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The Machines Of The Gods: Robots In Ancient Times?

Were there robots with artificial intelligence in ancient times? Are myths and legends about mysterious android machines just a product of human imagination? In this article we will briefly review the ancestral mythology from a technological point of view and in light of the ancient astronaut’s hypothesis.

Robots In Ancient Times

Historians usually trace the idea of ​​automatons to the Middle Ages, when the first automatic movement devices were invented, but the concept of real and artificial creatures dates back to the myths and legends of thousands of years ago.

Ancient Greece

Artificial intelligence, robots and objects that move by themselves appear in the work of the ancient Greek poets Hesiod and Homer, who lived between 750 and 650 years before Christ.

For example, the story of Talos, first mentioned around 700 BC by Hesiod, offers what could be described as the conception of a robot.

The myth describes Talos as a giant bronze man built by Hephaestus, the Greek god of invention and blacksmithing. Talos was commissioned by Zeus, the king of the Greek gods, to protect the island of Crete from invaders. He marched around the island three times a day and threw stones at the approaching enemy ships.

At its core, the giant had a tube that ran from his head to one of his feet that carried a mysterious source of life of the gods that the Greeks called icor . Another ancient text, Argonautica , dating from the third century BC, describes how the sorceress Medea defeated Talos by removing a bolt on her ankle and letting the ichor fluid out.

Robots In Ancient Times

Medea and Talos.

Pandora’s myth, first described in Hesiod’s Theogony , is another example of an “artificial being.” Although many later versions of the story portray Pandora as an innocent woman who, unknowingly, opened a box of evil, Hesiod’s original describes Pandora as an artificial evil woman built by Hephaestus and sent to Earth by order of Zeus to “Punish humans” for discovering fire.

In addition to creating Talos and Pandora, the mythical Hephaestus made other objects that moved by themselves, including a set of automatic servants, who looked like women but were made of gold. According to Homer’s account of the myth, Hephaestus gave these artificial women “the knowledge of the gods” (artificial intelligence ?!).

Ancient china

It is said that Chi You had a human body, four eyes and six legs. As if it were an antenna, a bump was coming out of his head. According to the book Shuyiji (述 異 記), his eighty-eight brothers had the same animal form, but with a bronze and iron head. Everyone “fed” with rocks and sand.

Chi You was executed by the mythical yellow emperor Huangdi, after an epic battle involving a dragon, magical powers and “storm rays” as weapons. His head was buried by his followers in a cave, where he was worshipped by locals. His grave radiated a red cloud from time to time.

Robots In Ancient Times

Chi You representation.

Emperor Huangdi, on the other hand, legends grant properties such as being immortal, the god of Kunlun Mountain and the center of the Earth. He had a winged dragon named Huang Ti, whose body shone like metal. But despite having wings, this dragon could only fly with the right weather conditions. Legend has it, for example, that one day the emperor climbed “aboard” the creature, but it failed to take off due to a hurricane – a very strange circumstance considering that dragons were considered protectors of rain and rain. wind-.

Robots In Ancient Times

The “anomaly” described in the previous paragraph can be understood under the technological vision, which would look at the “dragon” as some kind of prototype flying machine. According to ancient accounts, this “dragon” could carry up to seventy passengers in their “moustaches.”

Ancient Sumeria

This is probably the most remote and distant mention of Robots In Ancient Times. And if we go back to the farthest past, Sumeria and the Gilgamesh Epic inevitably arise .

Gilgamesh was a semi-divine king of Uruk. He was considered “two-thirds divine and a human tecius,” something that did not assure him of immortality, so, in the face of uncertainty, he decided to seek it for himself.

Luckily, Enkidu, a former rival turned friend, knew how to get to the secret abode of the gods. Enkidu told Gilgamesh that he had wandered for a while on the mountain of cedars and knew the underground entrance that led to the residence of the god Shamash. But he warned him of the danger of getting there.

A sinister monster guarded the entrance of the gods. His name was Huwawa, “the guardian of Shamash’s entrance.”

Ancient times

Huwawa representation.

This is how Enkidu described the monster or Robots In Ancient Times: “Huwawa is an extraordinarily constructed machine. Its roar is like a flood, its mouth is fire, its breath is death … You can hear a cow moving at sixty leagues and its net can capture from a great distance … Weakness takes hold of those who approach the forest doors » .

Enkidu describes what we could now consider as a kind of robot, with radar systems and equipped with weapons that throw fire, radioactive gases, and paralyzing magnetic fields.

Far from being scared, Gilgamesh would ask his friend to accompany him to fight together and stand before the secret abode of the gods, and thus claim the legitimate immortality he believed belonged to him for having divine blood.

After traveling a long distance to the west and entering the forest, Enkidu managed to find the door, but when he tried to open it an invisible force shook him a violent discharge that made him fly through the air, something that physically paralyzed him for twelve days .

When he finally recovered, he tried to convince Gilgamesh to return, but it was in vain. The monarch was determined to find immortality, so he went ahead and found an entrance tunnel. When they began to remove trees and stones to access inside, the monster Huwawa appeared.

«His appearance was powerful. His teeth were like those of a dragon, his face like that of a lion, but the most fearsome was his radiant ray, emanating from his forehead, devouring trees and bushes, from his murderous force no one could escape.

Huwawa drew a path of destruction with his killer beam, so it could be a sort of long-range laser beam.

However, and already fearing the worst of the finals, the heroes received help from above. The god Shamash, aboard his flying ship, “lifted a wind” that reached the eyes of the monster and paralyzed him. Moment that Gilgamesh took the opportunity to bring Huwawa to the ground. “Cedars resounded for two leagues, so heavy was the fall of the monster.”

Finally, Enkidu gave the coup de grace to Huwawa.

Sources:

Gods and Robots: Myths, Machines, and Ancient Dreams of Technology (2019), by Adrienne Mayor.

ChinaKnowledge.de – An Encyclopaedia on Chinese History, Literature and Art .

The Anunnaki: Creators of Humanity (2012), by David Parcerisa.

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Ancient

A giant pyramid was discovered in the Ural mountains

Ural tourists from the club of expeditions “Wild North” found a huge pyramid in the Subpolar Urals, which is several times larger than the Egyptian pyramid of Cheops. An unusual mountain was discovered when they were preparing for the helicopter casting of one of the groups and studied satellite images of the Polar Urals.

The height of the pyramid is almost 800 meters, the length of the faces is about a kilometer. In this case, the faces are located exactly on the cardinal points. The pyramid is located on the territory of the Peoples-Itinsky Ridge in the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug – Ugra. – We were preparing a route and came across a pyramid. She stands on an arc from a meteorite impact crater. According to satellite data, the mountain with its forms exactly repeats the famous Pyramid of Cheops in Egypt.

Only its size is twice as large, ”says Evgeny Svitov, head of the Wild North Expedition Club. – The height of the pyramid is 774 meters, the length of each of its faces is almost a kilometer. The edges are located clearly on the cardinal points, as if on a level.

“These are God-forgotten places, the fishermen bypass them, they say there are not very many fish,” said Yevgeny Svitov from the Wild North expedition club. – It is amazing that the pyramid faces clearly on the cardinal points. The sacred shaman river flows there. According to Eugene Svitov, nature could not do this – to create such a clear relief with angles of 90 degrees. “My version: this is a construction of ancient civilizations,” the traveler believes. – Most likely, it consists of granite, quartzite, there is no vegetation there, it starts a little lower.

“People did not live there, these territories were used precisely as ritual places,” said Vladimir Anishchenko, a scientist and member of the Russian Geographical Society. Archaeologists note that the Ural ridge was sacred, people came to perform rituals there, it was a territory of the forces of nature.

The pyramid is located almost on the ridge, the territory is very peculiar, it has its own anomalies. We were there with expeditions. Unexplained anomalies are encountered there. For example, there is a platform at the confluence of rivers where there are no mosquitoes, although there should be clouds. 

You can get to the pyramid either by walking 400 kilometers along the ridge on foot, or by helicopter. The object has already attracted interest from the Russian Geographical Society. In the summer, an expedition will be sent to study the pyramid.

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Ancient

Helicopter, tank, submarine: what is actually depicted on the walls of the temple in Abydos

The study of the temple complex in the ancient Egyptian city of Abydos began in the 19th century. There were a lot of hieroglyphs, they were on columns and on beams, guessed under a layer of dirt and soot. But then it was just hieroglyphs. The twentieth century had to come, so that scientists could see that the ancient Egyptians on the walls of the temple depicted a tank, a helicopter and a submarine.

The ancient Egyptian Abydos is located near Luxor – it has a long and extremely interesting history. The temple complex was built on the left bank of the Nile and is dedicated to Osiris, the god who taught mankind gardening and agriculture. Egyptian myths tell how the god Seth killed Osiris, his brother, and since then, he, depicted as a mummy, rules the underworld, the world of the dead. True, archaeologists are sure that the cult of Osiris came to a long-living city and, probably, one of the most populated by this time. It is also believed that before the appearance of the cult of Osiris, Abdos was the religious center of civilization.

Memorial Temple of Seti I in Abydos

Around the XIII century. BC, the construction of the temple complex dedicated to Osiris begins – it was the reign of Set I. It was a pharaoh, famous for many victories and conquests. It is not surprising that the temples of Abydos began to praise the pharaoh, commander, reformer, and warrior.

Mummy of Seti I

After the death of Seti I in 1279 BC power in the country passes to Ramses II. It was in many ways a unique ruler – he builds a lot, develops the country, fights. And he lived for more than 80 years, having ruled at least 60, which was a lot for those times. When it was built a lot, and it was during it that the temple complex of Abydos grew. Now there were palaces, temples of the necropolis.

Ramses II

The 19th century for the exploration of Egypt was incredibly fruitful. In Abydos in 1818 inscriptions were found that were extremely important for the country\’s chronology: the table of Abydos and the list of kings – these were relief columns of hieroglyphs with a list of the country\’s pharaohs who lived before Ramses II. On the walls of the temple were also found numerous \”technological\” drawings, but then they were simply fixed.

Abydos list and table of Abydos

And until the end of the twentieth century, these drawings did not interest anyone. Until 1997, when the photos of ufologist Ruth McKinley-Hover appeared on the Internet. She claimed that on a beam in the Osiris temple … images of a helicopter, a submarine and an airplane were found. She argued that this was undoubted evidence of paleocontact meetings of ancient Egyptian and alien civilization. And then again they remembered not only about this beam with its strange icons, but also about other \”technological\” drawings that were previously interpreted only as fantasies of artists.


The same symbols

Of course, the first reaction was to accuse the scientist of falsification. But numerous photos of the indicated place confirmed – yes, these hieroglyphs have probably existed since the time of Seti I or Ramses II and indeed represent a record, probably encrypted.

“Technological” drawings in the temples of Abydos

Explanations of the appearance of hieroglyphs of this form were varied. Official science immediately indicated that there is an imposition of hieroglyphs made earlier and later, for example, at the time of the Network first, and then, at the time of Ramses. Part of the plaster on which the reliefs are made, collapsed and in this way it turned out that we can see today.

Black marks are the icons that were supposedly stuffed into the relief during the time of Ramses II

Of course, such an explanation did not suit everyone. The times of Ancient Egypt, of course, are studied well, but far from as well as they should. And the basis for the study, in general, does not suit everyone – after all, the decoding of the hieroglyphs, the beginning of which was laid by Jean-Francois Champollion, is not satisfactory for all scientists. And if we recall that there were accusations that Champollion was knocking down texts that “did not fit” into his scheme, then it was completely doubtful. In addition, in other churches of the same Abydos there are many reliefs that confound scientists.

Necropolis of Abydos

In addition to the mysterious inscription, Abydos does not tire of discovering more and more mysteries. One of them is located in the same temple of Seti I. This is a certain room, which is now called “room K”. Access here is possible only from above, from the roof of the temple, through the hole. The “room” itself is two-story, has neither doors nor windows and, which is especially surprising for Egyptian architecture, is deprived of any images and inscriptions at all.

Location of Camera K

Osirion is also causing no less questions – a construction much more ancient, built of megaliths. It was built Abydos. And it itself, probably, was built long before the advent of ancient Egyptian civilization, and possibly refers to the culture on the remains of which Ancient Egypt flourished.

Near Osirion were discovered the remains of an extremely ancient city – it existed much earlier than the Egyptian pharaohs, and, especially, the cult of Osiris. And in it was everything that was needed for a real crowded center – buildings, tombs, workshops. Ancient utensils and tools were found.

Osirion

Be that as it may, the reliefs, inscriptions and temples found to date require a more thorough and, importantly, objective study. Perhaps the look of amateur historians will help scientists unravel ancient secrets. After all, Champollion was an amateur …

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Ancient

Ancient Egyptian pyramids discovered in Alaska

Photo: Ken Hill / National Park Service

Archaeologists and climatologists who jointly explored a rocky tundra plateau in the west of the Brooks Range in Alaska, discovered hundreds of remains of houses and stone pyramids, which are about 11 thousand years old.

A study report appeared in Anchorage Daily News. Its author is Ned Rosell, a research fellow at the Geophysical Institute at the University of Alaska at Fairbanks. A large-scale study began in 2011, when the National Park Service built a meteorological station on Howard Pass. Such facilities are designed to operate autonomously in remote places throughout Alaska. The station is powered by solar panels, and sends the received data via space satellites.

This information helped archaeologists to choose the most suitable time for the expedition and explore the vast space between the Colville and Noack rivers. They visited there and found out that even in the most extreme weather conditions in Alaska in ancient times there were large settlements.

At Howard Pass, hundreds of remnants of dwellings were discovered, including circular “foundations” on which igloo domed houses were installed, as well as pits for storing food, raw materials and waste from the production of stone tools. In addition, pyramidal piles of stones were found. These structures are far from being as monumental as the pyramids of Egypt, but they are approximately twice as old as the African ones. Scientists believe that the ancient pyramids in Alaska served as traps into which people drove caribou – reindeer.

“Locals took advantage of caribou, fish, berries, waterfowl and, probably, bison in the earliest period,” said archaeologist Jeff Rasich of the National Park Service. “Howard Pass is a tundra gate several kilometers wide through which herds of caribou still migrate seasonally from the Western Arctic.”

Despite the extremely difficult climatic conditions, this area, according to scientists, has always been rich in food. The natives called Howard Pass the word “Akutuq” (Akutuq). This was the name of their favorite treat, which they prepared from whipped animal fats, sugar and berries. The snow patterns drawn by the wind on Howard Pass reminded them of this delicacy.

As for the weather, the climatic anti-record was recorded in these places on February 21, 2013. On that day, the air temperature dropped to around minus 43 degrees Celsius, and the wind blew at a speed of about 87 km / h.

And this was not an isolated event. Conditions close to those described were recorded in 2014, 2015, 2016 and 2017. In the wind, the temperature was even lower. Scientists believe that the Eskimos waited in their homes for severe frosts, and then went to the pass in search of icy carcasses that fell from the cold caribou.

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