Connect with us

Bizzare & Odd

Scientist solved the mystery of strange dinosaur footprints on the cave ceiling

A paleontologist studies the mysterious traces on the ceiling of the cave / © University of Queensland

The footprints of a certain four-legged dinosaur, which puzzled paleontologists more than 60 years ago, turned out to be not what was originally supposed.

Mount Morgan was a true gold mine for paleontologists. In its vicinity, more than a hundred extant footprints of dinosaurs were found, including an unusual chain of five tracks on the ceiling of one of the local caves. They clearly belong to the representative of the theropod suborder – bipedal large reptiles, to which belonged also the tyrannosaurus.

The peculiarity of these tracks is that the creature that left them seemed to move on four legs – the prints are so close to each other. But for theropods, this is not characteristic in any way.

A hoax or previously unknown detail of the life of giant reptiles? Due to the fact that the cave in which the tracks are located has been closed for a long time, and the remaining photo evidence of the 1950s is of poor quality, this has remained a mystery for a long time.

Those same tracks / © University of Queensland

Paleontologist Anthony Romilio of the University of Queensland also had little hope of solving this riddle. However, he was lucky: materials for clues were not at all in the cave. Romilio met Roslyn Dick, a local dentist. Her father, Ross Staines, worked as a geologist in the 1950s and found many dinosaur tracks.

Staines took his findings extremely seriously: he left behind notebooks with detailed reports and a whole series of pictures. Moreover, a plaster cast of a dinosaur’s footprint was even stored in his daughter’s house! Romilio digitized all the images and made a copy of the impressions using a 3D printer: this allowed the scientist to solve the mystery of the unusual traces. An article about this work is published in Historical Biology .

Plaster print of one of the tracks / © University of Queensland

Having studied the materials of Staines, Romilio and his colleagues came to the conclusion that all five prints were left by the hind legs of the dinosaur. In addition, the spread fingers and the ratio of their lengths led paleontologists to the idea that the chain of prints was left not by theropods, but by some herbivorous reptiles. 

“Instead of one four-legged dinosaur, we have two dinosaurs here for the price of one,” Romilio jokes. “Both herbivores followed each other along the shores of an ancient lake.”

The fact that in our time traces were on the ceiling of the cave is not surprising. Ancient reptiles left traces on silty sediments, which were later covered with sand from above. Then the alluvial rock from below was destroyed and washed with water, and the harder sandstone retained these traces – and so they were on the ceiling.

Comments

Bizzare & Odd

Do not overlook these events: The latest strange sounds from the sky in March and April 2020

Strange sounds from the sky in April 2020.

Strange sounds sounded during quarantine in the USA on April 4

A strange noise in the sky in southern Philadelphia on April 3

Strange sounds in the sky over Satu Mare, Romania, April 2

Mysterious sounds in Slovakia on April 2

Strange sky noises in Dubai on April 1

Strange sounds in March 2020

Strange noise in the sky over England on March 31

At midnight in Jerusalem on March 30

Strange sounds from the sky on Netterey Island in Norway, Europe

Mysterious buzzing noise in Örebro, Sweden on March 24

Mysterious sounds at midnight on March 24

Awesome sounds recorded in the skies of the Middle East

Creepy trumpet sounds in the sky compilation

Strange results of shortwave radio signal oddity-UVB76 on March 22

Spooky sound of an earthquake in Zagreb, Croatia March 22

Strange Sounds in Nashville, Tennessee March 21

Strange sky noises in Singapore March 19

Strange sounds in Novosibirsk 03/19/2020

Moroni angel loses a pipe in an earthquake on March 18

Strange Sounds in Hialea, Florida at Night

Do You Hear A Very High Engine Sound In The Sky?

The mysterious sound emanating from the volcano Merapi March 16, 2020

Strange noise near the Phillips 66 oil refinery in the UK March 15, 2020

Strange backyard noise March 15, 2020

Another strange sound in the sky March 14, 2020

A strange dim drum sound in the distance in Australia on March 12, 2020

Scary sounds from the sky March 8, 2020

Sky metal noises over Denmark

Strange Sounds in the Sky of Ontario Canada March 6, 2020

Mysterious sky sounds in the USA March 4, 2020

Strange heavenly earthquakes in Arkansas March 4, 2020

What is the cause of these anomalies. What happens over the Earth in its atmosphere and in its bowels? The precursors of what events are these sounds? Pole overturn? Or is it a consequence of the activities of aliens?

Continue Reading

Bizzare & Odd

The Ten Biggest Mistakes of Medicine

© CC BY-SA 2.0, Otis Historical Archives National Museum of Health and Medicine

Heroin, mercury, blood release, and surgical procedures that turn patients into apathetic zombies. Swedish Illustrerad Vetenskap offers a peek into the terrible archive of medicine. Here are ten of the biggest mistakes doctors made from antiquity to the 20th century – and only one of them brought not suffering, but pleasure.

Take a look at the terrible archive of medicine and get acquainted with the ten most terrible medical errors in history.

10. Orgasm against female hysteria – used until 1980

At the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, some women suffered from “hysteria”. Doctors treated this ailment with the help of a massage apparatus, which brought them to orgasm.

However, the results were very unstable, and the treatment had to be repeated at intervals of several weeks.

9. Children became drug addicts – used until 1930

“Mrs Winslow’s Soothing Syrup” is the name given to the remedy that many parents gave their restless children in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

The medicine contained morphine, which caused addiction in children, and even killed many.

8. Homosexuals were treated with electroshock – until 1992

For most of the 20th century, science has stated that homosexuality is a disease that can be cured.

Therefore, doctors subjected homosexuals to a variety of treatments from “homosexuals” and hypnosis to psychotherapy and electroshock.

7. Useful cigarettes – used until 1926

The tobacco plant was brought to Europe from America, where doctors began to praise nicotine for its medicinal properties.

Today, tobacco is considered the main cause of lung cancer.

6. Dependence on “medicinal” heroin – until 1910

In 1898, the German pharmaceutical company Bayer began selling heroin as a cough and tuberculosis drug.

The chemists of the company were sure that the new drug was not addictive.

5. Drilling holes in the skull – used to this day

From the Stone Age to the middle of the Middle Ages, ancient surgeons tried to treat such ailments as migraines by removing part of the cranial bone or making holes in the skull.

The idea was that through the hole evil spirits come out of the head. Such operations were incredibly painful, and the risk of developing the infection was very high, however, excavations indicate that surprisingly many patients survived.

In principle, trepanation is still used today, for example, in the treatment of the effects of cerebral hemorrhages.

4. Mercury as a medicine – used until the 20th century

For several thousand years, doctors have been convinced that virtually everything can be cured with mercury. The Chinese emperor Ying Zheng (259 – 210 century BC), for example, took liquid metal all his life, despite the fact that his tongue was swollen and his gums inflamed.

Today, doctors know that mercury disrupts the brain, increases blood pressure, harms digestion, causes breathing problems, and contributes to the development of depression and anxiety.

3. They bleed to death – until the 20th century

Doctors once believed that illnesses arise from an imbalance in the body’s main body fluids: blood, mucus, yellow bile, and black bile. Bloodletting was supposed to save the patient from an excess of one of the fluids, but often it ended very poorly.

One of the victims was the first US president, George Washington, who in 1799 allowed doctors to try to cure his throat infection with bloodletting.

The main task of the blood is the transportation of oxygen and nutrients to the cells. Doctors released 3.75 liters of blood from Washington (80% of the total volume), after which he became very weak and died on the same day.

2. Poor hygiene killed millions – until the 18th century

Bathing is not only unnecessary – because of it, you can also get the plague. So doctors believed in the XVI century. “Baths and baths need to be banned, because after them the skin becomes soft and the pores open. Because of this, as we could see, plague-infected dirt enters the body and causes instant death, ”said, for example, the French court physician Ambroise Paré in 1568.

Therefore, for nearly 300 years, Europeans avoided soap and water, and only in the most extreme cases, they gently washed their skin if the contamination could not be removed with a dry towel.

However, aversion to water was a catastrophic mistake.

The plague was transmitted with flea bites, namely because of the uncleanliness of people, fleas spread. During the time that doctors needed to think of something better, their delusion took millions of lives.

1. Dissection of white matter: the patient became a zombie – was used until 1983

Such an eerie treatment has never received such magnificent recognition as in 1949, when Egas Moniz was awarded the Nobel Prize for the invention of “dissection of white matter” – lobotomy. Doctors of that time believed that a lobotomy cured the mentally ill, but in fact this procedure turned them into “vegetables”.

The Portuguese neurosurgeon Egash Monish in 1935 came to the conclusion that he could make patients with psychiatric illnesses calm and obedient, cutting the nerve connections in the frontal lobes.

According to his idea, the dissection of white matter allowed to separate the thinking part of the brain from the sensory. Doctors around the world have adopted the Monish method.

One of them improved the operational method so that the procedure took only six minutes. An instrument resembling an awl was driven into the frontal lobe through the cranial bone just above the eyeball, after which the doctor moved them up and down.

Then the same thing was repeated over the other eye. At least 50 thousand people underwent lobotomy.

After this, the emotional life of the majority became very limited, because it is the frontal lobes that are responsible for the person’s personality. Many, for example, began to act like little children or suffer from dementia, if not at all, turned into real zombies.

Continue Reading

Bizzare & Odd

The return of the Hums. Scary trumpet sounds over Eastern Europe and Argentina

On April 3, 2020, very scary news came from the city of Bratislava, the capital of Slovakia: Usually, there are always a lot of questions with these “trumpet sounds”, since the videos are isolated incidents, but in this case the whole city heard it all.

And not only the city, and not only in Slovakia. Even the conspiracy theorists do not know exactly what causes these sounds, not to mention the adherents of the officials who will not say too much. Nevertheless, there are two equivalent versions of this phenomenon, unless we are talking about the trumpets of the Apocalypse:

a) Trumpet sounds are connected to some tectonic processes;
b) Trumpet sounds are made by giant alien ships.

We don’t know the mechanism of seismic tension, but we can assume that the African plate moved and began to put more pressure on the hypothetical Great Adria, an ancient lithosphere plate that floats in the mantle under Europe. If the hypothesis about the “Great Adria” is correct, then this plate extends all the way to Norway and is responsible for the Vrancea zone, as well as other mysterious seismic centers of the continent. And now earthquakes started at the base of the Great Adria, and the plate itself somewhere in the depths makes some kind of terrible sounds.

Europe is waiting for an eruption of a volcano, M9.0 or so, and based on their observed correlations of “trumpet sounds” and lithospheric incidents, adventures should be expected in the second half of April. You can also think that “trumpet sounds” are made by alien ships. This, of course, is a more calming version than mega-earthquakes, nevertheless, we also do not expect good news from the “Martians”.

Several Argentine cities report strange sounds from the sky

In recent weeks, several users and local media in Argentina have reported on trumpet sounds invading the night, some with an official explanation and others not. Neighbors of the Buenosairean locality of Olavarria for example, stated that they had heard it, while just a week ago, something similar was reported in the province’s capital, La Plata.

Finally, in the province of San Juan in the west of the country, users flocked online to report having heard the phenomenon and looking for an explanation.

In all cases, the buzzing occurred in the middle of the night early morning, and lasted for several minutes, 15 at least according to reports.

Among descriptions of the event, some compared it to “trumpets,” others to “airplane engine,” and even some were frightened that it was a bombardment. It should also be noted that, according to neighbors, the dogs were barking and were upset.

In the case of the city La Plata, it was the only place where the authorities gave an official explanation, alluding to the fact that it was an internal power outage at the YPF La Plata Industrial Complex, a situation that generated the “increase in noise and intensity of torches due to unit arrests”.

Continue Reading
Advertisement

DO NOT MISS

Trending