Sucralose (sold under the brand names Splenda, Splenda Zero, Zero-Cal, Sukrana, Apriva, SucraPlus, Candys, Cukren and Nevella, to name a few) was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 1998 as a tabletop sweetener and for use in products such as baked goods, nonalcoholic beverages, chewing gum, frozen dairy desserts, fruit juices and gelatins. It is also permitted as a general-purpose sweetener for all processed foods.
In the European Union, sucralose is known under the additive code E955. However, this artificial sweetener, like aspartame before it, was approved based on extremely limited evidence of safety, and studies published in the years since it was brought to market confirms early suspicions, showing it is not an inert substance after all; that it accumulates in body fat, disrupts your gut microbiome, and causes metabolic dysregulation and associated health problems.
Splenda Was Approved With Near-Nonexistent Evidence of Safety
The FDA claims it approved sucralose after reviewing more than 110 animal and human safety studies. What they don’t tell you is that of these 110 studies, only two human trials were actually published before the FDA approved sucralose for human consumption.
These two human trials had a grand total of 36 subjects, only 23 of whom were actually given sucralose, and the longest lasted just four days and looked at sucralose in relation to tooth decay, not human tolerance.1
What’s more, the absorption of sucralose into the human body was studied on a grand total of six men. Based on that study,2 the FDA allowed the findings to be generalized as being representative of the entire human population, including women, children, the elderly and those with any chronic illness — none of whom was ever examined.
These studies are hardly indicative of what might happen to someone consuming sucralose in multiple products every single day for years or a lifetime. Some of the animal studies also raised questions about the product’s safety, showing:3
- Decreased red blood cells (a sign of anemia) at levels above 1,500 mg/kg/day
- Increased male infertility by interfering with sperm production and vitality, as well as brain lesions at higher doses
- Spontaneous abortions in nearly half the rabbit population given sucralose, compared to zero aborted pregnancies in the control group
- A 23 percent death rate in rabbits, compared to a 6 percent death rate in the control group
I knew the approval of sucralose was a serious mistake, which is why I wrote “Sweet Deception” in 2006, despite the fact Johnson & Johnson threatened to sue me if the book went to publication. Since then, many new studies have confirmed my warnings, showing artificial sweeteners confuse your metabolism and cause biochemical distortions that can result in weight gain, metabolic dysfunction and other health problems.
Sucralose ‘Should Carry a Big Red Warning Label’ as It Kills Your Beneficial Gut Bacteria and Accumulates in Your Fat Tissue
Sucralose has been found to be particularly damaging to your gut. Research4 published in 2008 found it reduces gut bacteria by 50 percent, preferentially targeting bacteria known to have important human health benefits. Consuming as few as seven little Splenda packets may be enough to have a detrimental effect on your gut microbiome.
The study also found it increases the pH level in your intestines, and is absorbed into and accumulates in fat tissue. In response to this study, James Turner, chairman of the national consumer education group Citizens for Health, issued the following statement:5
“The report makes it clear that the artificial sweetener Splenda and its key component sucralose pose a threat to the people who consume the product. Hundreds of consumers have complained to us about side effects from using Splenda, and this study … confirms that the chemicals in the little yellow package should carry a big red warning label.”
All Artificial Sweeteners Are Toxic to Your Gut Bacteria
More recent research confirmed these findings, and expanded them to all currently approved artificial sweeteners. The animal study,6 published in the journal Molecules in October 2018, found aspartame, sucralose, saccharin, neotame, advantame and acesulfame potassium-k all cause DNA damage in, and interfere with, the normal and healthy activity of gut bacteria.
As reported by Business Insider,7 the research team concluded that all of these sweeteners “had a toxic, stressing effect, making it difficult for gut microbes to grow and reproduce,” and that by being toxic to gut bacteria can have an adverse effect on human health.
Aside from the countless side effects associated with an impaired gut microbiome, the researchers warn it may also affect your body’s ability to process regular sugar and other carbohydrates.
Sucralose Is Not an Inert Compound
Research has also demonstrated that sucralose is not a biologically inert compound, as claimed. In the 2013 paper,8 “Sucralose, a Synthetic Organochloride Sweetener: Overview of Biological Issues,” the authors state, in part:
“Sucralose and one of its hydrolysis products were found to be mutagenic at elevated concentrations in several testing methods … Both human and rodent studies demonstrated that sucralose may alter glucose, insulin and glucagon-like peptide 1 levels. Taken together, these findings indicate that sucralose is not a biologically inert compound.”
According to this paper, the acceptable daily intake set for sucralose may in fact be hundreds of times too high to ensure safety. Importantly, the study also notes that “Cooking with sucralose at high temperatures … generates chloropropanols, a potentially toxic class of compounds.”
Yet, Splenda is frequently recommended for cooking and baking,9 and is often used in processed foods in which high heat was involved. Chloropropanols, which are still poorly understood, are thought to have adverse effects on your kidneys and may have carcinogenic effects.10
Researchers Call for New Safety Review in Light of Evidence Showing Sucralose Is Metabolized and Stored in Fat Tissue
Another industry claim that has been demolished by science is the claim that sucralose passes unmetabolized through your body and therefore has no biological effects. Alas, research11,12 published in the online version of the Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health August 21, 2018, shows it is in fact metabolized and that it accumulates in fat cells.
Here, 10 rats were given an average dose of 80.4 mg of sucralose per kilo per day (k/day) for 40 days. According to the researchers, this dosage is “within the range utilized in historical toxicology studies submitted for regulatory approval in North America, Europe and Asia.”
Urine and feces were collected daily from each rat, and were analyzed using ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC–MS/MS), which “revealed two new biotransformation products that have not previously been reported.”
The two metabolites are acetylated forms of sucralose that are lipophilic, meaning they dissolve in and combine with fats. Sucralose itself is far less lipophilic, which has been part of the safety argument. According to the authors:
“These metabolites were present in urine and feces throughout the sucralose dosing period and still detected at low levels in the urine 11 days after discontinuation of sucralose administration and six days after sucralose was no longer detected in the urine or feces.
The finding of acetylated sucralose metabolites in urine and feces do not support early metabolism studies, on which regulatory approval was based, that claimed ingested sucralose is excreted unchanged (i.e., not metabolized).
The historical metabolic studies apparently failed to detect these metabolites in part because investigators used a methanol fraction from feces for analysis along with thin layer chromatography and a low-resolution linear radioactivity analyzer.
Further, sucralose was found in adipose tissue in rats two weeks after cessation of the 40-day feeding period even though this compound had disappeared from the urine and feces.”
So, not only is sucralose metabolized, these metabolites accumulate in your fat tissues, where they remain for “an extended period of time” after you stop consuming sucralose. In all, these findings led the authors to conclude:
“These new findings of metabolism of sucralose in the gastrointestinal tract and its accumulation in adipose tissue were not part of the original regulatory decision process for this agent and indicate that it now may be time to revisit the safety and regulatory status of this organochlorine artificial sweetener.”
Sucralose Linked to Liver, Kidney and Thymus Damage
Another study13 published online August 2, 2018, in the journal Morphologie, found sucralose caused “definite changes” in the liver of treated rats, “indicating toxic effects on regular ingestion.” The researchers warn these findings suggest sucralose should be “taken with caution to avoid hepatic damage.”
In other words, regularly using Splenda could damage your liver. Here, adult rats were given a much higher (yet nonlethal) oral dose of sucralose — 3 grams (3,000 mg) per kilo body mass per day for 30 days, after which the animals’ livers were dissected and compared to the livers of unexposed controls. According to the authors:
“Experimental rats showed features of patchy degeneration of hepatocytes along with Kupffer cells hyperplasia, lymphocytic infiltration, sinusoidal dilatation and fibrosis indicating a definite hepatic damage on regular ingestion of sucralose. Sinusoidal width was also found to be increased in experimental animals as compared to controls.”
Earlier research has also linked sucralose consumption to liver and kidney enlargement14,15 and kidney calcification.16,17 Another organ affected by sucralose is your thymus, with studies linking sucralose consumption to shrinkage of the thymus (up to 40 percent18,19) and an increase in leukocyte populations (immune system cells) in the thymus and lymph nodes.20
Sucralose Raises Risk of Type 2 Diabetes
Like all other artificial sweeteners, sucralose is commonly used by diabetics who need to limit their sugar consumption. However, research again shows you simply cannot trick your body with calorie-free sweetness. Research21 published in 2013 revealed sucralose alters glucose, insulin and glucagon-like peptide-1 levels and responses, which raises your risk for Type 2 diabetes.
It confirmed that, compared to controls, obese patients using sucralose experienced a greater incremental increase in peak plasma concentrations of glucose, a greater incremental increase in insulin and peak insulin secretion rate, along with a decrease in insulin clearance.
According to the authors, “These data demonstrate that sucralose affects the glycemic and insulin responses to an oral glucose load in obese people who do not normally consume non-nutritive sweeteners.”
There are 11,200 references to sucralose in the scientific search engine Google Scholar, so there’s no shortage of studies to review for those who are curious. Here’s a small sampling with a focus on more recent papers showing sucralose may be harmful to your health:
|Potential Metabolic Effect of Sucralose Following an Oral Glucose Load in Subjects With Obesity and Normal-Weight Subjects, 201822 — This food science and human nutrition master’s degree thesis notes sucralose “may have adverse effects on glucose metabolism in people with obesity, which is the group that most frequently consumes non-nutritive sweeteners to facilitate weight management.”|
The findings also highlight the role of sweetness perception in glucose homeostasis, “which supports the notion that sweetness, regardless of an associated caloric contribution, should be consumed in moderation.”
|The Artificial Sweetener Splenda Promotes Gut Proteobacteria, Dysbiosis, and Myeloperoxidase Reactivity in Crohn’s Disease–Like Ileitis, 201823,24 — This study found Splenda consumption may exacerbate gut inflammation and intensify symptoms in people with Crohn’s disease by promoting harmful gut bacteria.|
A letter25 to the editor argued against the findings, but at least one of the protesting writers, V. Lee Grotz, works for the company that owns Splenda.26,27
|Pharmacokinetics of Sucralose and Acesulfame-Potassium in Breast Milk Following Ingestion of Diet Soda, 201828 — This study found sucralose shows up in breast milk after consumption. Considering the effects of sucralose on beneficial gut bacteria, organ health and metabolism, this is a rather crucial piece of information for pregnant women as it may have significant ramifications for their baby’s health.|
Other research29 shows sucralose is so ubiquitous it’s even found in groundwater and sanitary wastewater. It persists through sewage treatment, and may therefore be present in your drinking water as well.
|Artificial Sweetener such as Sucralose May Promote Inflammation in Human Subcutaneous Fat-Derived Mesenchymal Stromal Cells, 201730 — Research presented at GW Annual Research Days in 2017 shows sucralose consumption caused an increase in superoxide accumulation and cellular inflammation.|
The sweetener also Increased expression of a specific sweet taste receptor. According to the researchers, “upregulation of adipogenic genes … cultured in near physiological concentrations of sucralose, indicate possible causality between increased fat deposition and sweetener use.”
|The Effect of Sucralose on Flavor Sweetness in Electronic Cigarettes Varies Between Delivery Devices, 201731 — Sucralose is found in a wide variety of products, and not just food. It’s also commonly added to drugs, often without being listed on the label, and even e-cigarette liquids.|
This study found sucralose contributes sweet taste only when used in a cartridge system, and chemical analysis showed the use of a cartridge system also raised the concentration of sucralose in the aerosol.
According to the authors, “Together these findings indicate that future regulation of sweet flavor additives should focus first on the volatile constituents of e-liquids with the recognition that artificial sweeteners may also contribute to flavor sweetness depending upon e-cigarette design.”
While this study did not look at health effects, previous research32 has shown sucralose, when heated, releases potentially carcinogenic chloropropanols,33 which are part of a class of toxins known as dioxins.
|Chronic Sucralose or L-Glucose Ingestion Does Not Suppress Food Intake, 201734 — This study demonstrated that when sucralose is consumed along with a low-carbohydrate diet, it “causes a pronounced increase in calories consumed.” In other words, it increases hunger and promotes overeating.|
|Gut Microbiome Response to Sucralose and Its Potential Role in Inducing Liver Inflammation in Mice, 201735 — Echoing the research discussed earlier in this article, this study also found that sucralose alters “the developmental dynamics of the gut microbiome,” and that the sweetener may thus play a role in chronic inflammation.|
|The Non-Caloric Sweeteners Aspartame, Sucralose and Stevia sp. Induce Specific but Differential Responses to Compartmentalized Adipose Tissue Accumulation, 201736 — In this study, consumption of sucralose resulted in weight gain, elevated blood glucose and body fat accumulation.|
|Sucralose Activates an ERK1/2–Ribosomal Protein S6 Signaling Axis, 201637 — Sucralose was found to stimulate insulin secretion much like glucose, but through completely different and poorly understood pathways. According to the authors, these findings “will have implications for diabetes.”|
|Sucralose Promotes Food Intake through NPY and a Neuronal Fasting Response, 201638 —Here, sucralose consumption was again linked to increased hunger and food intake. According to the authors, “dietary sucralose creates a sweet/energy imbalance,” which in turn “activates a conserved neuronal starvation response.”|
|Changes in the Expression of Cell Surface Markers in Spleen Leukocytes in a Murine Model of Frequent Sucralose Intake, 201639 — This study found frequent sucralose intake may affect your immune function. According to the authors:|
|Sucralose Administered in Feed, Beginning Prenatally Through Lifespan, Induces Hematopoietic Neoplasias in Mice, 201640 — This study is significant as it specifically refutes industry claims that sucralose is not carcinogenic. As noted by the authors:|
|Effects of Splenda in Experimental Crohn’s Disease, 201441 — As in later studies, this one found Splenda may exacerbate symptoms of Crohn’s disease by augmenting “inflammatory activity at the biochemical level” and altering microbial-host interactions within the intestinal mucosa.|
|Sucralose Affects Glycemic and Hormonal Responses to an Oral Glucose Load, 201342 —Here, sucralose was found to affect the glycemic and insulin responses in obese individuals who normally did not consume non-nutritive sweeteners. Compared to controls, sucralose ingestion caused a greater incremental increase in peak plasma glucose concentrations, greater increase in insulin, greater peak insulin secretion and a decrease in the insulin clearance rate.|
|Sucralose, A Synthetic Organochlorine Sweetener: Overview of Biological Issues, 201343 —This review highlights a number of health effects associated with sucralose, including alterations in P-glycoprotein levels, which could result in medications used in chemotherapy, AIDS treatment and treatments for heart conditions being shunted back into the intestines, rather than being absorbed by your body; alterations in the microbial composition in your gastrointestinal tract; mutagenic effects and more.|
|Popular Sweetener Sucralose as a Migraine Trigger, 200644 — As noted by the authors, “This observation of a potential causal relationship between sucralose and migraines may be important for physicians to remember this can be a possible trigger during dietary history taking.|
Identifying further triggers for migraine headaches, in this case sucralose, may help alleviate some of the cost burden (through expensive medical therapy or missed work opportunity) as well as provide relief to migraineurs.”
So, what about studies that support Splenda’s safety? A hallmark of such studies is that they’re overwhelmingly done or funded by industry. Following is a sampling of oft-cited studies ostensibly showing that sucralose is safe. As you will see, many of these have conflicts of interest that likely taint their findings, as one or more of the authors have close ties to the industry.
|Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology, 201745 — This study came to the conclusion that “The collective evidence supports that sucralose has no effect on A1c or glycemic control.”|
Conflict of Interest — The lead author, V. Lee Grotz, is the director of global medical and safety science for Heartland Products Group, which owns Splenda. She also previously worked as director of product safety at McNeil Nutritionals (now Johnson & Johnson), which markets and sells Splenda.
|Food and Chemical Toxicology, 201746 — This review, based on an “extensive database of research” concluded that “sucralose is safe for its intended use as a non-caloric sugar alternative.”|
Conflict of Interest — As reported by Marion Nestle,47 this so-called safety study “was commissioned by the Calorie Control Council,48 a trade association representing ‘manufacturers and suppliers of low- and reduced-calorie foods and beverages, including manufacturers and suppliers of more than two dozen different alternative sweeteners, fibers and other low-calorie, dietary ingredients.’”
The authors are also affiliated with Health Science Consultants and Intertek. (One of the authors on this study is also an author on the Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology study above).
According to Nestle, the Calorie Control Council has a vested interest in demonstrating that Splenda is safe, and the consultant groups have a vested interest in pleasing the Calorie Control Council.
|Nutrition and Cancer, 201649 — This scientific review concluded that “sucralose does not demonstrate carcinogenic activity even when exposure levels are several orders of magnitude greater than the range of anticipated daily ingestion levels.”|
Conflict of Interest — This is another industry-biased review by Grotz, director of global medical and safety science for Heartland Products Group, which owns Splenda, and former director of product safety at McNeil Nutritionals (now Johnson & Johnson) that markets and sells Splenda.
|International Journal of Scientific Research, 201850 — This is a rather confusing study showing weight gain in sucralose-treated rats, even though they didn’t eat any more than the control group.|
What’s confusing is that the study authors still concluded that sucralose is “safe at least for a period of one month in sublethal doses” even though they believe “the body weight gain after sucralose ingestion needs to be relooked and investigated further.”
|American Journal of Physiology, 200951 — This Australian study concluded sucralose “does not stimulate insulin, GLP-1 or glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide release or slow gastric emptying in healthy humans.”|
Those who switch to artificial sweeteners are typically carrying extra pounds and/or are diabetic, or prone to these conditions. Unfortunately, this may be the absolute worst diet change you could implement if you’re overweight or diabetic. Research has repeatedly shown that artificially sweetened no- or low-calorie drinks and other “diet” foods tend to stimulate your appetite, increase cravings for carbs, stimulate fat storage and weight gain, and promote insulin resistance and diabetes.
There are a number of different reasons for this. First of all, artificial sweeteners basically trick your body into thinking that it’s going to receive sugar (calories), but when the sugar doesn’t arrive, your body signals that it needs more, which results in carb cravings.
This connection between sweet taste and increased hunger can be found in the medical literature going back at least three decades. Following is another sampling of studies looking specifically at the connection between artificial sweeteners — sucralose and others — and weight gain. Repeatedly, studies have shown artificial sweeteners increase your risk of unwanted weight gain, oftentimes to the same or greater degree than regular sugar.
So, if weight control is the reason you’re using these products, you’d be wise to reconsider. Based on the evidence, you’d be better off consuming regular sugar when you want sweet taste. Alternatively, opt for one of the sweeteners discussed at the very end of this article.
|Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 201552 — Seniors aged 65 and over were followed for an average of nine years, and there was a “striking dose-response relationship” between diet soda consumption and waist circumference. This held true even when other factors such as exercise, diabetes and smoking were taken into account.|
People who never drank diet soda increased their waist circumference by an average of 0.8 inches during the nine-year observation period. Occasional diet soda drinkers added an average of 1.83 inches to their waist line in that time period. Daily diet soda drinkers gained an average of nearly 3.2 inches —quadruple that of those who abstained from diet soda altogether.
|PLOS One 201453 — This study, which was done on rats, using aspartame, also found an increased risk of glucose intolerance. Animals that consumed artificial sweeteners ended up with raised levels of propionate — short-chain fatty acids involved in sugar production. Consumption of artificial sweeteners shifted gut microbiota to produce propionate, which generated higher blood sugar levels.|
|Nature 201454 — This important study was able to clearly show causality, revealing there’s a direct cause and effect relationship between consuming artificial sweeteners and developing elevated blood sugar levels. People who consumed high amounts of artificial sweeteners were found to have higher levels of HbA1C — a long-term measure of blood sugar — compared to nonusers or occasional users of artificial sweeteners.|
Seven volunteers who did not use artificial sweeteners were then recruited, and asked to consume the equivalent of 10 to 12 single-dose packets of artificial sweeteners daily for one week. Four of the seven people developed “significant disturbances in their blood glucose,” according to the researchers.
Some became prediabetic within just a few days. The reason for this dramatic shift was traced back to alterations in gut bacteria. Some bacteria were killed off, while others started proliferating.
|The Journal of Physiology 201355,56 — This study demonstrated that your body is not fooled by sweet taste without accompanying calories, which is yet another reason why artificial sweeteners promote obesity.|
When you eat something sweet, your brain releases dopamine, which activates your brain’s reward center. The appetite-regulating hormone leptin is also released, which eventually informs your brain that you are “full” once a certain amount of calories have been ingested.
When you consume something that tastes sweet but doesn’t contain any calories, your brain’s pleasure pathway still gets activated by the sweet taste, but there’s nothing to deactivate it, since the calories never arrive. Artificial sweeteners basically trick your body into thinking that it’s going to receive calories, but when the calories fail to arrive, your body continues to signal that it needs more, which results in carb cravings.
|Trends in Endocrinology & Metabolism 201357 — This report highlights the fact that diet soda drinkers suffer the same exact health problems as those who opt for regular soda, such as excessive weight gain, Type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and stroke.58 The researchers speculate that frequent consumption of artificial sweeteners may induce metabolic derangements.|
|Appetite 201259 — Here, researchers showed that saccharin and aspartame cause greater weight gain than sugar, even when the total caloric intake remains similar.|
|In 2011, the UT Health Science Center in San Antonio publicized the results of two studies, saying:60|
|Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine 201061 — This review offers a summary of epidemiological and experimental evidence concerning the effects of artificial sweeteners on weight, and explains those effects in light of the neurobiology of food reward. More than 11,650 children aged 9 to 14 were included in this study.|
Each daily serving of diet beverage was associated with a BMI increase of 0.16 kg/m2. It also shows the correlation between increased usage of artificial sweeteners in food and drinks, and the corresponding rise in obesity.
According to the authors:
|The Journal of Pediatrics 200662 — The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Growth and Health Study followed 2,371 girls aged 9 to 19 for 10 years. Soda consumption in general, both regular and diet, was associated with increase in total daily energy intake.|
|Journal of the American College of Nutrition 200563 — In this two-year-long study, which involved 166 school children, increased diet soda consumption was associated with higher BMI at the end of the trial.|
|San Antonio Heart Study 200564 — Data gathered from the San Antonio Heart Study, which went on for 25 years, showed drinking diet soft drinks increased the likelihood of serious weight gain far more so than regular soda.65 On average, for each diet soft drink the participants drank per day, they were 65 percent more likely to become overweight during the next seven to eight years, and 41 percent more likely to become obese.|
|International Journal of Obesity and Metabolic Disorders 200466 — This Purdue University study found that rats fed artificially sweetened liquids ate more high-calorie food than rats fed high-caloric sweetened liquids. The researchers believe the experience of drinking artificially sweetened liquids disrupted the animals’ natural ability to compensate for the calories in the food.|
|International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition 200367 — This study, which looked at 3,111 children, found that diet soda, specifically, was associated with higher body mass index (BMI).|
|Journal of the American Dietetic Association 199168 — In a study of artificial sweeteners performed on college students, there was no evidence that artificial sweetener use was associated with a decrease in their overall sugar intake either.|
|Physiology and Behavior 199069 — Here, they found that aspartame had a time-dependent effect on appetite, “producing a transient decrease followed by a sustained increase in hunger ratings.”|
|Physiology and Behavior, 198870 — In this study, they determined that no- or low-calorie sweeteners can produce significant changes in appetite. Of the three sweeteners tested, aspartame produced the most pronounced effects.|
|Preventive Medicine 198671 — This study examined nearly 78,700 women aged 50 to 69 for one year. Artificial sweetener usage increased with relative weight, and users were significantly more likely to gain weight compared to those who did not use artificial sweeteners, regardless of their initial weight.|
According to the researchers, the results “were not explicable by differences in food consumption patterns. The data do not support the hypothesis that long-term artificial sweetener use either helps weight loss or prevents weight gain.”
Scores of people have reported side effects from using Splenda, ranging from mild to severe. The following are common symptoms, usually noticed within a 24-hour period following consumption of a Splenda product:
|Skin — Redness, itching, swelling, blistering, weeping, crusting, rash, eruptions or hives (itchy bumps or welts)|
|Lungs — Wheezing, tightness, cough or shortness of breath|
|Head — Swelling of the face, eyelids, lips, tongue or throat; headaches and migraines (severe headaches)|
|Nose — Stuffy nose, runny nose (clear, thin discharge), sneezing|
|Eyes — Red (bloodshot), itchy, swollen or watery|
|Stomach — Bloating, gas, pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or bloody diarrhea|
|Heart — Palpitations or fluttering|
|Joints — Joint pains or aches|
|Neurological — Anxiety, dizziness, spaced-out sensation, depression|
‘Drone’ that shut down Gatwick Airport for days last December ‘could see what was happening on runways, was eavesdropping on radio communications’
The drone attack that caused chaos at Gatwick before Christmas was carried out by someone with knowledge of the airport’s operational procedures, the airport has said.
A Gatwick chief told BBC Panorama the drone’s pilot “seemed to be able to see what was happening on the runway”.
Sussex Police told the programme the possibility an “insider” was involved was a “credible line” of inquiry.
About 140,000 passengers were caught up in the disruption.
The runway at the UK’s second busiest airport was closed for 33 hours between 19 and 21 December last year – causing about 1,000 flights to be cancelled or delayed.
In his first interview since the incident, Gatwick’s chief operating officer, Chris Woodroofe, told Panorama: “It was clear that the drone operators had a link into what was going on at the airport.”
Chris Woodroofe has spoken to BBC Panorama in the airport’s first interview since the incident. pic.twitter.com/cEzJDkedAN
— Panorama 🌐 (@BBCPanorama) April 14, 2019
Mr Woodroofe, who was the executive overseeing the airport’s response to the attack – the “gold commander” – also said that whoever was piloting the drone could either see what was happening on the runway, or was following the airport’s actions by eavesdropping on radio or internet communications.
And whoever was responsible for the attack had “specifically selected” a drone which could not be seen by the DJI Aeroscope drone detection system that the airport was testing at the time, he added.
Despite a huge operation drawing resources from five other forces and a £50,000 reward, there is still no trace of the culprit.
Sussex Police says its investigation is ongoing and expected to take “some months to complete”.
The first sighting of the drone was at 21:03 GMT on 19 December but it was not until 05:57 GMT on 21 December that flights resumed with an aircraft landing.
Gatwick says it repeatedly tried to reopen the runway but on each occasion the drone reappeared.
Airport protocol mandates that the runway be closed if a drone is present.
So all these sightings and not 1 person got their phone out and recorded it, not even the security officers who went out too check the runway???? Don’t usually do conspiracies but something’s not as it seems here???
— steph (@stephnkaiser) April 14, 2019
And yet every time it “reappeared” no one managed to film it.
— Bourbon Biscuit (@Borbassi) April 15, 2019
Well, masses of people are said by the Chief to have seen the drone on multiple occasions Why haven’t they come forward? Why no photos in one of the most heavily CCTVed places on earth? Unhappily comes across as an exercise in back covering. We live in an age of incompetence.
— James Wyburd (@WyburdJames) April 14, 2019
Mr Woodroofe denied claims the airport overreacted, describing the situation it faced as an unprecedented, “malicious” and “criminal” incident.
“There is absolutely nothing that I would do differently when I look back at the incident, because ultimately, my number one priority has to be to maintain the safety of our passengers, and that’s what we did.
“It was terrible that 140,000 people’s journeys were disrupted – but everyone was safe.”
Mr Woodroofe also dismissed the suggestion that the number of sightings had been exaggerated – and a theory, circulating online, that there had been no drone at all.
These claims have been fuelled by the fact that there are no verified pictures of the drone, and very few eyewitnesses have spoken publicly.
Police told the BBC they had recorded 130 separate credible drone sightings by a total of 115 people, all but six of whom were professionals, including police officers, security personnel, air traffic control staff and pilots.
Mr Woodroofe said that many of the drone sightings were by people he knew personally and trusted – “members of my team, people I have worked with for a decade, people who have worked for thirty years on the airfield, who fully understand the implications of reporting a drone sighting”.
“They knew they’d seen a drone. I know they saw a drone. We appropriately closed the airport.”
Panorama has been told witnesses reported seeing an extremely fast-moving, large drone with bright lights.
At least one person noted the characteristic cross shape while others described it as “industrial or commercial” and “not something you could pop into Argos for”, an airport spokesperson said.
Toxic Aluminum in Vaccines
I hope that aluminum, an ingredient in many vaccines, keeps moving up on the chart of key issues in the vaccine wars. The mainstream medical forces believe they can ward off any critiques. They’re wrong. But the exposure of the truth has to keep escalating.
At Robert Kennedy, Jr.’s site, the World Mercury Project, there is a science library of studies referring to toxic aluminum in vaccines. I recommend reading all the citations. They’re highly informative, and some of them make excellent ammunition. Here are a few examples:
“Aluminium has been shown to be present in brain tissue in sporadic Alzheimer’s disease. We have made the first ever measurements of aluminium in brain tissue from 12 donors diagnosed with familial Alzheimer’s disease. The concentrations of aluminium were extremely high…Overall, the concentrations were higher than all previous measurements of brain aluminium except cases of known aluminium-induced encephalopathy…The unique quantitative data and the stunning images of aluminium in familial Alzheimer’s disease brain tissue raise the spectre of aluminium’s role in this devastating disease.” (“Aluminium in brain tissue in familial Alzheimer’s disease,” Ambreen Mirza, Andrew King, Claire Troakes, Christopher Exley. Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology, November 2016.)
“Vaccine adjuvants and vaccines may induce autoimmune and inflammatory manifestations in susceptible individuals. To date most human vaccine trials utilize aluminum (Al) adjuvants as placebos despite much evidence showing that Al in vaccine-relevant exposures can be toxic to humans and animals…It appears that Gardasil via its Al adjuvant and HPV antigens has the ability to trigger neuroinflammation and autoimmune reactions, further leading to behavioral changes…In light of these findings, this study highlights the necessity of proceeding with caution with respect to further mass-immunization practices with a vaccine of yet unproven long-term clinical benefit in cervical cancer prevention” (Rotem Inbar, Ronen Weiss, Lucija Tomljenovic, Maria-Teresa Arango, Yael Deri, Christopher A Shaw, Joab Chapman, Miri Blank, Yehuda Shoenfeld. Immunol Res, July 2016.)
“Infants and young children throughout the world receive high quantities of aluminum from multiple inoculations. Incremental changes to the vaccination schedule during the past several years significantly increased the quantity of aluminum in childhood shots. Numerous studies provide compelling evidence that injected aluminum can be detrimental to health. Aluminum is capable of remaining in cells long after vaccination and may cause neurologic and autoimmune disorders. During early development, the child’s brain is more susceptible to toxins and the kidneys are less able to eliminate them. Thus, children have a greater risk than adults of adverse reactions to aluminum in vaccines. Millions of children every year are injected with vaccines containing mercury and aluminum despite well-established experimental evidence of the potential for additive or synergistic toxicity when an organism is exposed to two or more toxic metals.” (Neil Z. Miller. Journal of American Physicians and Surgeons, Winter 2016.)
“In young children, a highly significant correlation exists between the number of pediatric aluminum-adjuvanted vaccines administered and the rate of autism spectrum disorders. Many of the features of aluminum-induced neurotoxicity may arise, in part, from autoimmune reactions, as part of the ASIA syndrome [Autoimmune Syndrome Induced by Adjuvants]. Aluminum is added to vaccines to help the vaccine work more effectively, but unlike dietary aluminum which will usually clear rapidly from the body, aluminum used in vaccines and injected is designed to provide a long-lasting cellular exposure. Thus, the problem with vaccine-derived aluminum is really twofold: It drives the immune response even in the absence of a viral or bacterial threat and it can make its way into the central nervous system. It is not really a matter of much debate that aluminum in various forms can be neurotoxic.” (Chris Shaw, L. Tomljenovic. Immunologic Research, (2013) 56:304–316 DOI 10.1007/s12026-013-8403-1.)
Based on these, and many other suggestive citations from studies, what honest researcher wouldn’t want to probe the aluminum-vaccine issue to its depths?
A recent paper by several authors, including aluminum expert, Christopher Exley, details a finding of alarmingly high levels of aluminum in the brains of children with autism. The research doesn’t implicate vaccines directly, but it certainly points the way to follow-up investigation—and what should be a moratorium on the production of vaccines using aluminum.
Robert Kennedy, Jr.: “Dr. Exley’s findings have shocking implications for today’s generation of children who receive 5,000 mcg. of aluminum in vaccines by the age of 18 months and up to 5,250 additional mcg. if all recommended boosters, HPV and meningitis vaccines are administered.”
Here is a list of U.S. vaccines containing one or more aluminum adjuvants: Dt, Td, DTaP, Hib, Hep A, Hep B, HPV, Meningococcal, Pneumococcal, DTaP-IPV, DTaP-IPV/Hib, Hep A/HepB.
About the Author
Jon Rappoport is the author of three explosive collections, THE MATRIX REVEALED, EXIT FROM THE MATRIX, and POWER OUTSIDE THE MATRIX, Jon was a candidate for a US Congressional seat in the 29thDistrict of California. He maintains a consulting practice for private clients, the purpose of which is the expansion of personal creative power. Nominated for a Pulitzer Prize, he has worked as an investigative reporter for 30 years, writing articles on politics, medicine, and health for CBS Healthwatch, LA Weekly, Spin Magazine, Stern, and other newspapers and magazines in the US and Europe. Jon has delivered lectures and seminars on global politics, health, logic, and creative power to audiences around the world. You can sign up for his free emails at NoMoreFakeNews.com or OutsideTheRealityMachine.
(To read about Jon’s mega-collection, Exit From The Matrix, click here.)
The Global Sensorium – Life at High Velocity
“The only solution now is to move constantly or flee definitively.” ~Paul Virilio, The Administration of Fear
Life for many of us has entered a period of uninterrupted time which gives us the sense of speed and acceleration. Events are already moving so fast that it’s hard to keep up with the news on the latest innovations, technological research, discoveries, and the rest. Too many things are happening all over the place at such a rapid pace. No one person has all the information or is able to connect all the dots together in order to see where all this is going. It’s just too much, and it’s scattered all over the globe. It ‘should’ all come together at some point; yet until we reach that moment we are swimming in unprecedented change and movement. Time is literally being reorganized, and instead of opposing longer working hours people are now embroiled in an all time-consuming availability. Accelerated time is also about how many more hours we have made ourselves available. We don’t leave the office behind at six o’clock when we go home. In an accelerated world we seldom have the luxury of leaving things behind. More and more it is about living in the elongated ever-present. We can imagine this as living in a domed global sensate city called the ‘Global Sensorium.’
The global sensorium is obsessed with the instant. The instant is both the future and the now; or rather, both are merged into one instant. We are living the future by being present. Perhaps that is why many people cannot find anything to look forward to because there appears to be no forward beyond the present instant. Human civilization has entered a period of intensified life that many of us experience as being high-velocity, highly connected, and information dense. We are now living in a kinetic reality that is increasing its spin of velocity. We are measuring in milliseconds rather than seconds.
If space-faring travelers were to visit our modern lives they would probably conclude that we were in a primitive technological stage of worshipping instantaneism. We are wanting to live in the omnipresent as if we can now become the all-seeing, all-knowing participants of a new world happening in ‘real-time.’
Welcome to the Now of ‘Real-Time’
Modern life has pushed us to the point where we are obsessed by real-time, on-time, and the everything-now. And this is especially the case for life in urban-dense environments. Delay must always be avoided (eradicated!) as if it were a dangerous virus. In fact, we can buy insurance to compensate us if we are subjected to the experience of unnecessary delay. Waiting for the slow webpage to download threatens our well-being. The previous state of ‘real time’ that our parents experienced now delivers to us a sense of inertia. This real time of our parents is equated with the euphemistic term of ‘quality time’ which means being with the family, spending time in the garden, or strolling aimlessly through shopping malls. It used to signify that a time or an event was real, such as a music concert or a sport event. We would make travel arrangements to arrive at the event venue; we would wait in queue to enter; find our seats; and then count down the minutes in anticipation for the event to begin. This was real time and it involved the unfolding of time in a very real sense.
Real time as we once knew it now takes on a different meaning and represents the slow time that exists as two separate words. Whereas the ‘real-time’ of today is so instant it requires to be written as a hyphenated word in order to distinguish it from the ‘real’ real time of yesteryear. Real-time is linguistically entwined and cannot be a space apart – it is happening too fast to be written as two separate words. Real-time now means having the event streamed into our lives – into our device or our living room – at the exact moment it is happening without us having to be there. We are synchronized with it by being simultaneously afar. This is the real of real-time now: the immediate download, the simultaneous streaming that needs no waiting. We can access it whilst on the move, on public transport or annoyingly in a restaurant with friends.
Real-time is not equitable – it favors the favored. High speed and high velocity are almost always rolled out to the privileged first. And the favored are those deemed worthy to have the right of access. Real-time, if you want it now, is an access economy. If you pay for it, then you get it streamed to your account.
But if you stream without paying then we’ll get you like we got Kim Dotcom.
Time as we once knew it as a measurement is becoming obsolete. Our quantum sciences tell us that we are all simultaneously connected at a fundamental field level; that is, we are always ‘there’ as well as ‘here.’ Our spinning atoms may be both inseparable and light years apart at the same time. In our reality we are thus both connected and separated at the same moment. We are secretly connected and yet we rarely truly communicate. Where is the sense of ‘time’ in this?
Many of our children are being encouraged to train in techniques of accelerated speed reading – to read faster and comprehend more – to save hours of time. Publishers of books for children are now selling box-sets of ‘Accelerated Readers’ for young schoolchildren. An online promotion on Amazon claims that ‘Thousands of schools across the UK use the Accelerated Readers program to boost Children’s Literacy levels and love Reading.’ Books are available with such titles as Accelerated Learning Techniques for Students: Learn More in Less Time, and Accelerated Learning in Accelerated Times. And, fortunately for the eager reader, they are ‘available for immediate download’ so you don’t even have to wait for the next-day delivery. Waiting is now almost considered as something negative; as if waiting is a barrier to achieving what we want rather than preparing us for something we can gain from. And then there’s the speed of information.
Information without meaning is, after all, only a jumble of letters or digits. Information is rapidly accumulating yet it’s still not clear whether it is adding to meaning or not. Supercomputers are now operating in petaflops, which is way, way faster than flip-flops. When the 47th edition of the TOP500 list of the world’s top supercomputers was released, the world’s number one ranked supercomputer was China’s ‘Sunway TaihuLight’ with ninety-three petaflops per second. But wait a minute (a whole minute?!) – what’s a petaflop? Well, a petaflop is equal to one thousand million million (1015) operations per second. That is, a thousand trillion operations per second. In other words, it is equal to quadrillion calculations per second. So that means that our supercomputer here can perform a record-busting ninety-three quadrillion calculations per second. Hold on – what does that mean? No really, what does it mean when the human mind is incapable of comprehending such speeds. It makes no human or humane sense.
There is so much going on now that it is as if we have entered an echo chamber full of bouncing data, information, voices, and thoughts; and we cannot tell where they are all coming from. All we can manage to get hold of are the traces these speeding data sounds leave behind. Or perhaps we have become the traces – each one of us, speaking into our devices and leaving a part of ourselves in our social media posts. We are like a multitude of fractal data-bites for archiving in some cloud (and that’s not a real cloud, by the way).
French philosopher Paul Virilio believes that we have now entered the acceleration of reality. He says that in the current era we have reached the limits of instantaneity, the limits of human thought and time. Also, that this era of accelerated reality has led now not to the end of history, as some have wanted us to believe, but to the end of geography.[i] Virilio says we have polluted our measurement and sense of distance and place, and within this there is a loss of body; a loss of the corporeal. Time, place, and space have become fractalized. That is, our historical sense of continuum, of physical expanse, is being eroded and broken-up into fractals. We need to stop this fractalization of reality, says Virilio – but how? Places are now becoming less important than the connections that serve them. It is the interconnecting flows that create the status, the significance, rather than the static physical location. Hubs are only as important as the places to which they connect to and the flows which they facilitate. In this case some of the busiest airports in the world are those that offer the best connections rather than final destinations.
According to current statistics, the third busiest international airport is in Dubai. Yet Dubai has very little final traffic, apart from business people and the few excitable shopping tourists. And the busiest international airport in the world is in the United States. This may not surprise anybody; yet it isn’t JFK (New York), or O’Hare (Chicago), or Los Angeles; it is Hartsfield-Jackson Airport. That’s right; Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport has been the world’s busiest airport consecutively since the year 2000, with currently around 105 million annual passengers. And where is this airport? It is in Atlanta, Georgia. Exactly, it is in Georgia. Are roughly 105 million people visiting Georgia annually? I doubt it. Yet Georgia is a hub airport – it deals in connections, with transit flows. It is not a place but a place-connector. In the high-velocity world of the global sensorium it is not the place that is the attractor; it is the flows, the endless possibility for continued movement. Likewise, it is no longer the light that attracts the human eye (or the moth), but the lightning – the blitzkrieg.
We’re now in Blitzkrieg
War is the sad and unfortunate example of this blitzkrieg (lightning war) strategy. It is an accelerated hit hard and fast tactic, so they don’t see it coming. This military policy has now transferred into so many other areas of our modern lives; from economics, education, entertainment, security/policing (drones), video gaming, communications, and inevitably social relations. Time is now a culprit in our global sensorium: we are living under the dome of high-velocity everything.
This strategy has especially infiltrated into global trading and taken it beyond human grasp. Blitzkrieg high-frequency ‘flash trading’ is now rampant within the world’s global stock exchanges as turbo-capitalism takes our finances into orbit. This military terminology is apt as the technologies now used in the financial markets are as powerful as those used in military defense. It is no surprise either that the military and the financial sector are now the biggest funders of research into artificial intelligence. Together these sectors seek to exploit the ever-faster realms where no human mind can reach. It was in the early 1980s when global stock exchanges were first connected in what was real-time back then; this connection was called ‘Program Trading.’ Ever since then the global financial markets have operated at ever faster speeds, and in increasingly unmanageable ways when viewed from a human perspective. And then algorithmic trading was introduced, leading to high-frequency ‘flash’ trading practices on computers that are as sophisticated as those used at the highest defense levels. Next to come on the scene is AI financial trading.
The majority of financial trading has no time context that either you or I would be familiar with. It is too quick to be humanly shared, and thus exists beyond the capacity for human cognition – it is beyond our senses and operates in a hyperreal realm. It is no longer in the hands of operators; competition is no longer negotiated, it is flash traded before we can blink. Yet all is not smooth as the markets also contain their own fears (and their trader’s fears) in what they have dubbed ‘the fear index’ – the Market Volatility Index (MVI). It appears that instantaneity, high-frequency flash trading and algorithmic trading in the markets induces its own fears – no need to invent more. Stock markets worldwide can plummet in seconds causing widespread panic. Everyone trembles at the possibility of impending loss, not knowing from where it will come next. The only thing we can be sure of is that it will come again. Will it be from one of the over-ambitious ‘flash boys’? Or from a Ponzi scheme revelation? Perhaps it will come from the slip of a human finger or the acerbated act of an algorithm?
In short, algorithmic economies are beyond our comprehension. Time is too slow for artificial algorithmic ‘intelligence,’ which is now conducting its very own insider trading. Previously, insider trading and financial scams were conducted in chronological time – in hours and days – by human perpetrators who could be named and shamed in media trials. Now the economy has been taken ‘out of time’ – beyond chronology – and into a blur. Yet algorithms cannot be taken to court and jailed, so everything’s alright – right?
Economies, and hence debt, now run into the trillions, and yet these numbers have no possible physical reality to them. They are illusionary digits that by fiat (consensual decree) bind and control our global affairs, as well as making and breaking (i.e., devastatingly ruining) individuals, groups, corporations, and nations. Yet it seems there is no getting away from this incumbent system as all markets are now interconnected. Like airports, it is their interconnections that matter more than their location. To be ‘in’ the market you need to be ‘of’ the market, which means being one of their connections, and going with the flows of their rules and regulations. Otherwise your connection is cut – economic death.
Likewise, in order not to face being cut out of the connections, modern life is increasing its always-on connections and flows. And it seems that things are becoming somewhat congested.
Are we at Saturation Point?
Modern western culture is taking itself to a saturation point, and with accelerating velocity. It is possible that this high-velocity is required in order to trigger a necessary tipping point that will initiate the next phase. Similar to how an airplane needs to achieve a certain degree of high-velocity acceleration on the runway in order to initiate take off. Of course, the question that then needs to be asked is – what will come after saturation?
There is already a high degree of psychic stress bubbling up within modern life; much of this coming from the velocity of dis/mis-information arriving at full throttle. Connectivity is cool, no doubt about that, but now the global world has arrived on our doorstep bringing new risks, new obligations, and unprecedented circumstances. Naturally, people are feeling overwhelmed.
In a world of constant updates we are always behind on catching-up. Life is being lived more and more through our inboxes, our social media messages, our online profiles, listings, and through our own obsessive personal updates. We are racing against ourselves within a high-velocity, hyperreal environment to be always catching-up. The result is that a new form of wealth has been created. Whereas wealth has traditionally been defined through financial acquisition and consumption, the ‘new wealth’ is now measured in freedom from or the power over time, availability, connection, and movement. A measure of our wealth is also the power we possess over our own mental time. Welcome to the global sensorium – a whole sensory apparatus, brimming full of emotional stimuli, connections and flows, time-constriction and, for some, senses overload. As Virilio declares – ‘I prefer the revelation to the revolution.’3
Time has revealed itself to be simultaneously running away and running the show. We have our clocks, our watches, and an increasing array of digital devices that manage time automatically. We no longer have to think about switching between the seasonal differences to save daylight as our devices do this for us. When we chat online with friends or colleagues across the world we often forget (or prefer not to remember) that their time zone is different. It doesn’t matter that they are in their pajamas as the only time to talk is now, in real-time. And if this means one unlucky person (probably in the minority time-zone) getting out of bed then so be it. Time no longer gives us a fixed location with an excuse. Time is that flux-zone that makes us available as it rushes away from us. We only get the briefest of opportunities to say whether we are available or not – and even this choice is sometimes taken away from us by the automated decisions of our devices. And through this we are being delocalized. Yet this delocalization occurs in many ways. It may be through a loss of fixed available time; a loss of fixed work space; or being in the position where we are unable to say ‘no’ to inconvenient requests. In fact, inconvenience is no longer a possibility. Sedentary life is being gnawed away at until it becomes a mausoleum.
New modes of imagination and innovation, as well as a whole new range of impacts, are affecting our senses. As a species we are trying to adapt – to re-wire our senses – yet we are faced with a velocity of change that can feel overwhelming and gives us the impression that we cannot keep up or re-wire in time. This high velocity is affecting, and changing, how we think about and experience cause and effect. Our understanding of linearity is becoming fuzzed in the turbulence of accelerating events. Maybe it’s time to W8 up B4 its 2lte, as the modern parlance now goes.
Sound bites are ideally suited to the size of the devices which transmit them. Images are quickly consumed and then forwarded, shared through Whatsapp, Messenger, Instagram, Snapchat, and the rest, and so on, ad infinitum etc – you get the picture. It’s an incredibly fast movement of the image. They speed around the world as if inside a social Hadron Collider. Our data – bits of binary code – are traveling almost at the speed of light and smashing into each other as if replicating their own version of the Big Bang. And everything is sealed into this high-velocity perspective of reality. The global sensorium is all-inclusive and all-consuming.
In the face of rapid acceleration and high velocity there is a compelling need to find a state of inertia that is a state not of apathy but conscious inactivity. Conscious inertia is a counteraction against excessive acceleration and the exhaustion of velocity. It is learning how to create still moments amidst the rush of our modern high-frequency lives. Time really is one of our rarest commodities, and as such it must be saved from a social execution. It may be necessary for us to try to develop these ‘still moments’ as a way to step back from our high-velocity lives.
As the global sensorium expands it will become ever-more necessary to detach from situations that are distracting, noisy, or confusing. In a high-velocity world it is necessary that we make sure our energies are not sucked away from us. It is about making choices not to allow the external impacts to affect us, or to enter into our private inner space. Sometimes the global sensorium needs to be kept at bay.
It’s not about leaving the world behind either: we still need to be relatively alert in case some online stranger from the African continent wishes to use our bank account to transfer huge amounts of money to their dying mother. It is about being attentive to the fast-moving world of information, discussion, emotions, and the rest. It is not only about creating a physical withdrawal but also, perhaps more significantly, creating a mental and emotional private space of inertia. Or, to use modern terminology, it is about unplugging from the global sensorium.
Life in the global sensorium is about exercising patience and restraint under the right conditions if we want to find balance in such a high-stimulus environment. The alternative may be that we unconsciously get sucked into a high-frequency 24/7 info-entertainment Disneyfied world more akin to The Matrix on acid. Maybe we need to take time out from the tablet, the posting of photos on social media, or scrolling through the endless messages on Facebook that are increasingly interspersed with customized advertising. Life in the global sensorium is as much about knowing when to let go of things that cling to us.
Sometimes, as the popular phrase goes, we are our own worst enemies. Being connected allows us access to a whole gamut of information, news, false news, gossip, celebrity culture, and virtually the whole world stage. There seems to be no greater time than the present to be in control of our senses at a time of senses overload.
Taken from his latest book Bardo Times – hyperreality, high-velocity, simulation, automation, mutation – a hoax?
About the Author
Kingsley L. Dennis is the author of The Phoenix Generation: A New Era of Connection, Compassion, and Consciousness, and The Sacred Revival: Magic, Mind & Meaning in a Technological Age, available at Amazon. Visit him on the web at http://www.kingsleydennis.com/.
1 Cited in Virilio, Paul. 2012. The Great Accelerator. Cambridge: Polity Press, 80
2 Urry, John. 2014. Offshoring. Cambridge: Polity Press, 64.
3 Virilio, Paul. 2012. The Administration of Fear. Los Angeles, CA: Semiotext(e), 71.
[i] A reference here to Francis Fukuyama’s treatise The End of History
Woman Snaps Photograph Of Hellhound In The Shadows
NASA records again a large cube shaped UFO next to the Sun (Video)
Secret US aircraft or UFO? San Antonio woman films mysterious ‘craft’ flying over neighborhood
India Blew up a Satellite. Now A “Space Fence” Is Tracking Its Debris
Gateway to HEAVEN? NASA Hubble Telescope finds amazing cross structure at centre of galaxy
The Illuminati experiment of the 1984 Olympics
Former Polish president warns of ET invasion
The day that NASA caught a terrifying message of the year 2057
Drone films site of mysterious death of Russian hikers 60 years ago as probe reopened
Anunnaki Visitors from the Stars May Have Jump Started Humanity
Gematria/Numerology of Notre Dame Fire: Marcon, FreeMasons, and More
Dr. Jerry Tennant: Healing the Body’s Electrical Circuitry | Electricity of Life
Strange Object Spotted on the Surface of Mars
The Solar Flash-Minnova – Government Cover-up, ET Intervention & Technology, UFOs, Anti-Gravity, Science, History, and more
Stunning NEW Antarctic SSP Insiders!
- Apocalypse & Armageddon3 months ago
Massive Pole Shifts are Cyclic according to Declassified CIA Document
- Ancient3 months ago
A Ukrainian Physicist Has Discovered The Secret About The Pyramids – And It Will Change The World
- Spirituality3 months ago
An End of Life Caregiver Has a Message About Death that You Need to Hear Right Now
- Ghosts & Hauntings3 months ago
Hope Diamond Curse
- Fact or fiction3 months ago
Images of the dark side of the Moon : Chinese probe Chang’e-4 lands on the hidden side of the Moon
- Underworld3 months ago
Why We Need To Stop Bashing R. Kelly If We Want To Stop Teen Sexual Abuse & Pedophilia
- Conspiracy Theories3 months ago
A Brief Summary Of The Rothschild Crime Syndicate’s Activities In The Middle East And Elsewhere
- Ancient2 months ago
Sumerian Anunnaki Archaeological Discoveries, Artifacts, and Recovered Records DOCUMENTARY