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Ancient

New Atlantis – the source of civilization on Earth

by Konrad Kulczyk

The origins of human civilization are still a subject of constant speculation and arguments. We can be pretty sure that our own world has advanced as a result of the achievements of the Egyptian and Sumerian civilizations, but the question arises of how they developed their own high standards.  Many writers and researchers have placed Atlantis in different parts of the globe, but up to now there was no clear path connecting this legendary land to the first established civilizations. Using the latest linguistic and genetic information I propose the missing link …

Proto- civilization

The theme of the existence of an early civilization turns up in many old myths and legends. If there is a grain of truth in these stories, where could it have been situated? The most well known is called Atlantis and is placed by Plato on an island in the Atlantic Ocean.

PlatoAtlantis

This incredible information which, according to the great philosopher was handed over to Solon, a famous Greek poet and politician, by the Egyptian priests of the temple Neith in Sais, could be a figment of Plato’s imagination. The myth of Atlantis is probably related to the Minoan civilization, which existed on the islands of Crete and Thera, and which was destroyed in 1625 BC by the eruption of the Santorini volcano.

 

 

We have to ask ourselves whether we should put the Atlantis story among legends that will never be possible to prove, or did it really exist? If it existed, it had to leave some traces behind, if not material then certainly cultural ones which might be found in the first known civilizations. Therefore I reckon that we have a greater chance of finding proof of the existence of Atlantis in the history of the origins of the Sumerian and Egyptian civilizations, than in legends or megalithic sites difficult to pinpoint in time.

Extensive evidence exists that the founders of the Egyptian and Sumerian civilizations were strangers to these lands. It is important to emphasize  that both civilizations came into existence suddenly and that many elements, such as modern agriculture, new technologies, new architecture,  advanced religious beliefs, new forms of management, education and the system of justice, were introduced in a very short space of time.

There is a significant resemblance between these  two civilizations which could only result from the fact that founders of both these states obtained their knowledge from the same source.

We know that the founders who reached Sumer and Egypt possessed, right from the beginning, essential practical knowledge. Therefore it had to have been already applied earlier and probably came into existence in one place, rather than simultaneously in many different locations.

Egypt_Sumer

Egyptian god Horus (left) and Assyrian Winged Eagle-Headed Being (Genie) –  Neo-Assyrian period, Mesopotamia;

This leads us to the conclusion that a long way from Sumer and Egypt there existed a proto-civilization whose achievements were taken over and assimilated by the founders of the first civilizations. We shall call this first civilization New Atlantis.

Location of New Atlantis

Archaeological discoveries show that Sumerians appeared in Mesopotamia, probably about 5,500 years ago. However it is not possible to establish where they arrived from. The Sumerian language differed from the tongue  of the indigenous population. We can learn about their language from the tablets covered with cuneiform writing which originated about 3,000 years BC. The Sumerian language had an entirely different vocabulary, grammar and syntax to the languages of the local Semitic tribes.

According to Dell Hathaway Hymes, a well known anthropologist and linguist, there is no doubt that the Sumerian tongue belongs to the group of proto-Ural-Altaic languages, similar to the Finno-Ugric and Turkish languages. The results of his examination show that out of one hundred Sumerian common root words from the Hymes list, more than fifty percent also appear in Turkish and Hungarian.

The recent findings of the genetic examination of the world population confirmed that the groups speaking Ural-Altaic languages emerged about 12,000 years ago from eastern China and moved slowly west through the areas of Altai and the Caspian Sea to north-eastern Europe. Therefore a plausible area for the original homeland of Sumerians may be the part of Central Asia which is bounded by the River Irtysh in the east and the River Volga in the west. Only in this area, as the most likely original home-base for Sumerians, could they have had close linguistic contact with Ural-Altaic peoples.

If we take into consideration that the dwellings of Sumer, Egypt and the Indus valley civilizations were in a hot and dry climate, in the valleys of large rivers it is probable that the  proto-civilization also existed in similar climatic and geographical conditions. A semi-desert area in the region of the Aral Sea with two large rivers would meet these requirements. Amu Daria flowing into the Aral Sea had enough water to irrigate fields and to support a large population. This hypothetical proto-civilization could probably have come into existence on their banks. Climate research results show that thousands of years ago this river was more abundant than at present, and that its branch also flowed into the Caspian Sea.

Greek sources mentioned the existence of civilizations in these parts of the world. The ancient Greeks believed that somewhere in the North or East was a land inhabited by Hyperboreans, a long-lived, clever, peaceful race living in prosperity. They also believed that Apollo and Artemis were gods in this faraway land. Some Greeks  such as Aristotle  considered that this land could lie in the regions of Scythia – present Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan or Altai. According to legends the Hyperborean  land was hot and sunny, therefore could not be placed in the north. It is known that  from this area originated the progenitors of the ancient Greeks, since the Greek language is related to proto-indo-European  and Vedic and Sanskrit. The fact, that the concept of Atlantis has survived in the Greek tradition through thousands of years indicates Greek connections with New Atlantis.

Existence of an early civilization in this area is also mentioned by Chinese sources which state that in the third millennium BC “Sons of the Heaven” spread all over the world, propagating new beliefs and bringing new knowledge from their base in the Karakorum mountains, in the western part of China, which is not far from Amu Daria.

AssyrianSeal

Sons of the Heaven? Source >>

Research conducted in the 1970s by Viktor Sarianidi, a Russian archaeologist of Greek origin, indicates that in the area of Bactria at the upper Amu Daria in the vicinity of Gonur-Depe in present day eastern Turkmenistan, existed in the third millennium BC the very advanced Oxus civilization whose farming was based on irrigation. This civilization knew writing and mastered bronze technology, and had good relations with the civilization in the Indus valley. It is possible that the Oxus civilization could be a continuation of the earlier civilization which existed in this area.

It is also noteworthy that, according to the Zoroastrian holy scripture Avesta, Zoroaster, a creator of the first monotheistic religion who lived in the region of Bactria, died in the Pamir Mountains where Amu Daria has its source.

It might be worth mentioning that the lapis lazuli found in Sumer and in  the early royal tombs in Upper Egypt  came from  mines in the area of Bactria which were already working in the 4th millennium BC.

The coming into existence of New Atlantis

Study of the Sumerian and Egyptian civilizations shows that  right from the beginning they possessed  advanced knowledge of modern agriculture, engineering, new technologies, new architecture,  mathematics, astronomy, new forms of management, and introduced new advanced religious beliefs, education and the system of justice. Since this knowledge did not exist on Earth and there was not enough time to develop it, it is proposed that it had to be brought here by intelligent extraterrestrial beings. This hypotheses presented below is described in detail  in my book We are not alone in the Universe*.

In order to initiate the further development of mankind, the intelligent beings arrived on Earth and probably settled in Bactria, in the region of the river Amu Daria. Here they established the economic foundations of New Atlantis, securing the safe and stable existence of the indigenous Altaic population, which used a proto-Sumerian language.

NewAtlantis2

Winged Gods manipulating DNA?

Before commencing the transfer of information essential for the further development of mankind, the extraterrestrial beings had to first prepare a suitable team of people that would be able to learn and assimilate this knowledge. Since buying young girls for wives was then the accepted custom, an appropriately large number of women would have been easily gathered. In order to hand the new genes over to them they might have used the method of artificial insemination. With the help of appropriate pharmacological means, this event could be blotted out from the memory of these women, and perhaps, became in many religions a source of beliefs in the virgin birth of gods.

After a few generations the number of genetically improved members of the community increased enough to allow the process of building a  new civilization to commence. The indigenous, primitive population also played an important role, constituting the basic workforce needed for agriculture and performing various physical labors.

As a result of the education and special upbringing of the intelligent members of the community, a new elite arose which possessed technical knowledge and the abilities to perform managerial tasks. As the number of members of the new elite increased, further development of the civilization could take place. Proto-structures of the new society appeared with the novel organization of management and the new justice system. For land under cultivation an irrigation system was built and new agricultural technologies were introduced. People learnt the principles of metallurgy, civil engineering and medicines.

The new elites, after several generations finally assumed total control over community affairs, preserving in their tradition the principles that all material goods and all lands belonged to the gods. The same rules were obeyed later in Sumer and Egypt, where the priests and pharaohs had not considered themselves to be owners, but only administrators of earthly goods.

It is worthwhile emphasizing that within the new elites neither dominating groups nor political leaders emerged because everybody was equal before the gods. This is supported by the fact that after arriving in a new place no homogeneous state was created, but several independent city-states. This happened in Sumer and in Egypt. It is interesting that Atlantis as described by Plato consisted of ten independent kingdoms, therefore the Plato story could have  had some connections with the proto-civilization.

Probably in about the middle of the fourth millennium BC, after the full formation of the civilization and sufficient increase of the educated elite numbers, missionary expeditions commenced. The purpose of theses expeditions was to spread new genes and to teach other groups of people how to build a civilization. The character of these missions was peaceful and they were not military conquest expeditions, as confirmed by the fact that small groups of envoys arrived in Sumer and Egypt.

Taking into account that in those times there were very few roads, and travelling across mountains was very treacherous, the safest and fastest way of transport was by water. Probably the first missions used the river Indus which is relatively easily accessible from Bactria. The travelers moved down the river to the Indian Ocean, leaving behind in the Indus valley settlements which became the seed of a new civilization. Traveling west along the coast they arrived at the delta of the two rivers Euphrates and Tigris, where they built Sumerian city-states. The other groups followed the coast further and arrived on the shores of the Red Sea, which are only about a hundred and fifty miles from the River Nile and Upper Egypt. A map showing travelling routes is shown in Fig.1. This traveling scenario is supported by the later Sumerian trading routes which reached the Indus valley and Africa.

protocivilization

Fig. 1 Map showing the  traveling routes of the proto-civilization missionaries

The missionaries  traveled not only to Sumer and Egypt but probably migrated in other directions, spreading knowledge all over the world. It is possible that they reached China in the 3rd millennium BC as well as other parts of Eurasia.

It is possible that the descendants of the New Atlantis population spread all over Europe. This is supported by the existence of mysterious megalithic structures discovered in Malta, Spain, England, Ireland and Scandinavia, which were built from the fourth to the second millennium BC. It is interesting that the majority of them are in coastal areas, so it seems probable that they were built by sea travelers.

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Ancient

A fierce embodiment of Earth: The Mayan structure used for direct dialogue with the gods

Scientists at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI) working in Guatemala have found evidence of the ritual significance of the classic Maya pairings. They found a structure the likes of which had never been found in Mesoamerica.

According to EurekAlert, archaeologists visited the city of Ksultun, where an ancient bathhouse was found earlier. She received the name Los Sapos. Scientists have long known that the Maya built a kind of steam room – their baths, according to their principle of operation, were designed for profuse sweating.

These baths were believed to have religious significance. They also sent here for treatment, brought women in labor. However, new research showed that the importance of such structures was even more important. The fact is that the Los Sapos bath, dating from the early classical period (250-550 AD), turned out to be unlike any other ancient Mesoamerican bath.

The researchers concluded that this was not just a place for direct dialogue with the gods. The Maya considered this bath itself an amphibian goddess. Outside, near the entrance to it, scientists found an image of this little-known deity. The goddess is depicted squatting with legs on which iguanas and reed toads sit.

“No other structure in Mesoamerica – a bathhouse or anything else – is like this building,” says STRI archaeologist Ashley Sharp. the amphibian that personified this bath.”

According to lead author of the study, Mary Clarke, the name of this goddess remains undeciphered, although it is written next to the image. Preliminary analysis of the inscription led scientists to speculate that this goddess was responsible for the cycles of pregnancy. The connection between the ideas of the birth of children and the figures of reptiles is often traced in the Maya of the classical period.

She also noted that the Los Sapos baths have been actively used by the Sultun community for about 300 years. But then something important and frightening happened. The fact is that in the “doorway” archaeologists unearthed the remains of an adult man who was buried there around 600 AD.

The analysis showed that after that no one used the bath for another 300 years. Only three centuries after the funeral, someone re-entered this structure. It is interesting that this person or several people had a strictly defined goal – they dug out a burial place and took with them part of the remains.

The rest of them they put in another place, and in the vacated grave they lit a fire. Subsequently, they repeatedly put various offerings to the gods in this grave. Dogs, birds, reed toads and iguanas were sacrificed. Archaeologists found the remains of a child in this pit, as well as numerous stone tools and ceramic shards.

“Archaeologists often find clusters of artifacts that were probably dedicated to places of worship, but rarely is there such an obvious connection between artifacts and objects,” Sharpe says. “From the image on the outer wall of Los Zapos, we know it was a ‘steam room’ “It was a rare occasion for us to associate offerings with the role that this structure played in the life of the community.”

According to the authors of the work, the offerings were probably an attempt to seek help from the goddess who personified Los Sapos. Moreover, it could even be the last attempt to please a supernatural being and prevent the loss of their lands, which were abandoned shortly after the Mayan collapse in 900 AD.

“This supernatural figure is the fierce embodiment of Earth,” Clarke concludes. “When she is unhappy, she can take revenge or deny people the things they need to survive. they negotiated with this goddess for their survival. “

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Ancient

Secrets of the Forbidden City are being solved by modern archaeologists

If we compare the millennia during which palaces were built and restored in China with an epic novel, then the Forbidden City in Beijing is its last impressive chapter.

An exhibition celebrating the 600th anniversary of the completion of the Forbidden City opened in Beijing on September 10.  Photo: Jiang Dong / CHINA DAILYAn exhibition celebrating the 600th anniversary of the completion of the Forbidden City opened in Beijing on September 10. Photo: Jiang Dong / CHINA DAILY

The previous pages of this story, although no less amazing, were partially or even almost completely lost during the rise and fall of dynasties and turned into ruins, similar to archaeological puzzles. Experts are still solving them. However, in the heart of Beijing, there is a 720,000-square-meter palace complex built of wood and clay bricks – the last surviving structure of its kind in the world. This area, which served as an imperial palace from 1420 to 1911 and where 24 emperors once lived, celebrates 600 years since the completion of construction this year.

In honor of this event, the Umen Gate galleries at the entrance to the Imperial Palace Museum became a kind of lobby, where visitors to the exhibition “Eternal Splendor: Six Centuries in the Forbidden City” enter. It will run until November 15th.

“There is so much that has happened in 600 years that can be said,” says Zhao Peng, director of the museum’s architectural heritage department and chief curator of the exhibition. “It is best to focus on the ‘city’ itself, that is, on architecture: to understand how this place was formed and modified … This is the crystallized wisdom and talent of the ancient Chinese. “

Yet it is not easy to select just 450 items, including structural elements and imperial relics, to reveal a panorama of such architectural splendor. In order to chronologically show how the complex originated, expanded and developed with the help of the exhibits, 18 significant years were selected from the entire centuries-old history. 

“These time periods help to see a fuller historical picture,” Zhao says.

In 1406, Zhu Di, the third emperor of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), proposed to move the capital from Nanjing (today it is the administrative center of Jiangsu Province) to Beijing in order to better guard the northern borders. Zhu Di himself lived in Beijing as a prince.The Forbidden City was built according to rules derived from centuries of Chinese history.

The construction was completed in 1420, after almost ten years of preparation and three years of active work. The following year, the capital was officially moved to Beijing.

“A striking feature of the Forbidden City is how, despite the changing eras, certain architectural forms are strictly adhered to,” Zhao says. “This reflects traditional Chinese thought that emphasizes the importance of ritual and harmony between people and the sky.”

The Forbidden City was built according to rules derived from centuries of Chinese history. The exhibition presents “Notes on the Study of Crafts” (Kaogongji) – a treatise that spells out the basics of building a palace. It was published during the Spring and Autumn Period (770-476 BC) and is part of the classic Chinese work Zhou Rituals (Zhouli) on rituals and notions of order.

“Notes on the Study of Crafts” regulate the symmetrical layouts of the capital cities, in the center of which on the north-south axis should be a palace. The historic districts of modern Beijing, including the Forbidden City, fully comply with this rule.

“Finally, this ideal layout, which has been guided for nearly 2,000 years, has been faithfully embodied in Beijing,” Zhao says.

Following the rituals is reflected in the architectural details.

For example, only the roof of the Hall of Higher Harmony – the most prestigious structure in the palace, where the most important ceremonies took place – can be decorated with ten figures of deified beings. The simpler the roof is decorated, the lower the status of the building.

The Hall of Supreme Harmony also has 11 rooms – more than any other building in the complex. (In ancient Chinese architecture, a room was a square space between four columns.)

Roof shape is another important indicator by which you can determine the status of a building. For example, the roof of the Hall of Higher Harmony is four-pitched and two-tier, its ends protrude and bend upwards. Only buildings of the highest status can have such a roof.

In 1734, Emperor Yongzheng of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) issued an official guide to the construction of palaces. The book, which is over 2,700 pages, spells out all the architectural criteria, including the size of the columns and the decoration of the roofs. According to Zhao, this is an important milestone in the history of the fusion of rituals with Chinese architecture.

The Forbidden City in Beijing has two older brothers. When Zhu Yuanzhang founded the Ming Dynasty and became emperor, he made the capital of his hometown, which is today in Fengyang County, Anhui Province. However, the construction of a huge palace complex for unknown reasons suddenly stopped, and Zhu Yuanzhang decided to build an imperial city in Nanjing.

The Gate of Supreme Harmony is one of the most visited attractions of the palace complex. Photo: Courtesy of CHINA DAILY

Both imperial cities fell into ruins, but some important details have survived to this day, such as stone fences and tiles in the galleries of the Umen Gate. They help to imagine what the early architecture of the Forbidden City might have looked like.

“The original appearance of buildings can often be seen in the paintings,” says the deputy director of the architectural heritage department of the museum, Di Yajing.

No matter how the new emperors followed the precepts of their ancestors, it is clear that they wanted to decorate their new home. “The Ming emperors preferred simple yet stately architecture, and therefore large buildings were built during their reign,” Di says. “However, the Qing emperors tended to be more sophisticated.”To understand whether the pictures correspond to historical reality, you need to conduct additional checks

Sometimes this was a forced decision, since it was difficult to find giant pieces of valuable timber to renovate the palace. However, the Qing emperors demonstrated their wealth and status with handicrafts of the most skillful work. Thanks to Emperor Qianlong (1711-1799), who adored fine arts, this trend reached its peak. In 1766, he ordered the construction of the Palace of Serenity and Longevity in the Forbidden City, where he planned to live after leaving the throne. The garden of this palace has become a real treasure trove of exceptional decorative objects.

The lacquered gauze fabric, which used to be placed on the window, allows visitors to appreciate its uniqueness, because the garden has never been opened to the public before. The decor of this silk combines techniques such as paper cutting, gilding, dyeing and varnishing. This means that several artisans worked on its creation at once. 12-ply fabric is paper thin.

“We tried to replicate this decor, but even modern manufacturing techniques did not help us,” Dee says. “This lost technique reminds us that cultural heritage must be carefully preserved.”

Complex renovation of the main buildings of the complex has been going on since 2002. Although it was originally planned to be completed by a round date this year, in the end the architects decided not to rush to complete the work with full responsibility and respect for history.

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Ancient

From “living” runes to a hologram. Ancient technologies are making a comeback

Human civilization develops thanks to accumulated knowledge. Without knowledge and experience, there is no movement forward to progress. People make discoveries, bring them to life and pass this information on to subsequent generations. The most faithful and reliable storage is memory. But, unfortunately, it is limited to the framework of one human life or generation.

Therefore, in past centuries, when people were closer to each other, the continuity of generations was maintained. Wisdom was passed down orally: from grandfather to father, from father to son. So, epics and legends were composed. The image embedded in them was able to live for centuries. After all, only that which is felt is remembered. All events in the senses are imprinted with all the multifaceted connections.

We can say that feeling is a kind of “hard drive” that is turned on with the help of a computer brain.

In that distant era, when our ancestors lived in harmony with themselves and nature, they had developed imaginative thinking. Sounds had a special meaning because they created reality. But the means for transmitting information or extracting it from the past were musical instruments. Each of them had its own purpose. With the help of some, people remembered their past lives, others were introduced into an altered state of consciousness, in which it was possible to perform miracles.

Various folk tales have preserved the legends of “magic words” that open doors and launch flying ships. The Byzantine chronicles say how the northern people came to negotiations without weapons, holding only a folk psaltery in their hands. The sounds drawn from the strings decided the outcome of the negotiations.

Runes – the first material carrier

Руны
Runes

At this level of interaction with information, any drawn symbol had a magical effect. The ancestors called these signs – Runes. Not everyone could “work” with them. Due to the ability to materialize thoughts instantly, only initiates had access to them. For everyday needs, they used features and cuts that did not have such tremendous power. As the spiritual decline and loss of skills, it was necessary to create books, but they were so amazing that for a modern person they seem completely fantastic.

Голографическая реальность
Holographic reality

Ancient stereo books

These were ordinary pre-Christian books, which were then burned as a devilish “black book”. Although they had nothing to do with the devilry. Their whole secret was the ability of our ancestors to use bioenergetics.

Such books have been carefully crafted for centuries. Every detail of her material had to have certain physical qualities.

The text of the future book was first written down with a metal stylus on wax-covered boards, where any corrections could be made. It is impossible to write straight away. Trying to accurately convey his thought, the author “runs after her”, not worrying about spelling. The well-known expression “to spread the thought along the tree” comes from there.

Nevertheless, the main thing in the creation of the book was not the author, but a scribe who would have had imagination and such body cells that emit bioenergy. In this case, all the pictures that appear in his imagination, together with the biocurrents, are absorbed into the parchment as on a film strip. The effect of titles is created, as if hanging in the air between a person and those living pictures that the suede parchment has absorbed. For these purposes, it was manufactured in a special way. As well as cinnabar for writing.

 Стерео-книга
Stereo book

Then the sheets of parchment were stitched like modern thick notebooks with a metal spiral on the spine. The cover was made of bog oak boards. Its name was engraved on the cover. To make it better read, silver and niello were poured into the grooves of the letters. At the same time, the same massive oak-copper case was made for the book, closed with copper clasps.

Ancient books
Ancient books

Incredibly, the natural ingredients and techniques used in this book produced a 3D effect. The only difference is that a modern person needs special glasses, and our ancestors developed such abilities. It’s just that some could emit biocurrents, while others perceive them. In short, living people were transmitters and receivers.

Gold and stone discs – the prototype of modern discs

In addition to such wonderful books, there were also discs that contained a huge layer of information in a compressed form. Perhaps they are “read” in the same way as “miracle books”, but it is possible that there was a certain computer into which these disks could be inserted.

Phaistos disc.
Phaistos disc

In any case, according to the first version, attempts were made to decipher the Phaistos disc, a phenomenon that made a lot of noise at one time. It was discovered that the disc contains layered information. It cannot be read like an ordinary letter.

The hologram is the library of the future

With the advent of Christianity, all ancient knowledge and skills were declared devilish, and the possessors of these abilities were witches and sorcerers. Both books and people were burning in the bonfires. In order to preserve the rest, the manuscripts were rewritten, but already in an ordinary linear letter. Of course, distortions were inevitable and the picture of past events, presented in this way, did not correspond to reality.

Pen books have proven to be a rather primitive way of conveying information. Although, for many centuries, they remained a guiding thread for knowledge. And yet, as we can see, important discoveries were and are being made as a result of practical research, often thanks to insight, which proves the existence of an information field, from where you can get the necessary information. 

Hologram
Hologram

Now, humanity is approaching again the stage when the need for the usual carriers of information will disappear. Everything will be transferred to a virtual memory base. But if earlier holograms were created and accepted by people themselves, now machines will do it for us.

In the event of another disaster, we will lose access to the electronic library. And then everything will have to start over. And our descendants, just like we are now, will believe that at this period people were illiterate, because they did not have a written language …

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