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Ramp Found That Was Used in Building the Great Pyramid

It’s another Great Pyramid “This could explain everything!” moment. Researchers digging at an alabaster quarry where the Egyptians carved out the stones used for the massive construction project have uncovered the remains of what appears to be a ramp, stairs and pole holes that helped workers move the huge stones to the surface where they were then transported to the pyramid site at Giza. While similar systems have been found at limestone quarries, this is the first in an alabaster mine and shows that this primitive yet effective technology dates back to Cheops.

“The mission successfully discovered a unique system to pull and transfer the stone blocks from the bottom of the quarry after removing the debris used to cover it which can be dated to the reign of King Khufu of the 4th Dynasty. The moving system consists of the central ramp surrounded by two set of stairs contain poles holes which help lifting the alabaster stone block through at least 20% coarse ramp.”

Dr. Yannis Gourdon of the Institut Français d’Archéologie orientale is the co-director, with Dr. Roland Enmarch ot the University of Liverpool), of the Hatnub Epigraphic Project whose purpose is “recording texts commemorating pharaonic expeditions to the Egyptian alabaster quarries at Hatnub (in the desert c. 18km south-east of Amarna).” He revealed the new discovery there in the Luxor Times (including photos) and explains in LiveScience that the stones were first placed on a sled before being pulled out at a 20-degree angle. In addition to the ramp system, the researchers also found inscriptions and drawings linking the quarry to Cheops/Khufu.

The ramp system may have been used both at the quarry and the construction site

“There are at least 100 inscriptions discovered commemorating pharaonic expeditions to the alabaster quarries at Hatnub from the Old Kingdom to the New Kingdom. Studying the inscriptions on the detected construction devices, we came to the conclusion that this ramp belongs, at a minimum, to the reign of Pharaoh Cheops, who ordered the construction of the Great Pyramid at Giza. This means that even in the times of Cheops, the ancient Egyptians knew how to move huge stone blocks even on very steep slopes.”

While the outside of the Great Pyramid is made of 2.3 metric ton limestone blocks, some alabaster was also used on the exterior but its primary use was for flooring, statues and coffins. Mustafa Waziri, Secretary-General of the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities, confirms that this is the first evidence that shows how heavy blocks were lifted and moved from quarries.

A ramp is so much more elegant

Unfortunately, the discovery is tempered by bad news. The Institut Français d’Archéologie Orientale web site points out that the quarry is now known to the general public and is in danger of being turned into a working operation again, eventually destroying this and other evidence of how the pyramids were built. It’s hoped that this can at least be delayed until researchers learn how this ramp system was used to build the Great Pyramid … not to mention what happened in between to get the stones from one location to the other.

As always, money talks louder than preservation.

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Ancient

A Very Good Doggo Just Found Incredible Bronze Age Treasure in Czechia

A once-in-a-lifetime discovery in Czechia was made by an unusual sort of archaeologist. A dog named Monty, on a walk with his human in March, stumbled across a cache of Bronze Age artefacts in the Orlické Mountains of northeastern Bohemia.His human – one Mr Frankota – rushed over to see what Monty had found when the dog started frantically digging. According to local news reports, what emerged from the ground was a collection of bronze objects.The discovery – since donated to the local government, the Hradec Králové Region – was a strange haul. It contained 13 sickle blades, two spear heads, three axe heads, and a number of bracelets, all forged in bronze.

Such a collection of objects found together indicates a ritual deposit, archaeologists believe.

bronze artefacts czechia inset(Hradec Králové Region)

“The fact that there are so many objects in one place is almost certainly tied to an act of honoration, most likely a sacrifice of some sorts,” archaeologist Martina Beková of the nearby Museum and Gallery of Orlické Mountains told Czech Radio.

“What particularly surprised us was that the objects were whole, because the culture that lived here at the time normally just buried fragments, often melted as well. These objects are beautiful, but the fact that they are complete and in good condition is of much more value to us.”

Beková and her colleagues have thoroughly examined the artefacts. Dating back to over 3,000 years ago, they were probably used by late Bronze Age Indo-European Urnfield culture people who used to live in the area. They would cremate their dead and inter them in urns buried in fields – hence the name.

But more evidence will need to be uncovered to determine why and how this collection of bronze objects came to be there. However, the last discovery of such significance in the region was made over 60 years ago, in 1953.

The area in which the objects were found has become one of great interest to local archaeologists, but so far their initial searches have returned nothing.

“Archaeologists have searched the surrounding fields with metal detectors,” said Sylvie Velčovská from the local regional council.

“There were some considerable changes to the surrounding terrain over the centuries, so it is possible that the deeper layers are still hiding some secrets.”

Many archaeological finds are stumbled upon by passersby or excavation works. Most governments request that, if you do happen to be so lucky, that you notify local authorities, since artefacts tend to belong to the government.

But many also offer a finder’s fee – Frankota was awarded 7,860 CZK (around US$360) for Monty’s find. (We hope Monty got some delicious dog biscuits.)

The artefacts are currently on display as part of an exhibition called Journey to the Beginning of Time in the Museum and Gallery of Orlické Mountains in the town of Rychnov until 21 October 2018.

After that, they will undergo conservation and be moved to a permanent exhibition in a museum in Kostelec.

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New Sphinx Statue Unearthed In Egyptian City Of Luxor

Egyptian workers have unearthed a secret new sphinx statue in the Egyptian city of Luxor, according to the news agency Youm7.

During road works in the city of Luxor, construction craftsmen apparently stumbled upon a wholly new underground Sphinx Statue.

Mohamed Abdel Aziz, the chief of the Antiquities Department, reported that the statue was found underneath the road that links the Karnak and Luxor temples.

The officials didn’t give off many details about the newest discovery that startled the world.

Then again, they mentioned the astonishing underground statue has a human body and a lion head. Be that as it may, it strongly resembles the Great Sphinx of Giza.

Experts recommended the work to be slowed down in order not to cause damage to the ancient statue.

The antiquities director said that the statue won’t be taken on the surface. For now, we won’t be able to see it as it can deflate due to a sudden change in the conditions.

As you already know, the Great Sphinx of Giza is one of the seven wonders of the world. With its amazing features, it captured the full attention of the broad scientific and non-scientific community.

Many mysteries revolve around this ancient formation making it one of the most astonishing yet controversial structures in the world.

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Ancient Impossible Constructions – Vettuvan Koil – Model Of Kailasa Temple Found

Let’s take a look at this magnificent structure called Vettuvan Koil in India. The specialty of this temple is that it is entirely carved out of one solid rock, just like the Kailasa Temple in Ellora Caves. Most temples are built by adding stone blocks and pillars, but this temple was created by removing or scooping out a part of the hill. Remember the Kailasa Temple is world famous, and the technology employed there is beyond belief, but this temple which is relatively unknown raises a very important question.

Is it possible that this temple was built as a model, a prototype of the Kailasa Temple?

The similarities between these 2 temples are uncanny. Both were built on hills. Archeologists say both were built at the same time, during 8th century A.D. This temple employs the same rock cutting technology which used a top to bottom cutting approach like the Kailasa Temple. Look at how they removed the rocks on three sides, this is the same technique in Both temples.

If you fall from here, you will be dead but the height of this temple is actually 1/4th of the height of Kailasa Temple. This is exactly 25 feet tall and Kailasa Temple is 100 feet tall. This temple is also dedicated to Lord Shiva, just like the Kailasa Temple. The carvings in this temple are nearly identical to the carvings in Kailasa. Both face precisely to the east. The only difference is that Kailasa Temple is much larger and contains, many many complex structures attached to it, while this temple contains just the main tower.

Today, before we build anything, we create a simpler small scale model called a prototype. Creating a simple prototype helps us understand the difficulties of building larger structures. Was the Vettuvan Koil Temple built as a small scale model of Kailasa Temple? Is this why it is exactly 4 times shorter and is this why they both have so many similarities?

Most experts don’t think ancient builders used 3d models before constructing actual temples. But we have solid evidence that they were using 3d models. Look at this ancient carving, here is a figure holding a small 3d prototype of a temple. This shows that planning and modeling existed thousands of years ago.

Just like how we create small scale models today, the ancient builders were also building smaller structures before venturing out to create masterpieces like Kailasa Temple.
But who really built this Vettuvan Koil? While archeologists claim it was built by Pandyan Kings in 8th century, they offer little or no evidence to support this theory. In fact, this is the only monolithic structure among the Pandyan temples, which makes this claim highly dubious. If they did make such a temple in the 8th century, why did they not create more of such temples in the next few centuries of their rule?

Why haven’t historians found one stone inscription or palm leaf manuscript supporting this view? If any king made such an amazing temple, he would have definitely recorded it on the walls of this temple, but nothing is found. This plaque on site, put up by authorities, talks about Pandyan Kings, but provides absolutely nothing related to this temple.

Locals not only deny the involvement of Pandyan Kingdom, but also reveal something extraordinary. They say that the entire temple was built by just one man, within 48 days. Legend has it that there was a competition between a father and son, and while the father built this temple on the top of the hill, the son built another temple at the bottom of the hill.

I will show you the temple at the bottom in a different video, but the amount of rocks removed in this monolithic temple is about 25,000 tons of solid granite. How did one man scoop out such a large amount of rock in just 48 days? What kind of technology was used? And why was such a brilliant structure suddenly abandoned and was left unfinished? Was it built as a small scale tryout before building the Kailasa Temple?

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