hopelessly spoiled.
A little later, with the help of a drone, it turned out that the plots of crushed wheat form a gigantic pattern – the Templar cross. The farmer’s outrage knew no bounds, and he shared the “vandalism” on social networks. And completely in vain.
A few days later, a huge geoglyph became a place of pilgrimage for thousands of curious people who began to trample the remnants of the unfortunate harvest. Mr. Benoit unwittingly turned out to be another victim of the mysterious “circles” that have regularly appeared in the fields around the world since the late 1970s.
Tens and hundreds of thousands of enthusiasts still perceive them as evidence of contact with long-awaited extraterrestrial civilizations, although it has long been clear how these circles with an endless set of plots appear and who is really behind them. Why are these objects so common in southern England? What does the tourism industry and informal art have to do with it? Understanding.
It all started in a pub, as it sometimes happens.
Location: a place called Percy Hobbs on the outskirts of the British city of Winchester in the very south of England.
Time of action: 1976.
Heroes: some Doug Bower and Dave Chorley.
Evening, it was getting dark.
The two friends were spending their time, as befits two respectable gentlemen, with a pint of ale and an interesting conversation. At some point in the conversation, Bower, who had recently returned from Australia, recalled an interesting story that flashed in Australian newspapers in the second half of the 1960s.
Near Tully, Queensland, local farmers began reporting to police and then reporters about the mysterious circles that appeared at night in their sugarcane fields. The reasons for the appearance of the circles were never established, which made it possible with a clear conscience to call them saucer nest (“flying saucer nest”), especially since one of the farmers swore that he saw a UFO take off from this site. Having laughed at the Australians, Bower and Chorley went outside to freshen up, saw a wheat field in front of them, and then the logic of their thought, warmed up by used pints, it was quite obvious. So with the help of an ordinary iron beam and rope, their hoax began.
Over the next couple of years, friends staged several more such provocations, but no one noticed them, until in 1978 Bower and Chorley chose a particularly successful location – the natural Cheesefoot Head amphitheater, popular with tourists.
The effect exceeded expectations – a 25-meter circle, just a circle without any pattern, first got into the regional and then national media and, naturally, fell into the sphere of close attention of various ufologists and experts in the field of inexplicable phenomena, who began to comment on the origin with a clever look object.
It was the complete success that Bower and Chorley had been waiting for. In the future, friends themselves began to report to the media about their next work, pretending to be casual witnesses who discovered an unidentified.
In the second half of the 1970s – early 1980s, the popularity of all kinds of hoaxes was at its peak. Not only in narrow circles keen on the topic of the paranormal, but also among the general public, the mystery of the so-called. Bermuda Triangle, reports of another “unidentified flying object” began to be ubiquitous, the search for the “Bigfoot” was carried out in earnest, expeditions to the Scottish Loch Ness were organized. Crop circles, which began to appear in southern England, proved to be the most appropriate in such a discourse.
It immediately became clear that in fact similar objects had been recorded before. In the British Library, a pamphlet from 1678 was discovered in which a creature was doing something that looked like a circle on a field. The story of the source, whose full title was “The Devil Mower, or Strange News from Hertfordshire,” was about a farmer who refused to pay a peasant to mow a field, saying that the devil had better mow him.
The next night, that same field was engulfed in fire, and the next morning it turned out that it was perfectly mowed. In fact, it was not very similar to the circles that appeared in England, where wheat (or other cereals) were only crushed (and not cut), but such nuances did not interest the hunters for sensations.
Much more excitement was caused by another fact – the location where these objects began to appear en masse.
Place of power
The success of the action, which began in a Winchester pub, was largely due to the place where Bower and Chorley began to arrange their antics. In the neighboring county of Wiltshire, there is the largest complex of Neolithic monuments, which by that time had already become a Mecca for lovers of everything occult. The most famous structure in this series is undoubtedly Stonehenge, located 40 minutes from Winchester. But this megalith, cult in a certain environment, did not end there.
Fans of the New Age and similar currents were attracted by the Avebury sanctuary located in the same county (which is very conveniently a circle-ring that should have resembled objects in the wheat fields), the artificial chalk mound of Silbury Hill, the fortress of Barbury Castle, the so-called … Uffington white horse (carved in prehistoric times image of a white horse)
All these outstanding monuments of the Neolithic and Bronze Age have traditionally been in the center of attention of fans of inexplicable phenomena, who assured that the objects are covered with energy domes, connected by energy flows and, in general, are ancient relics that served for contact with someone outside of our mortal planet.
Bower and Chorley subsequently honestly admitted that they began to stamp their circles, not least because of the reputation of the area, where, among other things, there was the densest concentration of UFO “sightings”.
Alien contact became the first, most popular, version of the origin of geoglyphs. However, soon the scale of what was happening acquired such a character that real scientists also took up an attempt to find a scientific explanation for it.
The most vigorous activity in this field was developed by the meteorologist and physicist Terrence Meaden of Dalhousie University in Halifax, Canada. First, he put forward the theory that the profile of the hills in southern England directly influenced the formation of specific air vortices, which in turn could stabilize at certain points and form the necessary circle of crushed wheat. And although this version did not explain in any way why such objects (at least in such quantities) had not formed before, Bower and Chorley, who created the fake on the UFO topic, decided to take the necessary measures.
They developed their next geoglyphs, starting to “draw” constructions from several circles instead of one circle. This, by the way, subsequently led to an ever greater complication of such objects.
In response to new facts, Meiden adapted his theory. Instead of ordinary air vortices, he made certain “electromagnetic hydrodynamic plasma vortices” responsible for the appearing mysterious formations.
The explanation of the Canadian looked so plausible that even Stephen Hawking, after another circle appeared at his house in Cambridge, said that a certain natural vortex could have caused it. True, at the same time, the famous theoretical physicist considered human impact more likely.
Bower and Chorley did not give up in their fight against the scientist Meaden. In the end, in order to refute the “vortex” fabrications, they constructed an object of two circles and five rectangles. The latter certainly could not have been created by Mother Nature, which in the end had to be admitted by the unlucky Canadian meteorologist.
Well, in 1991, Bower and Chorley decided to get their 15 minutes of fame and get out of the closet. Friends gathered the journalists and confessed to them that this whole grandiose hoax had been started by them in the second half of the 1970s.
They said that over the past time they have created more than 200 different geoglyphs in the fields of southern England, and for convincingness they demonstrated the technology of their creation. The usual circle was extremely simple. It was necessary to determine its center, stick a conventional stick there, tie a rope to it and go around the center in a circle,
For the sake of completeness, after the formation of this exemplary circle, Bower and Chorley brought in an unsuspecting cereologist to the scene (cereology is the activity of studying “crop circles”). The expert confirmed the authenticity of the object (i.e., its inexplicable origin), after which he was quite disappointed when he was told the truth.
It must be said that the exposure of the hoax had practically no effect on the number of believers in the paranormal version of the appearance of geoglyphs. On the contrary, the hit of this entire 15-year history in newspapers and on television only contributed to the spread of such objects around the world.
Another trend has become the progressive complication of geoglyphs. The drawing that appeared in early July 2020 on the French field is far from the most complex of those that appeared in southern England and other countries of the world. Bower and Chorley, who once started in a Winchester pub, could only envy the scale and complexity of many of them.
In the fields, not just combinations of large and small circles appeared, sometimes whole pictures were drawn there, mathematical functions, fractals were visualized (for example, the Mandelbrot set).
But if there are no questions about the authenticity of the human origin of many simple figures, for example the works of Bower and Chorley, then how much more complex drawings appeared, because many of them appeared in just one fairly short night.
The answer to this question lies in the plane of experience and effective organization of work. Obviously, modern production of crop circles is not complete with two pairs of hands – large teams are working on them now, the actions of the participants of which are clearly coordinated.
They already have at their disposal not only a primitive rope and a board, but also modern means of determining the geo-position, as well as laser devices that allow them to correctly calculate the distances between the elements of the figure and create objects of the desired shape.
Back in 1998, a group of authors known under the pseudonym Circlemakers demonstrated to BBC reporters the ability to create in one night the most complex spiral of 100 circles of different sizes. Even more complex drawings are sometimes made in uncrowded places, but in a few days. Or, for their creation, a formal (or informal) permission from the home team is obtained.
Many creators of the most beautiful circles consider themselves to be real artists. Most of them even prefer to remain anonymous, as do some of their colleagues from the city streets, for example Banksy. This maintains the necessary aura of mystery of the creative process. Well, the second reason why the creators of circles do not take responsibility for their works is the fact that most often the figures in the fields can be regarded as vandalism,
Despite the fact that the human origin of the circles is quite obvious (how can conventional “aliens” know, for example, about the Templar cross, and why should they draw it?), There are still many people in the world who believe in outright fantasy.
A large number of relevant literature and specialized sites help maintain this belief. There is nothing strange about this. Firstly, rational thinking is generally not characteristic of many people, and secondly, a whole small tourism industry has been created and exists around such geoglyphs.
Exactly the same as it happens around Loch Ness or the Bermuda Triangle. It is possible that some circles and their combinations (at least in southern England, the place of their greatest concentration) are created on purpose, as a result of the collusion of farm owners and “expert cereologists”, for whom excursions to “places of power” became a source of income. Any figure of this kind – and the latest French example confirms this once again – invariably attracts increased public attention.
Well, the victims of this whole hoax, building another theory of the origin of such tempting objects, forget about the principle of “Occam’s razor”. More often than not, the correct explanation is indeed the simplest.
“Prophecy of God” about coronavirus found in an old Japanese newspaper: “Half of humans will suffer from infectious diseases in 2020”
Meticulous readers found in a newspaper thirty years ago a prediction of a coronavirus pandemic – it indicated exactly 2020 and it was predicted that half of humanity would become infected.
The editors of the Japanese edition “Gifu Shimbun” were forced to give explanations, but this did not reassure the conspiracy theorists.
In the May 2, 1990 issue of the Gifu Shimbun, an article was published under the loud headline “Prophecy of God.” It said that in thirty years, due to global warming, the world could be swept by a pandemic of infection, which will affect half of the population. Additionally, against the background of the destruction of the ozone layer, people will also have their immunity weakened.
Conspiracy theorists who dug up the newspaper in the archives began to discuss the old publication on social networks, comparing its author to Nostradamus. Passions reached such a level that the editorial staff of “Gifu Shimbun” eventually issued a statement. The journalists explained that the article was written on the basis of the next WHO report of that time, and there are no specific details indicating the features of the coronavirus pandemic in the publication.
Japanese netizens have mixed reactions to this “prophetic” report. Some people marvel that this report is more accurate than the “big prophecy” of the French Jewish prophet Nostradamus↓
“This is more accurate than Nostradamus’ big prediction.”
“The big predictions of Nostradamus are more powerful than those of Nostradamus. Although the details are different, the years are all right! Even though I sometimes have things published by scientists and researchers, it’s true. Is it true?” Thoughts such as’I’ve been taken carelessly day by day, but now there are so many natural disasters, it’s time to take these issues seriously.’
“The people who predicted the new crown are really amazing”
“‘Half of humans are infected’ means there is more than just the new coronavirus. I want to know what the final outcome will be.”
But some people expressed disbelief↓
“What’s this. #新冠Prophecy”
Some netizens borrowed a line from the “Doraemon” comics↓
“Reports 30 years ago predicted that the new coronavirus epidemic has become a hot topic, but please take a look at Iduki Sugi’s comments:’I don’t believe in prophecies. People either say it by accident or are far-fetched. Interpretation attached to the meeting.'”
Nevertheless, lovers of esotericism and the theory of conspiracy began to assert that, if so, the journalists were led by a “higher power”, which, they say, was trying to give a sign to humanity. Poor WHO, which in fact issued many similar warnings, was deprived of its laurels.
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