Mysterious elongated skulls found in Hal Saflieni Hypogeum, the only known prehistoric underground temple, will be studied by an interdisciplinary team from Malta and Australia.
Dolichocephalic skulls were discovered in 1926 by the Maltese archaeologist Themistocles Zammit and have long been the subject of various conspiracy theories. Among them, which are the remains of alien beings who visited Malta in the past. Others, more conservative, estimate that, as with other cultures of the remote past, the inhabitants of the area were able to practice cranial deformation.
Now, a team composed of scientists from the Superintendence of Cultural Heritage of Malta and Macquarie University of Sydney (Australia), plans to end the enigma by doing a thorough study of the bones.
The project has received a € 6,000 grant from the Union Académique Internationale , as part of the centenary celebration of this institution.
Called “The Sentinels of Hal Saflieni, Malta: Scientific Facts versus Science Fiction”, the project will finally give the deserved academic attention to the elongated skulls found in the underground temple, determining their characteristics and true origin thanks to modern technology.
The Hal Saflieni Hypogeum was excavated around 2500 BC It is considered that its first function was that of the sanctuary and that subsequently, but even in prehistoric times, it became a necropolis. It is located at the end of the municipality of Paola, in the southeast of the island of Malta. It was declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco in 1980.
“Unquestionably, it is a place of global importance that helps to understand the evolution of the intellect, creativity, technology, and culture of the human groups that settled in the region,” he concludes in a statement issued on the date by the Superintendence of Cultural Heritage of Malta.
Source: Malta Today
Alien Technology And Out Of Place Artifacts
Sometimes archaeological artifacts appear to be chronologically out of place. An example of an out of place artifact (OOPART) might be a bullet hole in a Tyrannosaurus Rex skull.
Out of place artifacts (OOPARTs) sometimes appear unexpectedly among ancient ruins when there is no evidence of their development in older layers. It’s led some researchers to suggest that aliens once visited ancient civilizations and left evidence of advanced technologies in periods where human technology had not yet evolved to the point of inventing the devices itself.
Ancient Alien Theory
In his book, Chariots of the Gods, Erich von Daniken laid the foundation for his controversial theory about ancient aliens. He suggested that alien lifeforms came to earth from other planets in the ancient past of humanity.
The aliens gave mankind the means to develop more technologically advanced civilizations, and the earliest humans believed that the aliens were gods from the sky.
Almost every civilization on this planet has similar tales about encounters with the alien gods. According to von Daniken, the fact that these stories and myths are similar globally may support the ancient alien theory.
Adolf Hitler was especially interested in exploring ancient Nordic mythology in his effort to create a German ideology about alien visitors coming to earth in UFOs and grooming the white Aryan race to become the true ancestors of the Germanic peoples.
Pseudoarchaeology and Nazi Germany
After WWI, Hitler’s Nazi party used archaeology to brainwash the public for the Nazi political and nationalist agenda. The Germans, as a whole, were largely ignorant of their cultural roots, and Hitler used this to his advantage.
He assigned various Nazi leaders, such as Heinrich Himmler and a select group of German scholars and archaeologists, to research the German roots in antiquity. He wanted to find proof that the Germans were descended from a white Aryan race which had fled to northern Europe when Atlantis was destroyed. If he couldn’t find the evidence, he made it up.
Thus the Nazi regime developed its own brand of pseudoarchaeology or false archaeology for political propaganda use. In their search into prehistoric Nordic mythology, Nazi researchers spread out and combed the world in search of supporting data that ancient aliens were the core of the German heritage in establishing the Aryan blonde, blue-eyed master race that ultimately became the root of all advanced human culture.
Teams of archaeologists from the Ahnenerbe, Nazi Germany’s center of archaeology and research, investigated areas of Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, the Far East, Tibet, Iceland and even Antarctica.
A total of 18 Nazi research expeditions yielded no real evidence that prehistoric Germans once ruled the world, and their work degenerated into occult studies and mysticism. However they did discover some OOPARTs of interest to the rest of the world.
The Baghdad Battery
In 1936, near the village of Khuyut Rabboua in Iraq, archaeologists discovered about a dozen curious devices which were dated to the Parthian era (250 BCE to 225 CE).
Each was a five inch tall terracotta jar with a 1.5 inch wide mouth. It contained a copper cylinder enclosing but not touching an iron bar. At the top of the jar, asphalt plugs separate the iron rod from the copper.
In 1938, the German Director of the National Museum of Iraq, Wilhelm Koenig examined one of the artifacts and speculated that it might have been a galvanic cell or a battery. He proposed that it might have been used to electroplate gold onto silver objects.
Later, researchers tested the batteries with grape juice and lemon juice as electrolytes to activate the electrochemical reaction between the iron and the copper. They discovered that the “battery” did produce a weak voltage. When hooked up in series, the devices produced an increased voltage.
This discovery begs several questions:
– How did the ancients of Mesopotamia learn about this mechanism?
– Did ancient aliens show humans how to build the devices?
– How did they use the batteries?
The Antikythera Mechanism
Archaeologists found this OOPART in the Antikythera wreck off the Greek Island of Antikythera and dated it to 150-100 BCE. X-ray analysis revealed that there are a series of 32 gears inside the object, and archaeologists think it might have been an ancient mechanical calculator or computer.
Recently researchers have discovered that the mechanism might be a type of planetarium used for navigation. It displayed the Sun’s position in the zodiac throughout the year. It also displays the phases of the moon.
Again this discovery raises the same questions as the Baghdad battery.
A Native American OOPART
The “Goddard Coin” was discovered in a Native American site in Maine and has produced controversy about its origins. In 1957, an amateur archaeologist, Guy Mellgren, discovered a silver Norwegian coin dating back to the reign of King Olaf Kyrre (1067-1093 CE). This is the only Norse pre-Columbian artifact found in the US.
There is evidence that the Goddard site was a busy Native American trading center operating from 900-600 years ago. It served traders from as far away as the area of present-day Pennsylvania, the Great Lakes and Labrador.
But there is no evidence supporting a theory that a Norse settlement existed in the vicinity. Currently archaeologists theorize that the coin was brought here from another area through trading activities.
Out of place artifacts have been discovered in other ancient, once commercially busy areas of the world. This is true especially around the Mediterranean Sea, in areas which were, at one time, active trade centers.
Artifacts from Imperial China have been found in ancient Roman trading vessels which sank in the area. This raises the question of whether Rome once traded with China during ancient times.
Misplaced artifacts don’t necessarily imply an ancient alien astronaut intervention in the history of humanity, but the theory does add another dimension of thought to the study of ancient peoples and their archaeology.
Source: Source: Secrets of the Lost Races: New Discoveries of Advanced Technology in Ancient Civilizations by Rene Noorbergen; Teach Services; 2001
New Study Finds Ancient Mummies Had Modern Diseases
Based on the riches often found in their tombs, it would be easy to assume that ancient people whose relatives had them mummified before burial lived a pretty good life. Based on what a new study of some mummified bodies found, it looks like they did … and it probably shortened their lives. It turns out that these people suffered from modern diseases caused more by lifestyle than genetics … or perhaps we suffer from ancient diseases caused more by lifestyle than genetics.
“Computed tomography has been used previously in mummies to detect arterial calcification, which is a marker of later-stage atherosclerosis. Here, using the novel approach of near-infrared spectroscopy, we detected cholesterol-rich atherosclerotic plaques in arterial samples from ancient mummies. In this proof-of-concept study, we are the first to noninvasively detect these earlier-stage lesions in mummies from different geographical areas, suggesting that atherosclerosis has been present in humans since ancient times.”
Cholesterol! The number everyone fears to find out on their annual trip to the doctor. In a study led by Mohammad Madjid, an MD and MS and an assistant professor of cardiovascular medicine with McGovern Medical School at UTHealth (University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston), decided to study the arterial tissue of five mummies — three men and two women ranging in age from 18 to 60 who lived between 2000 BCE and 1000 AE. Four were from South America, one was from the Middle East, three died from pneumonia, one from renal failure and one from unknown causes. According the study co-authored by Madjid and published in the latest American Heart Journal, he used near-infrared spectroscopy which analyzes the near-infrared region of the electromagnetic spectrum and has become a useful tool in urology, sports medicine, neurology and other fields.
“A catheter is placed on the sample and it sends out signals. The signals bounce off the tissue and come back. You can tell the difference between various tissue components because each has a unique molecular signature like a fingerprint.”
Unfortunately for the mummies, what Madjid’s near-infrared spectroscope found was the molecular signature of cholesterol-rich arterial plaques … a sure sign that they suffered from atherosclerosis – the narrowing of the arteries that eventually causes coronary artery disease, stroke, peripheral artery disease and kidney problems. In modern humans, it generally begins in middle age and is thought to be caused high blood pressure, diabetes, smoking, obesity, genetics and an unhealthy diet. Madjid’s team was surprised to find that even the youngest mummy suffered from atherosclerosis. Were they teen smokers? Too much corn pizza? Not enough exercise chasing alpacas or camels?
According to the press release by UTHealth, Madjid blamed the mummies’ high cholesterol on smoke from fire pits, viral infections, bacterial infections and bad genes. Four thousand years later, modern humans still suffer from the same atherosclerosis.
If we’ve learned anything from watching mummy movies, it’s that we never learn anything from mummies – we continue to break into their tombs, steal their burial items, desecrate their remains and destroy their rich history before it can be studied.
Maybe atherosclerosis is the real curse of the mummy.
Source: Mysterious Universe
Napoleon slept in the Great Pyramid and what he saw changed history
The pyramid of Cheops, which is the only construction that endures of the seven wonders of the ancient world, continues to reveal new secrets in its imposing 146 meters high.
A scan of the construction of limestone blocks indicated a few days ago that there could be hidden passages still undiscovered, as evidenced by the fact that temperature anomalies of up to six degrees have been recorded.
A scientific analysis confirming what Napoleon Bonaparte intuited in his own skin after spending seven hours in the gloomy monument: the mystery permeates each of its corners.
With the aim of liberating Egypt from Turkish hands, the promising general Bonaparte, victorious in Italy, landed in the Nile during the summer of 1798 with more than thirty thousand French soldiers aiming to move towards Syria.
Not surprisingly, the young Napoleon pursued more than military objectives and took with him a group of researchers from different disciplines (mathematicians, physicists, chemists, biologists, engineers, archaeologists, geographers, historians …), more than a hundred, so that they will study in detail that country of the wonderful pyramids and the ancient gods.
Among them were the mathematicians Gaspard Monge, founder of the Polytechnic School; the physicist Étienne-Louis Malus; and chemist Claude Louis Berthollet, inventor of bleach.
That is to say, some of the most brilliant scientists of his generation attended the 28-year-old general’s call, without even knowing the destination of the trip until they sailed beyond Malta: «I cannot tell you where we are going, but it is a place to conquer glory and know ».
It was on that expedition, between the military and the scientific, that Europe rediscovered the wonders of ancient Egypt and found the key to understanding them.
While a soldier was digging a trench around the medieval fortress of Rachid (an Egyptian port enclave in the Mediterranean Sea), he found by chance the one known as the Rosetta stone, which finally served to decipher the unintelligible Egyptian hieroglyphs.
It was a sentence of King Ptolemy, dated 196 BC. C, written in three versions: hieroglyphic, demotic and Greek. From the Greek text, it was possible to find the equivalences in the hieroglyphs and establish a code to read the ancient texts.
However, the trip also served Napoleon as a spiritual search in a land that had disturbed the imagination of great characters in history.
Like many of his contemporaries, the Great Corsican was attracted to eastern exoticism and had read a very popular work by then, “The Journey to Egypt and Syria from Constantin Volney,” published in 1794 about the mysteries of the civilizations in the area.
In the middle of military operations, Napoleon went to the Holy Land with the purpose of confronting the Turkish army and, incidentally, resting for a night in Nazareth.
And so he did on April 14, 1799, without having transcended more details of this particular tourist stop. That same year, in August, Napoleon returned to Cairo during the night supposedly inside the Cheops Pyramid.
His usual entourage and a Muslim religious accompanied him to the King’s Chamber, the noble room, which at that time was difficult to access, with passageways that did not reach the meter and a half, and without any lighting beyond the insufficient torches.
Specifically, the King’s Chamber is a rectangular room about 10 meters long and 5 meters wide consisting of granite slabs, smooth walls, and ceiling, without decoration, and only contains an empty granite sarcophagus, without inscriptions, deposited there during the construction of the pyramid, since it is wider than the passageways.
The Corsican general spent seven hours surrounded only by bats, rats and scorpions in the pyramid. Just at dawn, it sprouted from the labyrinthine structure, pale and frightened.
To the questions of concern of his men of confidence about what had happened there, Napoleon replied with an enigmatic: “Even if I told you, you weren’t going to believe me.”
It is impossible to know what exactly Napoleon saw or felt in those seven hours, or even if the episode took place, although it seems likely that in any case, the Corsican believed to suffer some kind of mystical experience induced by loneliness, darkness, extreme temperatures and echo distorted noise.
What is clear is that – as various fiction works have realized, see the novel of “The Eight” (1988) by Katherine Neville or more recently Javier Sierra in “The Egyptian Secret of Napoleon” (2002) – the night of Napoleon Inside the Great Pyramid it seemed to change his character forever.
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