Scientists have managed to reconstruct the face of a 9,000 year old teenager from Greece using technology. Dawn’s skeletal remains were buried in a cave in the region of Thessaly until 1993 when they were uncovered. No one knew what the young woman looked like for 9,000 years, but now scientists have an idea of what her appearance was like, Reuters reports.
The 9,000 year old teenager, found in 1993 in the Theopetra Cave in the Thessaly region in Greece, lived towards the end of the Mesolithic period. At that time, the Thessaly region was in transition from a hunter gatherer society into one where people grew and made their own food. Scientists chose to call her Avgi, which means “Dawn” in English. The idea for the name came from the fact that she lived at a time of transition which was considered the “dawn of civilization.”
There’s not much information about the way Dawn lived or how she died, although they know that she was a teenager based on the analysis of her bones and teeth, which indicate that she was aged between 15 and 18 years old. According to the scientists, there is a possibility that the 9,000 year old teenager was anemic and could have had scurvy. There’s evidence of hip and joint problems which could had caused her to move with difficulty which led to her death.
Orthodontist Manolis Papagrigorakis, along with his colleagues worked together to reconstruct the young woman’s face, thanks to a CT scan of her skull. After that they created the exact same replica of her skull with the help of a 3D printer.
While some parts of Dawn’s reconstructed face were based off of the measurements of her skill, other facial features such as eye and skin color were gathered from the common traits of people who lived in that region.
“Having reconstructed a lot of Stone Age women and men, I think some facial features seem to have disappeared or ‘smoothed out’ with time,” Oscar Nilsson, part of the research team, archaeologist and sculptor told National Geographic, adding that women and men today look less masculine.
The 9,000 year old teenager from Greece has noticeable cheekbones and a heavy brow and dimpled chin. Researchers attributed her protruding jaw to chewing on animal skins, which people at that time commonly did in order to make soft leather out of animal skins. The reconstruction of Dawn’s face revealed that she seemed to be frowning. Papagrigorakis had an explanation as to why Dawn looked angry.
“It’s not possible for her not to be angry during such an era,” Papagrigorakis jokingly told Reuters when he was asked why she looks angry.
Ancient ‘Texas Serengeti’ is Filled With Strange Fossils
From 1935 to 1943, the Works Progress Administration (WPA) employed millions of (mostly) men unemployed by the Great Depression for public works projects such as building roads, bridges and schools. The WPA also employed musicians, writers and actors in arts and literacy projects. One little known activity in Texas involved hunting for and collecting fossils across the state. Those fossils – tens of thousands of them – were taken to a storage facility at the University of Texas and, once the Depression was over, forgotten … until now. A researcher found them and traced many of the most unusual fossils to an area in Beeville that had such a diverse animal population, it has been given a new name: the Texas Serengeti.
“It’s the most representative collection of life from this time period of Earth history along the Texas Coastal Plain.”
Steven May is the research associate at the UT Jackson School of Geosciences who found and studied the fossils and traced them to four dig sites, including one in Bee County in southern Texas. According to a press release by UT, finding where they came from was necessary because, while the collection was huge, there were many missing pieces.
“They collected the big, obvious stuff. But that doesn’t fully represent the incredible diversity of the Miocene environment along the Texas Coastal Plain.”
Using aerial photography and notes from the WPA program stored in the university’s archives, May and his team found the exact location of one of the dig sites along a creek on a private ranch near Beeviille, the Bee country seat. In his paper, “The Lapara Creek Fauna: Early Clarendonian of south Texas, USA,” published in Palaeontologia Electronica, May describes the breadth of the diversity that earned the spot the title of “Texas Serengeti.”
“Of the 50 species of fossil vertebrates, five species are fish, seven are reptiles, two are birds and 36 are mammals. The 36 species of mammals represent 31 genera of which four are rodents, five are carnivores, two are proboscideans, 10 are artiodactyls and 10 are perissodactyls.”
For those not up on their Clarendonian age animals, proboscideans are elephant ancestors, artiodactyls are hoofed animals that bear their weight on two of their five toes (cattle, sheep, llamas, etc.) and perissodactyls are hoofed animals that bear their weight on one toe (horses, rhinos, etc.). If that’s not enough to get you excited and yelling “Go Texas” and “Hook ‘em Horns,” May points out that the collection includes new genus of gomphothere, an extinct relative of elephants, an extinct cousin of modern dogs and the oldest fossils of the American alligator.
After being kept in the dark for 80 years at UT and about 10,000 years in Beeville dirt before that, the Texas Serengeti fossils are moving around more now than they did on the Texas plain. They’re being used in UT classes to teach archeology students how to carefully find and remove fossils so they can resume the work started in the 1930s when it was just an activity to keep people whole, active and earning a decent wage until the Depression ended. These students will have the advantage of better equipment, computerized analysis tools and educators who won’t forget where the bones are.
The Texas Serengeti … an archeological Lone Star goldmine or a new adventure movie starring Matthew McConaughey?
Can we have both?
Source: Mysterious Universe
Anunnaki Visitors from the Stars May Have Jump Started Humanity
A revealing and intriguing video that shares an independent point of view based on deep research on the topic of the Sumerians and the Anunnaki.
Sumer was an ancient civilization founded in the Mesopotamia region of the Fertile Crescent situated between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Known for their innovations in language, governance, architecture and more, Sumerians are considered the creators of civilization as modern humans understand it. – (source)
Anunnaki literally means, “Those who from heaven came down to earth.”
“They Landed Somewhere in the Middle East, Then Things Get Really Weird!”
Could this explain why Islam, Christianity and Judaism are such similarly based religions?
Oldest pyramid on Earth is hidden in Antarctica claims researcher
Ancient alien theorists who are certain secret pyramids are concealed all around the globe, think some may be hidden on Antarctica. Conspiracy theorists, in particular, point to a vaguely pyramid-like structure near the Shackleton mountain range on the icy continent. The “pyramid” in question, when viewed on satellite imagery, does appear to have four steep sides much like the Great Pyramid of Giza. This incredibly bizarre theory was presented on the History Channel’s TV series Ancient Aliens, which investigates various extraterrestrial theories.Episode one of season 11 of Ancient Aliens, explored the remote possibility such pyramids were left behind by ancient alien visitors or human civilisations.
Conspiracy theory author David Childress told Ancient Aliens there is a distinct possibility the Shackleton pyramid is the oldest of its kind on Earth.
He said: “If this gigantic pyramid in Antarctica is an artificial structure, it would probably be the oldest pyramid on the planet and in fact it might be the master pyramid that all the other pyramids on planet Earth were designed to look like.”
Another conspiracy theorist agreed, saying: “All the way around the world we find evidence of pyramid structures.”We should start looking at the possibility there was habitation on Antarctica.”Was it a lost civilisation? Could it be ancient astronauts?”And just maybe, the earliest monuments of our own civilisation came from Antarctica.”But the theory was challenged by Dr Michael Salla, author of Exopolitics Political Implications of the Extraterrestrial Presence.
The alien expert argued the Antarctic pyramid is just one node in a global network of power-generating pyramids strategically placed around Earth.
A popular pyramid conspiracy claims the triangular structures act as power generators of sorts, built for the purpose of transiting vast amounts of energy wirelessly.
It would probably be the oldest pyramid on the planet
Dr Salla said: “There has been extensive research done on pyramids throughout the world, in terms of their structure an what is they really are.
“One of the theories is that pyramids are power generators and so, if you have these pyramids strategically placed around the world generating a charge, it’s possible to create a general standing wave around the world that is a wireless transmission of energy.”
However, not everyone who saw the Ancient Aliens episode was convinced by the wild theories presented.
YouTube user Derrick commented: “Snow covered pyramid shape in Antarctica, I believe geologists would call that a mountain.”
Lazaros Tsakpounidis Tsakpounidis said: “I feel like I’m losing my brain cells after watching this.”
And Mohammad Ziaul Mushtafa Khan said: “No evidence, only a bunch of authors referred them as extraterrestrial theorists claimed everything on Earth is conspired by some aliens, now latest victim is Antarctica.
“Maybe geologist must take lessons from so-called experts.”
And according to geologists, there is nothing unusual about the angular shape of the mountain.
Dr Mitch Darcy, a geologist at the German Research Centre for Geosciences in Potsdam, argued mountains like this are known as nunataks.
Nunataks are exposed and rocky mountain peaks and rides which are naturally occurring and pyramid-like in shape.
Speaking about a similar “Antarctica pyramid” near the Ellsworth Mountains, the geologist told IFLScience: “The peaks are clearly composed of rock, and it’s a coincidence that this particular peak has that shape.
“It’s not a complicated shape, so it’s not a special coincidence either.
“By definition, it is a nunatak, which is simply a peak of rock sticking out above a glacier or an ice sheet.
“This one has the shape of a pyramid, but that doesn’t make it a human construction.”
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