Connect with us

Science & Technology

Scientists hope that mushrooms from Chernobyl will help protect people from radiation

Scientists hope that mushrooms from Chernobyl will help protect people from radiation 86

Unusual mushrooms that grow inside the Chernobyl nuclear reactor and “feed” on radiation, converting it into energy, can become the basis for new drugs that protect people from dangerous doses of radiation. These studies have been carried out for many years, according to the Daily Mail. But the unique experiments on board the ISS, as scientists hope, will help them get closer to the answer.

In 1991, five years after the catastrophic accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, researchers discovered that mysterious black mushrooms were growing on the walls of an abandoned radioactive reactor. Scientists became interested in how these microorganisms manage to survive in such extreme conditions, and began to study them in more detail. It turned out that the mushrooms grow in the direction of the radiation source, as if radiation “attracts” them, writes the Daily Mail.

Scientists hope that mushrooms from Chernobyl will help protect people from radiation 87

It also turned out that they contain a large amount of melanin – the pigment that makes the skin of a person dark. And this allows unusual fungi to absorb radiation without harm to themselves and convert it into chemical energy, just as ordinary plants convert carbon dioxide and chlorophyll into oxygen and glucose through photosynthesis, the article says.

This unusual process, called “radio synthesis,” has attracted the attention of scientists who hope to discover new methods of protection against deadly radiation through these studies, the Daily Mail explains. According to NASA researcher Kasturi Venkatesvaran, who leads a project to study unique fungi of the species Cryptococcus neoformans, thanks to these experiments, it will be possible to create a new medicine that can block and neutralize the effect of radiation on the human body.

If scientists can create a tool that will be able to absorb radiation like mushrooms, this will protect many people who are in one way or another exposed to hazardous radiation from the negative effects. In particular, this would help cancer patients undergoing radiation therapy, as well as nuclear engineers, pilots, astronauts and many others, the article says.

Scientists hope that mushrooms from Chernobyl will help protect people from radiation 88

It is also assumed that the ability of fungi to convert radiation into energy in the future can be used to fuel various electrical appliances. And this could be a “biological response” to existing solar panels, writes the Daily Mail. Such biotechnology can become quite promising, as it is non-toxic and biocompatible.

Studies on the possible use of mushrooms for medical purposes have been conducted for a long time. But in recent years, this has attracted more attention thanks to an experiment in which mushroom samples were sent to space. They were grown on the International Space Station, where radiation levels are higher than on Earth, and observed for possible mutations. When microorganisms enter a more stressful environment for them, they begin to secrete various molecules – and this helps scientists better understand what processes are taking place inside these microorganisms and how you can use them to develop drugs that block radiation, explained in the article.

The results of these experiments in space have not yet been published. Therefore, the world scientific community is looking forward to new information that can make a real breakthrough in the field of protecting the human body from radiation, concludes the Daily Mail.

Science & Technology

Cyberfarm 2077. YouTuber showed what a Russian cyber village could look like

Cyberfarm 2077. YouTuber showed what a Russian cyber village could look like 101
Photo: video screenshot youtube.com/birchpunk

On November 19, the day the Cyberpunk 2077 video game was supposed to be released, a five-minute video about a Russian cyber village appeared on YouTube. It combines the aesthetics of cyberpunk with the life of the Russian provinces.

Cyberfarm 2077. YouTuber showed what a Russian cyber village could look like 102

Russian director and blogger Sergei Vasiliev made a short film that is an excerpt from the life of a fictional Russian village with the technologies of the future. The short film was shot in the style of a video blog. 

“They say that Russia is a technically backward country, there are no roads, no robotics, rockets do not fly, and mail takes too long. [This is not true],” the creators say.

The main character, a farmer called Nikolai, talks about his cyber farm, where three androids work, and invites new workers to his business. The robots milk the cows, walk them and go to fetch water. Instead of a cesspool, there is a black hole in the toilets, and mail is delivered by flying wagons of the Russian Post. New technologies have also solved the problem of Russian roads – cars now fly over it, but even there are holes in the air.

The authors of the short film said that a “creative association of enthusiasts” worked on the creative, and now they “plan to release further videos in the same universe.”

Continue Reading

Science & Technology

German scientists have found a drink that kills coronavirus in five minutes

German scientists have found a drink that kills coronavirus in five minutes 103

German scientists from the University of Ulm have discovered a natural product that kills up to 97% of the coronavirus in the body. The researchers published their work in the journal bioRxiv.  

During the study, experts mixed juices with viruses at room temperature and monitored the results. It turned out that black chokeberry juice most effectively suppresses the activity of the virus in the human body – it destroys up to 97% of COVID-19 pathogens in just five minutes.

Scientists have discovered a product that kills coronavirus by 97%

In addition, pomegranate juice can kill up to 80% of the coronavirus pathogens. The rest of natural juices and green tea can also weaken the disease, since they have an acidic environment and plant polyphenols that negatively affect the virus.

Scientists have discovered a product that kills coronavirus by 97% in 5 minutes

In order to get rid of 80% of COVID-19 pathogens, scientists recommended that patients rinse the oropharynx with these solutions and rinse the nasopharynx. The study adds that plant polyphenols and acidic environments have a damaging effect on viral proteins.

During the study, scientists mixed drinks with viral particles and influenza A virus (IAV), adenovirus 5 (AdV5) and SARS-CoV-2. The observation was carried out under room temperature conditions. The experts also worked on swine flu with different juices and teas.

“Preventing the initial infection or reducing the viral load of an infection can relieve symptoms, prevent spread to the lower respiratory tract or transmission to another person,” the study said.

Continue Reading

Science & Technology

Netflix sci-fi show about life on other planets kicks off in December

Netflix sci-fi show about life on other planets kicks off in December 104

In early December, Netflix is ​​launching a new show, Alien Worlds, dedicated to alien planets and the life that might have developed on them.

The show’s creators relied on real facts and astrobiology to imagine creatures that could inhabit the exoplanets that support life in our modern sense.

Naturally, all this is nothing more than speculation. We do not have the opportunity to send missions to these worlds, and even if we build an apparatus for flying to neighboring systems, the journey will take hundreds of years. 

Therefore, scientists are counting on a new generation of telescopes and analysis systems to determine the composition of the atmosphere of exoplanets. Next year, the launch of the James Webb Telescope will take place, which will allow you to look deeper into space. 

Alien Worlds premieres on December 2.

Continue Reading
Advertisement

DO NOT MISS

Trending