By Leonard Farra
For thousands of years, in many ways, the serpent has played a role in religions, folk customs, and superstitious beliefs. Why did some people believe in serpent birds and what are the ‘fiery flying ones’ mentioned in the Bible? (Isa.14.29). And if flying snakes are a mystery what can we make of a North American Native legend which describes a struggle between man and a snake people that resulted in the aliens destroying mankind with a flood? (1) Is this one of those early supernatural stories which scholars dismiss as myth or could it possibly be that there’s something deeper behind it? The late popular French author Robert Charroux appears to have discovered the answer when he said that: ‘Five thousand years ago, the whole world was under the sway of alien gods who came from the sky’ ‘ These gods’, he adds, ‘ are represented everywhere by the same mysterious symbol, the flying serpent ,or dragon. (2) The indications , therefore, are that what might seem to be an odd story was part of a 5,000 year old series of legends which told how civilising gods from the Pleiades taught man agriculture, and useful arts, but later destroyed an evil people with a flood. The entity who the Ancients knew as man’s civiliser was often linked with these stars and he was known under various names. As I have previously explained, legend has it that he had the appearance of a tall, white, bearded, man who wore a long robe, usually white, and that he carried a multi-purpose staff. According to some of the legends, he was involved with a flood or he caused one.
Mexico’s Aztecs were late arrivals on the world stage and their civilisation, which flourished in the 13th century, only lasted until 500 years ago when it was destroyed by the Spaniards. Most scholars, who have studied the Spanish chroniclers’ reports, fail to appreciate the deeper significance of Aztec religious beliefs. What they don’t realise is that at the heart of the bloodthirsty Aztec religion, in which thousands of people had their hearts torn out and were sacrificed to the gods, there was a version of the 5,000 year old sky-god religion. Initiates, and priests, in that religion, used geometric and animal symbolism to express their beliefs and the animal most commonly used, the snake, was a major feature in Aztec religious symbolism.People in Mexico also kept live ones in their homes. In Central America, and in some of the northern native cultures, the rattlesnake was sacred and it frequently appeared in religious architecture. (3) The Cherokee called it ‘the head of the serpent tribe’ ( 4) and the Hopi regard it as the elder brother of their Snake Clan. (5) Throughout this entire region, and in the entire world, the Pleiades played an important part in religion. Their appearance ended the year in the Aztec calendar and in their 52 year cycle.
The Aztecs called ‘The Civiliser of Man’ Quetzalcoatl ( Feathered Serpent).They worshipped him as a god and he played a major role in their religion. Some scholars call him a serpent-god because of his name and because the Aztecs portrayed him looking out from the mouth of a snake.
Feathered Serpent, Mexico
But what the Aztecs actually explained was that he had the appearance of a white, white-robed, bearded man and that he carried a sceptre. According to an Aztec prophecy, Quetzalcoatl will return when a comet is seen in the heavens and, by amazing coincidence, one appeared when Cortez, who was mistaken for him, arrived in Mexico with his companions. Why was the god’s return associated with a comet? The answer appears to be that he was linked with a serpent and : ‘In Mexico, comets were called ‘flaming serpents:’ (6) Quetzalcoatl’s temple, in the Aztec capital, Tenochtitlan’s, sacred area was in the form of a cylinder on a pyramid base and its entrance was the open jaws of a serpent.(7) So when the Aztecs celebrated the god’s annual return, the priest, or person, representing him emerged, before the congregation of worshippers, from a ‘flying, circular object’ which had long ago been mistaken for a snake flashing across the sky. In other words, Quetzalcoatl’s ‘sky/serpent temple’ was an Aztec representation of a space craft.
The Incan civilisation, in Peru, was in existence at the same time as the Aztecs and, like the Mexican people, in the North, the Incas also followed a Pleiades linked sky-god religion. The Incas called their civiliser Viracocha and his description is the same as that of Quetzalcoatl because they were the same ‘person’.
Viracocha appears to have been linked with a serpent because when Pizarro arrived in Peru, with his companions, the Incas thought that the white god had returned and so Atahualpa, the Incan ruler, arranged to meet him in the Serpent Temple at Cassamarca where there was a stone serpent. There were effigies of serpents on many Incan buildings and Viracocha was depicted holding twin serpent staffs. In the grassy gardens of Cuzco’s sacred Coricancha temple, there are carved effigies of a serpent, a condor and a puma. The condor was Viracocha’s companion and the puma was of religious significance to the Incas just as was the jaguar in Mexico. The Coricancha carvings may be fairly recently.
‘The American Indians believe in a huge serpent sometimes worshipped but amongst the northern tribes mainly subject of myths. In the Chippewa myth he is connected with the flood’. (8 ) According to another version , a great serpent tried to destroy the human race, with a flood, but help came in the form of Maniboza (Michabo) who was sent to earth teach the Ojibwe agriculture and various arts. Maniboza seems to have been called The ‘Great White Hare’ because of his brilliant white appearance and he was, apparently, a counterpart of the civilising gods Quetzalcotal and Viracocha The horned serpent, which is mentioned in several North American Native legends, was originally a symbol in the Mississippian culture. It was regarded as benign or benevolent and it was also associated with wisdom and healing. There are effigies of it in rock art such as at Pony hills and Cook’s Peak. Some of the most intriguing rock art, however, is in the area around Barrier Canyon, in America’s South West, where serpents are shown with tall, strange, figures. There are also serpent mounds in North America such as in Gottenberg in Iowa and the famous 1300 ft one in Ohio which appears to have an egg in its mouth. The Ohio mound is aligned to the summer solstice sunset and the winter solstice sunrise. At the Hopewell site of Fort Ancient, the solstices are marked by two serpents. Were rituals, re-enacting the return of a snake-linked god, celebrated at these, and other North American sacred sites, on those days? In Canada there is the Serpent Mounds Park which received this name because its largest mound zizzags like a snake.
Discs, in early rock art, are suggested to represent the sun but could it be that the sun was an appropriate celestial object for the Ancients to use to represent a craft of the sky-people ? The Incas associated Lake Titicaca with the Creation and, in their legends, Viracocha was first seen after a brilliant sun rose from one of its islands. According to the North American Natchez Indians, their civiliser, who was accompanied by a woman, gave them a set of rules. This being was so bright that the Natchez thought that he came from the Sun. The Natchez chief was named after him and he was called The Great Sun. The Natchez apparently believed that the sun was linked with a snake for nobles were tattooed with suns and serpents. Furthermore, the Great Sun’s brother was called Tattooed Serpent and on altar in the Natchez temple there was a rattlesnake carved from wood.(9 )
What the Spanish Conquistadors didn’t know was that the animal that the Native Americans revered played a major role in Old World ‘pagan’ religions thousands of years before Christianity and that some of the traditions associated with it were still popular in parts of Europe around the time of the Conquistadors. The Spaniards may have watched Aztec serpent dances and their chroniclers might have been told that Ciucoatl ,the Aztec mother goddess, was a snake woman, (10) but it’s hardly likely that they would have known that gods and goddesses, throughout the Early World, were associated with a serpent. Sumeria’s mother goddess, Ninlil, for example, was known as ‘The Snake Lady’ and some goddesses were reputed to be half woman half snake. According to legend, Lisbon , the former kingdom of Ofinsu, was ruled by gigantic serpents and its queen was half woman half serpent.
In Glen Feachan, Argyllshire, Scotland, there is a 300 ft serpent mound where unknown people performed religious rituals. (11) At the circular Priory Mount, at Lewes, Sussex, England, a spiral path, in the form of a serpent, winds its way up, and around, the mount with its head resting on the summit. As the mount has a summer solstice alignment, could it be that, on this day, when many religious ceremonies were taking place around the world, a priest, representing a serpent linked god, emerged from the surrounding congregation and made his way up the path and when he reached the serpent’s head, on the summit, ceremonies of renewal were celebrated ?
The Aberlemno Serpent Stone, Class I Pictish stone, showing (top to bottom) the serpent, the double disc and Z-rod and the mirror and comb.
The Picts were a tribal confederation of peoples who lived in eastern and northern Scotland during the Late Iron Age and Early Medieval periods. They are thought to have been ethnolinguistically Celtic. The place where they lived and what their culture was like can be inferred from the geographical distribution of brochs, Brittonic place name elements, and Pictish stones. Source: Wikipedia
The Celts arrived in Ireland around 2,500 years ago and there were more snake traditions in that country than in any other one in Europe. The Celts had many gods and goddesses but, in Western Celtic religious beliefs, the two most important ones were the sun-god Hu ,whose symbol was a serpent, and his wife Ceridwen-the mother of the world. When he visited Earth, and interacted with humans, Hu taught them how to plough and he also, reputedly, founded Stonehenge. The Druids were the Celtic priestly caste and the Arch Druid wore a white robe and carried a golden staff. And because of the special importance that his people placed on this animal, the Druid of the Welsh Triads said ‘ I am a serpent.’ (12) The Druids seem to have believed that snakes could fly for the Natural History of Pliny states that when they coil themselves into a ball, in summer, and cast it into the air, the Druids catch it in a cloak without letting it fall to the ground. (13) The Pleiades also played a major role in Celtic tradition and when they appeared, on 1 May and 1 November, they celebrated their two main festivals- Bel’ Tainem (now May Day) and Samhain (popularly celebrated as Halloween).
Serpent traditions, and customs, had been popular in Europe for thousands of years and, to finally eliminate them, in the 12th and 13th centuries the Church proclaimed that a local saint, such as St Patrick in Ireland, had driven them into the sea.(14) This would not have been difficult for the Irish to accept as there are no snakes in their country. Ever since that time, in memory of what the saint had achieved, it’s become customary for bare-footed Irish pilgrims to climb Croagh Patrick ,in County Mayo. (15) However, in spite of all the efforts of the Church, some Europeans hung onto their snake traditions. In Prague, in the 15th century, some people were still offering sacrifices to serpents (16) and others kept live ones in their homes. ‘In Lithuania, people believed vipers and serpents to be gods and worshipped them with great veneration’ (17) and in the 16 th century, in Northern Sweden, there were people who revered household serpents as gods. (18) Excavations at Knosses, in Crete,in 1903, uncovered figurines of a serpent goddess holding a snake in each hand and serpent dances remained popular in Greece, and other parts of Europe. They still are in Helston, Cornwall, England, in the form of the Furry Dance.
The incredible multi-purpose staff of the star-people was alluded to in numerous legends which told how a god, or goddess, struck a rock with one and caused water to flow. It was also associated with healing and as early man’s ‘visitors’ were linked with a snake, a snake encircled staff was associated with Asclepios, the long-robed, bearded, Greek god of medicine .People went for healing to his splendid Epidaurus Temple where live serpents were kept in a circular enclosure. Asclepios’ symbol was adopted by the medical profession.
The Etruscans ,who preceded the Romans in Italy, were an advanced race of master builders, of unknown origin, and most of what’s known about them comes from their tombs. The Etruscans were obsessed with serpents. There are numerous effigies of them in their religious art and especially relating to their gods. (19) There were also serpent cults in Ancient Rome .The emperor, Augustus, who founded the Roman Empire, was reputedly born of one and for their protection, the Pompeians relied on the Serpent of the Hearth.
White has long been associated with purity. White animals were sacred in parts of the Early World and some people placed special importance on the white snake. ‘Among Scottish highlanders it was venerated as the king of the serpents’ and ‘according to both Gaelic and German folklore, when boiled it conferred medical wisdom’. (20) In Japan, the white snake was a messenger of the gods (21) and in China, Lady White Snake is a popular legend.
African serpent traditions date back to the mists of time. In early days, the snake was revered throughout the continent ‘either in itself or as the embodiment of a god’. (22) and these traditions appear to have arisen spontaneously .(23 )
The python, the grandfather of all snakes, featured in many African stories and some tribes celebrated with serpent dances. In Dahomey, a hundred and fifty years ago, sacred snakes were kept in a ‘circular, whitewashed hut’ and a person who dared kill one was put to death. ( 24 ) A python represented the Baganda god Selwanga , who had his own priests, (25) and huge open-jawed bronze pythons were depicted winding their way down pillars on the palace towers in the former powerful West African Kingdom of Benin. This type of symbolism,which was also used by the Aztecs and Maya, suggests that the serpents came from somewhere above. (26) The serpent was also revered by the West African Ashanti but the most incredible snake traditions, in the whole of Africa, are those of the Dogon, in Mali, which are linked with Lebe- their civiliser. Lebe, the oldest man in the world, had the appearance of a bearded man and he carried a long straight staff. Lebe is associated with ‘one’ of a group of several serpents and, like his Aztec counterpart, Quetzalcoatl, on the other side of the Atlantic, he was reborn from its mouth. According to a Dogon tradition, when the Great Nommo, or probably his Ark, was descending it resembled a flame but when it touched down on Earth, its colour changed from red to white. (27) Is this a description of a white space craft emerging from its mother-ship and is it connected with the Dogon’s sacred civiliser/serpent and the Pleiades which feature in their traditions?
Wherever the Dogon originally came from, their mystical serpent traditions appear to be related to Sumeria’s Annunaki.(28) Five thousand years ago, in Sumeria, Enlil, the Annunaki leader, was called a serpent and Ea/Enki/ the Sumerian civiliser, who appears to have been shown holding a ‘flaming disc’, (29) was associated with a snake and the Flood. The serpent featured in numerous early Middle Eastern legends, and traditions, and ‘Traces of sun and serpent worship remained in Syria, and other parts of Western Asia, down to and even after the introduction of Christianity.’ (30)
Another Early World civiliser, Egypt’s Osiris, whose origin was reputedly in the Pleiades, (31) was later made the Egyptian God of the Dead. In the late New Kingdom, he was shown seated on a throne on the back of a huge snake whose body is draped over a stepped-pyramid and its head is held high. (32) The pyramid represented the World Mountain, or First Land, that rose from the surrounding water at the time of the Creation. This form of symbolism was built into many other early pyramids including those of the Babylonians, Assyrians, in Tiahuanaco in Bolivia, and in Teotihuacan Mexico. (33 and 34) The World Mountain is also represented by the moat surrounded Angkor Wat, in Cambodia, which was built in the early years of the 12th century and whose entrance is guarded by legendary multiple serpents .The latter appeared in legends in Asia, in the Ancient Middle East , among the Basques, in Egypt, among the Dogon and the Maya. (35) Serpent worship was common in Southern Asia for thousands of years and the cobra was widely used as a religious symbol. Effigies of it were depicted on temples and traditional serpent dances are still popular in parts of India. There were also snake traditions in China which has the Year of the Snake.
The cobra was also special in Egypt. It was a symbol of divinity, and a protector, but the serpent was also a terrifying creature which deceased Egyptians encountered on their journey through the bleak Underworld. (36) The Egyptians also had traditions of the Primal Serpent which swam in the Primeval Sea and : ‘Maspero says that the representation of the hooded serpent, attached to the front of the king’s headdress, was not only regarded as the badge of royalty but also a protector and credited with the power to destroy.’ (37 ) A disc, or sphere, balanced on the head of a cobra had similar powers and this symbol was depicted on the hems of royal garments .(38) Its thought that a sacred serpent was kept in Egyptian temples (39) and in the Egyptian Papyrus Ani, a fire-breathing one, Khati, was said to attack the enemies of Osiris.(40)
According to a New Guinea legend , the king of the serpents rescued some of the survivors of The Flood and in Australia, the Aboriginal Warrumunga claim that their ancestor was a huge serpent which, when there was much evil in the world, caused destruction and killed many people.
Australian Aboriginal Warramunga Ceremony.
Source: Customs of the World which was published around 100 years ago.
The snake appears in Aboriginal traditions in the form of the Rainbow Serpent and there are many drawings of it on rocks and in caves. The Rainbow Serpent is associated with an elderly bearded man, who carried a sacred staff, and who visited the Aborigines from the sky-world. Eastern Australian Aborigines call him Baimi and his return to Earth was celebrated in huge earth circles the plan of which is remarkably similar to that of the earliest phase of Stonehenge in England. (41)
The highly regarded adventurer/scholar, Thor Heyerdal demonstrated that early people could have made long sea voyages and that there were contacts between different cultures. What we have found, in support of his theory, is that the snake was revered throughout the Early World in cultures that are thousands of miles apart and which, we are led to believe, had no contact with each other. The snake was associated with a disc, the Sun, the Flood, and the Creation, and people everywhere celebrated with serpent dances. The early folk also associated this animal with their gods, and goddesses, but more significantly, with a bearded male civiliser who carried a staff and who was linked with the Pleiades. There were numerous versions of the serpent linked sky-god religion in the Early World. Most of them were suppressed by the Church and only a few survive.
- Brad Steiger. Worlds Before Our Own .(p163) W.H.Allen .1981
- Robert Charroux.Masters of the World .(p46) Sphere Books. 1979
- Jose Daiz-Bolio. Guide to the Ruins of Chichen Itza.Area Maya.1971.
- M.Oldfield Howey.The Encircled Serpent. (p288) Rider & Co.1955
- The Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics. (Vol 11. p401) 1908/1927
- The Penguin Dictionary of Symbols. (p226) Penguin Books.1996
- Jacques Soustelle. Daily Life of the Aztecs( p21) Phoenix Press.2002
- The Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics.(Vol 11. p401)1908/1927
- M.Oldfield Howey. The Encircled Serpent. (p289) Rider & Co.1955
- Jacques Sousetelle.Daily Life of the Aztecs.(p21) Phoenix Press.2002
- Davenport Adams. Curiosities of Superstition.(p192),Masters & Co.1882
- James Bonwick.Irish Druids and Old Irish Religions.(p186). Dorset Press.1986
- Lewis Spence.The History and Origin of Druidism.(p162) Rider & Co.1949
- James Bonwick. Irish Druids and Old Irish Religions.p170) Dorset Press.1986
- National Geographic Magazine.May 1977.(p669)
- James Ferguson. Tree and Serpent Worship (p22).Wm.H.Allen & Co.1868
- Ibid. (p25)
- George Dennis. Cities and Cemeteries of Etruria.John Murray.1878
- M.Oldfield Howey. The Encircled Serpent. (p202) Rider & Co.1955
- Ibid (p217)
- The Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics. (vol.11. p400) 1908/1927
- M.Oldfield Howey. The Encircled Serpent (p236) Rider & Co.1955
- Ibid. (p241)
- “ (p251)
- Leonard Farra. The Pleiades Legacy (The New World) (p47) Blurb.2010
- “ “ . The Pleiades Legacy (The Old World. (p65) Blurb.2010
- Leonard Farra. The Pleiades Legacy (The Old World) ( p64/9) blurb.2010
- Francois Lenormant. Chaldean Magic its Origin and Development, (p161)
- C.F.Oldham. The Sun and the Serpent.(p194) Constable. 1905
- Leonard Farra. The Pleiades Legacy (The Old World) (p89) Blurb. 2010
- R.T.Rundle Clark.Myth and Symbol in Ancient Egypt. (p171)Thames & Hudson.1978
- Leonard Farra. The Pleiades Legacy. (The New World). (p35).Blurb.2010
- “ “ “ “ “ (The Old World) . ( p38) Blurb.2010
- “ “ “ “ “ (The New World). (p50)Blurb.2010
- “ “ “ “ “ (The Old World) (p100) Blurb.2010
- M.Oldfield Howey. The Encircled Serpent (p21) Rider & Co.1955
- Leonard Farra. The Pleiades Legacy (The Old World) ( p101) Blurb.2010
- M.Oldfield Howey. The Encircled Serpent. (p126) Rider & Co.1955
Copyright 2014 by Leonard Farra
About the author
Leonard Farra – is the author of the books The Pleiades Legacy and The Pleiades Legacy (The Stone Age) – The Return of the Gods and The Pleiades Legacy ( The New World). All his books can be purchased Online from Blurb.Com. His E-books can be viewed on Apple Ipad, Iphone and Ipad touch.
Leonard Farra has researched the Ancient Astronaut theory for 35 years and written four books on the subject.
The remains of “witches” burned at the stake for killing children in the 17th century were found by archaeologists
In the Polish city of Bochnia, archaeologists unearthed the charred remains of two women. The discovery was made during restoration work in the local market.
They are believed to have lived approximately 300 years ago. According to scientists, it is known that in 1679 three women were burnt in this place. So far, two skeletons have been found, but experts have no doubt that they will soon find a third one, according to Express.
Researchers believe that the victims were accused of witchcraft and murder of children. After that, they were probably burned in the city market. Such punishment was common in the Middle Ages, from the 5th to the 15th centuries. Historians believe that the public burning allegedly showed “witches” going to hell.
Archaeologists will continue to investigate the remains, but they have already stated that the women were buried right at the place of execution. According to experts, in that era it was customary: people convicted of such a crime could not be buried near the church.
According to historical sources, at least 13 women accused of witchcraft were executed in Bochnia. Before the execution of the sentence, they were kept in the neighboring town hall and, most likely, tortured in order to get a confession of their deeds. In addition, the archives contain the names and crimes of the “witches”.
Which castle in Europe is considered the most mystical: you will be surprised
Many castles have survived in Europe, which to modern people seem incredibly beautiful and majestic. Their main purpose was to deter enemies if necessary.
That is why such factors as a good location, a moat, a rampart and other opportunities to repel potential enemies played a strategic role.
However, there is one architectural object that does not fit into the traditional framework.
The majestic is one of the most famous landmarks in the Italian region of Apulia. Moreover, it will not be an exaggeration to say that this is the most mystical castle in the world.
Unlike other mystical places, this amazing castle is not hidden from prying eyes behind the mountains and forests. On the contrary, it is visible from afar. You drive along the freeway and see it, towering on top of the hill. It doesn’t matter that the name of the building is translated as “castle on the mountain”, only those who have never seen real mountains in their life can literally take the name Castel del Monte.
It was built on a castle on the very spot where the Maria del Monte monastery was located until the thirteenth century, hence the first name of the building, which few people remember today – castrum Sancta Maria de Monte.
Today, crowds of people frequently visit Castel del Monte. For this, many thanks to the magical world of cinema and the Italian director Matteo Garrone in particular, because it was in the unusual halls of this monumental structure that he settled the characters of his “Scary Tales” – the king who raised a flea, and the princess whom the eccentric father married to a cannibal. Curiously, until the twentieth century, the castle was in an abandoned state, and shepherds spent the night there.
Today, the architectural structure is in the care of UNESCO, as a result, it was cleaned and put in order, but the interior decoration of the halls was not preserved – for that reason, Matteo Garrone had to hastily fill the space of the premises with the props brought to the castle.
Garrone chose Castel del Monte for the film adaptation of the tales of the Neapolitan Giambattista Basile for a reason, because this place is incredibly mysterious. Although located 16 kilometers from the city of Andria, Castel del Monte bears the honorary title of one of the most famous medieval castles in the world, in essence it is not a castle.
The fact is that in the understanding of a normal person of the Middle Ages, a castle could only be built for one of two purposes. The first goal, it is also the main one – defense and terrain control. In this case, one or another lord erected a small fortress, as a rule, on the top of a mountain, which helped to repel enemy attacks, and at the same time to influence the situation in the region as a whole. The second task is a fortified place to live. Sometimes castles grew to the size of cities, take, for example, the same Carcassonne, but their powerful walls, again, made it possible to hold back hordes of enemies.
But Castel del Monte is not intended for defense at all. Where are the walls and the moat with water? Where are there any decent defenses?
This place also seems to be of little use for life. Of course, even Walter Scott in his “Ivanhoe” wrote that the concept of “comfort” did not exist in the Middle Ages, but this castle, even by medieval standards, is far from the home of a self-respecting lord. It’s okay that all the rooms inside are connected to each other, but, most importantly, there is no place for a stable and there is no kitchen.
So, most of all, the castle looks like a kind of an old art object, built for the sake of ideas, such houses are sometimes designed by modern architects who have received absolute carte blanche for the implementation of their creative ideas coupled with an unlimited budget.
This association is quite appropriate if you know who built Castel del Monte. The castle was built on the mountain by the Emperor Frederick II Staufen – a legendary person in all respects. He not only managed to win the title of Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire from competitors and lead the sixth crusade, but was also considered one of the most educated people of his time.
He knew Greek, Latin and Arabic, founded a university in Naples, where not only Christians, but also Jews and Arabs taught, and this, by the way, is the height of tolerance by medieval standards. Frederick II as a whole was very far from Christian prejudices, here are illustrative examples: the emperor insisted that doctors study anatomy on corpses, and Frederick also had a warm attitude towards Fibonacci and even organized mathematical tournaments.
The emperor also had a penchant for writing: he is credited with writing an essay on falconry, and at his court he created a Sicilian school of poetry. At the same time, like all progressive people of his time, Frederick II was an admirer of a wide variety of mystical teachings, studied astronomy and astrology.
With the personal life of the emperor, everything was also interesting, he earned the reputation of Bluebeard, because he was married four times, however, the church did not recognize his last marriage with his permanent mistress Bianca Lancia. Frederick II spawned a great many children – 20 legitimate, but for obvious reasons, no one scrupulously counted the bastards.
Historians still cannot solve the riddle of the Italian Castel del Monte, to which scientists have many questions
Castel del Monte was built by Frederick II from 1240 to 1250, that is, in the last decade of his life. The name of the architect is unknown, but many historians, not without reason, believe that he was the emperor himself – a painfully intricate design was the result.
The fact is that, like many medieval mystics, Frederick was obsessed with the number eight, which symbolizes infinity, and it is constantly traced in the structure of the castle.
To begin with, the castle, when viewed from above, is a regular octagon, and an octagonal tower is erected at each corner of the structure. The shape of the inner courtyard of the castle also repeats the octagon. The castle has only two floors, the roof is flat, and the main entrance to Castel del Monte looks strictly to the east, because, as it was believed in the Middle Ages, the good news came from the east.
There are 8 rooms on each floor of the castle, all of them are connected to each other, so that Castel del Monte can be easily walked around the perimeter. The rooms are made in the form of trapezoids, and windows are cut through the walls. Toilets, wardrobes and spiral staircases are located in the corner turrets.
By the way, the castle has a separate story with the stairs – usually in all castles they are “twisted” to the right, since this is optimal for the defense of the object, but in Castel del Monte, on the contrary, they are “turned” to the left, that is, the way it does nature, because it is to the left that the shells of mollusks or snail shells are twisted.
All rooms of the castle are exactly the same, the rooms differ from each other only in the location of the doors and the number of windows. In the decorative elements, the number eight again dominates: on the capitals of the columns there are eight leaves each, on the bas-reliefs in the rooms there are eight leaves or clover flowers.
Another interesting thing is that direct rays of sunlight fall into the windows of the second floor twice a day (with the first floor, this rule works only in the summer), so many assume that the mysterious castle is nothing more than a huge sundial, and at the same time astronomical device.
In addition, twice a year, during the summer and winter solstice, sunlight is evenly distributed among all rooms on the ground floor. This, of course, is also no coincidence, so many historians suggest that the first floor of Castel del Monte is a kind of analogue of the solar calendar.
Here’s another curious reason for thinking – twice a year, on April 8 and October 8, the sun’s rays pass through the windows of the castle into the courtyard in such a way that they fall strictly on the part of the wall where in the time of Frederick II a certain bas-relief was carved, now lost.
Well, and to make everything quite difficult, it is worth remembering that October in the thirteenth century was considered the eighth month of the year.
The castle bears the title of the most mysterious at all because there are many ghosts or other manifestations of mysticism
Frederick II died before he could finish the construction of the castle – the building of Castel del Monte was completed, but the interior decoration was not completed to the end. After the death of the emperor, there were legends in Europe that Frederick did not die, but disappeared in an unknown direction in order to reform the church and establish universal brotherhood and peace.
A certain symbolism is seen in this, because the octagon, repeated in the structure of Castel del Monte, in the Middle Ages symbolized the transition from the world of the living to the kingdom of the dead, and at the same time the union of heaven and earth.
Everything is very simple here – a square was considered a symbol of the earth, a circle was a symbol of the sky, and an octagon was an intermediate figure that signified both unity and transition. However, scientists far from mysticism believe that the repeated use of the octagon is simply a reference to the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem, because Frederick II saw the dome over the cornerstone during his crusade.
Historians are confused by the dubious architecture of the object – in such a castle there was not a single chance to hide from an armed attack. No protective mechanisms were used during the construction.
In addition, the building itself boasts the ideal shape of a real octagon. The castle has also 8 turrets.
Scientists did not fit the theory that this castle was used by noble people in order to rest there after hunting. Castel del Monte looks too monumental and luxurious for this.
Some historians suggest that the purpose of the mysterious castle was to comprehend the secret sciences
Castel del Monte has encrypted and biblical symbols. The fact is that the castle has exactly five drainage basins and five fireplaces, many associate this with the phrase of the Baptist John from the Gospel of Luke:
“I baptize you in water for repentance, but the One who follows me is stronger than me; I am not worthy to bear His shoes; He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire.”
So, it is easy to assume that Castel del Monte was for Frederick II an analogue of the temple, built according to his personal project, and this fully meets the ambitions of the emperor.
By the way, this hypothesis is confirmed by another curious detail. If you look closely at the entrance to the castle, you can see a giant letter F encrypted there. If inside the tomb of Frederick II, associations with the pyramids would be inevitable, and so Castel del Monte seems to be a kind of personal portal of the emperor, erected according to his plan and in his honour.
At least when you stand in the courtyard of the castle and, with your head raised, look at the sky, imprisoned in an octagon of powerful limestone walls, even the most inveterate materialists have a feeling of belonging to the medieval magical tradition.
The energy of this place is special, in the style of those “Scary Tales” by Matteo Garrone.
Occult symbolism of the 2020 Vatican nativity scene
On December 11, the Vatican unveiled its 2020 nativity scene in St. Peter’s Square. And as soon as the red drapery covering the stage was removed, the crowd found a towering, brutal and totem-like angel Gabriel watching them, along with an astronaut and a masked executioner (yes, those guys who kill people on death row).
Let’s say the applause after the opening was “polite”. Here are some images of the nativity scene.
An ominous angel looks down at the crowd while Jesus remains in the red cloth for a while (not sure why). Behind the figures is a neon light that should probably look like mountains on the horizon. However, at first glance, it looks like a lightning strike in a nativity scene.
In a press release, the Vatican Governorate announced that the nursery “is intended to be a sign of hope and faith for the entire world, especially during this difficult time due to the health emergency related to COVID-19.”
But this did not bring “hope and faith” at all. In fact, almost all observers hated it.
It is as if the Vatican purposely created something so ugly that devout Christians hate the play depicting the birth of Jesus. Satanists couldn’t have done better.
Ugliness with weapons
This nativity scene, titled “Monumental Christmas”, was originally created between 1965 and 1975 by students and teachers of the F.A. Grue art school in Castelli, Italy. The original work contained over 50 pieces, but only a few were selected for the Nativity scene at the Vatican, and they chose the horned-masked executioner.
The “Monumental Nativity Scene” is considered a tribute to the world-renowned pottery works of the Abruzzo region and gives a postmodern twist to the classic nativity scene.
In a conversation with a local newspaper, Italian art historian Andrea Chionchi asked if it was “a nightmare or a masterpiece.”
“Forget the sweet face of the Madonna, the tender radiant incarnation of the Child Jesus, the paternal sweetness of Saint Joseph and the pious miracle of the shepherds. For the first time in the middle of the colonnade, Bernini, the Vatican erected a work of the sixties in a brutal postmodern style.
The figures resemble the masks of the ancient and ferocious Samnites, the ancestors of the Abruzians, who professed a pantheistic, animistic, fetishistic and magical religion, somewhat reminiscent of the Andean goddess of fertility, Pachamama.
Castelli’s “Nativity Scene” is an outdated work, the product of a strongly ideological art school. The work offers a depiction of Castelli ceramics that is definitely not true, given that this remarkable art is renowned for its formal elegance and refined, subtle decorative inspiration, which are completely absent here.
References to Greek, Egyptian, and Sumerian character sculptures suggest a liberal historical-critical method of interpreting Scripture. Liberal Bible scholars have hypothesized about various aspects of the Bible as an adaptation of pagan cultures, and not as a result of divine revelation.
Although “ugliness” is subjective, this nativity scene almost tries its best to be as unpleasant to the eye as possible, which in turn is unpleasant to the soul. At least one could say that this scene is anti-Christian. I mean, who’s actually going to pray to this thing? You just can’t. And that’s kind of a target for the twisted minds behind this thing.
Moreover, in addition to its general ugliness, the nativity scene also contains many symbols and historical references that convey a rather egregious message: it is actually an anti-Christmas scene.
Usually in the center of the nativity scene is the baby Jesus. However, in this case, Baby Jesus is essentially a random toddler who just stands there and looks like a giant cork.
The focus of this play is not Jesus, but rather the angel Gabriel. It is surrounded by a massive halo, while Jesus still stands there like a giant cork. In addition, the angel rises above everything on a ribbed pillar. The overall shape of this column closely resembles an important symbol of Ancient Egypt: the Jed Column.
Jed is a common symbol in Ancient Egypt believed to represent the god Osiris, or rather his spine. While this symbol probably has an esoteric meaning in relation to the chakras (which are said to be based on the spine), the Jed also has a phallic character and is associated with fertility rites. In fact, the “erection of the Jed” was an important ceremony in ancient Egypt.
The erection of the Jedi ceremony is to symbolize Osiris’ triumph over Set. During the ceremony, the pharaoh uses ropes to lift the pole with the help of the priests. This coincided with the time of year when the agricultural year began and the fields were planted. This was only part of a 17-day celebration dedicated to Osiris. In general, the ceremony of the erection of the Jed personified both the resurrection of Osiris and the strength and stability of the monarch.
– Ancient origins, sacred symbol of the Jed Pillar
Did the Vatican trick its believers into witnessing the Jed Ascension ceremony? One thing is for sure: the Egyptian influence of this den sit well with what is immediately behind it.
The general plan of the Vatican is Egyptian magic in plain sight. The phallic obelisk (representing Osiris and the masculine) faces the womb-like dome of St. Peter’s Basilica (representing Isis and the feminine). The same exact layout can be found in various power centers of the world, including Washington, DC.
In Washington DC, an obelisk (Washington Monument) faces the dome of the US Capitol.
In Egyptian magic, the union of masculine and feminine principles (Osiris and Isis) gives birth to a “star child” (Horus). From an esoteric point of view, this star child is a powerful magical energy.
The hieroglyph representing Sirius, the most important star of occult symbolism (read my article on this here), consists of three elements of the Egyptian trinity: an obelisk, a dome and a star.
So, the Vatican has an obelisk and a dome. Where is the star completing this trinity? It is there, but you have to look from above.
The Obelisk of St. Peter is located right in the center of the eight-pointed star, also known as the Ishtar Star.
The eight-pointed star also adorns the Christmas tree that stands next to the nativity scene this year.
Speaking of cosmic things, the Vatican nativity scene also depicts an astronaut. Why? God knows.
It seems that the astronaut is holding / giving birth to something. There is also an eight-pointed star on the helmet.
Given the fact that this figure was created between 1965 and 1975, this may be a reference to the 1969 moon landing. But why in 2020 did the Vatican choose this thing to stand next to Jesus?
It is even more incomprehensible why an executioner in a horned mask is standing next to Jesus?
In ancient times, executioners carried out death sentences for lawful convicts by chopping off their heads. In some cases, they wore grotesque masks with dark and menacing features to further intimidate prisoners, depersonalizing them as a person. In short, it is an odd figure to be placed next to the newborn baby Jesus, especially considering the fact that Jesus himself was ultimately sentenced to death.
Apparently this guy is here to represent the “Vatican’s opposition to the death penalty.” This is a rather weak argument that makes little sense. I mean, I’m pretty sure the Vatican is also against methamphetamine. Should they also add a methamphetamine dealer to the nativity scene?
In the scene literally called “Christmas,” this horned figure represents death. This is the complete opposite of “Christmas”. I don’t think Satanists would have done better by desecrating the scene depicting the birth of Jesus.
In a sense, this year’s nativity scene is a sad reflection of 2020. This is a collection of expressionless and socially detached figures who do not interact with each other, standing under the neon lights of phones and computers.
It also reflects how the occult elite has raised their ugly head this year, poisoning every aspect of our lives with their toxic program. Through their outspoken anti-Christian demonstration, the elite sought to prove that its toxic ideology was also ingrained in the Vatican.
Although the Monumental Nativity scene was created several decades ago, it was chosen for the Christmas scene in 2020 for a special reason: it contains certain symbols, conveying a certain energy. Like everything else that has happened this year, this scene demonstrates the control of the elite and the demoralization of the masses.
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