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Sexual Facts in Ancient Rome and Greece (18+)

Sexual Facts in Ancient Rome and Greece (18+) 106
The ancient Romans and Greeks had a very liberated morality regarding intimate relationships. Some of them seem excessive even by today’s standards.Here are some great facts about sex in ancient Rome and Greece.

City of Public Homes

Many of you may have heard of the legendary version of the destruction of Pompeii (Pompeï). It is similar to the “death” version of the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah. Pompey residents bathed in luxury and indulged in various sexual perversions. Because of this, their gods became angry and awakened to Mount Vesuvius (Vesuvio) in 79 AD. He burned and burned the city and its surroundings.

In Pompeii, archaeologists have discovered more than forty brothels. The largest and most popular were called Lupanare Grande (“The House of Pleasure”, Lupanare Grande). The rooms in these brothels were crammed with straw beds and the walls were decorated with pornographic murals of varying degrees of corruption.

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These brothels represent a large part of Pompey’s economy and generate as much revenue as public baths. Now, little is left of the ruins of these brothels, but the large images of phalluses on the walls can be clearly seen.

Everyone loves to watch

The famous study of the National Archaeological Museum in Naples (Museo archeologico nazionale di Napoli) presents various revelations about sexuality in Pompeii and Herculane (Herculaneum). There are murals, sculptures and bas-reliefs representing all kinds of sexual contact with people and … not only.

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There are scenes with love couples while a third person stands nearby and watches them. Sometimes, a fauna or girl is portrayed as an observer. It turned out that in those days, in ancient Rome and Greece, they loved voyeurism. It is very common in paintings with erotic orientation.

The liberated Etruscans

In the 4th century BC, the Romans conquered the Etruscans and at the same time learned about the embittered Etruscan women. The Etruscan women were often completely naked and it was a pleasure for them to see their beautiful bodies.

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In addition, the Etruscan marriage system was very uninvolving. Wives openly cheated on their husbands. For their part, they were not interested in their wives. Children often did not know who their father was, but they were not interested in who he was.

A fertility ritual

The ancient Greek philosopher Aristophanes wrote the comedy “Women of the Feast of Themophores”. We know from him that this feast was held in honor of the goddess Demeter. Only married Athenian women participated in it because the ritual symbolized fertility.

Before the holiday, these women abstained from sexual intercourse for the sake of “purity” but then performed various “acts of fertility” for three days. They consisted of telling indecent stories, jokes, eating food in the form of phalluses, games with erotic objects in the form of phallus and female genital organs, and so on.

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With this ritual, it was clearly believed that married women were throwing out “available sexual disorders”. During these three days, the Athenians could freely and everywhere use various obscene words and vulgar insults while proclaiming their own intimate organs.

Carnivals

The carnivals in Ancient Greece and Rome were events without any conventions, class divisions and observance of rules of conduct. During the event, “there was nothing to answer by saying no.”

The carnivals were rich in wine and food, laughter and of course – sex. Some have even used different substances to overcome their shyness. Arthur Edward White, in his book The Encyclopedia of Freemasonry, describes these carnivals as orgies of wine and sex:

“Everyone was drunk at different stages and everyone was attracted to each other, regardless of gender.”

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Carnivals in the 5th century BC were held on the day of the equinox of spring, also called the Dionysian Mysteries. They were dedicated to the god Dionysus, the patron saint of all earthly desires. Later, the Romans embraced this tradition and thus the famous Bacchanallians emerged.

Most of the carnival murals came to us from the Mystery Villa in Pompeii. They do not depict anything particularly perverse, and such carnival processions can still be seen in Greece today.

Approx

It is safe to say that the ancient Greeks were obsessed with the phallic cult, even more obsessed than they even imagined. They had Priap as god, son of Dionysus and Aphrodite, who had a very long and erect penis. In his name comes the specific male disease – priapism.

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According to legend, Priap did not have a good relationship with the other gods, but was worshiped on earth. The so-called Priap Book, which reaches us, contains a collection of 95 very vulgar verses dedicated to God.

Poetic insult

In the city of Ephesus (Ephesus), in the 6th century BC, lived the poet Hipponactus, who composed many mocking and naturalistic poems about the lives of the poor. Because of this, he had made many enemies, and the sculptor Bupal was particularly offended by him. Bupal and his brother created a very unpleasant image of the poet, who turned from a mocker into a vengeful enemy.

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In response to the sculpture, Hipponactus began writing poetry, accusing Bupal of having sex with his mother, mocking his name, and others in the same spirit.

It is not surprising that the unfortunate Bupal did not withstand such pressure and eventually killed himself.

Sex for Peace

Aristophanes was considered one of the most famous playwrights of ancient Greece. But he was also known for his criticisms of social and political relations in Athens in the late fifth and early fourth centuries BC.

In the comedy Lysistra, Aristophanes parodies the gender war, where women use men’s desires for their own purposes, denying them sex to make peace between Athenians and Spartans. That is, the settlement of “sexual transactions”.

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Athenian Lisistra gathers women on the square and tells them: “Until men are reconciled – do not sleep with them, do not give in to them, do not touch them!“. The women agree and hide in the Acropolis. The men ask them to stop, but they do not give up and as a result, the war is over.

The science of love

There was something similar to the Indian Kama Sutra in ancient Greece. Ovid created a series of works entitled “The Science of Love,” “Love Elegies,” and “The Art of Love.”

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It describes the intricacies of the relationship between men and women, including its erotic content.

Verses by Martial

Mark Valerius Martial is a poet from Rome, 1st century AD. 12 of his epigrams reach us. There are many indecent things in them. This “dirt” is not just in one book.

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Martial writes of sexual laxity and shame.

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Ancient

Archaeologists have discovered “unknown” constellations in an Egyptian temple

Archaeologists have discovered "unknown" constellations in an Egyptian temple 117
Previously unknown ancient Egyptian constellations found © Live Science

A team of scientists from Germany and Egypt, which carried out work in the ancient temple of Esna, found references to previously unknown ancient Egyptian constellations, but so far they cannot link them to existing ones.

In Egypt, archaeologists have discovered images of unknown constellations during the restoration of an ancient temple. This is reported by LiveScience.

Restoration work is being carried out in the 2,000-year-old temple by experts from Germany and Egypt. During the removal of soot and dust from the walls, drawings began to appear, with which the ancient Egyptians decorated the temple.

“The carvings and hieroglyphs look so vivid as if they were drawn yesterday. But we are not repainting anything, we are just removing the soot,” Christian Leitz says, professor of Egyptology at the University of Tübingen.

During the restoration, researchers cleaned up ancient carved scenes depicting constellations, including the Big Dipper and Orion. Scientists have also found previously unknown constellations, including a constellation called “Apedu n Ra” or “Geese of Ra”, which are the ancient Egyptian sun gods.

Archaeologists have discovered "unknown" constellations in an Egyptian temple 118

Mentioning these constellations, without depicting them, does not yet allow us to say which star clusters are in question.

The first modern description of a Greco-Roman temple in the city of Esna dates back to 1589, when it was visited by a Venetian merchant. The city of Esna, about 60 km south of the ancient capital of Luxor, used to have more temples. Two buildings were destroyed during the industrialization of Egypt, and the largest, the Temple of Esna, was used for storing cotton in the first half of the 19th century.

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The sanctuary, which they decided to use as a warehouse, was prized for its location in the city center. Decades of desolation have left the temple dirty, covered in soot and bird droppings.

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To date, only its vestibule remains from the temple. The large sandstone structure is supported by 24 columns, as well as 18 freestanding columns, decorated with paintings and carvings. It stretches 37 meters long, 20 meters wide and 15 meters high. But the remains of the temple are only a small fraction of its former size when it was built under the Roman emperor Claudius (reigned 41-54 AD). Scholars do not know what happened to the rest of the temple when a Venetian merchant visited it in the 16th century, little remained of the structure.

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According to Leitz, the construction and decoration of the temple, including the astronomical drawings on the ceiling, could take about 200 years.

He notes that when the ancient Egyptians decorated the temple, they first drew with ink, creating sketches for carvers, and then colored the relief designs.

On the astronomical ceiling of the temple, many drawings have remained in ink, so they were found only during the restoration.

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Ancient

A portrait of an alien? In Bulgaria, archaeologists have found a clay mask of an unusual shape

A portrait of an alien? In Bulgaria, archaeologists have found a clay mask of an unusual shape 122
Ancient mask resembles an alien (Photo: Bulgarian National Radio)

A prehistoric clay mask or figurine without a mouth dating back to the 5th millennium BC was found in the prehistoric settlement of Salt Pit in northeastern Bulgaria.

A whimsical mask or figurine without a mouth combines human and animal features and resembles an ” alien” from a science fiction movie, archaeologists are sure.

“ Many people compare him to … an alien in a space suit,” the Bulgarian National Radio said in a statement about the discovery.

A late Eneolithic mask was found on the Provadia-Solnitsata mound in northeastern Bulgaria, its shape is close to triangular. The front side protrudes forward and contains an image of a supposedly human face, while the back side is dented and rough in shape.

According to archaeologists, each of the two corners of the upper side of the prehistoric mask or figurine has a short protrusion, “probably stylized ears.” The figurine’s ears have small holes that were used to carry or hang the artifact.

“The artifact was most likely a status symbol hanging on a person’s chest. Interestingly, there is even a hint of mouth on the artifact. But the emphasis is on the eyes – their shape, size, and the vertical polished stripes underneath say much more,” the researchers said.

The head of the archaeological team, Professor Vasil Nikolov, told Bulgarian National Radio that there is no way to know for sure what exactly the 6,000-year-old clay mask or figurine might have been used for by prehistoric people.

Judging by the two holes in the stylized ears of the mouthless mask, it could be hanging on the wall or even being a potter’s vessel lid that could be raised or lowered with a string. According to him, the image on the mask of an ” alien” is a mixture of anthropomorphic and zoomorphic features and “is strongly associated with the masculine principle.”

Two furnaces from the Early Eneolithic ( Copper Age) were excavated at the mound of the Bazovets settlement in North-Eastern Bulgaria.

One of two prehistoric kilns dating back about 7,000 years, was first partially excavated in the 2019 archaeological season. However, during the last excavations of the Bazovets mound, it was completely exposed, and a second kiln from the same structure was discovered.

During the last excavations of the mound of the Bazovetsky settlement, 57 archaeological artifacts were discovered. These include items made of flint, animal bones, horns, and ceramics, including fragments of anthropomorphic and zoomorphic figurines.

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Ancient

Staffa – “Island of columns”, which according to the legends of the Vikings was built by giants

Staffa - "Island of columns", which according to the legends of the Vikings was built by giants 123

Some places on our planet are so amazing that legends have been made about them for millennia. According to one of the legends, earlier on Earth there was a race of giants, which I love to talk about in my articles. It may be rather strange, but there is plenty of evidence that giants are not just a beautiful fairy tale, but could actually live on Earth.

Interestingly, according to some scientists, gigantism in the past was characteristic not only of living things, but also of plants, insects and people. The reason for this could be a different composition of the planet’s atmosphere, in which a small size meant a small chance of survival.

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Some of the ancient buildings are so majestic that people definitely could not build them, and there are traces of such ancient buildings in many countries. Huge stone blocks weighing several tons, which people could hardly lift, because they did not possess the technologies of our time. But there are wonders of the world, which are difficult to understand, and one of them is the “Island of Columns”. Either nature skillfully did its job, or the giants of antiquity could build this miracle, but about everything in order.

Fingal’s Cave is located on the Scottish island of Staffa. The height of the ancient temple is about 20 meters, and the width is only about 14. People who have fallen into the cave note that it is like an ancient temple built using amazing technology. This place is often called the melody cave, because you can hear amazing sounds of nature in it, as if the natural philharmonic society invited you to its free concert.

The mystery lies in the basalt columns, which look so amazing that you start to doubt the natural formation of these columns, maybe that’s why legends about giants appeared, that people do not believe that the columns could have appeared naturally? But let’s return to the legend, in which we are told about the amazing giant Fingal, who lay down to rest before his next fight. Up to this point, he has erected a unique king between Ireland and Scotland, in which there were thousands of such columns.

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The giant’s rival came to a duel to the cave, and the war was met by Fingal’s wife, who pointed to her husband wrapped in blankets and said that this was their baby. The words of the giant’s wife frightened the other giant so much that he imagined his rival, whose height could exceed his height several times. Then he decided to escape from the place of the battle, destroying the dam behind him so that Fingal would not catch up with him.

Fingal’s Cave gained fame after the famous scientist Joseph Banks visited the small island in the 17th century. After his rave reviews, this place was visited by many famous people, and Felix Mendelssohn even dedicated his overture to the unusual musical grotto.

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There is no direct connection between this piece of land and Scotland. First, tourists take a ferry to the Isle of Mull, and from there they follow boats to Staffa Island.

Here is such a beautiful fairy tale in which the wife of a giant cunningly did not let her husband fight.

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