Howard Philips Lovecraft conducted along different novelasreferencias a book that recounted contained magic formulas for invoking the supernatural, in addition to hinting a particular knowledge of the space-time relationship.
Many readers tried then try to locate a printed copy of this mysterious book, but the results were unsuccessful
In all its versions it is considered by experts as one of the most dangerous books of mankind. The horrible ideas and dark truths that this book, in a terribly convincingly, gives his readers have often led to madness and death.
In addition to the ancient truths and prescient prophecies, the book also contains spells and incantations that in the wrong hands can create an unthinkable damage.
No doubt it is a book that contains some claim the terrifying reality of the hidden history of the world besides dark rituals with the power to destroy all life on earth. Lovecraft through his novels sparked interest on the Necronomicon both his staunchest supporters, curious readers and scholars of the occult. Over time it has discussed its existence.
Experts have theorized about this macabre book and with the passage of time have also appeared many false copies of the Necronomicon. But the best tracks on the true story behind the mythical Necronomicon we can find in the work of Lovecraft own. True, he admitted that his Necronomicon Lovecraft was a work of fiction, but in his own biography of the Necronomicon in 1927, makes many deliberate mistakes that give clues about the truth behind the fiction of Lovecraft. According to many experts they say, probably Lovecraft was aware that it was not appropriate to reveal the truth through their stories and novels.
Lovecraft said his Necronomicon was written in 700 AD by a mad Arab Abdul Al-Hazred called on Damascus.
But who was the real author of this remarkable book? The astrologer and writer Abu Ali al-Hasan was noted by many as the true author but the Jewish mystical Alhazen ben Joseph was also proposed.
Most, however, suggests that the real name of the mad Arab Abdul Al-Hazred was Abu ‘Ali alHusayn, known as Ibn al-Rawandi or Rhazes.
Removing its mysterious history
Rhazes was born in 827 AD in Marwarrudh now northern Afghanistan. Early in his life he joined Islam gaining recognition among them. He also studied the Kabbalah, Sufism, Arabic and Christian Gnosticism.
He write several books, both in theology and philosophy of which only fragments remain. After several years studying the occult Rhazes began making pilgrimages and expeditions to remote and wild places. He spent several months with an unknown master in the desert of ad-Dahna before disappearing for over 10 years without a trace in the red desert of Rub ‘al Khali. According to his own writing, I live during this time in the mythical lost city of Iram where he studied ancient and secret teachings.
When he was Iram traveled to Alexandria, Cairo, and then to the necropolis of Saqqara, Memphis. Rhazes devoted the rest of his life to the study of the occult and writing his book, “Al Azif”, which was released a few examples among Arab mystics and theologians. The book was banned for its content and all known copies were destroyed
In early 1100 AD, Al Azif was translated into Greek probably in the monastery of St. Paul the hermit in Egypt, and apparently gave him the title of “Νεκρονομικòν (Necronomicon)”. In 1211 AD the Greek translation was forbidden and all known copies were burned by order of the Patriarch of Constantinople Michael IV.
In the early fourteenth century the Al Azif was first translated into Latin by Arnaldus Villa Nova (1235-1311), probably based on the original lost book Al Azif. In 1389, Pope Boniface IX banned all books related to the Al Azif both Arnaldus as translating the Greek version. Orders Bonifacio IX was to burn all copies that could be found. Some sources said that one of the Greek translation of the Necronomicon arrived in Russia in the fall of Constantinople in 1453. The book apparently remained in the private library of Tsar until the fall of the Tsarist empire.
There are rumors copies were printed in 1500. Rasputin said to own one of these books, which supposedly was a gift from the third wife of Tsar Nicholas. None known of these copies today.The only known original Arabic text “Al Azif” copy and banned translation Greek was destroyed or stolen when the Bedouin looted the monastery of San Pablo and burned his library in 1448 AD In 1541, the alchemist and mystic German Theophrastus Paracelsus primed his own German translation of the Latin version of Arnaldus.
A copy of the book of Paracelsus is said to have been taken as booty by the Swedes in Prague in 1648, but was probably destroyed in the great fire in the Royal Palace in Stockholm in 1697
During 1600, the English mystic John Dee ended his own English translation of the
Necronomicon. The text was not published until after the death of Dee. Meric Casaubon primed the English translation of Dee in a very limited edition in 1651. In 1652 the Danish physician Ole Worm made a new impression Arnaldus in Germany.
The Simon Necronomicon
Another of the most popular versions is called Simon Necronomicon. Avon Books was founded in 1941 by News Corporation of America (ANC) to create a rival to the paperback edition. Avon published dime novels and collections of short stories aimed at younger audiences.
Among writers published HP Lovecraft was. After changing ownership a number of times in the 40, 50 and 60 Avon he decided to turn in their publications in the mid-1970s the reasons why they decided to create their own version of the Necronomicon is unknown, but many said is that it was something more than the simple goal of making money.
Thus, in 1977 Avon Books published “Simon Necronomicon”. It is so titled because it was written by a man identified only as “Simon”. The book sought to derive their content from Sumerian mythology, but it really was was more Babylonian mythology and its introduction sought to identify the Great Old Ones and other creatures introduced in Lovecraft Mythos with gods and demons Sumerians and Babylonians. The stories presented in the book were a mixture of Mesopotamian myths and an unknown story about a man called the “mad Arab”.
The strange thing was that the publication of Simon Necronomicon had no direct link withthe writings of Lovecraft. Indeed, Lovecraft wrote very little about the Necronomicon, having only a few passages of his stories in which quotes the book. Perhaps the best known is:
“That is not dead which can eternal lie, and with strange aeons even death may die.”
All known copies of the Necronomicon originals are kept locked and not available to the public.Several organizations and society for various reasons seek all copies of the book that is still in private hands. Any attempt to disseminate the contents of the Necronomicon has ended in tragedy because accidents are attributed to the curse that seems to accompany the book, still a big mystery all around the world Necronomicon.
Until today continues controvesia and the Necronomicon is still sought by some, while others have accepted as authentic one of two that have been published and put into practice their rituals.