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Scott Mardis’ Plesiosaur Paradigm And Some “Horned” “Sea Serpents”

Scott Mardis' Plesiosaur Paradigm And Some "Horned" "Sea Serpents"  98

Scott Mardis recently posted the preceding comparative image on Facebook, and I thought that it was thought-provoking enough to be shared here. The paste-up compares features of the animal allegedly seen at Loch Ness in 1934 by Patrick Grant (at upper left), the long-necked and maned “sea giraffe” reported by the second officer of the H.M.S. Corinthian (at upper right), a drawing of a mata mata turtle (at lower left), and Scott’s drawing depicting a possible appearance of the skull-crested plesiosaur known as Umoonasaurus (at lower right). The barbels of the mata mata, the “beard” of the Patrick Grant animal, and the whiskers/beard of the Corinthian “sea serpent” are compared in this image. The tubercles of the mata mata, “horns” of the Patrick Grant animal, “ears” of the Corinthian “sea serpent”, and crest-ridges of the Umoonasaurus are also compared in the image. The aforementioned aspect of the comparison is what will be focused upon in this article.

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Interestingly, the plesiosauroid Umoonasaurus had three, distinguishing crest-ridges on its skull. Could these have had a horn-like
appearance, as Scott Mardis suggests? (Image Source unknown; posted on Facebook by Scott Mardis)

Although I do not agree with Scott’s views in regard to these aspects, I did mention to him that his hypothetical Umoonasaurus reconstruction is similar to the “sea serpents” allegedly seen by Sir Arthur Rostron and Reverend James Joass. The unknown animal reportedly seen by Rostron while he was onboard the Campania had ‘very small ears’ on a head which ‘rose eight or nine feet out of the water’. Although the eyewitness sketch (shown below) is quite simple due to the lack of other details able to be seen by Rostron, it does show the pointy “ears” of the longneck. Sir Arthur Rostron was incidentally the man who saved more than 700 survivors of the Titanic among floating ice, and was likely trustworthy due to his position as chief officer of the Campania.

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Sir Arthur Rostron’s sketch of the “sea serpent” which he claimed to have seen. (Image Source is here)

The animal reported by Reverend James Joass was described as having ‘diaphanous and nearly semi-circular flaps or valves over-arching the nostrils,’ and is especially relevant to Scott’s reconstruction because Reverend Joass felt that it was a relict plesiosaur.As the alleged “sea serpent” ‘drifted along with the tide’ for some time before slipping under1, I can’t help but wonder if it was possibly the carcass of a basking shark with the horn-like pectoral girdle visible.

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An ambiguous sketch which Reverend James Joass made depicting the “sea serpent” which he allegedly saw.
(Image Source is here)
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The horn-like pectoral girdle of a basking shark. (Image Source: Scott Mardis
large photo
Photograph of the thirteen foot “horned mystery carcass” which washed up in Spain this year. Experts identified it as a shark of some
species, with the horns likely being the pectoral girdle showing. Could the animal seen by Joass have been a similar “pseudoplesiosaur” carcass? (Image Source is here)


The suggestion of the “sea serpent” seen by G. Batchelor (the second officer of the H.M.S. Corinthian) off Grand Banks of Newfoundland, Canada as a plesiosaur is not a novel one. However, basing such a contention off of Batchelor’s sketch may be of error due to its obvious stylization. In fact, some researchers feel that the ‘fins’ which adorned the animals head may be part of a stylized mane.2 As mentioned in the article which I linked to previously, Dale Drinnon feels that the ‘fin-like ears’  of the “sea serpent” were part of a reptilian mane composed of long cutaneous filaments. However, I feel that these were genuine pinnae, as Batchelor does specify them as ears. In reference to the fact that the Corinthian animal was reported to have ‘large liquid blue eyes’1, Scott pointed out that alligators can have blue eyes. However, due to features of the report such as ‘long fin-like ears’, a body ‘like that of a monster seal or sea-lion with short water-smoothed fur’, and a tail ‘split into two large fins’, I think that the animal was more likely a pinniped than a reptile.1 As if these distinctly pinniped features aren’t enough, biological researcher Cameron McCormick sent an image of a blue-eyed sea lion (which is shown below) in reply to Scott’s pointing out blue-eyed alligators.

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A leucistic alligator with blue eyes. (Image Source unknown; posted on Facebook by Scott Mardis)
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A blue-eyed sea lion pup with rather horn-like pinnae. (Image Source is here)

From erectile snorkel-like tubules on evolved plesiosaurs to pointy pinnae on giant elongate-necked pinnipeds, a variety of hypotheses have been formulated regarding the identity of the “horns” or “ears” which have been reported on “sea serpents.” Scott’s suggestion that these protuberances are synonymous with the tubercles of a mata mata or are flanged out forms of crest-ridges like those on Umoonasaurus is quite interesting and unique. Hopefully, the discovery of a type specimen for one of these elusive animals (if they exist) will confirm the true nature of these unconfirmed animals’ cranial protuberances.


  1. Heuvelmans, Bernard, Richard Garnett, and Alika Watteau. In the Wake of the Sea-serpents. New York: Hill and Wang, 1968. Print.
  2. Coleman, Loren, and Patrick Huyghe. The Field Guide to Lake Monsters, Sea Serpents and Other Mystery Denizens of the Deep. New York, NY: Jeremy P. Tarcher/Putnam, 2003. Print.




Four friends were scared by a Bigfoot-like creature

Four friends were scared by a Bigfoot-like creature 117
Photo: John Bazemore / AP

A strange creature resembling a Bigfoot scared the inhabitants of the Canadian province of British Columbia. This is reported by the Canadian newspaper The Star.

On the evening of December 25, 2020, four friends driving along the highway near the city of Silverton noticed a huge figure on the side of the road. According to them, she resembled a very large man or a grizzly bear standing on its hind legs. The creature quickly dropped to four legs and disappeared into the thickets. Friends stopped the car, photographed his footprints and sent the pictures to cryptozoologists looking for Bigfoot.

We found a wide variety of tracks, and some looked especially disturbing. These were the footprints of a two-legged creature leading into the forest in a straight line. I was a little scared when I saw their size. And they were definitely not bear paws, Erica Spink-D’Souza, an eyewitness said.

According to the head of Bigfoot Field Research Group and the host of the program “Finding Bigfoot” on Animal Planet, Matt Moneymaker, forgery or pranking is out of the question. 

“The untouched snow surrounding the footprints proves that the footprints are not fabricated by humans,” he explains. – The length of the stride exceeds the capabilities of a person trying to move through snowdrifts up to the knee. The traces of the dragging and the depth show that the jumping hare could not have left them. The linear nature of the tracks indicates that it was not a bear.”

Ten days after the observation, a group of cryptozoologists from Okanagan visited the scene. They examined the tracks and concluded that a moose could have left them. 

“Eyewitnesses could see a large elk looking ahead and mistake her for a humanoid figure,” says Moneymaker. 

At the same time, he notes that moose tracks are not enough for the final conclusion.

In 2018, it was reported that a resident of the American state of Montana went into the forest and almost died from a bullet from a Bigfoot hunter.

 “If I see something that looks like Bigfoot, then I just shoot him,” he explained.

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Scientist finds polar bear DNA in Bigfoot

Scientist finds polar bear DNA in Bigfoot 118

British scientists examined yeti DNA and found a strong similarity to polar bear DNA. For analysis, they took the wool of a creature that was killed by a hunter in the Himalayas 30 years ago.

Brian Sykes, a geneticist at the University of Oxford, examined the DNA of the Bigfoot Yeti and found similarities to the DNA of a polar bear, according to Daily Star.

For analysis, Sykes took the wool of a creature killed by a hunter in the Himalayas 30 years ago, from which they made a stuffed animal. The result showed a match with the DNA of an ancient polar bear that became extinct at least 40,000 years ago. The geneticist suggests that the Yeti is a hybrid of a brown bear and a polar bear that arrived in the mountain range from the Arctic north many years ago. For this reason, it behaves differently from an animal of this species.

Now the professor wants to obtain samples of Bigfoot hair from all over the world in order to subject them to the most difficult DNA tests and continue research in this direction.

In 2019, the FBI released documents revealing the results of analysis of hair and biologic tissue allegedly belonging to Bigfoot. The samples were sent in 1976 by yeti hunter Peter Byrne. Research results showed that they belonged to a deer.

Bigfoot is a large humanoid creature from modern folklore, which is believed to live in forest or mountain areas that are inaccessible to humans. It is believed that it is an ancient hominid that has survived to our time, but scientists are skeptical about the likelihood of its existence. In particular, all cases of its observation or possible traces are explained by hoax or mistaken recognition of animal tracks.

When was the last time a Bigfoot was seen?

In 2020, the appearance of Bigfoot was noted in Australia, the relic forests of Canada, in the west of the USA, in the north of Scandinavia.

In the spurs of the Himalayas, wild hairy people of small stature were seen, resembling a Flores man (fossil dwarf species of people. Also known as the “hobbit” by analogy with the creatures invented by J. Tolkien. – Ed.).

In October, locals informed that in the jungle of Africa, in the Congo region, there is an upright creature similar to a Yeti.

Traces of Bigfoot, his refuge are regularly found in Komi. Yeti visits have recently been reported from eyewitnesses from the Karelian Isthmus and the border zone near Vyborg, where there are dungeons and a huge bunker near an abandoned military airfield.

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Strange photo was taken by tourists near Loch Ness

Strange photo was taken by tourists near Loch Ness 119
Mary Evans Picture Library

Inverness, December 23. A new photograph of a mysterious creature “the size of a very large seal” in Loch Ness has been announced as another official sighting of the Loch Ness monster.

Tourist Karen Scott, returning from Aberdeen, noticed a strange creature in the Scottish Loch Ness. The woman managed to capture her observation in the photo. At first, Scott took what he saw for a big bird, she admitted to reporters. According to the traveler, while she took out the camera, the mysterious creature managed to submerge itself under the water.

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“By the time I turned on the camera on my phone, it was slowly submerged under the water and then reappeared at a short distance,” she shared.

Scott and her friend compared the creature they saw to a large seal, but workers at the lake have denied this assumption. According to experts, seals rarely get that far into Loch Ness.

The tourist flow to these places in 2020 was much lower than in previous years due to the coronavirus pandemic, experts studying Nessie noted. Despite this circumstance, during this year, travelers recorded a large amount of evidence of the existence of the Loch Ness monster, scientists were surprised.

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