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Have you ever caught yourself thinking that you exist in a parallel universe and everything is different there? However, such thoughts, when scientists, rather than ordinary people, indulge in them, can tell a lot about how our Universe works. 

So, one of the latest scientific works of theoretical physicist Stephen Hawking was devoted to parallel universes and methods by which one can prove / disprove their existence. But even if parallel universes exist, what are they?

Who knows what you are doing in the parallel universe

What do physicists think of parallel universes?

According to, theoretical physicist Sean Carroll expressed the view that the small-scale structure of the universe indicates the existence of many parallel worlds. Shocking comments were made on the Jeff Rogan Experience (JRE) podcast last year. Carroll says that the fact that tiny particles, such as electrons and photons, do not have a single given location in the universe, suggests that there are many parallel universes.

It should be noted that quantum physics is something that the human imagination does very poorly. For this reason, many pseudoscientists and all kinds of gurus love to mix a couple of words about quantum physics into their own ideas about the Universe. They proudly declare this at seminars and write posts on social networks. As the saying goes, if you do not understand what is happening, start talking about quantum physics. So you need to be very careful and be able to distinguish speculative statements from statements of real scientists.

The theory of the immortal universe is widespread among representatives of the scientific community

In a recently published article on the secrets of the world, we discussed quantum physics – the dance of electrons around the nucleus of atoms. This once again confirms what we already knew – at the quantum level, everything is really different. Just think about it – the empty vacuum of space is filled with tiny particles that constantly appear and disappear. Moreover, Bell’s theorem — a fundamental construction in quantum mechanics — can prove the existence of multiverses. This theorem deals with situations where particles interact with each other, become entangled, and then diverge in different directions. Of course, there are still equations, laws of physics, and laws that must be obeyed, but Carroll does not exclude the possibility that some alternative worlds may indeed exist.

In the past, Carroll put forward several innovative but controversial theories about the nature of time and the Big Bang. According to one of his hypotheses, the Universe did not arise as a result of a gigantic explosion, but is an infinitely ancient, constantly expanding Universe, in which time can flow both forward and backward. Sounds exciting, doesn’t it? Carroll also believes that quantum physics is not just an approximation to the truth. Now scientists are confronted with the secrets of dark matter and dark energy, and given the fact that not everything is consistent with Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity, it is time to address our understanding of the quantum world.

Parallel worlds can be very different from ours, but most likely they have the same laws of physics

In 2011, physicist Brian Green wrote a book called Hidden Reality: Parallel Universes and the Deep Laws of Cosmos. In it, the British physicist and popularizer of science writes that scientists cannot avoid having any version of the multiverse in their studies. Many physicists are thinking about a particular version of the theory of a parallel universe. If all this is complete nonsense, then this is a waste of time and energy. But if this idea is true, then this is a truly fantastic revolution in our understanding of the world and the Universe.

Stephen Hawking also suggested that, thanks to quantum mechanics, the Big Bang gave us an infinite number of universes, not just one. To try to prove the presence or absence of parallel worlds, Hawking, co-authored with Thomas Hertog of Leuven University (Belgium), suggested that if the multiverse exists, it should have left a trace in the relict radiation. A probe with a special detector, which Hawking and Hertog offer to send into space, will be able to detect it. 

So it is possible that Green, Carroll, Hawking and Hertog are right. Researchers at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee recently announced their desire to find out whether multiverse or mirror images exist of our own reality. The New Scientist writes about this, so we are waiting for further details and hope that they will succeed soon!


Metaphysics & Psychology

These people woke up in the future. Their memory erased dozens of years of life

Due to the rare form of amnesia, Naomi Jacobs and Kim Denikola forgot their decades of life. From their point of view, they suddenly found themselves in the future and were able to look from the outside at the changed world and at themselves many years later.

Kim did not know how she ended up in the hospital. On the eve in high school there were final exams. She remembered how she left school and headed for her car – and nothing more. Perhaps an accident has occurred? If so, then everything worked out, because she felt no pain.

The nurse noticed that the patient woke up and spoke to her. “Do you know what year it is?” she asked. The question was part of a neurological test for unconscious patients. “Yes, ma’am,” Kim replied politely. “It’s 1980 now.” The world goes crazy with a Rubik’s cube, Michael Jackson and Blondie, and in theaters, Darth Vader explains to Luke Skywalker who his father is. Kim was 18 years old, she was finishing school.

Kim Denikola with Ricky's friend in 1977 Photo: Kim Harris Denicola
Kim Denikola with Ricky’s friend in 1977 Photo: Kim Harris Denicola

The preoccupied nurse asked another standard question: “Who is the president now?” “Ronald Reagan,” Kim recalled. In November, a former actor won the Democrat election. Jimmy Carter has been at the head of the country since 1977, however, Reagan will enter into the rights only next year – after the inauguration in January. The answer did not at all have the effect that the girl was counting on.

The nurse left and returned with an unfamiliar old man. He turned to Kim as if he knew her well, although she definitely saw him for the first time. No one ever told her what happened. “I felt completely lost,” she says. – I kept waiting and waiting for when mom and dad appear. When you’re 18, it usually does. But they did not come.”

In the toilet, Kim looked in the mirror and saw herself in horror. “There wasn’t the girl I remembered, – “A 56-year-old woman was looking at me.” This was, in her words, the beginning of her “awakening.” She learned that almost 40 years have passed since school exams from her last memory. The unfamiliar old man is her husband, and they have children and even grandchildren, whom she completely does not remember. And the parents died.

Memory loss

According to the stories of relatives and friends, Kim Denikola restored the latest events before losing her memory. In October 2018, she returned from a weekly circle with her catholic church. On the street, her eyes clouded with a terrible headache. The woman called her husband. “He advised me not to drive, but to ask someone from the circle to take me to the hospital,” she says.

Kim Denicola Photo: David Denicola
Kim Denicola Photo: David Denicola

On the way, she lost consciousness – and the memory of everything that happened after 1980. Doctors believe that the woman survived transient global amnesia, but so far have not been able to determine the cause. “No one can say exactly what happened,” the woman complains. – It could be a microstroke that cannot be seen, or a small traumatic brain injury. Or perhaps a reaction to a cure for muscle pain that I took the night before the incident.”

People lose their memory in different ways. Soap opera characters who do not remember their name, past, or other people suffer from retrograde amnesia. With it, access to information about past events is partially or completely lost, but the rest of the memory is not disturbed.

Anterograde amnesia deprives people of the ability to create new memories. They remember everything that happened to them before the illness, but forget about what happened yesterday, an hour or even a minute ago. It was the suffering of the main character of the film “Memento”, directed by Christopher Nolan in 2000.

Transient global amnesia, which hit Kim Denikola, has the traits of both retrograde and anterograde amnesia. A person does not forget who he is and does not lose his skills (for example, the ability to drive a car), but loses his memory of the past and for some time loses the ability to create new memories. Fortunately, not forever. In most cases, transient global amnesia passes in a few hours or days, less often – weeks. Everything ends safely.

The most important memories, the hero of the film "Remember" tattooed on his skin Shot: the film "Remember"
The hero of the film “Memento” tattooed on his skin his most important memories. Frame: the film “Memento”

In 2012, the Dutch writer Daan Heerma van Voss faced transient global amnesia. The loss of memory was so short that it seems almost a curiosity. 

“All day friends, relatives and former lovers came to me to talk about what, in their opinion, was part of my life. I listened, nodded and instantly forgot their words, –he told New York Times. Gradually, I calmed down, and all my memories returned to me (however, who can guarantee that it is really all of them?). I was told that I did not have a stroke, there are no signs of permanent brain damage either. According to the doctors, I was in great shape.”

Journey to the future

The story of Naomi Jacobs from the UK, who survived transient global amnesia in 2008, is much like the case of Kim Denicola. Once she woke up with full confidence that she was 15 years old – 17 years less than in reality. “I remember looking at myself in the mirror and screaming, –she writes . – From the point of view of a 15-year-old girl, what I saw was horror. Who is this aging woman with wrinkles, spots and bags under her eyes? ”

Jacobs compares her feelings with time travel. Everything was new to her – both the world and her own life. But she, unlike Denikola, forgot only 17 years. She was transported into the future by as many as 38 years. “It was very interesting to see how much everything is different now than in the 1980s, how much has changed,” she says. – I did not know about Donald Trump, did not know who Barack Obama or Bill Clinton are. “

Naomi Jacobs Photo:
Naomi Jacobs Photo:

The only computer that she came across in 1980 was in the school library. “It was a big white box in which you had to insert a floppy disk to record information,” the woman says. “The last TV I remember was a drawer on the floor.” To switch the channel, I had to get up and go up to it. And now our TV is hanging on the wall, it is very narrow and thin. When you watch it, it’s a completely different sensation. ” She liked the video chat on the phone, the social networks were rather perplexing (to her taste, there are too many unnecessary disputes), and the television got better, but the dominance of advertising spoils everything.

Jacobs was more shocked by the meeting with himself. In her youth, she had no doubt that she would do something creative. Perhaps she will become a journalist and will travel around the world. “At 15, you don’t know who you will be at 32,” she admits. – When I woke up in the future, I wanted to say: “Wait, it’s not like I wanted.” I turned out to be a single mother, who vegetates with a cat in a tiny apartment and drives some kind of pimped. I had no work, I studied as a psychologist and lived on handouts from the state. How could this happen? I was terribly disappointed. “

New life

At first, Jacobs did not want to go to the doctors. It seemed to her that the next day she would wake up in the past, and everything would be fine. When this did not happen, the woman took out a diary that had been kept for almost 20 years and began to read it. There were answers to all her questions.

For Kim Denikola, the diary was replaced by a box of old photographs. “I’m slowly learning to connect names and faces, learning to live in 2019,” she says. Her amnesia has not passed for three months, and doctors do not exclude that the memory is lost forever.

Jacobs was lucky: her memory recovered after seven weeks. Seeing herself from aside, she decided to start her life anew. “Now everything is different,” she writes. – When I wake up, I focus on what is really important. I try to do something at least once a day that makes me like to be me. I used to be surrounded by people, because of which I thought of myself badly. After amnesia, I realized that you don’t need to think like that. This has become the foundation on which I am now building my life. ”

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Metaphysics & Psychology

The triangle of being. Do we live in 3 universes at the same time?

We are used to thinking that the Universe is what surrounds us. The universe includes galaxies, solar systems, stars, planets and ourselves. But what if the universe is in each of us? And not one, but two. Total, three Universes in which each person lives. Let’s look at each of them in more detail.

1. The universe is reality . This is what is around us, the visible Universe, the cosmos, physical reality.

2. The universe is thinking . Information, logical chains, assumptions, conclusions, judgments, a system of views and values ​​… all these are components of the second Universe in which a person lives. What happens in the head of an individual person may not be connected with the universe-reality. Human thinking is the world that each of us creates for himself. Creates, modifies and complements. Thus, each of us people is the creator of a whole unique Universe.

3. The universe is a dream . This Universe, in which two others meet: reality and thinking, but it is not only a meeting place. Dreams have their components, as in other universes, their objects and the connections between them, there is some logic, meaning. However, a person can not always understand the meaning of sleep. It is believed that dreams are formed from a person’s previous experience. But this is a very simple explanation that is not true. Often people in dreams see what is not and was not in their lives, not at all on this planet and in its visible surroundings. In the future, the Universe-dream will become more understandable, predictable and manageable. Yes, people of the future will be able to choose what to watch in a dream, and in detail. It is possible that such technological solutions will appear in the Universe-reality in the coming decades.

Thus, each of us does not live in one Universe, but in three at the same time. Apparently, each of them is somehow connected with the rest. For example, the thought that has arisen (Universe-thinking) may be the result of a dream (Universe-dream) and serve as a reason for creating an object (Universe-reality).

The triangle of being is three Universes, the first of which was created by man (the Universe-reality), the second is created by man (the Universe-thinking), and the third is the result of the interaction of reality and thinking (Universe-dream). The triangle of being is not static. He is in constant motion. Due to this, every day we think not the same thoughts, every night we see different dreams and what is happening in reality today does not coincide with what happened yesterday.

The triangle of being is always growing. The universe-reality is expanding, new stars, planets, new objects created by man appear, … The universe-thinking generates new thoughts and connections between them, people today know more than yesterday. The dream universe every time shows a person a new result of the interaction of reality and thinking, adding something of their own, thereby increasing the number of dreams a person sees.

Three Universes in which a person lives … Or maybe there is a fourth, which is hidden from our view and understanding?

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Metaphysics & Psychology

Scientific evidence of the lack of free will in humans

In the 1980s, American neuroscientists, while studying the possibilities of the brain and human consciousness, came to an unexpected conclusion – a person is completely deprived of free will and makes decisions based on a prepared algorithm. 

Moreover, with the help of special devices you can predict all his thoughts and actions. How do we make decisions? How does consciousness depend on the brain? Is there freedom of thought?

“We conquered matter because we conquered consciousness. Reality is inside the skull.” – George Orwell, British writer.

What is free will? This is a person’s ability to make informed choices and make informed actions in a given situation. For centuries, scientists and philosophers have tried to find the answer, what is consciousness and how is it interconnected with the brain and body? As it turned out, consciousness in the body plays a secondary role.

So, in 1983, a group of American scientists led by Benjamin Libet conducted an interesting experiment.

A participant in the experiment observed a green dot moving along the dial of an oscilloscope and had to remember its location when he moved his finger or bent his wrist. In the second case, the subject had to plan these actions, but not to perform them.

To fix the exact time of brain arousal and subsequent contraction of the arm muscles, the researchers brought special medical devices to the subject’s head and arms.

As a result, Libet received three indicators: the time when the subject decided to perform an action (the position of the green dot), the time when the brain reacted to it, and the time when the arm finally moved.

According to the logic of things, first a person decides to move his finger, after which the brain enters the work, which gives the command to the hand to do the will of the owner.

0 - rest, 1 (−500 ms) - measurement of the readiness potential, 2 (−200 ms) - the subject makes a decision, 3 (0 ms) - action
0 – rest, 1 (−500 ms) – measurement of the readiness potential,
2 (−200 ms) – the subject makes a decision,
3 (0 ms) – action

In fact, it turned out that the brain was first activated. It was there that the decision was made to move a finger. After 0.5 seconds, this decision reached the consciousness of a person (at this time he noted the position of the green dot), and after another 0.2 seconds, the muscles of the arm contracted.

Thus, the experiment showed that the brain is ahead of consciousness by half a second and affects the decisions of consciousness. That is, a person does not have power over his own behavior. Theoretically, he has 0.2 seconds to veto the decision made by the brain, but, in practice, this time is not enough to think about the situation.

Amazing incredible

After Benjamin Libet, brain experiments continued. So, at the Max Planck Institute of Cognitive Psychology and Neurophysiology in Leipzig, researchers were able to calculate the time of the origin of thought in the brain, before it reaches consciousness. It turned out that the brain accepts and processes thought 7 seconds before it regains consciousness. That is, noting the activity of the subject’s brain, scientists learned 7 seconds earlier what a person would think about now and knew exactly when he would make the movement.

Hence the conclusion, if someone can predict the decisions and actions of a person in advance, then free will simply does not exist.

However, that is not all. In 1999, Sino-American neuroscientist Yang Dan proved that the brain works no different from the computer, and if you calculate the encoding of the human brain, you can easily read all the information that appears there.

This time an experiment was conducted on a cat. The researcher fixed it on the table, picked up electrodes to his head and showed the animal various images. The picture that appears in the head of a cat was transmitted to a computer in the form of electrical impulses. There, the pulses were again converted into an image. The computer painted what the animal saw.

Knowing how the brain of a particular person works and, having the opportunity to pick up a key to it, you can record his thoughts, memories, read out his character and personality as a whole.

It turns out that not only is a person not the master of his own body (all decisions are made by the brain – a biological computer), it can still be read like an open book.

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