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Newly Discovered Geoglyphs Have Been Hiding in The Peruvian Desert For Thousands of Years

Archaeologists using drones have discovered more than 25 geoglyphs etched into a swath of coastal desert in southern Peru, and they are likely much older than the famous Nasca lines.

Most of the newly found geoglyphs, which include figures of a killer whale and a woman dancing, appear to have been made by the Paracas culture more than 2,000 years ago, hundreds of years before the Nazca people created similar giant drawings nearby, said Johny Isla, an archaeologist who heads the culture ministry’s conservation efforts in the region.

An additional 25 geoglyphs that had previously been spotted by local residents have also been mapped with drones, Isla said.

Drones “have allowed us to broaden our documentation and discover new groups of figures,” Isla said on a tour of the geoglyphs in the province of Palpa.

But unlike the Nazca lines, most of which can only be seen by flying above them, many of the so-called Palpa Lines were carved into hillsides and can be seen from below, Peru’s culture ministry said in a statement.

What Are the Lines?

The lines are known as geoglyphs – drawings on the ground made by removing rocks and earth to create a “negative” image. The rocks which cover the desert have oxidized and weathered to a deep rust color, and when the top 12-15 inches of rock is removed, a light-colored, high contrasting sand is exposed. Because there’s so little rain, wind and erosion, the exposed designs have stayed largely intact for 500 to 2000 years.

Scientists believe that the majority of lines were made by the Nasca people, who flourished from around A.D. 1 to 700.

The geoglyphs created by the Nazca and Paracas cultures are striking reminders of Peru’s rich pre-Columbian history and are considered archeological enigmas, as no one knows for sure why they were drawn, or so large and for so long.

Most of these mysterious geoglyphs were created by the Nazca people, who lived in the area from 200 to 700 CE. But the researchers believe that some of the newfound ones were created even earlier – by the Paracas and Topará people, who lived there around 500 BCE to 200 CE.

“In total we’re talking about 1,200 years in which geoglyphs were produced” in the region, said Isla.

Declared a UNESCO world heritage site in 1994, the Nazca Lines have faced damage by squatters looking for land to settle on and motorists veering off a nearby highway.

In 2014, environmental group Greenpeace apologized to Peru for staging a picture to protest dirty fuels at the Nazca geoglyph of a hummingbird, which government officials said was damaged as a result.

Isla said the Greenpeace incident prompted the culture ministry to ramp up efforts to protect archaeological sites in the region, helping lead to the new discoveries.

“We still haven’t walked among them, we’ve only taken pictures. This is the first stage of research,” Isla said.

Source: reuters

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Ancient

The old ships of Atlantis

Flight technology could not be an exclusive invention of current humans, there are indications that ancient civilizations like Atlantis, would have mastered this thousands of years ago.

The Wright brothers might not have been the first to fly one in a rudimentary ship, Zeppelin would not have been the first to launch an airship to the heavens.

Ancient civilizations, today lost, have left some traces that would show that they also flew using technology created in those remote years.

Alternative researchers have argued that today’s humanity would have only rediscovered the principles and technology to fly, which other civilizations thousands of years ago, already used.

Hot air balloons on the plains of Nasca

This is a possibility that has been raised by researchers: old Nasca designed and built hot air balloons that allowed them to fly over the plains, and incidentally achieve the great feat of the ancient world: Nasca Lines.

Ancestral technology: the ancient ships of Atlantis
The “astronaut” in Nasca. Credit: Diego Delso / Wikimedia commons / alaudun.blogspot.com.

According to the researcher Jim Woodman, this would be possible using the materials that the people of Nazca had available at that time. Woodman consulted Julian Nott, pioneer of the modern balloon movement.

Nott, initially skeptical, decided to test Woodman’s suggestion. A baloon was built, with the same materials from that region.

Nott said in a statement:

When Jim Woodman approached me with the idea that the people who created the Nasca lines could have seen him from the hot air balloons, I was intrigued but remained skeptical. Even successfully we flew in a balloon that could have been built by the people of Nasca a thousand years ago. And while I don’t see any evidence that the Nasca civilization has flown, it is beyond doubt that they could have flown. ”

Ancestral technology: the ancient ships of Atlantis
Nasca’s hot air balloon. Courtesy: nott.com

Nott adds that, «if the Nasca people flew, why not other civilizations could have done it?

Vimanas: flying ships in ancient India

According to the Vedas, ancient texts of India, the Vimanas were related to religious mysticism; However, over the years, researchers found factors (in the manuscripts) that could reveal advanced technology in ancient times.

The writings present in museums in India and universities, have detailed descriptions of airplanes built in the remote past. The texts describe the use of advanced technology, characteristics of the construction of ships and their flight.

Ancestral technology: the ancient ships of Atlantis
Vimanas Representation

In addition, the Vedas mention air wars and a atomic war originated between an ancient city of what is now northern India and another unknown location somewhere in the gobi desert.

Indeed, a region of the Gobi desert stands out for the presence of green glass nodule and radioactivity. It should be noted that vitrification occurs when the soil is exposed to very high temperatures.

Ancestral technology: the ancient ships of Atlantis
Possible vimana in an old Indian text

Another ancient text, El Ramayana, describe the vimanas as follows:

The Vimanas were shaped like a sphere and sailed through the heavens raising a strong wind. Men aboard the Vimanas could thus cover great distances in a surprisingly short period of time, since the man who was driving did so at will by flying from the bottom up, from the top down, forward or backward. ”

Airships of Atlantis

The Atlantis, the mythical city that was buried by the waters after a terrible catastrophe, remains part of the mystery to this day.

Ancestral technology: the ancient ships of Atlantis
Representation of an airship of Atlantis

References from this ancient and possible place date back to Plato, who described it as “a great island beyond the columns of Hercules.”

Over the years, other researchers have pinpointed its location near the Bimini Islands in the Caribbean.

Far apart from the enigma of its own existence, it is mentioned that Atlantis possessed advanced technology, created by a sophisticated civilization which would have used artifacts, ships, and other devices that would even surpass those existing today.

It is described that the “lost continent” (as some people call it) possessed technology such as underwater ships, motorized ships, a crystal of enormous power that provided energy to the city. But there is something, which has been mentioned very little: airships that could cross the sky of Atlantis, and they would have even explored the rest of the world.

An author who first discussed the possibility of flight technology in ancient times is William Scott-Elliot in his book «The Story of Atlantis and the Lost Lemuria»(«The History of Atlantis and Lost Lemuria»), published in 1909.

Ancestral technology: the ancient ships of Atlantis
Sumerian art representation. An old vimana?

Scott-Elliot mentions advanced technology: airplanes that crossed the skies in silence being driven by an energy lost in the past and unknown today (the ether?)

However, the Scott-Elliot version is not based on direct evidence, it is based on sessions of «Remote Vision» in which he manifested to visualize the ancient machines of Atlantis.

According to Scott-Elliot, the ships of Atlantis were not constructed of metal or wood, but of a material not known at present, of great hardness, strength and low weight. Some metals were also used, but in a strange alloy, mainly red and white.

Ancestral technology: the ancient ships of Atlantis
Representation of possible water vehicle in the remote past

He also mentions that the ships had a boat shape and glowed in the dark as if they were coated with a special paint.

Some scholars believe that Atlantis might exist at the same time as lost civilizations of ancient India, so they could establish business relations; This was 15,000 to 20,000 years ago.

And if both civilizations existed at the same time, it would explain the presence of flight technology in both possible ancient cultures. We may not have been the first to fly, and that action was just a memory we lost in time.

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Ancient

A mummy “speaks again” 3,000 years after her death

The mummy of Nesyamun, belongs to a priest who lived during the reign of Pharaoh Ramses XI about 3,000 years ago, and was found in the Karnak temple, near Luxor.

Nesyamun dedicated his life to reciting prayers and singing to the god Amun. Today, three millennia after his death, Nesyamun has spoken again.

A team of scientists at Leeds Hospital, has put the monkey in an X-ray scanner, studied his vocal tract and rebuilt it with a 3D printer.

The result is a brief sound, similar to the vowel e, which according to the researchers would be the voice of Nesyamun that rumbled in the Karnak temple.

“We are seeing if we could create some words or a song of Nesyamun by means of a computer simulation,” anticipates electronic engineer David Howard, project leader with archaeologist John Schofield.

Howard is the inventor of an amazing “vocal tract organ,” a musical instrument that plays vocals through a keyboard connected to electronic laryngs and 3D-printed tracts from real-person scanners.

In 2016, in a Victorian hall of his university, the engineer used his peculiar organ to perform alongside a soprano the O mio babbino caro, an aria from an opera by Puccini.

Scientists have only obtained a vowel from Nesyamun because they have limited themselves to trying to recreate the sound that the tract would emit in the configuration in which it was mummified.

“His tongue shrank, probably from dehydration. If we were to reproduce his speech we would have to create a language with a form that seems reasonable to his mouth,” underlines Howard, from the University of London.

The 3D printing of the vocal tract of Nesyamun is based on a technique proposed by the Belgian engineer and bass-baritone Bertrand Delvaux.

In his opinion, the investigation with the mummy of Nesyamun “opens a new world of possibilities: the recreation of voices of the past to study how the characteristics of the voice evolve over time.”

For Delvaux, the disintegration of some mummy tissues, such as their soft palate, does not prevent obtaining an outline of their original voices.

Howard’s team underscores the potential of his research to “thrill and inspire” the public, helping to spread the history of mankind.

The authors also point to another possible application for the future: to help recover the voice of people who have run out of larynx after a tumor.

And Howard recognizes a third possibility: to use the vocal tract of the Egyptian priest Nesyamun for his musical concerts.

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Ancient

They will scan the Great Pyramid of Giza with cosmic rays to identify a mysterious hidden chamber

A team of Japanese archaeologists plans to ‘bomb’ with cosmic rays, the Great Pyramid of Giza, to confirm the existence of a mysterious inner chamber that was detected in a previous investigation.

The huge building has three chambers: the underground chamber, the chamber of the Ruler and the chamber of the Pharaoh himself. All three have a common corridor, and the largest of them is the Great Gallery. Its height is almost 9 meters, length – 46, and width – 2 meters. Two chambers – the Ruler and the Pharaoh, have two, so-called, air mines. They were discovered by robots working indoors from 1990 to 2010.

In 2016, researchers from Nagoya University and the High Energy Accelerator Research Organization announced that they had discovered an unknown cavity 30 meters long right in the center of the Great Pyramid of Giza.

Credit: Asahi Shimbun

It was located on the Great Gallery, a passage that connects the burial chamber of the Pharaoh Jufu with a tunnel that leads to the outside. The chamber is now known as «the great void».

To find it, they used a technology known as ‘cosmic ray images‘, using an imaging technique that uses subatomic particles called muons in the same way that X-ray images are used. Muons are created when cosmic rays hit our atmosphere. These subatomic particles are incredibly effective to penetrate thick layers of solid material and can cross up to a kilometer of solid mother rock.

The discovery of this unknown chamber in the Great Pyramid was taken with skepticism by some parts of the archeological community, and the Egyptian government recently asked a team of archaeologists to confirm the findings.

Resuming the investigation

Now, researchers from the University of Kyushu (Japan) expressed interest in “verifying previous findings” using the same technique used in the first study, a process that involves placing special plates in and around the pyramid, which collect particles of cosmic rays (the aforementioned muons) that rain through the atmosphere and are then absorbed or deflected by hard surfaces.

The researchers will install a muon detector in the Chamber and they will let it work for a month. Muon radiography findings will be used in combination with drone studies to determine if there really is a hidden secret chamber in the pyramid.

Sakuji Yoshimura, who directs the project and his team, is confident that this new study sheds some light on the unknown parts of the interior of this famous Egyptian structure, located on the outskirts of Cairo (Egypt) and built around the year 2,500 BC, and hope to publish their findings on this investigation.

References: The Archeology News Network

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