Connect with us

Aliens & UFO's

Machu Picchu’s E.T Connection

Machu Picchu’s  E.T Connection

by Leonard Farra

In order to appreciate the deeper religious significance of Machu Picchu, we must travel back in time long before the Incan era. Around 5,000 years ago, when Earth was in total upheaval, as a result of climate change and flooding, numerous versions of a sky-god religion spread around the world and its been an influence on many aspects of human life right through to present times.  According to legend, our world was visited by civilising sky-gods who taught man agriculture, and many useful arts, but who later destroyed evil people with a flood.  One of the ‘civilising gods’ had the appearance of a tall, white, bearded ,man who wore a long white robe and carried a multi- purpose staff which could be used for healing, dowsing, etc . Although he had long since been gone, many early people enacted religious rituals celebrating  his ‘annual  return’.

Many of the Ancients associated their visitors with the Pleiades whose stars played a major role in early religions and traditions. (1) These ‘Seven Sisters’ were linked with ‘The Flood’ ,the Creation of the universe, the civilisers of man, and the beginning of the agricultural season. Some people believed that their ancestors came from them and that they will return there when they die.( 2) Their appearance, at certain times of the year, regulated some of the early calendars and heralded the dawn of a new age. At the end of an era, or of the year, in cultures separated by time and space,  fires throughout the land were extinguished and were relit after the Pleiades  appeared. And around the beginning of November, in countries which allegedly had no contact with each other, when the Pleiades appeared,  people celebrated the Festival of the Dead when departed souls  were thought to return to Earth.

In the era around 3,000 b.c.e, when a major El Nino event occurred in the Pacific, a civilisation arose in the Supe Valley in Peru and it lasted for about 800 years. In the upper level of the city of Caral,  14 miles in from  the coast, there was a ceremonial site with six large platform mounds . The circle was also of special significance to the Caral people as they built sunken circular courts and on the summit of their pyramids they had a circular altar. They also aligned a stone circle, with a central standing stone, to their tallest pyramid. ( 3 )A  few stone circles have been found elsewhere in Peru ,  in Brazil, North America,  Easter Island , and in many other countries,  but not nearly as many as in the British Isles where a standing stone surrounded by a circle of stones was a common feature. A circled dot often appeared in stone age art and in Egypt, it was a symbol of the god Ra. Surrounding a stone with a circle implies that there is something special about it. Could it be that it represented a god in his circular home?( 4 )


Fig. 1 Viracocha from the Sun Gate.
Image courtesy of Ken Bakeman

Fig 2. Graphic showing part of the frieze with Viracocha and winged figures converging on the central deity. These images are part of the Sun Gate calendar from Tiwanacu. Click to enlarge

Researchers, at Caral, were intrigued to find a small male figure , dated around 2280 -2180 b.c.e,  which was shown wearing a hat and holding a staff in his right hand and, possibly, a snake in his left hand. This figure appears to represent the Early World’s civilising god who was depicted  in the form of  the staff-god in  Peruvian art. Chavin de Hauntar, in the Mosna Valley in the Northern Highlands of Peru , is thought to span the period from 850 b.c.e to 200 b.c. e.(5 ) Chavin’s Old Temple  consisted of a U shaped pyramidal platform, open towards the rising sun, and in the centre of the  two  wings there was a ‘circular’ plaza. The  axis on the west is said to be ‘ remarkably near the azimuth of the setting of the Pleiades around the time of its construction’ (6)

TRaimondiStelahe 7ft tall Raimondi Stone (see image to the left) , now in the Lima Museum, originally stood somewhere in  Chavin but it’s original position is unknown. This stylised ,mystical, stone, which has snakes rising from its head,  represents the Peruvian staff-god holding an elaborate  staff in each hand and it appears to be a later version of the  figure that was found at Caral.  Around the circular plaza, there are several slabs and on some of them there is symbolism associated with the sky-god religion.( 7 ) One slab shows an individual blowing a shell trumpet and another depicts a figure holding a staff. Twenty conch shell trumpets have been discovered at Chavin which suggests that they were blown on important occasions.  In the southwest corner, of the site’s  lowest plaza’s upper level, in its  New Temple, there’s a limestone slab upon which are  carved  seven circular depressions resembling the Pleiades ( 8 ) As these stars   were of special significance at Chavin, could it be that, when they appeared, on important festivals,  staff-carrying priests  blew conch shell trumpets and rituals were enacted that related to the return of the staff-god?

Around 200 b.c.e, when Chavin came to an end, the Mochica civilisation arose on the North Coast of Peru. The Mochica were a highly skilled warrior people who built pyramids, and temples, and who  practiced human sacrifice. Its generally believed that their calendar began with the rising of the Pleiades, (i.e a new beginning), as it did others in Peruvian cultures. Their supreme  god,  Ai Aepeac –the decapitator, was shown with a human male torso ,clawed feet, snakes for hair, and holding a staff and so he appears to be a hideous version of the staff-god . The Mochica are famous for their stirrup jars which show scenes of everyday life ,and religious themes, and one scene reveals  that the Mochica used the same type of sacred architecture as other early followers of the  sky-god religion.(9 )

The age of the Andean Tiahuanaco civilisation is very controversial . According to the conservative point of view, it flourished from 300 .C.E to 1000 C.E.  but some alternative scholars suggest that it could date back 14,000 years. What’s not generally appreciated ,though, is that there is sky-god  architecture at Tiahuanaco, ( i.e the Akapana  pyramid),  (10) a version of which was depicted on the  Mochica  jar, and which dates back no further than 5,000 years.

According to Christobel de Molina of Cuzco.1873 :  ‘ the Creator was in Tiahuanaco and that was his principal abode’ ( 11) The  Creator,  ( Virachoca),  is thought to be represented on  Tiahuanaco ’s  monolithic  Gateway of the Sun where he is shown holding two serpent like staffs with jaguar and condor features (see Fig 1 and Fig 2 above). This supreme god is standing on a three tiered stepped pyramid and he’s surrounded by 32 winged, staff ,figures  kneeling on one knee. The trumpet blowing figures, on this monolith, suggest that they are announcing his arrival. According to a popular theory, the Gateway of the Sun represents a calendar and ,if so, then H.S .Bellamy’s suggestion that  one the trumpeters is linked with the winter solstice and another with the summer solstice might be correct especially since it’s in accord with other Peruvian traditions. (12)

The indications would appear to be that after the priests at Tiahuanaco sounded their trumpets, on the solstices,  a priest, representing Viracocha, dressed in long white robes and carrying a staff, stood on the summit of the Akapana which appears to be associated with the Creation.  (13 ) The congregation of mixed races standing around  the pyramid, who enacted the colourful  rituals, may have included the peculiar cone-headed people  whose skulls are on display in the local museum.   Although Tiahuanaco was abandoned before the Incas incorporated it into their empire, it might have influenced their religious traditions.

The Incan civilisation dates back 700 years and it ended 200 years later when it was destroyed by the Spaniards. The Incan capital, Cuzco, was surrounded by the four provinces and in its centre stood the sacred Coricancha temple which was built with huge ,close fitting,  blocks of stone. Only the Incan nobility were allowed into this holy sanctuary. Astronomy played an important role in Inca  religion (14) and the Coricancha was dedicated to the worship of the Sun, Viracocha ,( the Creator)  and the Pleiades to which it was astronomically aligned .The Pleiades were of special significance  to the Incas and ,in common with several other early people, they regarded them as the great mother of all creation. (15) The Coricancha was also aligned to the equinoxes and solstices at which time festivals were celebrated.

Viracocha was described as a tall, white, bearded, man who wore a long white robe and carried a staff and he appears  to be the staff-god who was depicted nearly 5000 years ago at Caral. When the bearded Spaniards arrived in Peru, the Incas thought that he had returned with his companions .  Many early gods were associated with a bird and Viracocha’s companion was the condor which is represented by a  440ft drawing in the Nazca Desert. Several  other sky-god symbols are also etched into its surface among the thousands of lines and drawings. (16)

Capac Raymi, one of the two most important Incan festivals, began the first month of the Incan year and it was celebrated on the December (Summer) solstice. The festival lasted for several days and the ceremonies took place in Cuzco’s great plaza with colourful processions starting from the Coricancha. On the eve of the festival, the Incan priests blew conch shell trumpets and for three days prior, no fire was allowed in homes . (17) A new flame was later lit and it was distributed among the people.  Capac Raymi was a time of renewal when some of the young boys were initiated and, in a custom which was popular in several earlier Peruvian civilisations, and elsewhere, such as on remote Easter Island, their ears stretched for the insertion  of ear plugs.(18 ) These boys later became known as the Orejones-the long ears.  The Capac Raymi celebrations began when the Pleiades appeared  and  started the year. In the Nazca desert  there is a huge white sand dune, Cerra Blanco, where the sun rises around the December solstice,  where Viracocha   ‘descended from the sky’.  (19)  Over in Cuzco, a colourful procession , probably led by priests, circled a statue of him in one of the rituals(20) and as the Incas believed that the dead returned to Earth on the December solstice, this may be one of the reasons why  the ancestral mummies were  paraded in the Capac Raymi festival.

The other main festival, Inti  Raymi, also lasted several days .It was celebrated  on the June (winter) solstice and people came to the capital from all over the empire to join the joyful  celebrations.   At an early point in the rituals, the priests left the Coricancha and proceeded to a high vantage point where  they waited for the Pleiades to appear . The Incas called these stars Collca, (the granary).They associated this festival with the harvest and made offerings to Viracocha  who protected their crops. In some of their Inti Raymi rituals dancers wore wings to represent the god’s  companion-the condor.

MachuPicchuSatelliteSatellite photo of Machu Picchu (ancient ruins are on the upper left side)

Peru’s famous Incan site, Machu Picchu, is perched on a small hilltop ,between two mountains, overlooking the Vilcanota river. The complex is divided into three areas, agricultural, residential, and sacred, but it’s the sacred region which draws our attention. On the summit of a rock, reached by a flight of stairs, rear of the main temple, there is a carved rock-the Inti huatana – the Hitching Post of the Sun , which is aligned to the equinoxes and  to  the December solstice when the sun sinks behind the snow covered Pumasillo in the western Vilcabamba range. The December solstice, ,as we have seen, began the first month in the Incan year when Viracocha’s presence ( return?)on Earth  was celebrated .  There are also alignments , at Machu Picchu, to the June solstice ,(the Inti Raymi harvest festival) and to the rising of the Pleiades on that day. (21) The June solstice alignment is linked with certain ‘star-god related architecture’, in one important sanctuary, which is also found in the main one.(22 )

Based upon what happened in Cuzco’s religious rituals,  and  the astronomical alignments at Machu Picchu,  we can surmise that immediately prior to the solstices, Machu Picchu’s priests scanned the sky for the appearance of the Pleiades  and when they appeared  conch shells were blown. This ritual was followed ,on the respective days, by  Capac Raymi and Inti Raymi ceremonies .  Viracocha may have ‘arrived’ at Machu Picchu on the December solstice , to start the year, and, as at Cuzco, a statue of him might have been carried in procession by the priests As his companion, the condor, was represented in stone at this remote site,  (23 ) winged dancers might also have taken part in the celebrations.

Many of Viracocha’s counterparts , such the Moche Ai Apaec , Quetzalcoatl in Mexico, and Osiris in Egypt, were linked with a snake. This animal was a popular symbol in Cuzco (24) and at Machu Picchu there is a rock which has several serpents etched on its surface. It would  therefore appear  that the origin of the religious ceremonies  enacted at Machu Picchu dates back to events that     occurred 5,000 years ago which were associated with the Pleiades and the entity who the Ancients called the  ‘civiliser of man’. In other words, Machu Picchu was one of numerous sites around the world which was associated with the Pleiades linked sky-god religion. With regard to Inti Raymi, it was re-established as an Indian festival, on 24 June,  in 1930 and at that time, hundreds of thousands of pilgrims now travel to a high spot in the Andes where they await  the appearance of the Pleiades.

References

  • (1)   Richard Hinckley Allen. Star Names ,their Lore and Meaning.( p 391/413) Dover Publications.1963.
  • (2)    Lawrence Blair with Lorne Blair. Ring of Fire. (P67)Bantam Press.1988.
  • (3)   Hugh Thompson. Cochineal Red. (P80-) Phoenix. 2007.
  • (4)   Leonard Farra. The Pleiades Legacy (The Stone Age)  (p73) Blurb.2010.
  • (5)    Richard L. Burger. American Antiquity.P592 vol 46.No.3.1981.
  • (6)                “                  Chavin. (p132).Thames and Hudson.  1992 .
  • (7)   Leonard Farra, The Pleiades Legacy (The New World).(p138/9) Blurb.2010.
  • (8)   Richard L.Burger. Chavin ( p178) Thames and Hudson. 1992.
  • (9)  Leonard Farra. The Pleiades Legacy (The New World), (p144) Blurb.2010.
  • (10)  “       “              “                   “                   (p35)
  • (11)  Gerald S. Hawkins. Beyond Stonehenge. (p150)Arrow Books. 1977.
  • (12) H.S.Bellamy. Built before the flood). (p106/7) Faber and Faber.1943.
  • (13)  Leonard Farra. The Pleiades Legacy (The New World) (p167) Blurb.2010.
  • (14) William Sullivan. The Secret of the Incas. Three Rivers Press. 1996.
  • (15) James. W.Mavor,Jr. & Byron. E. Dix. Manitou.(p53) Inner Traditions International Ltd.
  • (16) Leonard Farra. The Pleiades Legacy. (The New World) (p141/2)Blurb. 2010.
  • (17) William. H.Prescott. History of the Conquest of Peru. ( p62) J.M.Dent and Sons Ltd.1937
  • (18) Nigel Davies. The Ancient  Kingdoms of Peru. (p145) Penguin Books.1997.
  • (19)Evan Haddingham. Lines to the Mountain Gods. ( p117 and p246) Harrup Ltd.1987.
  • (20) William Sullivan. The Secret of the Incas.  ( p310 ) Three Rivers Press.1996.
  • (21)Hugh Thomson. Cochinal Red. (p280/13)  Phoenix. 2007.
  • (22)Leonard Farra. The Pleiades Legacy (The New World). (p157/8) Blurb.2010.
  • (23)James S.Westerman. The Meaning of Machu Picchu (p48-)Westridge Publishing.Inc.1998.
  • (24)Siegfried Huber.The Realm of the Incas (p89)Robert Hale Ltd.1959.

Copyright 2014 by Leonard Farra

Aliens & UFO's

Here’s Why Scientists Are So Dismissive Of UFOs

Our new alien overlords aren’t likely to be landing anytime soon, sad to say, despite news reports of the Pentagon’s secret UFO program.

A Department of Defense “Advanced Aerospace Threat Identification Program,” which investigated sightings of mystery aircraft moving in impossible ways, thrilled UFO fans in reports this week in both the New York Times and Politico Magazine. Accompanied by released videos of military pilots expressing bafflement at artifacts on cockpit screens, the news seemed a respite from earthly concerns about death and taxes.

But experts in real-life optical illusions expressed more caution, perhaps best summed up by astrophysicist Neil deGrasse Tyson telling CNN, “Call me when you have a dinner invite from an alien.”

“Green flashes,” “inversion,” and “ghost” mirages have bedeviled fliers for decades. These illusions are created by different layers of the air acting like lenses. An optical effects archive maintained by astronomer Andrew Young of San Diego State University details the physics of such observations as seen by the eye, cameras, and video recordings. A “subsun,” for example, is a remarkably bright solar reflection from ice crystals floating in the air. The reflection’s circular or flattened shape could resemble a UFO.

Solar mirage and green flash

Not all of the effects reported by news stories can be explained by mirages, optics expert Joseph Shaw of Montana State University told BuzzFeed News. “Reports of objects accelerating in different directions seen by pilots sounds different,” as well as claims of fallen “alloys” collected by the Pentagon. But that doesn’t mean the objects come from outside of our atmosphere.

“Certainly the Air Force should be trying to figure out phenomena reported by pilots,” investigative writer Joe Nickell of the Center for Inquiry, who has investigated UFO reports for two decades, told BuzzFeed News. “But to immediately decide something unexplained is ‘extraterrestrial’ is just really unlikely.”

Defense Department investigations into unexplained aerial phenomena date at least to the start of the Cold War, since the 1947 “Roswell Incident” crash of a secret spy balloon, Project Mogul, in the New Mexico desert.

Around the end of the Cold War, in the “X Files” era, reports of mystery aircraft picked up, security analyst John Pike of GlobalSecurity.org told BuzzFeed News, tied to early development of US stealth fighter and bomber planes. A long history of dubious reports since the 1960s lead him to conclude, “anyone who was paying attention to UFOs had too much time on their hands.”One other source of skepticism about the Pentagon’s UFO program is that it originated in the patronage of former Sen. Harry Reid of Nevada, and was contracted to Bigelow Aerospace, owned by an avowed believer in UFOs, Robert Bigelow. It reappeared in the news reports as a private effort headed by its former program director, Luis Elizondo, and supported by Blink 182 guitarist Tom DeLonge. Elizondo identified himself as a believer in extraterrestrials in the reports.

“I think it is telling that the program was initiated at the behest of Senator Reid and on behalf of a friend and constituent of his,” Steven Aftergood of the Federation of American Scientists told BuzzFeed News. “If DoD had been genuinely concerned about the subject, I believe it would have undertaken the program on its own volition.”

A Defense Department spokesperson, Laura Ochoa, confirmed to BuzzFeed News that it cancelled the $22 million program in 2012. “It was determined that there were other, higher priority issues that merited funding and it was in the best interest of the DoD to make a change,” she said.

But that doesn’t mean the government’s search for aliens has stopped forever, she added: “The DoD takes seriously all threats and potential threats to our people, our assets, and our mission and takes action whenever credible information is developed.”

Source www.buzzfeednews.com

Continue Reading

Aliens & UFO's

Dark forest theory – contact with extraterrestrial civilizations

The question of whether we are alone in the universe arises as soon as it has been scientifically proven that the Earth orbits the Sun, and that there are many others besides our planet.

By the 21st century, mankind had already learned to enter the hidden corners of the cosmos, to find distant exoplanets (similar to Earth), to observe nebulae and black holes. But we still cannot ( officially ) find traces of an intelligent life.

All the scientists have discovered so far are the microscopic remains of the most primitive organic matter in Earth’s meteorites. Are we alone in this huge cold world?

People try to find other civilizations by regularly sending radio signals to different parts of the Universe, but they don’t get answers. Or, if they receive something, they don’t understand what it is and whether it’s a message from an intelligent life, or just reflective signals from comets.

According to the theory of Enrico Fermi (Fermi Paradox), presented in the 1950s, in many billions of years of the universe’s development, life could theoretically occur in many places, but if we have not seen them yet, then perhaps we are the only such civilization.

A decade later, astrophysicist Frank Drake, creates a special formula based on many parameters which calculated the number of extraterrestrial civilizations in the galaxy. According to this formula, despite the fact that we do not see traces of these civilizations, there must be many of them.

Over the years, many theories have emerged that try to explain why all these civilizations do not come in contact with us, but rather, they are intentionally hidden from us.

One of the newest and most curious theories emerged in 2008 and bears the slightly ominous name “Dark Forest Theory.”

This theory is revealed in Liu Qixing’s science fiction novel of the same year. It is based on three claims:

1) All living creatures strive to secure their own survival.

2) There is no way to know if an unfamiliar life form will be friendly or try to destroy you.

3) Without guarantees to obtain accurate information about the dangers of this life form, the best thing for surviving is to remain hidden for as long as possible or to deliver the first preemptive strike yourself.

From all this, it follows that if extraterrestrial civilizations are stubbornly silent and do not respond to any attempts at contact, then they probably adhere to the “stealth” condition or they entered the war (preemptive strike) and were destroyed by its consequences.

Liu Cixin says:

“The universe is a dark forest. Every civilization, like an armed hunter, moves among the trees, carefully pushes its branches and tries not to make loud noises. This hunter tries to control himself and breathe as quietly as possible. The hunter must be careful because this forest is full of other hunters.

And if he encounters aliens, he will probably be attacked and killed, survival is the main thing. This is a picture of space civilization and it well explains the Fermi paradox. “

Cixin also explains that the resources of the universe are not infinite. Therefore, civilizations will try to conquer them earlier than others and destroy competitors. That is, any alien race for any other  alien race is a catastrophic threat.

Between their own representatives, these races can negotiate, as humans do on Earth. but with completely alien intelligent life forms, completely different rules are played, and the survival of the species is at stake.

This theory is supported by science fiction writer David Brin, and many others. Moreover, if we take this theory to be true, then it turns out that humanity is at great risk by sending radio signals to space. It’s the same as in a dark forest full of dangers, to scream:

I’m here! Come all here!

The late Stephen Hawking also realized this danger and opposed attempts to seek contact with aliens, believing that this was essentially suicide. .

Maybe people are overly dramatic and vainly imagine extraterrestrial civilizations as ruthless predators?

However, if all these civilizations evolved in a way similar to humankind, which is very likely under similar chemical and biological conditions, then we must remember what the “civilized” people in our history did when they encountered less developed tribes.

Continue Reading

Aliens & UFO's

Hollywood UFO stories are becoming much more realistic

The Pentagon admits that UFOs are real. So Hollywood is doing a flurry of movies and TV shows about how we should look for them.

UFOs are everywhere and Hollywood noticed it. Talking about UFOs is no longer something conventional, with the former Blink-182 singer, Tom DeLonge, causing the US military to admit they have UFO videos.

Small and large screens have always shown aliens and UFOs. From movies like Close Encounters of the Third Kind to The arrival and even the franchise The Avengers, bizarre aliens and their vehicles arrived on Earth and this has caused audiences around the world to question the existence of extraterrestrials. But there is a greater focus on UFO hunters in Hollywood.

Robbie Graham, media critic and author of “Silver Screen Saucers: Sorting Fact from Fantasy in Hollywood’s UFO Movies”, said:

I think it’s fair to say yes, and that this resurgence in popularity is a direct result of the 2018 Pentagon revelations, which captured the attention of mainstream media (in the U.S.) like no UFO story in decades. This helped to legitimize UFOs as a topic of dominant debate and opened up new lines of scientific and political research for TV producers who are always looking for new approaches to this enduring and popular subject.

Recent researches indicate that just over half of Americans believe that UFOs exist and a third believe they are alien spaceships. Graham is not entirely convinced that UFOs will be the next big thing. But he points out that young people are being drawn to the subject like never before.

Graham stated:

It seems that ufology is not as stupid as it was before, thanks to an influx in recent years of relatively young and modern researchers who were attracted to the subject through its new legitimacy. Ufology was once an old person’s game; now it’s a youth game.

In 2017, former Blink 182 frontman Tom DeLonge, publicly announced his UFO / technology / media company, To the Stars Academy, along with an article from New York Times announcing a secret Pentagon program designed to study anomalous phenomena. Young UFO enthusiasts have turned to social media, #UFOTwitter has become a real hashtag and the once invisible UFO speech has become incredibly public.

Aiden Gillen told the Motherboard in an interview:

I think people are more open to considering it a real phenomenon than just a psychological one.

I suppose you could have said this also in the 50s and 60s, in the age of science, that people would be more open to the idea that we are not alone in the universe. I am also fully aware of how unlikely we are to meet.

Gillen, known for playing Littlefinger’s role in game of Thrones from HBO, interprets the Dr. J. Allen Hynek at the Project Blue Book of History Channel, what returns next week.

Aidan Gillen as Dr. J. Allen Hynek, in the Blue Book Project series.

Blue Book Project is a fictional TV series about the Air Force’s infamous UFO investigation program of the 1950s and 1960s with the same name.

Gillen said that humans are naturally curious about UFOs:

It is inevitable that you will ask yourself. This is something that people have been doing since we started supporting ourselves as a species. ‘What’s up there?’ It’s always been, ‘What’s up there?’

Although Gillen does not think the government should spend large amounts of money chasing UFOs, as there are more pressing problems, he thinks that talking about UFOs is no longer taboo.

He explained:

I think there is something that is getting cool about UFOs. It’s easier to talk or reference [sobre eles]. I feel that Immediate Third Degree Contacts is one of the coolest films of the 70s, and when that role came out, I thought, “This is really cool ..

Although TV dramas like fictional Blue Book Project, UFO-themed programs still have a long way to go.

Graham said:

They depict presenters chasing lights in the sky in jeeps while wearing night-vision goggles and noisy walkie-talkies (radios). It is absurd and devoid of educational value. However, it doesn’t have to be that way, and this wave of factual UFO TV shows is likely to reflect a more serious tone that the mainstream media has started to adopt on this topic. Certainly, UFOs are ‘selling’ like never before. They are a hot property in the TV area at the moment and everyone wants a slice.

Source

Continue Reading
Advertisement

DO NOT MISS

Trending