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Cryptozoology

Sykes Team Error: Yeti DNA Matches Modern Polar Bear; BBC Compounds Error, Says It Was Himalayan Bear

Sykes Team Error: Yeti DNA Matches Modern Polar Bear; BBC Compounds Error, Says It Was Himalayan Bear 86

by Loren Coleman

Bryan Sykes’ team was in error matching “Yeti” hair samples with a Pleistocene polar bear DNA. It was modern polar bear, instead. The information was published in the following comments to the original paper.

Himalayan ‘yeti’ DNA: polar bear or DNA degradation? A comment on ‘Genetic analysis of hair samples attributed to yeti’ by Sykes et al. (2014)

C. J. Edwards and R. Barnett

Proc. R. Soc. B February 7, 2015 282 20141712; doi:10.1098/rspb.2014.1712

A significant finding, they point out, is “that the two [Yeti] sequences” were incorrectly matched to “a Pleistocene fossil more than 40,000 BP of U. maritimus (polar bear).” Instead, the correct match is with “a modern U. maritimus individual from Diomede, Little Diomede Island, Alaska.”

PolarBearShipton

For clarification, brown bears  are Ursus arctos, polar bears are Ursus maritimus, and Himalayan brown bears are Ursus arctos isabellinus.

EdwardsR-B
Sykes-sample

Sykes’ and his associates then replied:

Response to Edward and Barnett

Terry W. Melton, Michel Sartori, and Bryan C. Sykes

Proc. R. Soc. B February 7, 2015 282 20142434; doi:10.1098/rspb.2014.2434

In response, Sykes, et alii, agreed that their Yeti samples were not from the “jawbone of a Pleistocene polar bear Ursus maritimus, after all. They acknowledged the “matches were instead to a modern specimen of U. maritimus from the Diomede Islands in the Bering Sea reported in the same paper.”

Melton.Sartori.Sykes

 

Therefore, the entire conclusion that the two Yeti DNA samples were a 100% match to the possible polar bear-brown bear hybrid, the 40,000 year before present Pleistocene polar bear is wrong. That conclusion has to be thrown out.

PRANGbwPOLARBEARS

 

But here’s were the media muddles the picture.

The BBC News rushed in with a bit of misinformation, I’m afraid.

With totally no basis in what is being said in the two comments in Proceedings B, the BBC published this:

A theory that the mythical yeti is a rare polar bear-brown bear hybrid animal has been challenged.

Last year, Oxford University genetics professor Bryan Sykes revealed the results of DNA tests on hairs said to be from the Abominable Snowman.The tests matched the samples with the DNA of an ancient polar bear.But two other scientists have said re-analysis of the same data shows the hairs belong to the Himalayan bear, a sub-species of the brown bear.

The BBC merely extends the facts of the paper into the realm of what Edwards and Barnett might theorize:

In their paper, Dr Edwards and Dr Barnett said their tests identified the hairs as being from a rare type of brown bear.The scientists said: “The Himalayan bear is a sub-species of the brown bear that lives in the higher reaches of the Himalayas, in remote, mountainous areas of Pakistan, Nepal, Tibet, Bhutan and India.“Its populations are small and isolated, and it is extremely rare in many parts of its range.“The common name for these bears in the region is Dzu-teh, a Nepalese term meaning ‘cattle bear’, and they have long been associated with the myth of the yeti.”

It appears that the reporter or editor at the BBC News dipped into Wikipedia for their second source. There you can find this: “The Himalayan Brown Bear (Ursus arctos isabellinus), also known as the Himalayan Red Bear, Isabelline Bear or Dzu-Teh, is a subspecies of the Brown Bear. The bear (as the Dzu-Teh) is thought to be the source of the legend of the Yeti.”

kathmandu-patan

 

Wikipedia is merely repeating what many of us in cryptozoology, for decades, have considered a possibility.

“Dzu-Teh,” a Nepalese term, has also been associated with the legend of the Yeti, or Abominable Snowman, with which it has been sometimes confused or mistaken. During the Daily Mail Abominable Snowman Expedition of 1954, Tom Stobbart encountered a “Dzu-Teh.” This is recounted by Ralph Izzard, the Daily Mail correspondent on the expedition, in his book The Abominable Snowman Adventure. The report was also printed in the Daily Mail expedition dispatches on May 7, 1954.

There is no real reason to associate Stobbart’s information with the term “Dzu-Teh,” however, and the use of the term by him, a non-native, can only have been presumptive. Source.

The Melton-Sartori-Sykes reply points out a significant conclusion:

“Importantly, for the thrust of the paper as a whole, the conclusion that these Himalayan ‘yeti’ samples were certainly not from a hitherto unknown primate is unaffected.”

So, we are left with…

Fact: The two samples of Yeti DNA do 100% match a modern polar bear.

Question: What are, at least, two polar bears doing in the Himalayan biological arena in the space of 40 years? And being termed “Yeti” by locals and outsiders?

DarkerYetiBear

 

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Cryptozoology

Four friends were scared by a Bigfoot-like creature

Four friends were scared by a Bigfoot-like creature 99
Photo: John Bazemore / AP

A strange creature resembling a Bigfoot scared the inhabitants of the Canadian province of British Columbia. This is reported by the Canadian newspaper The Star.

On the evening of December 25, 2020, four friends driving along the highway near the city of Silverton noticed a huge figure on the side of the road. According to them, she resembled a very large man or a grizzly bear standing on its hind legs. The creature quickly dropped to four legs and disappeared into the thickets. Friends stopped the car, photographed his footprints and sent the pictures to cryptozoologists looking for Bigfoot.

We found a wide variety of tracks, and some looked especially disturbing. These were the footprints of a two-legged creature leading into the forest in a straight line. I was a little scared when I saw their size. And they were definitely not bear paws, Erica Spink-D’Souza, an eyewitness said.

According to the head of Bigfoot Field Research Group and the host of the program “Finding Bigfoot” on Animal Planet, Matt Moneymaker, forgery or pranking is out of the question. 

“The untouched snow surrounding the footprints proves that the footprints are not fabricated by humans,” he explains. – The length of the stride exceeds the capabilities of a person trying to move through snowdrifts up to the knee. The traces of the dragging and the depth show that the jumping hare could not have left them. The linear nature of the tracks indicates that it was not a bear.”

Ten days after the observation, a group of cryptozoologists from Okanagan visited the scene. They examined the tracks and concluded that a moose could have left them. 

“Eyewitnesses could see a large elk looking ahead and mistake her for a humanoid figure,” says Moneymaker. 

At the same time, he notes that moose tracks are not enough for the final conclusion.

In 2018, it was reported that a resident of the American state of Montana went into the forest and almost died from a bullet from a Bigfoot hunter.

 “If I see something that looks like Bigfoot, then I just shoot him,” he explained.

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Cryptozoology

Scientist finds polar bear DNA in Bigfoot

Scientist finds polar bear DNA in Bigfoot 100

British scientists examined yeti DNA and found a strong similarity to polar bear DNA. For analysis, they took the wool of a creature that was killed by a hunter in the Himalayas 30 years ago.

Brian Sykes, a geneticist at the University of Oxford, examined the DNA of the Bigfoot Yeti and found similarities to the DNA of a polar bear, according to Daily Star.

For analysis, Sykes took the wool of a creature killed by a hunter in the Himalayas 30 years ago, from which they made a stuffed animal. The result showed a match with the DNA of an ancient polar bear that became extinct at least 40,000 years ago. The geneticist suggests that the Yeti is a hybrid of a brown bear and a polar bear that arrived in the mountain range from the Arctic north many years ago. For this reason, it behaves differently from an animal of this species.

Now the professor wants to obtain samples of Bigfoot hair from all over the world in order to subject them to the most difficult DNA tests and continue research in this direction.

In 2019, the FBI released documents revealing the results of analysis of hair and biologic tissue allegedly belonging to Bigfoot. The samples were sent in 1976 by yeti hunter Peter Byrne. Research results showed that they belonged to a deer.

Bigfoot is a large humanoid creature from modern folklore, which is believed to live in forest or mountain areas that are inaccessible to humans. It is believed that it is an ancient hominid that has survived to our time, but scientists are skeptical about the likelihood of its existence. In particular, all cases of its observation or possible traces are explained by hoax or mistaken recognition of animal tracks.

When was the last time a Bigfoot was seen?

In 2020, the appearance of Bigfoot was noted in Australia, the relic forests of Canada, in the west of the USA, in the north of Scandinavia.

In the spurs of the Himalayas, wild hairy people of small stature were seen, resembling a Flores man (fossil dwarf species of people. Also known as the “hobbit” by analogy with the creatures invented by J. Tolkien. – Ed.).

In October, locals informed that in the jungle of Africa, in the Congo region, there is an upright creature similar to a Yeti.

Traces of Bigfoot, his refuge are regularly found in Komi. Yeti visits have recently been reported from eyewitnesses from the Karelian Isthmus and the border zone near Vyborg, where there are dungeons and a huge bunker near an abandoned military airfield.

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Cryptozoology

Strange photo was taken by tourists near Loch Ness

Strange photo was taken by tourists near Loch Ness 101
Mary Evans Picture Library

Inverness, December 23. A new photograph of a mysterious creature “the size of a very large seal” in Loch Ness has been announced as another official sighting of the Loch Ness monster.

Tourist Karen Scott, returning from Aberdeen, noticed a strange creature in the Scottish Loch Ness. The woman managed to capture her observation in the photo. At first, Scott took what he saw for a big bird, she admitted to reporters. According to the traveler, while she took out the camera, the mysterious creature managed to submerge itself under the water.

Strange photo was taken by tourists near Loch Ness 102

“By the time I turned on the camera on my phone, it was slowly submerged under the water and then reappeared at a short distance,” she shared.

Scott and her friend compared the creature they saw to a large seal, but workers at the lake have denied this assumption. According to experts, seals rarely get that far into Loch Ness.

The tourist flow to these places in 2020 was much lower than in previous years due to the coronavirus pandemic, experts studying Nessie noted. Despite this circumstance, during this year, travelers recorded a large amount of evidence of the existence of the Loch Ness monster, scientists were surprised.

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