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STAR TREK – Back To The Future Medicines

Many fiction movies today are inspired by science and technological advancements around them. But is this always the case? Not if you consider how a number of fiction movies, specifically Sci-Fi, have inspired the world of science and encouraged our capacity for innovation.

Sci-Fi movies have predicted and shaped our lives more than you could imagine. Yet, one series seemed to have stood out just by the sheer number of ways it keeps inspiring our innovations even today – that series is Star Trek.

A lot of things predicted in this movie have been created, with many more underway.

Perhaps the most outstanding of these predictions have to do with the world of medicines and how we treat illnesses.

When the original series of Star Trek began in September 1966, a whole lot of people were marveled by the bold predictions. Many were inspired and many more found the ideas preposterous.

Just as was announced in its voice-over introduction, it was clear that this series would challenge man “to explore strange new worlds, to seek out new life and new civilizations, to boldly go where no man has gone before.”

Now, humans have taken giant leaps within the last few decades to bring us the technological advancements that we now enjoy freely today.

To understand how ridiculous these ideas sounded when the original series was produced, remember that its first episode was aired in 1966.

The story was set somewhere in the Milky Way Galaxy towards the close of the 23rd century. A group of scientists in a spaceship went out to explore the galaxy and discover more about things around them.

A lot of technologies displayed in the series were simply stunning for the average mind. Even the high-class literate people such as doctors and professors were wowed by these technologies.

Star Trek would go on to become the most inspiring series in the world of medicine and would herald the birth of remarkable advancements today.

Tricorder

Tricorder

For example, in Star Trek, one of the most controversial devices featured was the Tricorder.

The Tricorder, an abbreviation of “TRI-function reCORDER”, is a device with a sensor scanner which helps in scanning, analyzing and recording data. It comes in three major variants, even though there are a few others for special use.

There is the standard, general-purpose tricorder that is used for scouting areas that are unfamiliar, examining living things and recording technical data.

There is also the engineering tricorder that is used specifically for engineering tasks within the starship.

The medical tricorder is the one that stunned a lot of people. The medical tricorder helps the doctors in diagnosing diseases and collecting information about the patient’s body, all through the sensor, thereby requiring little professional help.

No cuts, no lacerations – just advanced technology packaged into a portable, hand-held device!

Imagine a device available to everyday consumers, with which you can perform self-diagnosis of a number of medical seconds and even take a few basic vital measurements, all within seconds.

That was the marvel that Star Trek displayed to the world. While it seemed really impossible then, we are getting closer to this actualization by the day.

In 1966, NBC released an iconic but short-lived series that would inspire generations of inventors to bring about changes in our daily live.

Already we now have CT scans, MRIs and ultrasounds. These are non-invasive technologies that help discover things going on in the body without having to cut the organs open.

These would have sounded like fantasy back when Star Trek was released.

But we didn’t stop there. Note that there have been many scanners in the past which usually focused on diagnosing one condition or take specific health measurements.

But, just like the medical tricorder, this was expected to cover more grounds.

With the help of Qualcomm, a global competition known as X Prize was launched in 2012 with the singular aim to create a device that looks as much like the medical tricorder as possible.

The inducement prize was $10,000,000! As you would expect, hundreds of companies from 30 countries took on the challenge.

The device that was to be built should be lightweight, portable, handheld, non-invasive and able to diagnose up to 13 medical conditions, ranging from sore throat to colon cancer.

Then, the final product would be tested on 30 people with the conditions within 3 days. This competition spurred innovation in a way that was unprecedented. The diagnosis was expected to be generated within 24 hours.

Test subject trying out Final Frontier’s Dexter.

At the end, a team called the Final Frontier Medical Device finally emerged victorious when they built DxtER.

This device is built on a complex, custom-built AI that allows it to successfully up to 34 conditions long before the 24 hours elapses.

With the development, we can expect to be able to get this marvelous device for around $500 soon. Now, the Tricorder is closer to us than ever!

Geordi’s VISOR

One of the most remarkable devices shown on Star Trek is Geordi’s VISOR. The VISOR is an acronym for Visual Instrument and Sensory Organ Replacement.

Because Geordi LaForge was born blind, he had to rely on this device to “see”.

This device sends visual signals straight to his brain, helping him see all the electromagnetic spectrum.

Lieutenant Geordi La Forge standing in front of the USS Enterprise-D’s warp core in 2365. (TNG-R: “Time Squared”) Pictured is LeVar Burton.

This would have looked pretty far-fetched to the people of that time, but now we have devices that are capable of something similar.

In 2005, some scientists from Stanford University developed a chip that can be implanted at the back of the retinas of blind patients.

Patients with this implant would wear a pair of glasses equipped with a special camera.

The image captured by the camera is then transmitted to the chip, which would then go through the process of passing the signal to the visual cortex of the brain.

While the result might not produce perfect 20/20 eyesight, it is good enough to move around without the need of a walking stick.

An even more recent device was the one created in Israel by a team of scientists led by Hebrew University of Jerusalem’s Dr. Amir Amedi.

This device gathers the visual data and translates it to sound, which is then fed into the visual cortex to trigger different parts of the brain.

Studying the brain activity of blind people, scientists are challenging the standard view of how the human brain specializes to perform different kinds of tasks

This is so remarkable that blind patients can “see” objects, people, postures and even written words.

Hypospray

Not many people love getting needles inserted into their body during vaccination or plain medical injection.

No one ever likes the feeling, but it was seen as a necessary evil. Then Star Trek showed us hypospray. The job of this device is to replace needles entirely.

It works by pushing the fluid straight into your skin in under a millisecond, without the need of a needle.

This is possible because of how fast the pressure pushes the liquid (a stunning 340 meters per second) and how thin the ampoule is (as thin as a mosquito’s proboscis).

Admittedly, the hypospray works on a technology that isn’t so new. In fact, it is older than Star Trek.

The technology is called jet injection. However, all the devices that tried implementing the technology in the past lacked fine control.

MIT creates a Star Trek hypospray to replace needles

Now, the MIT injector has solved that problem and stands a chance of finally replacing our needle and syringe. Not only is it faster and safer; it is also less painful.

The Sickbay

One other medical advancement to be noticed in Star Trek is the sickbay. This sickbay is way ahead of the sickbays that could be found in the 60s.

From this bed, it is easy to diagnose illnesses with the aid of machines.

Now, such advancements are now real. A sickbay has been unveiled at a British hospital, which uses outstanding technologies that could only be described as space-age to diagnose a wide range of diseases and health conditions, from stomach ache to cancer.

This works in a non-invasive way by gathering data based on the sight, smell, and feel of the condition for analysis and diagnosis. It even has equipment that would be very useful as a probe on a mission to Mars. Talk about Star Trek happening in real life!

While these are more directly relevant in the medical world, there are even more technologies that were inspired by the movie. The handheld communicators inspired the flip phones. In fact, in 1996, Motorola named the first flip phone “StarTAC.”

The same can be said of the touch-based control panels called PADDs (personal access display devices). They would later inspire our iPads today. Also, remember the giant silver earpiece worn by Uhura while sitting at the communications station. This is a clear inspiration for today’s Bluetooth earpiece.

Mobile storage devices like floppy disk drives and USB storage devices got their inspiration from Star Trek. Even GPS came 30 years after it has been predicted in Star Trek.

Now, the question is how this one series could inspire us so many and shape the world of medicine and technology as a whole. In fact, it remains one of the most culturally-influential media franchises till date. Some would be suspect that this might have been inspired by some alien technology not disclosed to the public.

While we can’t prove this, one thing is certain: The mind behind this series will continue to inspire our advancements in science, medicine, and technology for a long time.

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Aliens & UFO's

Ecto-1 Returns in Teaser for Secret Ghostbusters Movie

Trailer teases the return of the Ghostbusters with a malfunctioning proton pack and a rusting Ecto-1.

A new Ghostbusters is coming in 2020! It was announced this week with the arrival of this short but effective teaser trailer. It’s an eerie night and spine-tingling music from the original Ghostbusters score is playing as the camera moves past a fence dripping with ectoplasm into an creepy barn where we hear the sound of proton pack that won’t start. And then the wind blows up a tarp to reveal a rusting Ecto-1.

The new film is being directed and co-written by Jason Reitman, the son of Ivan Reitman who directed the original Ghostbusters.

“I’ve always thought of myself as the first Ghostbusters fan, when I was a 6-year-old visiting the set. I wanted to make a movie for all the other fans,” Reitman told Entertainment Weekly. “This is the next chapter in the original franchise. It is not a reboot. What happened in the ’80s happened in the ’80s, and this is set in the present day.”

A rusting Ecto-1 from the Ghostbusters teaser trailer

For those of us who grew up in the 80s, the 1984 Ghostbusters film was probably one of our earliest introductions to the occult, inspiring a lifetime of obsession. Sure, I was disappointed when I learned Tobin’s Spirit Guide wasn’t real, but my hope was renewed when I discovered real occult texts. And of course Ecto-1, a 1959 Cadillac built by the Miller-Meteor company, kick-started a love for hearses.

Do you believe in UFOs, astral projections, mental telepathy, ESP, clairvoyance, spirit photography, telekinetic movement, full trance mediums, the Loch Ness monster and the theory of Atlantis?

I probably had not even heard of these things before Ghostbusters.

The new Ghostbusters is set for a 2020 release.

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Science & Technology

A New Class of Drugs Could Make Safer Sleeping Pills

ZZZ

If your house caught fire in the middle of the night, you’d want to wake up to deal with that emergency, right?

In a new prescription sleeping pill study published this week in Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, half of the study participants slept through a fire alarm as loud as someone vacuuming next to their bed. Researchers from Kagoshima University, Japan estimated that millions of people taking prescription sleeping pills like Ambien and Halcion would sleep through a fire alarm. They propose that a new class of hypnotic drug might be used as an alternative which would function like a sleeping pill while still allowing the brain to wake up during an emergency.

DORA The Hypnotic Drug

The most widely prescribed type of sleeping pills, benzodiazepines, are really effective at getting the brain into “sleep mode”. Unfortunately, they act as a sort of blanket, suppressing areas of the brain that they don’t need to. That includes the area of the brain that decides which external information, such as noises in the night, to pay attention to.

Over the past decade scientists have been developing a new class of hypnotic drugs called dual orexin receptor antagonists (DORAs). DORAs more selectively target the brain’s sleep/wake pathways making them a safer alternative to benzodiazepines while also leaving the user with a reduced hangover-like affect these drugs can cause.

Wake-up Call

When tested in lab mice, those that had been given the benzodiazepine triazolam were slower to rouse than those given DORA-22 when presented with the sounds of a fox, a serious threat to a mouse. Better still, once the danger had passed the mice given DORA-22 fell back asleep as fast as the mice that had been given a sleeping pill, and significantly faster than mice that hadn’t been given anything at all.

More human testing is needed in order to show DORAs have potential applications as sleep aids. Since 2014, a DORA called surovexant has gained regulatory approval in Japan, the USA and Australia. High costs and limited clinical testing of surovexant have stymied its use but new types of DORAs currently in development could some day offer better results at a lower cost.

READ MORE: Millions on prescription sleeping pills would sleep through a fire alarm [EurekAlert]

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Science & Technology

A new theory suggests that a mirror universe existed before the Big Bang

Since the 1950s, scientists have discovered that certain phenomena have the ability to violate some established symmetries of the universe. This is how it has now been proposed that our universe could be the reflected image of a universe of antimatter that extends backward in time before the Big Bang.

This has been suggested by a group of scientists from Canada. They have designed a cosmological model that raises the existence of an “anti-universe” that, like ours, has a fundamental rule of physics called “CPT symmetry”.

A fairly similar study was reported 3 years ago and suggested the existence of a mirror universe where time could be moved upside down.

What is the “science” here?

The phenomena that we mentioned in the first paragraph and that could violate some established symmetries of the universe are called parity (P), which is the idea that if you change all your spatial coordinates (up, down, inside, outside, right), physics will continue to behave in the same way. Another is called charge (C), which states that the change of matter to antimatter should lead to the same physics. But that is not always the case. At first, many of these violations were resolved using the combined CP symmetry, but then the researchers found violations in this as well, so they added time (T) to the equation. The principle says that something may be able to break one (or two) of the symmetries of physics, but nothing should be able to break the combined CPT symmetry.

Unlike the previous study, this new research uses this approach for the entire universe. They argue that the universe does not violate the CPT since our universe dominated by matter, expanding in a certain direction in the time since the Big Bang, is the mirror image of a universe dominated by antimatter that existed before the Big Bang.

This theory has some interesting advantages. It does not require us to build new physics to explain several complicated events in the evolution of the universe, such as ” Cosmic Inflation,” the extremely rapid expansion of the universe in the fraction of seconds after the Big Bang. It also presents a possible candidate for dark matter, since this configuration would produce an excess of hypothetical massive particles known as sterile neutrinos.

A new theory suggests that a mirror universe existed before the Big Bang

However, it is far from being a perfect theory. It does not explain, for example, the fluctuations of temperature in the cosmic microwave background: the universe must be full of radiation, which is the remnant of heat that remains of the Big Bang after the cooling of the gas, which has been a cornerstone of the cosmological models since its discovery.

Now, the team is working to solve these problems; and if they do, they may be able to respond if there is a mirror universe populated by “evil versions” of ourselves.

The scientific study has been published in  Physical Review Letters.

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