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The Amazon has reached a turning point and has begun to self-destruct

The Amazon has reached a turning point and has begun to self-destruct 94

Research has determined that the Amazon has reached a “tipping point” and has begun to self-destruct, and a “large reforestation project” is needed to save it.

The prestigious journal Science Advances , has published an editorial where scientists Thomas Lovejoy and Carlos Nobre indicated that fires and deforestation have broken the normal process of the rainforest to act as a carbon sink, a biodiversity fortress and a critical link in the water cycle.

Many locations in the Amazon, hit by deforestation, are becoming tropical savannas , which seriously interferes with sustaining the forest to produce rain.

Another scientist, Philip Fearnside , a professor at the National Institute of Amazonian Research in Brazil , also spoke 5 months ago , indicating that the Amazon was on its way to a turning point if deforestation continued.

Amazon: on the verge of destruction

The researchers wrote :

Although 2019 was not the worst year for fires or deforestation in the Amazon, it was the year that the extent of fires and deforestation in the region attracted worldwide attention. ”

The Amazon has reached a turning point and has begun to self-destruct 95
Agência Brasil Archive

Lovejoy and Nobre are clear in suggesting that man-made activities, such as fires and deforestation, will cause irreversible damage to the Amazon and then to humanity.

They added:

The beautiful Amazon is on the verge of functional destruction and, with it, we are too. ”

Scientists’ predictions are not encouraging, they portray a terrible short-term future for the green lung of the planet.

The researchers wrote:

Deforestation will lead to the development of savannas mainly in the east and south of the Amazon, perhaps extending to the central and southwest areas, because these areas are naturally close to the minimum amount of rainfall required for the rainforest to thrive. ”

The global warming driven by human worsens the negative process that Amazon is going through, causing reduced rainfall and rising temperatures in the region.

The Amazon has reached a turning point and has begun to self-destruct 96
Amazon rainforest converted into farmland. An area the size of Greater London has been lost this month. Credit: Nacho Doce / Reuters.

Amazon: we have reached the turning point

According to the authors, there are indications that the inflection point is occurring. An example of this is that the dry season is longer and warmer today, causing droughts never seen and the changing composition of tree species towards those that favor drier climates.

In addition, the role of the Amazon as a carbon sink is decreasing over time as deforestation increases. This will have a greater effect on the global warming process .

Another negative factor is that the destruction of the Amazon would negatively affect its function as a supplier of fresh water to all the countries of South America, except Chile, due to the blockade of the Andes.

The authors wrote:

Stated bluntly, the Amazon not only cannot withstand greater deforestation, but now requires reconstruction as the basis of the hydrological cycle to continue serving as a continental climate factor for the planet and an essential part of the global carbon cycle as it has done it for millennia. ”

Amazon: a large reforestation project is needed to save it

Lovejoy and Nobre indicate that to “rebuild a safety margin”, a ” major reforestation project ” is needed , particularly in the south and east of the Amazon.

The authors wrote:

Any additional increase in deforestation must be matched by triple the reforestation, with details adapted to national levels. ”

The Amazon has reached a turning point and has begun to self-destruct 97
Land deforested in the Amazon

They also indicated that the participation of citizens and leaders to save the Amazon is urgent.

The authors wrote:

The citizens and leaders of South America and the world must create and promote a new vision of the Amazon, one that recognizes that the natural and economic assets of the region must be managed to maintain their essential role for South America and in maintaining of the health of the planet. This new vision should respect and protect its natural infrastructure and include a careful review of all related business activities. ”

Last chance to act

Total “illogical and myopic” farming practices , such as monocultures of cattle, soybeans and sugarcane, should be put to a complete end, the researchers said. Instead, the authors suggest that sensible use should be made of intact forests, harnessing the power of mass flow rivers and favoring the sustainable harvest of biological assets.

However, even if these measures are implemented, a latent problem could curb the success of recovering the Amazon: the lack of concern of the Brazilian government, whose territory houses most of the Amazonian territory.

The Amazon has reached a turning point and has begun to self-destruct 98
Blurred photo published by the newspaper «Folho do Progresso» informing about the «Day of Fire», an event promoted by the newspaper itself with the ruralists. Courtesy: Folho do Progresso.

The authors state that it is possible to save the Amazon, as long as this is taken with the seriousness it deserves, and it is recognized that the Amazon should be managed as a system. Only that way would it be possible, they say.

We do not believe that the current Brazilian government is interested in going down in history as the administration that tipped the Amazon towards disappearance / savanization. ”

The authors concluded the article arguing that we are currently in a ” moment of destiny .”

Lovejoy and Nobre wrote:

The turning point is here, it is now. The people and leaders of the Amazon countries together have the power, science and tools to avoid a global environmental disaster on a continental scale. Together, we need the will and imagination to tip the direction of change in favor of a sustainable Amazon. ”

We must be clear: it is our last chance to save the Amazon.

The research entitled ” Amazon turning point: last chance to act ” has been published in the journal Science Advances .


Planet Earth

Polar vortex: “wild” winter is coming in the US, Northern Europe and East Asia after the 16th of January

Polar vortex: "wild" winter is coming in the US, Northern Europe and East Asia after the 16th of January 111

In the upper atmosphere above the North Pole, experts saw a rapidly swirling vortex of cold air that could bring severe frosts to the United States, Northern Europe and East Asia. Serious cold snap and snowy weather are expected after January the 16th.

Snowfalls and a cold snap hit South Korea since the start of 2021, hitting historic snow maximums and temperatures. In the country, for the first time since 1964, television and newer communications are sending people cold snap warnings:

The situation is similar in Japan, where a new snow storm hit historic highs:

On January 7, the thermometer In Beijing dropped to -20 degrees Celsius, breaking the 1966 record. In other regions of China, the temperature is also not sugar, and you can only move around in special uniforms:

The cold even reached Taiwan, where the temperature in some areas dropped below freezing point, snow poured down and people realized that rice terraces can be used as a ski jump:

Even more snow went to Spain, where on January 6, 2021, a temperature of -34.1 ° C was recorded – the lowest on record. After that, a snow storm hit the country, which has not been seen for 80 years:

The same thing happens in Canada and in the northern states of the United States:

It seems that after a stratospheric warming, the subpolar vortex began to split:

The vortex itself is a standard phenomenon. However, this time experts were surprised at his movement. It is possible that in the near future it will be divided into two parts. 

Scientists associate the strange behavior with the changed climate in the Arctic, which has become warmer. From September to December, the amount of ice cover decreased significantly.

The polar vortex is a low-pressure region located in the stratosphere and filled with cold air. When the jet stream of air that holds the vortex weakens, the low pressure area moves south. 

As the ice shrinks, more moisture will move inland. It will turn to snow, so snowfalls are expected. Snow, in turn, reflects heat, leading to a cold snap.

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Planet Earth

Hospital in Naples was evacuated after a new, huge sinkhole appeared

Hospital in Naples was evacuated after a new, huge sinkhole appeared 112

Eyewitnesses said they heard a loud crash at dawn when a huge hole in the ground formed outside the Ponticelli Ospedale del Mare hospital in eastern Naples.

Early in the morning of January 8, 2021, a sinkhole occurred in the parking lot of a clinic in Naples. The depth of the formed cavity is about 20 meters, the total area of ​​the hole is about 2,000 square meters.

No casualties were found at the scene; firefighters say the sinkhole “affected an area of ​​about 500 square meters” and engulfed several cars parked near the hospital.

As the press writes and as a little can be seen from the videos, rescuers and firefighters were running around the pit together with the governor of the area.  But who should be there in the forefront are Italian geologists, since Naples stands in the very center of the volcanic system known as the Phlegrean Fields.

If the surface collapsed, moreover – the surface reinforced with concrete and reinforced from below with some kind of communications, then we are talking about serious soil deformations caused by the activity of magma.

Italy has been in doubt since the summer of 2020, because swarms were observed there in very atypical places in May, and according to the forecasts of old Italian seismologists, who had witnessed many strong earthquakes, it should have boomed in the August region.

Fortunately, nothing bad happened to Italy and there was no big earthquake. But, since there are swarms, it means that something is being prepared, the magma is gathering strength. 

Following this particular sinkhole event – an obvious sign that a major earthquake in Italy is already very close.

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Planet Earth

A new great pandemic cycle has begun (again) in China

A new great pandemic cycle has begun (again) in China 113

In the first months of 2020, the whole world with a certain fright followed the events unfolding in China, where people fell on the streets during the day and astronauts wandered, and in the evening crematoria began to smoke. And now, with the onset of December, the cycle seems to be repeating itself.

Shunyi area in Beijing, where the authorities announced “wartime status” the day before. As you can see in the videos, thousands of people are lined up in the queue for mandatory testing:

Dalian city, where “wartime” is also declared. Neighborhoods are blockaded, people are walled up in entrances, familiar characters of George Lucas roam the streets:

Chinese ‘rescuers’, before performing a combat mission:

Chengdu City:

Daluo Port, Yunnan – tourists came for adventure and they received the ‘time of their life’ after leaving the ramp:

If something happens in Beijing, it does not mean that tomorrow the same will happen everywhere. However, the trend towards such dynamics is observed and, as the practice of the first wave of the pandemic has shown, all countries and people, to one degree or another, have taken into account the ‘Chinese experience’. 

Therefore, one must think that everything will now be in peace, as in spring – a new global round of the fight against the Covid has begun in China, a new great pandemic cycle!

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