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M6.5 earthquake in Idaho. Is Yellowstone or Rainier next?

On the night of March 31 to April 1 (2020-03-31 23:52:31 (UTC)) in the USA, in Idaho,a M6.5 earthquake occurred. The epicenter of the seismic event lies at a depth of 10 km:

This seismic event has become the second strongest in the history of the state. The first place is occupied by an earthquake in the same area, on October 28, 1983, the magnitude of which was 6.9 points.

At the moment, information about the victims and damages is only being collected, but all this is not the main thing. The main thing here is different:

The Roller City of Kelowna, British Columbia, Canada is is more than 700 km from the epicenter in the north direction, more precisely – a little to the north-west, or more precisely – along the line of the so-called Challis Arc:

The Challis Arc is a volcanic field with a length of about 1,500 kilometers, the origin of which is not very clear. It is assumed that the field appeared as a result of subduction of the ancient Kula / Farallon plate under North America:

The ancient plate partly sank, displacing magma, which, in turn, climbed out of volcanoes. The partly remains of Kula / Farallon were absorbed into the base of North America. All together, this led to the appearance of corrugated belts along the west coast. One of these belts is called the Challis Arc:

Thus, the epicenter was somewhere in a zone of very deep subduction and the earthquake mechanism there looks something like this:

That is why the earthquake was felt in Canada, that is, along the Challis Arc, but it did not spread a thousand kilometers to the West, East and South.

The mechanism of the earthquake is known, the earthquake is not very unusual, and the topic could be closed. However, the problem is that Utah and Idaho appear in a series of prophecies that promise a series of cataclysms to the United States. if we talk about earthquakes, we explained the mechanism above: the cause of the earthquake in Idaho and the previous earthquake in Utah are the ancient pieces of the lithosphere floating under the continent.

For some reason, fragments of these plates intensified: maybe they started to sink again, maybe they decided to float – we don’t know this. But we know that according to one theory, Yellowstone was the result of flooding / melting of fragments of the Farallon plate. The same goes for the Cascade Mountains. Therefore, if the Farallon plate suddenly became active – now we need to wait for major news from the Rainier volcano or even from the world-famous caldera!

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Planet Earth

A tourist fell into a fire trap: published a creepy video from California

The video, which was filmed in the Sierra National Forest, located in California, shows how one of the holidaymakers was in the heart of a fire trap.

This vacationer turned out to be just one person out of 207 who were also captured in the fire and were saved in the very last moments. The rescue service came to their aid, which took people to a safe place. 

In the video, which was made by a man on the estate of Jeremy Remington, you can clearly see how cars burn, and the flame is getting closer to tourists and its speed is noticeably increasing.

People were in a real trap. Fire surrounded them on all sides, and the roads that could be driven were destroyed. According to the information provided by the Emergency Situations Department, work to rescue tourists began on Saturday evening and continued until Sunday morning. 

More than 20 people had to be transported to hospitals. Two of the victims were in critical condition and required immediate medical attention. At the same time, two people who were vacationing in the National Forest refused the proposed evacuation.

The scale of the wildfire that started on Friday is not too large. But at the same time, the fire managed to destroy more than 71 square miles of forest. By the middle of Saturday, due to the increase in the rate of spread of fire, a 7 times larger area was destroyed. 

On Sunday morning, it was possible to stop the fire by no more than 5%, so the work continued actively and further.

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Planet Earth

Great solar minimum and the onset of the Little Ice Age

Niels-Axel Mörner is the former head of the Department of Paleogeophysics and Geodynamics at Stockholm University. He retired in 2005 and has since dedicated his days to refuting the global warming bullshit as well as warning of an impending Great Solar Minimum.

From 1997 to 2003, Moerner led the INTAS project on geomagnetism and climate. The project concluded that in the middle of the 21st century we should return to a new solar minimum with climatic conditions of the Little Ice Age.

In 2015, Moerner’s study “Approaching New Great Solar Minimum and Climatic Conditions of the Little Ice Age” was published. 

The conclusions are that by 2030–2040 the Sun will experience a new large solar minimum. 

During the previous large solar minima – the Sperer Minimum (1440-1460), the Maunder Minimum (1687-1703), and the Dalton Minimum (1809-1821) – climatic conditions worsened and the Little Ice Age began.

During the last three large solar minimums – the Sperer, Maunder and Dalton minimums – the global climate has experienced Little Ice Age conditions. Arctic waters penetrated south as far as Central Portugal and Europe experienced harsh climatic conditions. The ice cover of the Arctic has expanded significantly.

We now have data indicating that by 2030-2040. A New Great Solar Minimum will come, which, by analogy with past minimums, will lead to a significant deterioration of the climate with the expansion of ice in the Arctic and global cooling.

All this excludes the theory of global warming, instead of warming, we will face a new Little Ice Age .

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Planet Earth

California wildfires create giant “volcanic” clouds

California is now burning like hell and fires are creating huge pyrocumulus clouds as a result of intense heating of the air from the surface. 

The heat from the fires spreads so much that it creates its own pyrocumulus cloud systems, each up to 9 km high. These clouds make fire fighting very difficult. 

The intense heat causes convection, which causes the air mass to rise very high, causing apocalyptic clouds.

Common clouds form when the sun heats up the earth’s surface, causing water to evaporate and rise into the atmosphere, where it cools and condenses into a cloud.

This is a relatively slow process compared to the formation of a pyrocumulus cloud, when the intense heat of a huge forest fire burns moisture from vegetation. Then this moisture accumulates on the smoke particles and quickly condenses, rising up. 

Pyrocumulus clouds are more commonly seen over volcanic eruptions, which produce a lot of steam. If you’ve ever seen an ominous cloud creating dry lightning over a volcano, then this is a pyrocumulus cloud. They are black or dark brown due to volcanic ash, and those from wildfires are usually dark gray due to smoke and ash.

The rate at which pyrocumulus clouds form and change, combined with the heat from the fire, can lead to rapid and severe temperature fluctuations in the atmosphere, causing unpredictable and high winds.

They can exacerbate the intensity of forest fires and cause them to move or otherwise behave in unpredictable ways. And all this can endanger the lives of firefighters and people. 

However, if the fire is large enough, the cloud can continue to grow and turn into a cumulonimbus cloud, which can cause powerful thunderstorm activity, and lightning in turn can trigger another fire. 

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