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Shape-Shifting Jesus Described in Ancient Egyptian Text

A newly deciphered Egyptian text, dating back almost 1,200 years, tells part of the crucifixion story of Jesus with apocryphal plot twists, some of which have never been seen before.

Written in the Coptic language, the ancient text tells of Pontius Pilate, the judge who authorized Jesus’ crucifixion, having dinner with Jesus before his crucifixion and offering to sacrifice his own son in the place of Jesus. It also explains why Judas used a kiss, specifically, to betray Jesus — because Jesus had the ability to change shape, according to the text  — and it puts the day of the arrest of Jesus on Tuesday evening rather than Thursday evening, something that contravenes the Easter timeline.

The discovery of the text doesn’t mean these events happened, but rather that some people living at the time appear to have believed in them, said Roelof van den Broek, of Utrecht University in the Netherlands, who published the translation in the book “Pseudo-Cyril of Jerusalem on the Life and the Passion of Christ“(Brill, 2013).

Copies of the text are found in two manuscripts, one in the Morgan Library and Museum in New York City and the other at the Museum of the University of Pennsylvania. Most of the translation comes from the New York text, because the relevant text in the Pennsylvania manuscript is mostly illegible.

Pontius Pilate has dinner with Jesus

While apocryphal stories about Pilate are known from ancient times, van den Broek wrote in an email to LiveScience that he has never seen this one before, with Pilate offering to sacrifice his own son in the place of Jesus.

ancient text of the Easter story of Jesus.

A researcher has deciphered a 1,200-year-old Coptic text that tells part of the Passion (the Easter story) with apocryphal plot twists, some of which have never been seen before. Here, a cross decoration from the text, of which there are two copies, the best preserved in the Morgan Library and Museum in New York City. CREDIT: Image courtesy The Pierpont Morgan Library

“Without further ado, Pilate prepared a table and he ate with Jesus on the fifth day of the week. And Jesus blessed Pilate and his whole house,” reads part of the text in translation. Pilate later tells Jesus, “well then, behold, the night has come, rise and withdraw, and when the morning comes and they accuse me because of you, I shall give them the only son I have so that they can kill him in your place.”

In the text, Jesus comforts him, saying, “Oh Pilate, you have been deemed worthy of a great grace because you have shown a good disposition to me.” Jesus also showed Pilate that he can escape if he chose to. “Pilate, then, looked at Jesus and, behold, he became incorporeal: He did not see him for a long time …” the text read.

Pilate and his wife both have visions that night that show an eagle (representing Jesus) being killed.

In the Coptic and Ethiopian churches, Pilate is regarded as a saint, which explains the sympathetic portrayal in the text, van den Broek writes.

The reason for Judas using a kiss

In the canonical bible the apostle Judas betrays Jesus in exchange for money by using a kiss to identify him leading to Jesus’ arrest. This apocryphal tale explains that the reason Judas used a kiss, specifically, is because Jesus had the ability to change shape.

“Then the Jews said to Judas: How shall we arrest him [Jesus], for he does not have a single shape but his appearance changes. Sometimes he is ruddy, sometimes he is white, sometimes he is red, sometimes he is wheat coloured, sometimes he is pallid like ascetics, sometimes he is a youth, sometimes an old man …” This leads Judas to suggest using a kiss as a means to identify him. If Judas had given the arresters a description of Jesus he could have changed shape. By kissing Jesus Judas tells the people exactly who he is.

This understanding of Judas’ kiss goes way back. “This explanation of Judas’ kiss is first found in Origen [a theologian who lived A.D. 185-254],” van den Broek writes. In his work,Contra Celsum the ancient writerOrigen, stated that “to those who saw him [Jesus] he did not appear alike to all.”

St. Cyril impersonation

The text is written in the name of St. Cyril of Jerusalem who lived during the fourth century. In the story Cyril tells the Easter story as part of a homily (a type of sermon).  A number of texts in ancient times claim to be homilies by St. Cyril and they were probably not given by the saint in real life, van den Broek explained in his book.

ancient text in coptic language

Here, part of the text from the manuscript holding the newly deciphered Passion story of Jesus. Found in Egypt in 1910 it was purchased, along with other manuscripts, by J.P. Morgan in 1911 and was later donated to the public. CREDIT: Image courtesy The Pierpont Morgan Library

Near the beginning of the text, Cyril, or the person writing in his name, claims that a book has been found in Jerusalem showing the writings of the apostles on the life and crucifixion of Jesus. “Listen to me, oh my honored children, and let me tell you something of what we found written in the house of Mary …” reads part of the text.

Again, it’s unlikely that such a book was found in real life. Van den Broek said that a claim like this would have been used by the writer “to enhance the credibility of the peculiar views and uncanonical facts he is about to present by ascribing them to an apostolic source,” adding that examples of this plot device can be found “frequently” in Coptic literature.

Arrest on Tuesday

Van den Broek says that he is surprised that the writer of the text moved the date of Jesus’ Last Supper, with the apostles, and arrest to Tuesday. In fact, in this text, Jesus’ actual Last Supper appears to be with Pontius Pilate. In between his arrest and supper with Pilate, he is brought before Caiaphas and Herod.

In the canonical texts, the last supper and arrest of Jesus happens on Thursday evening and present-day Christians mark this event with Maundy Thursday services. It “remains remarkable that Pseudo-Cyril relates the story of Jesus’ arrest on Tuesday evening as if the canonical story about his arrest on Thursday evening (which was commemorated each year in the services of Holy Week) did not exist!” writes van den Broek in the email.

A gift to a monastery … and then to New York

About 1,200 years ago the New York text was in the library of the Monastery of St. Michael in the Egyptian desert near present-day al-Hamuli in the western part of the Faiyum. The text says, in translation, that it was a gift from “archpriest Father Paul,” who, “has provided for this book by his own labors.”

The monastery appears to have ceased operations around the early 10th century, and the text was rediscovered in the spring of 1910. In December 1911, it was purchased, along with other texts, by American financier J.P. Morgan. His collections would later be given to the public and are part of the present-day Morgan Library and Museum in New York City. The manuscript is currently displayed as part of the museum’s exhibition “Treasures from the Vault” running through May 5.

Who believed it?

Van den Broek writes in the email that “in Egypt, the Bible had already become canonized in the fourth/fifth century, but apocryphal stories and books remained popular among the Egyptian Christians, especially among monks.”

Whereas the people of the monastery would have believed the newly translated text, “in particular the more simple monks,” he’s not convinced that the writer of the text believed everything he was writing down, van den Broek said.

“I find it difficult to believe that he really did, but some details, for instance the meal with Jesus, he may have believed to have really happened,” van den Broek writes.  “The people of that time, even if they were well-educated, did not have a critical historical attitude. Miracles were quite possible, and why should an old story not be true?”

Copyright 2013 LiveScience, a TechMediaNetwork company. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

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Tesla Hit With Lawsuit Claiming They Willingly Sold Defective Vehicles

A former Tesla employee is claiming that the company knowingly sold defective vehicles in the past, and fired him for reporting the alleged practice.

Tesla is being hit with a lawsuit put forward by a former employee, who claims the company sold defective vehicles and fired him because he knew about it.

The former employee, Adam Williams, stated in the lawsuit that he was hired by Tesla in 2011, and during his employment he discovered the company failed to “disclose to consumers high-dollar, pre-delivery damage repairs” before transactions were complete. Believing the practice to be illegal, Williams approached his superiors — his direct superior Matt Farrell, a company vice president Jerome Guillen, and Lenny Peake, Tesla’s East Coast Regional Manager — on several occasions, yet Tesla took no actions to adjust what they were doing.

Instead, according to Williams, he was demoted. In early 2017, Brian Applegate, a Tesla director, demoted Williams from a regional manager to a service manager at the company’s Springfield, New Jersey location. Then in July 2017, Williams claims he was demoted again to mobile manager before ultimately being fired two months later.

Williams was informed that his employment was terminated due to his work performance. Instead, he is arguing that his performance met Tesla’s standards, and he was fired because he reported Tesla’s alleged illegal practices. Williams believes his actions are under protection of the Conscientious Employee Protection Act (CEPA) — New Jersey’s “whistleblower act” that is meant to protect workers from their employer in the event that the employee chooses to report what they believe is illegal behavior.

In a statement circulated to outlets like The Verge and Business Insider, a Tesla representative stated Williams’s claims are “totally false,” and his termination and talk of selling of defective cars is “not how we do things at Tesla.” The representative went on to reiterate what Williams claims is untrue: that he was fired for performance reasons.

“It’s also at odds with the fact that we rank highest in customer satisfaction of any car brand, with more owners saying they’d buy a Tesla again than any other manufacturer,” said the Tesla representative.

While Tesla’s overall customer satisfaction seems to contradict part of Williams’ claims, it’s not yet clear what impact the lawsuit will have on the company’s future.

What’s more, this isn’t the first lawsuit Tesla’s been a part of. In 2016, Tesla settled with a Model X owner who sued the company over alleged design flaws; the company may attempt to similarly settle out of court with Williams, if only to quickly put the matter behind them before it becomes a bigger issue.

Dealing with Williams’s suit as soon as possible would allow Tesla to address its other challenges, including their continued financial losses. While it may come as a surprise to many, Tesla has seen more losses that profits since the company’s inception. In February 2018, Tesla reported that it ended 2017 with a $675 million loss.

Perhaps Tesla should be far more concerned with ending the next fiscal year in the black than bucking the claims of one New Jersey employee.

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‘I spoke to aliens’ tells of bizarre encounter after UFO ‘tailed her automobile’

The woman said she and her 10-year-old son encountered an object following them along a rural roadway, near Mexico in Missouri.

She claimed a flaming UFO followed above her car before shooting off and stopping in front of them.

It was at that point she attempted to speak to its alleged crew.

In a report to the Mutual UFO Network (MUFON), based in the US which investigates UFO reports, she said: “As I was driving north, I noticed ahead of me, and to the left of the road, a fiery image about treetop level.

“The fiery image moved from its location left of the road and instantly appeared on the right side of the road.

“I knew then it was a UFO due to how quickly it manoeuvred direction. I was then driving east with the UFO following me to my right – about 100 feet higher than my van – and it stayed maybe two car lengths ahead of me.

“The UFO seemed to be traveling the same speed as I was, which by then I had probably slowed to about 40 mph.

“After about 30-45 seconds of following us, it instantaneously appeared about one-quarter mile ahead and to the left side of the road. It was stopped and hovered above a grove of trees.”

After about four to five minutes of wondering what to do, the witness decided to attempt to communicate with the object.

She said: “I said, ‘I know that you can hear me because you all are a lot more intelligent and advanced than we are, so please just go on and leave us alone.’”

After about 10 seconds, the UFO moved away at “lightning speed in an upward and south-easterly direction” and disappeared from view.

She added: ““The entire time of the sighting, I encountered no traffic in either direction. However, as soon as it disappeared, there was traffic again.

“I have since regretted that I didn’t try to make better communication because I would like to communicate with them. Evidently, they were seeking me out, but I just had no idea of their intent.”

But she did get a view at the UFO.

She said: “It was disc-shaped with a seemingly darker band around the centre of it and a lot of fire from the underneath.

“Either the flames below were so bright that they illuminated the craft or the moonlight was such that I couldn’t get a good view of it (or both).”

The woman sent her report to MUFON 40 years after the incident in June 1977.

Missouri MUFON State Section Director Charles Frieden is investigating the claims.

Source: express.co.uk

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CIA documents claim That Russian soldiers were ‘turned to stone’ after shoot-out with ALIENS in Siberia

A TOP secret CIA report claims a troop of Russian soldiers gunned down a UFO only to be ‘turned into stone by the surviving aliens’.

The declassified document includes allegations 23 soldiers were killed by five ETs from the flying saucer after a deadly encounter in Siberia in 1993.

The report claims five beings emerged from the crashed craft and the joined together to form a ball of light which then exploded turning 23 soldiers ‘into stone’.

The report reads: “The KGB report goes on to say that the remains of the ‘petrified soldiers’ were transferred to a secret research institution near Moscow.

One of the soldiers is then said to have taken it down a surface-to-air missile
“Specialists assume that a source of energy still unknown to Earthlings instantly changed the structure of the soldiers living organisms, having transformed it into a substance whose molecular structure was no different to limestone.”

A CIA representative stated at the end of the report: “If the KGB file corresponds to reality, this is an extremely menacing case.

The document – which can be found on the official CIA website –  is a translation of a report from a Ukrainian newspaper.

The newspaper reports of a 250-page KGB dossier on the UFO attack, which included pictures and witness testimonies, reveals the Daily Express.

The report stated the flying saucer had appeared over a military unit training in Siberia.

One of the soldiers is then said to have taken it down with a surface-to-air missile.

It said: “Five short humanoids with large heads and large black eyes got out.”

Just two soldiers are said to have survived the encounter.

The report claims five beings emerged from the crashed craft and the joined together to form a ball of light which then exploded turning 23 soldiers ‘into stone’.

The report reads: “The KGB report goes on to say that the remains of the ‘petrified soldiers’ were transferred to a secret research institution near Moscow.

“Specialists assume that a source of energy still unknown to Earthlings instantly changed the structure of the soldiers living organisms, having transformed it into a substance whose molecular structure was no different to limestone.”

A CIA representative stated at the end of the report: “If the KGB file corresponds to reality, this is an extremely menacing case.

The declassified CIA report tells a shocking tale

https://www.cia.gov/library/readingroom/document/0005517761

“The aliens possess such weapons and technology that go beyond all our assumptions.”

It is not explained in the document why the CIA held a translation of the Ukrainian newspaper report on file.

According to UFO website and YouTube channel Lionsground, “you have to be careful about what the CIA publishes online, as it could be misinformation.”

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