According to research around the future of Artificial Intelligence, the human race could vanish within our lifetime.
At last, some good news, then.
Jeff Nesbit, former director of legislative and public affairs at the National Science Foundation and author of more than 24 books, has examined the latest thinking on AI capabilities.
He concludes that the human race could cease to exist by 2050 – or that we become immortal.
Nesbit explains the theory known as ASI, or ‘artificial super-intelligence’, which posits that AI will evolve into a supercomputer which learns so quickly that it surpasses human intelligence, and solves all problems.
On the one hand, you have the hopefuls like Ray Kurzweil imploring us not to fear artificial intelligence, pointing instead to the older and more pressing threats like bioterrorism or nuclear war.
In fact, Kurzweil argues that mental capabilities are enhanced by AI, and he points out that global rates of violence, war and murder have declined dramatically.
He also argues that AI has helped to find cures for diseases, developed renewable energy resources and, cared for the disabled, among other benefits to society.
Kurzweil puts the date of ‘human level AI’ at 2029, which gives us just enough time to “devise ethical standards”.
Then there’s Rollo Carpenter, creator of the Cleverbot software, which has gained high scores in the Turing test – that is to say, many people have mistaken it for human when communicating with it.
I believe we will remain in charge of the technology for a decently long time, and the potential of it to solve many of the word problems will be realised.
He explains that the ability to develop algorithms necessary for achieving full artificial intelligence is still a few decades away, and explains:
We cannot quite know what will happen if a machine exceeds our own intelligence, so we can’t know if we’ll be infinitely helped by it, or ignored by it and sidelined, or conceivably destroyed by it.
Billionaire entrepreneur Elon Musk, pioneer of digital money and electric cars, has told students in an interview that we are “summoning the demon” with AI.
Speaking at the AeroAstro Centennial Symposium at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Musk made the following remarks:
If I had to guess at what our biggest existential threat is, it’s probably that [artificial intelligence]. So we need to be very careful.
With artificial intelligence we are summoning the demon. In all those stories where there’s the guy wih the pentagram and the holy water, it’s like – yeah, he’s sure he can control the demon. Doesn’t work out.
In a 2015 open letter, Musk and Professor Stephen Hawking wrote on the idea that AI could allow development of autonomous weapons, which would revolutionise warfare – and not for the better.
Autonomous weapons are ideal for tasks such as assassinations, destabilising nations, subduing populations and selectively killing a particular ethnic group.
Starting a military AI arms race is a bad idea, and should be prevented by a ban on offensive autonomous weapons beyond meaningful human control.
Hawking, who is able to communicate via a technology that uses a basic form of AI, also had this cheery proclamation for the BBC:
The development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race.
He, too, considers the possibility and potential dangers of ASI, explaining that AI could take off on its own and re-design itself at an ever increasing rate.
Humans, who are limited by slow biological evolution, couldn’t compete, and would be superseded.
But all of them agree on one thing – sometime in the next 30 years or so, a supercomputer will replicate the human brain and evolve into super-intelligence, or ASI.
Tim Urban, author of ‘Wait, But Why?’ blog, outlines the future:
While most scientists I’ve come across acknowledge that ASI would have the ability to send humans to extinction, many also believe that used beneficially, ASI’s abilities could be used to bring individual humans, and the species as a whole, to…species immortality.
Cosmic Rays as Triggers for Solar Flashes, Earth Core Eruptions & Pole Shifts (Part 3)
On January 11, one of the world’s top science journals, Nature, reported an unexpected acceleration in the movement of the Earth’s magnetic poles that has required an immediate update of the World Magnetic Model used for global navigation by ships at sea, Google Maps and smartphones. Scientists have speculated that the unexpected acceleration is due to “liquid iron sloshing within the planet’s core”, and that in the case of the north magnetic pole, the likely culprit was a “high-speed jet of liquid iron beneath Canada moving the pole towards Siberia”.
Importantly, scientists widely agree that the acceleration in the movement of the magnetic poles points to something very unusual happening in the Earth’s outer core which is filled with a nickel-iron alloy surrounding a solid inner core of iron. In part 2 of this series of articles investigating issues raised by Ben Davidson in his Earth Catastrophe Cycle video series, I discussed a CIA document authored by a geologist, Chan Thomas, that was only declassified in 2013. Thomas hypothesized that the inner core of the Earth, behaves just like a star in terms of emitting plasma or “neutral matter” in periodic bursts every few thousand years into the outer core, thereby triggering both magnetic and geophysical pole shifts.
In part 1, I examined evidence of solar flash (aka micronova) events in history, and the prospects for one recurring in the near future. This raises the possibility of the connection of some kind between solar flash events and “neutral matter” eruptions that occur deep inside the Earth’s core. In this article, I examine whether high energy cosmic rays from outside our solar system are the trigger mechanism for both solar flashes and neutral matter eruptions that lead to pole shifts.
It’s important to first point out that the accelerated movement of the magnetic poles is happening at a time when the Earth’s magnetic field is weakening and the Solar Minimum (low sunspot activity) have both made the planet more susceptible than ever to cosmic rays.
Cosmic rays are the atomic nuclei of hydrogen, helium and larger molecules that have been stripped of their electrons. They have been generated from galactic events such as supernova and quasars, and travel throughout the universe at almost the speed of light.
While our sun also generates cosmic rays, it is the cosmic rays from the galactic core that carry the most energy as they penetrate deep into our solar system, into our sun, and finally into the Earth’s interior.
Cosmic rays are impacting both the Earth and the sun with increasing impact because the energy shield created by the solar wind is at its weakest level as a result of the current solar minimum. Some scientific models predict the solar minimum will continue until October 2020, and may even stretch out into a grand solar minimum lasting until 2070, during which time humanity witnesses a mini-ice age similar to the Maunder Minimum that occurred from 1645 to 1715.
Scientists have for decades tracked solar and cosmic ray activity and confirmed that cosmic rays peak during solar minima as shown in the following diagram.
The intensity of cosmic rays impacting our solar system and the Earth depends largely on the strength of the solar wind generated by our sun which acts as a shield as explained by NASA:
Our first line of defense is the sun: The sun’s magnetic field and solar wind combine to create a porous ‘shield’ that fends off cosmic rays attempting to enter the solar system. The shielding action of the sun is strongest during Solar Maximum and weakest during Solar Minimum.
NASA studies have confirmed that cosmic rays, during a solar minimum increase the radiation exposure of astronauts thereby shortening the time they can spend in Earth orbit.
It is worth emphasizing that cosmic rays typically are either deflected by the Earth’s magnetic field (magnetic field) or attracted by the field towards the polar regions where most of the world’s cosmic ray detectors have been assembed.
Studies have shown the Earth’s magnetic field, which acts as the second line of defense against cosmic rays, as well as being a shield against the solar wind, has been steadily weakening throughout the 20th century. Since the year 2000, however, the weakening has dramatically increased as illustrated in the following image provided by Davidson in his Earth Catastrophe Cycle series.
The weakening of the magnetic field has led to some scientists concluding that this is a prelude to a magnetic pole flip.
In 2014 Rune Florberghagen, the mission manager of the European Space Agency’s Swarm project, confirmed that the Earth’s magnetic field was weakening 10 times faster than normal, and that this was a sign of a future magnetic pole flip. Florberghagen said that this “would take many hundred if not a few thousand years…. They have happened many times in the past.”
However, other scientists studying paleomagnetic data cut the time dramatically in Florberghagen’s estimate. A Berkeley University study said that the pole flip could happen in less than a century, anytime during our life-time.
The dramatic weakening of the magnetic field means that fewer cosmic rays are being deflected, and more of these have been absorbed into the Earth, especially at the polar regions where the magnetic field lines attract cosmic rays into the North and South magnetic poles.
This raises important questions about what scientists have recently discovered about the unexpected acceleration in the movement of the magnetic poles, and what we know about the increasing influence of cosmic rays during a solar minimum that may extend well beyond the projected 2020 start of solar cycle 25.
First, are cosmic rays entering the Earth’s magnetic field at the polar regions penetrating deep into the Earth’s interior, thereby impacting the molten outer core in some way? Second, were cosmic rays recently detected coming out of Antarctica, in any way related to the “neutral matter” eruptions described by Chad Thomas? Finally, were the mysterious seismic global waves detected on November 11, 2018, in any way related to neutral matter eruptions from the core, and/or cosmic rays?
CONTINUE READING @ exopolitics.org
Massive Pole Shifts are Cyclic according to Declassified CIA Document
by Dr. Michael Salla
Ben Davidson, founder of Space Weather News, began his six part Earth Catastrophe Cycle video series by discussing a 57 page booklet called “The Adam and Eve Story” authored by “Chan Thomas”, which was classified by the CIA at some point after its 1963 publication, and declassified in part on June 24, 2013 with the release of a sanitized digital version on the CIA’s website. Thomas’ analysis of cyclic pole shifts was different in key respects to what was being proposed at the time by Charles Hapgood in his seminal book, The Earth’s Shifting Crust(1958).
According to Davidson, it was Thomas more accurate explanation for how a pole shift happens, which led to the CIA classifying Thomas’ book. The Adam and Eve Story was first published in 1963 by Emerson House, with a third edition published in 1965, and then republished by Bengal Tiger Press in 1993. It is not clear when, why and how the CIA classified Thomas book, but the fact that the CIA chose to release a declassified sanitized version in 2013 is very significant.
In part 1 of his video series, Davidson contrasts Hapgood’s wandering pole hypothesis with the pole shift described in the CIA suppressed book by Thomas. Hapgood wrote of a pole shift of up to 40 degrees that could recur every 5000 years or so in The Earth’s Shifting Crust where earlier geographical poles would wander on the Earth’s surface with each crustal displacement.
Instead, Thomas wrote of a massive shift of almost 90 degrees that would move both poles into the tropics in less than a day, and then back to their earlier polar positions after the next cycle:
In ¼ to ½ a day the poles move almost to the equator, and all hell lets loose. The atmosphere and oceans don’t shift with the shell – they just keep on rotating West to East – and at the equator that speed is 1000 miles per hour. It has to be, normally, to make one rotation per day. So, while the shell shifts with the poles going toward the equator, the winds and oceans go eastward, blowing across the face of the earth with supersonic speeds, inundating continents with water miles deep….
You can see, then, that ice ages are not a matter of advancing and retreating ice; it’s simply that different areas of the Earth are in polar regions at different times, for different durations of time, with the changes between positions taking place in a fraction of a day. [The Adam and Eve Story, pp.13-14]
Thomas provided a table illustrating how the North pole, for example, would switch back and forth between northern hemisphere regions after experiencing close to a 90 degree tilt.
It is Thomas’ conclusion of cyclic pole shifts of almost 90 degrees that flip the poles back and forth over millennia that Davidson identified as the key reason the CIA classified Thomas’ work. If the North and South poles flipped back and forth 90 degrees, there would be little evidence of previous pole shifts since these would be buried under thick layers of ice.
This takes us to the science of paleomagnetics – the study of the record of the Earth’s magnetic field in rocks, minerals or archeological materials – which has been used to determine the historic movement of the Earth’s magnetic poles.
Davidson cited a number of scholarly articles which studied paleomagnetic data from volcanic hotspots. A highly regarded 1985 paleomagnetic study titled, “True polar wander: An analysis of Cenozoic and Mesozoic paleomagnetic poles” found “the pole has moved 22 deg + or 10 deg in the past 180 m.y.[million years].” This was far less than the 40 degree wandering pole hypothesis that Hapgood proposed in an approximate 5000 year period.
A subsequent 2001 study titled “Stability of the Earth with respect to the spin axis for the last 130 million years” concluded that “the time-averaged position of the spin axis has deviated by no more than ˜5° over the last 130 million yr, indicating that mantle mass heterogeneities have not changed rapidly enough to drive TPW [True Polar Wander].” Davidson cited these and a 2018 study as the key elements of the body of scientific evidence refuting Hapgood’s wandering pole hypothesis.
However, as Davidson pointed out, the scientific data from paleomagnetic studies did not address Thomas’ theory of the poles flipping back and forth over geologic time, thereby giving the appearance that the poles had not moved over millions of years as researchers had mistakenly concluded:
All work crushing the theory utilizes these flawed studies, especially the long term average pole position and none address the problem of a ping pong shift where you would have that time average pole position appearing to be in the same position over millions of years.
Davidson goes as far as suggesting that Hapgood, who worked for the CIA’s predecessor the Office of Strategic Services during World War II, conducted a “limited hangout” with his 1958 book to get some of the truth out into the public arena, but doing so in a way that could be eventually discredited.
Davidson cited a 1994 book titled World in Peril about the once classified information provided by an Arctic polar explorer, Major Maynard White, who told his son, Ken (the book’s author), about secret Pentagon meetings in 1948 where suppression of evidence of cyclic pole shifts was discussed:
At one of the scientific meetings that Major White attended in the Pentagon in early 1948, the scientists discussed the advisability of alerting the public to the pending polar-flip phenomenon. None of the scientist would agree to withhold the information from the public, but, on the other hand, neither could they agree on how to release it. The knowledge of this phenomenon, some felt, could in itself destroy the moral fiber of society. Their fears were apparently unfounded when, in the early 1950s, information about the flip phenomenon was released in both a newspaper column and a magazine article, but surprisingly generated no responses from an apparently stunned parochial or incredulous public.
Given the amount of scientific data presented by Davidson in his Earth Catastrophe Cycle series, it’s clear that physical pole shifts of approximately 90 degrees have been historically recorded, and that this became known to government authorities as early as 1948.
China has finished building a secret antennae FIVE times the size of New York City
China has completed construction of a secretive project to build a giant antennae five times the size of New York City.
The experimental radio antennae is rumoured to have taken 13 years to
finish and will communicate long range with military submarines.
Extremely low frequency radio waves (ELF waves) will be emitted by the machine which will send messages to subs hundreds of metres underwater.
The Wireless Electro-magnetic Method (WEM) project is officially pegged for use on earthquake and mineral detection and but has clear potential
applications for the military.
China has been hotly pursuing ELF technology for some time and the facility, which sits on a 1,400 square mile (3,700 sq km) patch of land, is the culmination of the technology.
Project WEM is made of a pair of high voltage power supply line which criss-cross a 100 km by 60 km steel lattice across the region.
Each power line is finished with an underground hole to two power stations and generators that electrify the ground.
Continue Reading: https://www.dailymail.co.uk/
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