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Sexual Facts in Ancient Rome and Greece (18+)

The ancient Romans and Greeks had a very liberated morality regarding intimate relationships. Some of them seem excessive even by today’s standards.Here are some great facts about sex in ancient Rome and Greece.

City of Public Homes

Many of you may have heard of the legendary version of the destruction of Pompeii (Pompeï). It is similar to the “death” version of the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah. Pompey residents bathed in luxury and indulged in various sexual perversions. Because of this, their gods became angry and awakened to Mount Vesuvius (Vesuvio) in 79 AD. He burned and burned the city and its surroundings.

In Pompeii, archaeologists have discovered more than forty brothels. The largest and most popular were called Lupanare Grande (“The House of Pleasure”, Lupanare Grande). The rooms in these brothels were crammed with straw beds and the walls were decorated with pornographic murals of varying degrees of corruption.

These brothels represent a large part of Pompey’s economy and generate as much revenue as public baths. Now, little is left of the ruins of these brothels, but the large images of phalluses on the walls can be clearly seen.

Everyone loves to watch

The famous study of the National Archaeological Museum in Naples (Museo archeologico nazionale di Napoli) presents various revelations about sexuality in Pompeii and Herculane (Herculaneum). There are murals, sculptures and bas-reliefs representing all kinds of sexual contact with people and … not only.

There are scenes with love couples while a third person stands nearby and watches them. Sometimes, a fauna or girl is portrayed as an observer. It turned out that in those days, in ancient Rome and Greece, they loved voyeurism. It is very common in paintings with erotic orientation.

The liberated Etruscans

In the 4th century BC, the Romans conquered the Etruscans and at the same time learned about the embittered Etruscan women. The Etruscan women were often completely naked and it was a pleasure for them to see their beautiful bodies.

In addition, the Etruscan marriage system was very uninvolving. Wives openly cheated on their husbands. For their part, they were not interested in their wives. Children often did not know who their father was, but they were not interested in who he was.

A fertility ritual

The ancient Greek philosopher Aristophanes wrote the comedy “Women of the Feast of Themophores”. We know from him that this feast was held in honor of the goddess Demeter. Only married Athenian women participated in it because the ritual symbolized fertility.

Before the holiday, these women abstained from sexual intercourse for the sake of “purity” but then performed various “acts of fertility” for three days. They consisted of telling indecent stories, jokes, eating food in the form of phalluses, games with erotic objects in the form of phallus and female genital organs, and so on.

With this ritual, it was clearly believed that married women were throwing out “available sexual disorders”. During these three days, the Athenians could freely and everywhere use various obscene words and vulgar insults while proclaiming their own intimate organs.

Carnivals

The carnivals in Ancient Greece and Rome were events without any conventions, class divisions and observance of rules of conduct. During the event, “there was nothing to answer by saying no.”

The carnivals were rich in wine and food, laughter and of course – sex. Some have even used different substances to overcome their shyness. Arthur Edward White, in his book The Encyclopedia of Freemasonry, describes these carnivals as orgies of wine and sex:

“Everyone was drunk at different stages and everyone was attracted to each other, regardless of gender.”

Carnivals in the 5th century BC were held on the day of the equinox of spring, also called the Dionysian Mysteries. They were dedicated to the god Dionysus, the patron saint of all earthly desires. Later, the Romans embraced this tradition and thus the famous Bacchanallians emerged.

Most of the carnival murals came to us from the Mystery Villa in Pompeii. They do not depict anything particularly perverse, and such carnival processions can still be seen in Greece today.

Approx

It is safe to say that the ancient Greeks were obsessed with the phallic cult, even more obsessed than they even imagined. They had Priap as god, son of Dionysus and Aphrodite, who had a very long and erect penis. In his name comes the specific male disease – priapism.

According to legend, Priap did not have a good relationship with the other gods, but was worshiped on earth. The so-called Priap Book, which reaches us, contains a collection of 95 very vulgar verses dedicated to God.

Poetic insult

In the city of Ephesus (Ephesus), in the 6th century BC, lived the poet Hipponactus, who composed many mocking and naturalistic poems about the lives of the poor. Because of this, he had made many enemies, and the sculptor Bupal was particularly offended by him. Bupal and his brother created a very unpleasant image of the poet, who turned from a mocker into a vengeful enemy.

In response to the sculpture, Hipponactus began writing poetry, accusing Bupal of having sex with his mother, mocking his name, and others in the same spirit.

It is not surprising that the unfortunate Bupal did not withstand such pressure and eventually killed himself.

Sex for Peace

Aristophanes was considered one of the most famous playwrights of ancient Greece. But he was also known for his criticisms of social and political relations in Athens in the late fifth and early fourth centuries BC.

In the comedy Lysistra, Aristophanes parodies the gender war, where women use men’s desires for their own purposes, denying them sex to make peace between Athenians and Spartans. That is, the settlement of “sexual transactions”.

Athenian Lisistra gathers women on the square and tells them: “Until men are reconciled – do not sleep with them, do not give in to them, do not touch them!“. The women agree and hide in the Acropolis. The men ask them to stop, but they do not give up and as a result, the war is over.

The science of love

There was something similar to the Indian Kama Sutra in ancient Greece. Ovid created a series of works entitled “The Science of Love,” “Love Elegies,” and “The Art of Love.”

It describes the intricacies of the relationship between men and women, including its erotic content.

Verses by Martial

Mark Valerius Martial is a poet from Rome, 1st century AD. 12 of his epigrams reach us. There are many indecent things in them. This “dirt” is not just in one book.

Martial writes of sexual laxity and shame.

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Ancient

Ancient ritual site found three times larger than Stonehenge’s Sarsen circle

Stonehenge Credit: Ko / Unsplash Kit

A huge ancient ritual site dating back over 6,800 years has been discovered in Poland. It is believed to have been used by neolithic people for between 200 and 250 years, with new features added every few dozen years, archaeologists have said

The circular structure is 109 meters in diameter, has three times the size of the inner Sarsen Circle in Stonehenge and about the same size as the exterior ditch of the monument.

The structure, which has been called “roundel” due to its circular shape, was first seen in 2017. Since then, archaeologists have been working on the site to understand its importance. Researchers have announced that radiocarbon dating indicates that the site was built before 4,800 BC.

Ancient ritual site found three times larger than Stonehenge's circle
Nowe Objezierze

The roundel is located in the town of Nowe Objezierze, about 80 kilometers east of Berlin, Germany. It consists of a central area surrounded by three gates that lead to the interior. It then has four ditches circling it. Each ditch is larger and deeper than the last, and it appears they were dug at relatively regular intervals, with a new one being added every few dozen years. The ditches were about 4 to 6.5 feet deep.

Other similar circular enclosures dating to between 4,850 B.C. and 4,600 B.C. are found in a fairly limited area of Europe, including around the River Danube. These are generally thought to have had a ritual purpose and served as some sort of astronomical calendar.

Speaking about the new roundel in Poland, the project leader, Lech Czerniak, from the University of Gdańsk, said in a statement:

This is quite sensational, given the fact that it coincides with the dating of structures located on the Danube, considered the oldest. It seems equally important that the four ditches surrounding the central area of the structure probably did not function simultaneously, but every few dozen years, a new ditch with an ever larger diameter was dug.

“The primary focus of the project are questions about the social aspects of the functioning operation of roundels, including what prompted the inhabitants of a given region to make a huge effort in building and maintaining the roundel, where the idea and knowledge necessary to build this object came from, and how often and for how long the object was used

Ancient ritual site found three times larger than Stonehenge's circle

In addition to dating the roundel, archaeologists also excavated the area and found hundreds of bones, ceramics, stone and flint artifacts, shells and dyes. The bones are now being analyzed by experts and the team hopes to get more information about the communities that used the structure for worship. It is believed that, like the other circular enclosures, the Roundel was used as a “ritual calendar.”

Czerniak said:

It is worth realizing that many so-called pre-literate communities celebrated the most important holidays once in a few, or even a dozen or so years, but very intensely

This is undoubtedly a great find that will help you understand much more of the history surrounding this site.

Source: Newsweek

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Ancient

Egypt hints at ‘mummified lion’ discovery

Image Credit: CC BY-SA 3.0 Daniel Mayer

The Pyramid of Djoser complex at Saqqara. 

Archaeologists in Egypt have discovered the mummy of a very large animal, most likely a lion or lioness.

The Ministry of Antiquities reported on Monday that the mummy, which is much larger than most, was unearthed in Saqqara – a vast ancient burial ground south of Cairo that once served as the necropolis for the ancient Egyptian capital of Memphis.

It is home to numerous structures including the world-famous Step Pyramid of Djoser.

According to the ministry, it is still not completely clear that the mummy is that of a lion however all should be revealed when radar scans are undertaken over the next few days.

A press conference is expected next week with the full details of the discovery.

While cat mummies were very common in ancient Egypt, lion mummies were much rarer. The people of the time worshipped domestic cats as the living incarnation of the half-feline, half-woman Goddess Bastet, so it is likely that lions and other large cat species would have been especially revered.

The first example of a lion mummy – which was preserved as a skeleton – was found back in 2004.

It turned out to be one of the largest lions known to science.

Source: Washington Post

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Ancient

“14 million years” old vehicle tracks discovered(Video)

Even if we have not found their tracks, there is an indeterminate number of civilizations scattered throughout the galaxy and the universe, and it would be feasible that, in the vicinity of our Earth there are some.

These civilizations could be in different phases of scientific, technological and social progress. Some just beginning their process, and others that have a breakthrough so spectacular that they have become travelers of the cosmos.

This is a controversial claim, since human civilization is only intended by conventional archaeologists to extend several thousand years, not millions of years. Not to mention the idea of ​​a prehistoric civilization advanced enough to have space vehicles.

There are petrified wheel tracks found in several places, including parts of Turkey and Spain, and were supposedly left by heavy all-terrain vehicles dating back 12 to 14 million years ago.

The wheel tracks cross the faults formed in the middle and late Miocene period (approximately 12 to 14 million years ago), suggesting that they are older than those failures, Koltypin said on his website.

At that time, the soil would have been moist and soft, like a malleable clay. Large vehicles sank into the mud as they passed over it. Tire grooves at various depths suggest that the area eventually dried up.

Koltypin said the vehicles still drove over while drying, and did not sink so deeply.

The vehicles were similar in length to modern cars, but the tires were about 9 inches (23 centimeters) wide.

He said that the geological and archaeological works that contain information about these grooves are few and far between. Such references generally say that the tracks were left by cars pulled by donkeys or camels.

“I will never accept it,” he wrote of these explanations. “I myself will always remember … many other inhabitants of our planet wiped from our history.”

Koltypin argues that the tracks could not have been left by lightweight trucks or chariots, since the vehicles would have been much heavier to leave these deep impressions.

He has conducted many field studies in several places and extensively reviewed published studies on local geology. He hypothesizes that a road network extended over much of the Mediterranean more than 12 million years ago.

These complete roads would have been used by people who built underground cities like that in Cappadocia, Turkey, which, according to him, are also much older than those of conventional archeology.

Petrified wheel grooves have been found in Malta, Italy, Kazakhstan, France and even in North America, Koltypin said.

One of the main clusters is located in Sofca, Turkey, with tracks covering an area of ​​approximately 45 by 10 miles (75 by 15 kilometers). Another is in Cappadocia, Turkey, where there are several pockets, one of which is 25 miles by 15 miles.

Conventional archaeologists attribute many of the clues to various civilizations in different periods of time. But Koltypin said it is not right to attribute identical roads, ruts and underground complexes to different eras and cultures.

Instead, he attributes them to a unique and widespread civilization in a distant era. Multiple tumultuous natural events, such as tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, floods and tectonic disturbances that have left large fractures in Earth, have removed much of the remains of this advanced prehistoric civilization, he said.

The surrounding underground cities, irrigation systems, wells and more, also show signs of being millions of years old, he said.

But, “without significant additional studies by large groups of archaeologists, geologists and folklore experts, it is impossible to answer the question… What do you think?

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