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Bizzare & Odd

NASA records a strange formation of clouds on Mars

According to a new study conducted by a team at the University of Colorado Boulder (CU Boulder), the formation of clouds in the thin atmosphere of Mars are caused by meteors.

formation of clouds

The “meteor smoke,” which is the icy dust that remains when a meteorite burns in the atmosphere of Mars, is what partially creates the cirrus-like clouds that are placed about 18 miles above the surface of the planet.

Since the clouds here on Earth are made up of particles, like dust grains or sea salt, which are transported into the air by the wind and then the water molecules condense around them, which causes the clouds to form and grow up.

Mars, on the other hand, barely has floating particles, since the atmosphere is very thin. But when small meteors enter the atmosphere of Mars, they often burn, creating fine dust or “meteorite smoke,” which are the necessary particles for clouds to develop.

The Earth has noctilucent clouds that are created from the dust of meteors and are seen at an altitude of about 50 miles in the atmosphere. After the sun sets on the Earth, the clouds still reflect sunlight, so they can be seen shining bright blue.

While meteor dust helps create Martian clouds, the thin atmosphere only allows certain types of clouds to form. The clouds are usually very faint and resemble pieces of cotton, very similar to the cirrus clouds of Earth.

“But just because they are thin and can not really be seen, it does not mean they can not have an effect on the dynamics of the climate,” said Victoria Hartwick, a graduate student at CU Boulder.

formation of clouds

In fact, temperatures at the same height as clouds could fluctuate warmer or colder at 18 degrees Fahrenheit. According to Brian Toon, who is a professor at CU Boulder:

“More and more climate models are discovering that the ancient climate of Mars, when rivers flowed through its surface and life could have originated, warmed with high-altitude clouds. It is likely that this discovery will become an important part of that idea to warm Mars. “

While Martian clouds are too weak and the atmosphere is too thin to produce rain, snow fell near the North Pole in 2008 and was witnessed by the Phoenix Mars Lander.

Frost and fog have also been seen on the red planet due to a water cycle that occurs even without water on the surface and an extremely thin atmosphere.

No doubt the red planet in its past could have life, but it should be noted that this discovery makes the idea that Mars is terraforming so that there may be optimal conditions in the upper part of the planet for life, in the way that we know her.

It should be noted that by official means it is known that there is life inside, but deny that there is life at the top. What’s your opinion about it? Watch the following video and leave us your comment below.

Bizzare & Odd

The most terrifying and daring experiments in history

If mankind does not carry out experiments , then , probably , it would never have got out of the Stone Age. But where there is a distinction between the need to obtain new data, and morality , which is necessary for this data to sacrifice? 

For some researchers, such a face did not exist at all – and their experiments are still considered one of the most terrifying in the history of the world. Others risked only their own lives or boldly stormed the limits of our civilization’s capabilities.

9 most terrifying and daring experiments in history

The Stormfury project  is an extremely unsuccessful attempt to control the weather in the mid-20th century. The prominent chemist Irving Langmuir came to the conclusion that if you shower storm clouds with silver iodide, they will rain in the right place, and not over the crowded cities. In the same way it was supposed to weaken hurricanes. But instead of fading away, the chosen hurricane headed toward the coastal city of Savannah, bringing death and destruction.

Elephant under LSD

Elephant under LSD . In 1962, researchers from Oklahoma City decided to find out how the Tusco elephant living in the zoo would behave if he was injected with a dose of LSD. The elephant received an injection of 297 mg of the drug – 3 thousand times higher than the normal human … and died in less than an hour. After 20 years, the experiment was repeated, giving LSD to two elephants in the water, and they almost did not notice anything. Perhaps Tusco had an excessive sensitivity to the drug, which the experimenters did not deign to find out.

GT cardiac catheterization

Self-catheterization of the heart GT was first performed in 1928 by the German surgeon Werner Forsmann, and on himself. Using local anesthesia, Forsman conducted a probe through the elbow vein to the right atrium, at 65 centimeters. Fortunately, everything went well, and in 1956, Forsman received the Nobel Prize.

Kola superdeep well

The Kola superdeep well , 12,262 meters deep is officially the deepest well in the world, which was drilled from 1970 to 1990 in the Murmansk region. In the course of the experiment, invaluable information was obtained about the deep structure of the planet, the composition of the rocks and the geothermal regime of the ancient earth’s crust. Unfortunately, at the moment the project is abandoned and the objects on it are gradually being destroyed.

The Large Hadron Collider

The LHC, i.e., the Large Hadron Collider, is the world’s largest charged particle accelerator located in an underground complex on the border of Switzerland and France. The length of the ring is about 27 km, the project is served by more than 10 thousand scientists. During its construction and before launch, evil tongues prophesied the end of the world to the planet, because the collider supposedly could generate “miniature black holes”. Of course, the rumors did not materialize.

Starfish Prime

“Starfish Prime”, one of the US projects for the study of nuclear explosions in outer space . On July 9, 1962, at an altitude of 400 km, a nuclear warhead with a capacity of 1.45 megatons was detonated. Under the influence of an electromagnetic pulse in Hawaii, at a distance of 1,500 km from the epicenter, hundreds of electronic units failed, and three satellites collapsed from orbit.

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Resurrection of the dead . American scientist Robert Cornish from 1932 to 1948 conducted experiments on the resuscitation of dead creatures. He set his experiments on dogs, previously killing them with an overdose of ether, and successfully brought them back to life by rocking the body on a movable table with a parallel injection of adrenaline and anticoagulants. He also wanted to test his practice in public (exclusively volunteers), but failed.

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Mind control . The Spanish professor Jose Delgado in 1963 discovered that if a small device is implanted in the animal’s brain, then it can be used to completely control his movements and even emotions. 

Fortunately, the matter did not reach the people, but the experiments were already rather creepy.

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“Trinity”  – that was the name of the world’s first nuclear weapon test , held July 16, 1945 in the state of New Mexico at the Alamogordo training ground. In less than a month, the exact same plutonium bomb will be dropped on Nagasaki, following the uranium bomb for Hiroshima. Nuclear weapons may have prevented World War III, but in and of themselves they brought an enormous number of victims.

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Bizzare & Odd

A “nanospace” fleet will be sent to search for Nibiru

For centuries, astronomers have suggested that the solar system contains undiscovered planets that rotate in the remote, dark reaches of the solar realm. From time to time, they noticed the gravitational effects of unknown bodies, forcing them to look for the culprit. This is how Neptune and Pluto were discovered.

And now, astronomers are faced with a similar puzzle: they have a whole package of evidence that somewhere on the periphery of the solar system there is a huge planet. According to preliminary calculations, it should revolve around the Sun at a distance of about 500 astronomical units or 70 billion kilometers.

Another testimony came from the Kuiper belt, located beyond Neptune. Having studied the distribution of open objects in the belt, astronomers were surprised to find that the objects there are not evenly distributed, as in the asteroid belt, but are collected by local groups. It seems that if these objects are combined together, then some huge mass collects them into clusters.

This object is traditionally called Planet Nine. According to estimates, it should have a mass of 5-10 times the mass of the Earth. At one time, it was believed that the object cannot be seen, since it is extremely far away, but recently a different theory has dominated astronomers. So many people think that Planet Nine is the primary black hole left over from the Big Bang.

If this black hole has a mass of the order of 5-10 Earth masses, its diameter will be about 5-10 centimeters. But even if the mass of the black hole is more significant, its diameter will still be insufficient for detection through a telescope. In addition, a black hole is invisible in nature and can only be seen if it interacts with matter. In the light of these sad data, astronomers bang their heads against the wall and try to circumvent the laws of nature by devising a way that will allow them to see such objects. And today, thanks to a new scientific work by Ed Witten, a physicist at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey, astronomers have such an opportunity.

Witten’s idea is to look not for the black hole itself, but for the gravitational deformations that it creates around itself. And for this, you need to send a fleet of space ships to the black hole. Only it will not be huge battleships and cruisers from science fiction films, but objects of a microscopic size – nanopowder. Witten is not the first to represent the potential of a nanospace ship. Various scholars and visionaries have been exploring the idea of ​​using powerful ground-based laser beams to advance tiny chip-based spacecraft toward the stars. In particular, even the project of sending such devices to the stars was considered.

The idea is that the spacecraft will travel as if at the tip of a huge laser beam sent from the Earth, from the Moon or from a large orbital station. And although a lot of money was invested in this project and NASA even tested experimental lasers and devices, nevertheless, all these were, as it were, developments that would help only the next generations to reach the nearest stars. Nevertheless, Witten’s idea is revolutionary in its own way, since no one considered sending a probe weighing in hundredths of a gram. Moreover, such a probe may not be the only one – they can be sent in whole clouds.

All that is required of such an apparatus is to carry a transmitter, a device for determining its exact position and an onboard clock on board. This huge and complex, by the standards of the last century, set today can be implemented as a single chip. At the same time, due to its small mass, this reflecting plate with a chip can be accelerated to real cosmic speeds – a few percent of the speed of light.

Another great opportunity is the cloud of these spacecraft. So, since astronomers only assume the presence of a black hole in the solar system – their devices do not even have a clue in which direction to fly to search for it. But the cloud allows you to comb the whole sector and look for deviations there in the course of time and in gravity. Astronomers compare this approach with “shooting at Planet Nine with a shotgun”.

According to the estimates of the British rocket engineer Kevin Parkin, the cost of such a mission will be from 100 million to 1 billion dollars, which is simply ridiculous for space agencies. At the same time, the mission will be a demonstration to the world of its technologies and gravitational mapping of the entire flight route – in the end, who knows what else there is on the way to Neptune. Although the main prize will, of course, be the main prize, when in a few weeks or months the cloud of nanites reaches the Kuiper belt and opens there the primary black hole.

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Bizzare & Odd

The owner of the largest lips increased them even more

Andrea Ivanova Photo: @ andrea.andrea345

Andrea Ivanova, a 22-year-old student from Bulgaria, made at least 20 lip injections for the sake of resembling the appearance of a Barbie doll. It is reported by Daily Mirror.

The owner of one of the largest lips in the world said that on April 28 she again injected hyaluronic acid into her lips. The girl admits that she wants to continue to change her appearance, including to increase her lips. She shares pictures of her transformation with tens of thousands of followers on Instagram account under the nickname @ andrea.andrea345.

“Doctors think it’s time for me to stop, but I want my lips to get even bigger. My doctor agrees to give me more injections, but I need to wait at least a couple of months before the next procedure. “I really like my new lips, even though it’s hard to eat after injections,” says the Bulgarian. 

“I’m not sure that I have the biggest lips in the world, but I think they are one of the biggest.”

Ivanova began the transformation in 2018 and went to the procedures at least once a month. She regularly enlarged her lips, and also had breast enlargement surgery. She claims that since childhood she dreamed of looking like Barbie. 

However, netizens claim that the girl is more like Duffy Duck from the Looney Tunes or the Loch Ness monster.

Andrea is pleased with her choice and believes that people have the right to look as they want, even if their appearance does not meet generally accepted standards of beauty.

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