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Conspiracy Theories

Moon Landing Conspiracy Theory Persists

The idea that the Moon landings were faked still remains one of the most enduring of all conspiracy theories.

Peter Knight – a professor of American Studies at the University of Manchester – explores the origins of the Moon landing conspiracy and why some people still believe that we never went to the Moon.

Bill Kaysing was a former US Navy officer who worked as a technical writer for one of the rocket manufacturers for NASA’s Apollo moon missions. He claimed that he had inside knowledge of a government conspiracy to fake the moon landings, and many conspiracy theories about the Apollo moon landings which persist to this day can be traced back to his 1976 book, We Never Went to the Moon: America’s Thirty Billion Dollar Swindle.

The basic template of the conspiracy theory is that NASA couldn’t manage to safely land a man on the moon by the end of the 1960s as President John F Kennedy had promised, so it only sent astronauts into Earth orbit. Conspiracy theorists then argue that NASA staged the moon landings in a film studio and that there are tell-tale signs on the footage and the photos that give the game away. They claim that NASA has covered up the elaborate hoax ever since.

Moon landing sceptics point to supposed clues such as photos that appear to show the astronauts in front of cross hairs that were etched on the camera glass, or a mysterious letter C visible on a moon rock. These and many other seeming anomalies have been debunked, but moon landing conspiracy theories have persisted in the popular imagination.

In the US, opinion polls indicate that between 5-10% of Americans distrust the official version of events. In the UK, a YouGov poll in 2012 found that 12% of Britons believed in the conspiracy theory. A recent survey found that 20% of Italians believe that the moon landings were a hoax, while a 2018 poll in Russia put the figure there as high as 57%, unsurprising given the popularity of anti-Western conspiracy theories there.

Ready to disbelieve

That Kaysing’s conspiracy theory took hold in mid-1970s America is in large part due to a wider crisis of trust in the country at the time. In 1971, citizens read the leaked Pentagon Papers, showing that the Johnson administration had been systematically lying about the Vietnam War. They tuned in nightly to the hearings about the Watergate break-in and subsequent cover-up.

A series of congressional reports detailed CIA malfeasance both at home and abroad, and in 1976, the House Select Committee on Assassinations concluded – in contrast to the Warren Commission more than a decade earlier – that there was a high probability that there had been a conspiracy to kill Kennedy. These revelations had helped fuel a wider shift in conspiracy thinking since the late 1960s, from a belief in external enemies, such as Communists, to the suspicion that the American state was itself conspiring against its citizens.

Moon landing conspiracy theories have proved particularly sticky ever since. To understand their popularity we need to consider their cultural context, as much as the psychological dispositions of believers.

As with the Kennedy assassination, they formed a new kind of conspiracy theorising. These theories reinterpret the publicly available evidence, finding inconsistencies in the official record, rather than uncovering suppressed information. Visual evidence is crucial: for all their scepticism, their starting point is that seeing is believing. In the realm of photo evidence, the assumption is that everyone can be a detective. In the conspiracy theory communities that emerged at the tail-end of the 1960s, the self-taught buff became central.

Constructed reality

The moon landing conspiracy theories also brought to the mainstream the notion that significant events are not what they seem: they have been staged, part of an official disinformation campaign. The idea that tragic events are created by “crisis actors” employed by the government has become the default explanation for many events today, from 9/11 to mass shootings. This type of conspiracy theory is particularly harmful – for example, parents of children killed in the Sandy Hook elementary school shooting have been relentlessly hounded by internet trolls claiming they are merely paid stooges.

However, the story that the lunar landings were staged also resonates with the more plausible notion that the space race itself was as much a Cold War spectacle as a triumph of the human spirit.

The 1978 Hollywood film Capricorn One did much to popularise moon landing conspiracy theories. Based on Kaysing’s book, it imagined that a Mars landing was faked in a film studio, tapping into conspiracy rumours that the moon landings themselves had been directed by Stanley Kubrick. This suggestive myth is based in part on the idea that special effects had become much more sophisticated with Kubrick’s 1968 film 2001 A Space Odyssey, although still far from the capabilities that the conspiracy theories suppose.

Even if they are far-fetched in factual terms, moon landing conspiracy theories nevertheless call up the more plausible possibility that in our media-saturated age reality itself is constructed, if not actually faked.

Peter Knight, Professor of American Studies, University of Manchester

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

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Conspiracy Theories

9 Facts About Project Blue Book, the Government’s Top-Secret UFO Program

Between 1952 and 1969, the U.S. Air Force conducted a series of studies on UFO sightings called Project Blue Book. Not only is there a new History Channel series about the program, this year also marks the 50th anniversary of the project’s termination. Get to know the secretive program better.

1. PROJECT BLUE BOOK WASN’T THE GOVERNMENT’S FIRST UFO STUDY.

In 1947, a private pilot named Kenneth Arnold reportedly spotted nine glowing UFOs zooming over Washington’s Mount Rainier. The public went wild for the so-called “flying saucers.” Shortly after, the U.S. government launched Project SIGN to determine if such objects were a threat. In 1948, Project SIGN purportedly published a document called the “Estimate of the Situation,” which suggested that extraterrestrials were a possible explanation for UFO sightings. As the story goes, Air Force officials destroyed the document and launched a more skeptical investigation in the late 1940s called Project GRUDGEBlue Book came a few years later.

2. THE “ESTIMATE OF THE SITUATION” WAS INSPIRED BY A MIND-BOGGLING EVENT.

In the 1960s, Air Force officials denied that the “Estimate of the Situation” document ever existed. Those who vouch for its authenticity, however, say the report was inspired by a 1948 UFO sighting in Alabama, after two experienced pilots saw a torpedo-shaped “glowing object” zip past their aircraft and rocket into the clouds. The report shocked and baffled many of Project SIGN’s researchers, though scientists would later claim the sighting was consistent with a bolide, or bright meteor.

3. “BLUE BOOK” WAS NAMED AFTER A COLLEGE TESTING STAPLE.

Whether UFOs are extraterrestrial in origin is debatable. What’s undeniable is that, during the 1950s, people routinely spotted (or thought they spotted) objects flying over the United States—and it was the onus of the U.S. military to figure out what they were and whether they posed any danger. Blue Book would earn its name because, at the time, Air Force officials equated studying the phenomenon with preparing for a collegiate “blue book” final exam.

4. OFFICIALS DEVELOPED A SPECIAL PROTOCOL FOR HANDLING UFO SIGHTINGS.

A central part of Project Blue Book was the creation of a standardized questionnaire for UFO sightings. Some sample prompts: “Draw a picture that will show the shape of the object or objects … What was the condition of the sky? … Did the object: Suddenly speed up and rush away at any time? Change shape? Flicker, throb, or pulsate?” Eventually, every U.S. Air Force base ended up designating a special officer to collect these UFO reports.

5. THOUSANDS OF REPORTS WERE COLLECTED—AND SOME HAVEN’T BEEN EXPLAINED.

By the time Project Blue Book was closed, officials had gathered 12,618 UFO reports. Of those, 701 were never explained. Nearly half of those unidentified UFOs appeared in 1952 when a whopping 1501 UFOs were sighted. (Interestingly, that following year, it became a crime for military personnel to discuss classified UFO reports with the public; the risk of breaking the law could mean up to two years imprisonment.)

6. PROJECT BLUE BOOK SAW FIVE LEADERSHIP CHANGES.

Each person in command saw the purpose of Project Blue Book differently. Captain Edward J. Ruppelt, for example, treated the job as a serious scientific quest and is often lauded as the project’s most impartial leader. (Notably, he is responsible for coining the term UFO.) Major Hector Quintanilla, who took over the project in 1963, was more interested in turning Blue Book into a PR front and focused on quelling the public’s interest in UFOs—a desire that would eventually lead to charges of a government cover-up.

7. BLUE BOOK MADE SUCH BAD SCIENTIFIC MISTAKES THAT CONGRESS HAD TO GET INVOLVED.

In 1965, Oklahoma Police, the Tinker Air Force Base, and a local meteorologist using weather radar independently tracked four unexplained flying objects. Under Quintanilla’s advisement, Project Blue Book would claim that these witnesses had simply observed the planet Jupiter. The problem with this explanation? Jupiter wasn’t even visible in the night’s sky. “The Air Force must have had its star finder upside-down during August,” Robert Riser, an Oklahoma planetarium director, said at the time. A series of more badly botched scientific explanations eventually led to a congressional hearing.

8. THE PROJECT’S DESIRE TO DISMISS UNIDENTIFIED PHENOMENA BOTHERED ITS SOLE SCIENTIST.

Project Blue Book had one consistent scientific consultant, astronomer Dr. J. Allen Hynek. In 1968, Hynek wrote: “The staff of Blue Book, both in numbers and in scientific training, is grossly inadequate … there is virtually no scientific dialogue between Blue Book and the outside scientific world … The statistical methods employed by Blue Book are nothing less than a travesty” [PDF]. Hynek held Quintanilla in particularly low regard, saying, “Quintanilla’s method was simple: disregard any evidence that was counter to his hypothesis.”

9. IN 2007, A NEW GOVERNMENT INQUIRY INTO UFOS WAS LAUNCHED.

Between 2007 and 2012, the U.S. government spent $22 million on a new UFO study called the “Advanced Aviation Threat Identification Program.” (Nowadays, UFOs are called UAPs, or “Unidentified Aerial Phenomena”: You can watch one here.) This January, more than three dozen of the program’s studies became publicly available, revealing the government’s interest in everything from warp drives to invisibility cloaks.

Source mentalfloss.com

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Alternate Theory Emerges (Epstein Body Double/Clone): Was Jeffrey Epstein Swapped out of His Cell to Prevent Him from Being Murdered?

() The apparent murder of Jeffrey Epstein is sending shock waves around the world, jolting more people awake to the fact that the deep state is so dangerous that even prisoners are not safe from being murdered.

It has now become apparent to every thinking person that America is occupied by an enemy force, a corrupt criminal cartel known as “Democrats” who will kill anyone that gets in their way or threatens their power. Jeffrey Epstein, of course, could have testified to the fact that Bill Clinton is a serial rapist and child abuser whose perverted crimes have been covered up by the complicit left-wing media for decades.

But what if President Trump and William Barr knew Epstein was about to be murdered and took steps to secure him in a safe location so that his testimony could also be secured? Epstein could be the key to bring down the Democrat deep state traitors whose leaders have long been tied to child trafficking, video blackmail and Satanic child molestation rituals. Testimony from Epstein could topple the entire house of cards and expose the sick, Satanic child sacrifice and rape rituals that high-level Democrats have been carrying out for decades.

That’s why this alternate theory is at least worth considering. Although it’s impossible to know whether this is true, there appears to be photographic evidence (see below) that the dead body carted out of Jeffrey Epstein’s jail cell was not the body of Epstein. The body was “swapped,” according to some analysts who are looking very closely at the evidence.

The most likely explanation of all this remains, in my view, the simpler theory that Jeffrey Epstein was murdered by deep state operatives connected to the Clintons. After all, the Clintons have been surrounded by a long list of mysterious deaths, “suicides” and body bags. The number of ex-Clinton body guards, accountants and business associated who have been killed is truly astounding. And the suspicious events at the prison where Epstein was being held continue to mount. For example, why is there no video footage of Epstein killing himself? Why were the guards pulled away? Why was Epstein removed from suicide watch? Why was Epstein’s cellmate removed from his cell just one day earlier? See a summary of these key questions from Michael Snyder.

Even AG William Barr has questions:

Photographic analysis: The body removed from Epstein’s cell doesn’t seem to match Jeffrey Epstein

According to Intellihub, which ran some of the best investigatory journalism following the Las Vegas mass shooting, the photograph of a body being removed from Epstein’s jail cell appears to depict the body of a man who isn’t Epstein at all. We haven’t yet confirmed the origins of these photos or the conclusions of the analysis, but it’s a theory worth considering, since the face profiles don’t seem to match. The nose, in particular, doesn’t seem to be the same nose as Jeffrey Epstein:

Adding to the mystery, according to Intellihub, a worker at the prison posted a message to 4chan that’s recorded as being posted 10 minutes before the media broke the story of Epstein’s death. According to this post, which has not yet been authenticated (so take it with a grain of salt):

Not saying anything after this pls do not try to dox me but last night after 0415 they took him [Epstein] [to] medical in a wheelchair front cuffed but not 1 triage nurse says they spoke to him. Next thing we know trip vans show up? We do not do releases on weekends unless a judge orders it. Next thing we know, he’s put in a single man cell and hangs himself? Here’s the thing, the trip van did NOT sign in and we did not record the plate number and a guy with a green dress military outfit was in the back of the van according to the tower guy that let him through the gate. You guys I am shaking right now but I think they switched him out.

This apparent post seems to indicate that a military person arrived and swapped out Jeffrey Epstein (alive) with a dead body that sort of resembled Jeffrey Epstein. Is it true? You decide.

Be skeptical of all this, of course. There are many potential theories about what happened to Jeffrey Epstein. Because the evidence is being so aggressively covered up, none of us have proof (yet) that any particular narrative is accurate. One thing we know for sure, however, is that the establishment media is lying to us all.

Who would want to remove Jeffrey Epstein and keep him alive?

The obvious question at this point, then, is who would want to remove Jeffrey Epstein and keep him alive? There are really only two possibilities for this:

Possibility #1) William Barr and President Trump ordered him moved to a safe location to secure his testimony and help bring down the deep state.

Possibility #2) The deep state (Clintons) kidnapped him to torture him and kill him. But this explanation doesn’t make much sense because it’s much easier for them to just kill him in his own cell and be done with it. There’s no rational reason to remove him from his cell, only to kill him somewhere else.

Thus, the only remaining explanation — if you believe he was swapped out with another body — is that the DOJ and Trump had him moved to secure his testimony. There’s also a “wildcard” theory that Epstein worked for Mossad, and that Mossad snuck into the jail cell and swapped him out, but that seems beyond far-fetched at this point. Even for conspiracy analysts.

Is Epstein still alive?

All this brings us to the possibility that Jeffrey Epstein may still be alive, and he may be in U.S. military custody where he is about to offer all kinds of video recorded testimony naming all the high-level Democrats who paid him money to sexually abuse teen girls and boys.

Or, perhaps, this is all just wishful thinking and the truth is that Epstein is dead as a rock. Dead men don’t talk. And they especially don’t talk about the Clintons.

By the way, the left-wing media — run by absolute morons and traitors — now says that if you don’t believe the official explanation of Jeffrey Epstein committing suicide, then you are a “conspiracy theorist.” These are the same media loons who have been pushing a wildly fabricated Russia collusion conspiracy theory for nearly the last three years. Their conspiracies aren’t conspiracies, you see. But your conspiracies are “conspiracy theories.” That’s how the deranged, left-wing media operates, which is exactly why no intelligent person in America trusts anything the media reports anymore.

There will no doubt be a lot more breaking news (and possibly evidence) about Jeffrey Epstein in the days ahead. But if he’s alive and being held by the DOJ or the U.S. military, his testimony could implode the entire Democrat party which has been run by child trafficking rapists and sex abusers for many decades. Jeffrey Epstein could truly be the ultimate weapon to bring down the shadow government dominated by Democrats. That is, unless he’s already room temperature.

Don’t trust the media. Trust your instincts on this one. While you’re at it, the assassination of JFK was also a deep state cover-up run by the corrupt FBI of the 1960s. So you might want to pick up a few books by Jim Marrs and get educated about reality, because the deep state has been running psyops on the American people since at least World War II. Only now has a president arrived that could start to challenge the occupying enemy force (i.e. deep state swamp creatures) who have been mind-controlling America for generations.

Things are about to get interesting…

SourceNatural News

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Conspiracy Theories

Fox News: What Does the US Military Actually Know About UFOs?

Unidentified Flying Objects or UFOs have captivated people for decades. The policy of investigative bodies has been to cover up legitimate reports and encounters. Despite officialdom’s mandate to suppress the truth, reports, anecdotal accounts, and declassified documents continue to spark the curiosity of those who take these things seriously. The preceding information provides food for thought regarding the reality of UFOs and what they might mean. This information is beneficial to consider because it expands ones thinking via the exploration of mystery. A mind captivated by mystery has the power to make leaps and bounds in soul growth, due to the powerful urge to seek the truth resulting in changes to the substructures of being. Thus, a mystery is arguably the best activator for the individual, quickening the mind and stimulating the soul. This information also helps dispel the false reality pushed by the Deep State, which is critically important for the activation of the freedom and justice urges.

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