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Bizzare & Odd

The mystery of the Catacombs of Paris and the people lost forever among the six million skeletons

Formed as a result of the natural process that created quarries and other natural phenomena millions of years ago underground, the city of Paris and its catacombs are known for many reasons. Probably one of the most feared is that it covers about 240 kilometers of quarries beneath its streets, filled with the bones of over six million people buried in them. Praised as one of the most sinister tourist attractions, catacombs are a complicated maze that has a rich, let alone dark, history.

What began as a new promise of wealth and life in the big city, ended with massive overpopulation in the 18th century. This overpopulation naturally led to sickness and death, and the Paris cemeteries were not large enough to take over all bodies. With the city’s cemeteries full to the brim and the smell of rotting corpses killing the local economy, in tandem with commerce, the city closed the Les Innocents cemetery in 1780, thought to be the largest of its time in France.

According to one report:

“By May 1780, the cemetery was literally being sprayed at the seams. A wall of property bordering Les Innocents shattered under the pressure of overflowing graves and spring rains, pouring half-decayed bodies and diseases into the cellar. “

Following the closure of the quarries due to the numerous cases of collapse of the streets of Paris as a result of the massive unregulated digging, they were consecrated on April 7, 1786, as a holy place for last rest instead of crowded cemeteries, which also were closed. Between 1787 and 1814, Parisians worked around the clock to move bones from closed cemeteries to quarries, called ossuaries. They were open to the public even before the transfer was completed in 1809.

Finally, the last bones from the other cemeteries, besides Saint-Eustache and Saint Etienne-de-Grès, were finally laid in the catacombs by 1814, and other last bones were laid around 1860.

Unfortunately, because the work was dangerous and quite appalling, only the poorer Parisians accepted the job. According to one report, they could only move old, decomposed bodies, and any skeleton that had grown and still contained human flesh had to be burned to the bone. In addition, some parts of Les Innocents were “left untouched because some mass graves were too fresh for the bodies to be buried.”

As the initial laying of the bones was indiscriminate, simply piled high, Inspector Eric de Tourie ordered the workers to rearrange them in the order that ultimately turns out to be the order of the day.

Tourists can still visit the catacombs today, but access is restricted to certain areas that cover about a kilometer and a half of the tunnels, since visiting other areas has been declared illegal since 1955. This was basic because many people were lost as a result to which they died in the tunnels, not to mention the very dangerous nature of the underground structures.

One story specifically notes that three young men had to be rescued because they were lost in three days. Another is a little more sinister when several cataphiles, (as illegal catacombs researchers call it) find the camera of an unnamed man who apparently also got lost. He is said to have been a hardened cataphile, possibly lost orientation, panicked and dropped the camera, and then disappeared into the darkness. He was never seen again. The video found was broadcast in a documentary during the first decade of the century.

Over the years, many people have been lost without being seen again. But many people have lost and escaped alive over the years. There are many such videos on YouTube.

Catacombs have been recently upgraded and eventually handed over to the Carnival Museum – History of Paris in 2002. The museum continues to monitor and care for catacombs today. If you want to visit the catacombs, you need to gather more information about the place and what you need to get ready to get into the ossuary. This includes buying a ticket. But if you do visit them, remember that while it is one of the most beautiful places, it is also a holy place and you must behave properly underground.

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Bizzare & Odd

The predictions of the Black Mirror series that came true

“Black Mirror” is one of the most popular and gloomy series of our time. The plots of the series show us a possible scenario in the near future.

The creators of the series wanted to show us all the negative aspects of the introduction of various ultramodern technologies in the ordinary life of people. Well, they did it well. The bold predictions of the series disappointingly come true, and we can only hope that they will not lead to the same consequences as on the screen.

Season 1, Episode 3 – Contact Lenses with a Camera

The heroes of the series, perhaps, never complain about their memory – if they want to remember something, they find records for a specific day or event. The fact is that all their auditory and visual memories are stored in the chip behind the ear, and rewinding any moment of life and reproducing what is happening through the lenses is a task for several seconds. Sony has patented a similar idea. There is no chip in the concept yet, but the lenses have already appeared and passed the tests. The bottom line is that the system will record information during a special blink. Inadvertent eye movements will be ignored.

Season 3, Episode 1 – Social Rating

Episode 1 tells us about a girl living in a world that at first glance seems perfect. They are all sweet and friendly with each other, play sports, communicate a lot, and constantly smile. In fact, the heroine, like everyone else, is forced to hide her true feelings and emotions, be too friendly and even slightly intrusive, sometimes go against her conviction in order to achieve a high social rating. The more public approval a person receives, the higher his status, which directly affects the quality of life. Such a system has already begun to be tested in China. Citizens can receive “bonuses” for socially approved behavior. Let’s say the opportunity to educate children in a prestigious school, buy plane tickets, etc.

Season 2, Episode 1 – Virtual Life After Death

After the death of her lover, the heroine seeks help from a company promising to bring a person back to life. At first, technology helps her “communicate” with the deceased through messages, then even make calls. The application scanned social networks, photos, videos, studied habits and behavior, and based on all this created a copy of a person. A week after the release of the series, it became known about the launch of LivesOn. The app learns Twitter posts and continues to maintain a person’s account after he dies. This, of course, is not the robot that was presented to us in the series, but still impressive.

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Bizzare & Odd

Strange skeleton-like creature found in Costa Rica

A woman walking through a forest in Costa Rica was scared when she came across a strange stick-like creature hiding on a tree branch.

The video was reportedly shot by Antonieta Mora when she was picking fruit to make juice. Her usual trip to the wilderness took a strange turn when she noticed that something was moving on a tree.

“At first I thought it was a piece of moss,” Mora recalled, “then I thought it was a cricket, and then I didn’t know if it was a kind of mantis.”

Fortunately, she managed to photograph a strange insect resembling a bunch of spiny branches slowly crawling along a tree branch. Amazed at what she was watching, Mora was surprised that she had never seen anything like it, and “she had lived all her life in the countryside.”

Wondering what creature she encountered, Mora shared her video on a Facebook group dedicated to Costa Rican insects, and soon the secret was solved by one of the experts. 

The mysterious bug was a cricket species known as Markia espinachi. The unique wand-like appearance of this creature is actually just a natural camouflage that protects it from predators.

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Bizzare & Odd

A meteorite was called the source of coronavirus. Chances of contracting it according to blood type

Professor Chandra Wickramasingh from the Buckingham Center for Astrobiology in Britain put forward the original version of the emergence of a new coronavirus, which spread over the whole world in a few months.

According to The Daily Mail, scientists called a meteorite that exploded over China in October last year as the source of the virus.

A meteor in the form of a glowing bright fireball rushed through the sky in the northeast of the PRC around 0:16 in the morning of October 11. It is noted that the outbreak of the virus began in this region of China.

An explosion in a cosmic body could release viral particles in the upper layers of the stratosphere and ensure their entry into the stratospheric air currents that circulate around the Earth.

“The prevailing winds spread the disease to the most affected countries,” the scientist said.

However, other scientists are skeptical of this version, indicating the close relationship of COVID-19 with other well-known coronaviruses.

Recall that by the morning of Monday the total number of coronavirus infected in the world reached 153517 people, the total number of victims of the pandemic – 5375 people.

It turned out that for owners of group II, the risk is higher, and for I – on the contrary, lower

In a sample of a little over 2 thousand patients, Chinese scientists found that people with blood group II are more likely to get a coronavirus infection compared to owners of other groups. And the owners of the I blood group are less likely to get infected than the rest. Specialists published their research in the medRxiv electronic scientific library.

“We first discovered the relationship between the blood group and the risk of infection with SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus. In particular, the second blood group (A) increases the risk of contracting the virus, while carriers of the first group (O) suffer less from it. If our data are confirmed, then these features of the virus should be taken into account in medical practice, “the researchers write.

Doctors and biologists from Wuhan University (China) and their colleagues from the Southern University of Science and Technology in Shenzhen (China) are interested in whether there are other risk factors besides age, lung damage, chronic diseases, and undermined immunity.

They drew attention to the fact that many viruses, including hepatitis B, Norfolk virus and several other pathogens, are much more likely to attack carriers of the fourth blood group (AB) than other people. And the causative agent of SARS, SARS, rarely penetrated into the body of carriers of the first blood group (O).

Guided by this idea, the researchers found out the proportion with which different blood groups are distributed among ordinary residents of Wuhan. It turned out that in the control group of almost 4 thousand people, one third had group I, the other third had II, the fourth part of the examined had III, and the remaining 9.1% had IV. 

Blood and virus

In the second part of the study, scientists investigated the same proportion for 1.7 thousand infected with coronavirus infection COVID-19 in a large Wuhan hospital, of which 200 have already died. It turned out that there were more patients with group II in percentage terms than among healthy people – 37.8% versus 32.2%. Moreover, among the owners of group I the picture was the opposite – there were fewer, 25.8% among patients and 33.8% among healthy people.

Thus, the proportion of people with the first blood group among patients is much smaller, and with the second – more. For groups III and IV, the percentages remained comparable.

To test these ratios, scientists also examined information on 398 patients from two other hospitals – in Wuhan and Shenzhen. The hypothesis was confirmed: people with blood group II are found among coronavirus-infected people more often than patients with other types of blood.

What exactly makes carriers of the second blood group predisposed to virus attacks, doctors can not yet say. The researchers hope that a subsequent analysis of the data collected during the peak of the epidemic in Wuhan and other cities in China will help them find the answer to this.

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