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Living Dinosaurs In Wikileaks Video And The Likouala Swamp In The Congo

All over the world there are rumors and stories of living dinosaurs.  One of the key areas is the  Likouala swamp region of the Congo which is supposed to be home to the Mokele-mbembe may also contain another dinosaurian: the Emela-ntouka (literally “killer of elephants”). This stout rhinoceros-like creature is reputed to have a penchant for killing elephants with its single horn.

Mokèlé-mbmbé, meaning “one who stops the flow of rivers” in the Lingala language is a legendary water-dwelling creature of Congo River basin folklore, sometimes described as living creature, sometimes as a spirit, and loosely analogous to the Loch Ness Monster in Western culture. It is claimed to be a sauropod by some cryptozoologists.
Expeditions mounted in the hope of finding evidence of the Mokèlé-mbèmbé have failed, and the subject has been covered in a number of books and by a number of television documentaries. According to skeptic Robert T. Carroll, “Reports of the Mokèlé-mbèmbé have been circulating for the past two hundred years, yet no one has photographed the creature or produced any physical evidence of its existence.” The Mokèlé-mbèmbé and its associated folklore also appear in several works of fiction and popular culture.
Mokèlé-mbèmbé,

Credit: mokelembembe.com Artwork by Bill Rebsamen

Emela-ntouka

The Emela-ntouka is an African legendary creature in the mythology of the Pygmy tribes, and a cryptid purported to live in Central Africa. Its name means “killer of the elephants” in the Lingala language. In other languages it is known as the Aseka-moke, Njago-gunda, Ngamba-namae, Chipekwe or Irizima.

Lucien Blancou, chief game inspector in French Equatorial Africa in the 1950′s wrote of a ferocious creature in the Congo, larger than a buffalo, that was considered the most dangerous animal by the Kelle pygmies. “…the presence of a beast which sometimes disembowels elephants is also known, but it does not seem to be prevalent there now as in the preceding districts. A specimen was supposed to have been killed twenty years ago at Dongou, but on the left of the Ubangi and in the Belgian Congo.” (translated by Heuvelmans, Bernard, On the Track of Unknown Animals, 1959.)

Emela-ntouka

Credit: Genesis Park

Mahamba is a cryptid rumoured to lurk in the People’s Republic of the Congo, around the Lake Likouala swamp region. It is purported to be an enormous crocodile; reaching lengths of up to 50 feet (15 m). Some have speculated that it is a freshwater relic of the mosasaurs  huge, sea-dwelling lizards which were presumed extinct by the end of the Cretaceous period.

Credit: carnivoraforum.com

The Bobangi aboriginals have proclaimed this animal to be unlike any other they have seen, and have only compared it to other creatures, such as aNkoli (the Bobangi word for crocodile) or the legendary Nguma-monene for the sake of comparison. It is also been reported to attack and devour rafts and canoes

Two testimonials of sightings of Nguma-monene exist that were done near the Dongu-Mataba (tributary of the Ubangi River) in the Republic of the Congo. The first was done in 1961; the second ten years later in 1971 by pastor Joseph Ellis. He estimated the length of the (visible) tailpart as 10 meters long (equal to his dugout, no neck or head could be seen), and a diameter of 0.5 to 1 meter. Its color was tending to greyish-brown. When back in the village, it appeared that the subject was taboo. The above and other sightings were gathered by University of Chicago biologist Roy P. Mackal, who led two expeditions to the Likouala swamps in the Republic of Congo, while searching for the Mokele-mbembe

Purported image of Nguma-monene

Credit:  cryptozoologie.xf.cz

Missionary Cal Bombay and his wife told Roy P. MacKal, the author of “A Living Dinosaur” that they watched a creature like thisthe one picture below,  supposedly a Nguma-monene,  for 15 minutes in Kenya. The missionary said the plates were bigger than those in the drawing shown here.

These alleged living dinosaurs  were part of a Wikileaks release according to YouTube user WeirdWildSpooky·

[youtube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kvmWOKMpFZ0?feature=player_detailpage&wmode=transparent]

“The Chinese have had legends for thousands of years of flying reptiles called dragons, and flying snakes as well- something apparently different. Flying reptile dragon images in China are so prevalent, they can easily be considered amongst the most common of motifs. Are they stylized depictions of real flying animals? The ancient Chinese certainly thought they were,” says David Hatcher Childress.

“Similarly, most countries of Europe and the Mediterranean have myths and legends of heroes battling flying reptiles-or dragons. Often depicted as winged snakes or winged alligators, these dragons were a common image as well, and are still used in the crests of royal families. Did dragons-flying reptiles-pterodactyls-still exist in small numbers, even up to the Middle Ages?,” he adds.

According to one news report at Modern Living Pterodactyls, short-tailed featherless creatures fly over a valley, in daylight, deep in the interior of New Britain Island, Papua New Guinea. This is a different kind of pterosaur than was seen by the American World War II veteran Duane Hodgkinson, in 1944. Umboi Island Expedition Of the two expeditions on Umboi Island in 2004, the first one was led by the American cryptozoologist Jonathan Whitcomb. He later wrote a scientific paper on apparent living pterosaurs in Papua New Guinea. The report was published in a peer-reviewed journal of science

Wikileaks Pterosaur filmed in flight, Yantai City, Shandong Province, China.

[youtube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W2s0U44Z3hg?feature=player_detailpage&wmode=transparent]

Many states of the U.S.A. have eyewitnesses of flying pterodactyls, more properly called “pterosaurs.” Lately Georgia has been a hot spot state for sightings, to be precise in Towns County and in Loganville, according to the authors at Live Pterodactyl Blog.
Other areas in Georgia where people have seen the flying creatures in recent years include the towns of Canton, Lithonia, and Franklin, and a highway between Winder and Athens.
Sighting in Franklin, Georgia
A lady and her two sons were driving on Highway 27, at about 8:15 am, on July 18, 2012, when they saw a “flyin dinosaur.” After yelling at her boys to look at it, she heard confirmation from her older son: It was a pterodactyl. As it glided across the road, they could see that it had a long tail.
Sighting in Northern Georgia
In Towns County, northern Georgia, David Schroder has had two sightings within the past few years. His July 2010 encounter was with two flying creatures with wingspans possibly as great at twenty feet. The man’s wife also witnessed them.
[youtube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ACAPeGebb-4?feature=player_detailpage&wmode=transparent]

A pterosaur sighting need not be in a remote tropical rain forest. According to a recent analysis, by cryptozoologist Jonathan Whitcomb, of 128 sighting reports, 75% of the reported encounters with apparent pterosaurs were in the United States of America, and 5% were in Papua New Guinea. This does not mean that many more of the flying creatures live in the USA; many more Americans have easy access to the internet and email, and are proficient in English, compared with third-world countries like Papua New Guinea.

Sketch by the eyewitness Eskin Kuhn (Cuba, 1971)

Credit: http://www.livepterodactyl.com/blog/Alleged photo of pterosaur killed in the Civl War era.

 

Visit Live Pterodactyl Blog for more recent sightings in the U.S.
More on the Emela-ntouka

The Emela-ntouka is claimed to be around the size of an African Bush Elephant, brownish to gray in color, with a heavy tail, and with a body of similar shape and appearance to a rhinoceros, including one long horn on its snout. Keeping its massive bulky body above ground level supposedly requires four short, stump-like legs. It is described as having no frills or ridges along the neck. The animal is alleged to be semi-aquatic and feed on Malombo and other leafy plants. The Emela-ntouka is claimed to utter a vocalization, described as a snort, rumble or growl.

File:Centrosaurus.JPG

Horn

The structure of its horn is debated among writers on the subject.[citation needed] The debate runs thus: if the “horn” is ivory, then it would be a tusk (tooth) and not a horn at all. Some rhinoceroses do have tusks, especially the Asiatic one-horned kinds; yet these are not known to inhabit Africa. If the horn is made of bone, then the creature is a reptile, as many fossil reptile groups, such as the ceratopsians, had horns made of bone. Finally, the horn could be made of keratin, as are the horns of African rhinos. However, without a specimen to examine, any attempt to classify the emela-ntouka by this method can only be speculative.

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This cryptid is alleged to mainly inhabit the vast shallow waters in the swamps and lakes of the Congo River basin, especially in the Likouala swamps in the Republic of the Congo, and possibly Cameroon. It is also said to inhabit Lake Bangweulu in Zambia. They are claimed to be solitary, herbivorous animals. The inhabitants of the area are alleged to treat the creature with great fear.

History

[youtube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DksjLHyr7tw?feature=player_detailpage&wmode=transparent]

J.E. Hughes published his book Eighteen Years on Lake Bangweulu in 1933, in which he reported that an animal that fits the description of an Emela-Ntouka (although not referred to by this name) was slaughtered by Wa-Ushi tribesmen, along the shores of the Luapula River, which connects Lake Bangweulu to Lake Mweru.

File:Luvua - Luapula - Chambeshi River DRC.svg

Credit: Wikipedia

The Emela-Ntouka was mentioned by name for the first time in 1954, in an article in the journal Mammalia, authored by former Likouala game inspector Lucien Blancou. He stated the Emela-Ntouka was “larger than a buffalo” and dwelled throughout the Likouala swamps. It was also Blancou who first mentioned the fact that an Emela-Ntouka kills elephants, buffalos or hippos when disturbed, much like the Mokele-mbembe’s allegedly renowned hatred for hippos. While both animals are supposedly herbivorous, they also supposedly share a fierce sense of territoriality, and it is for this reason the pygmies are claimed to “fear it more than any other dangerous animal”. In about 1930, an Emela-Ntouka was supposedly killed near Dongou.

Later evidence was contributed by Dr. Roy P. Mackal, who led two expeditions into the Congo in 1980 and 1981. He gathered details on various other cryptids. 1987 saw the publication of Mackal’s book, A Living Dinosaur, wherein he summarized the expeditions.

A planned season two episode of the New Zealand documentary World Mysteries included an interview with a man who claimed to have encountered a dead Emela-Ntouka. He claimed to still possess the animal’s horn, which he removed from the body. The episode was filmed but never aired.

Possible explanations

A popular speculation is that the mythical monster is in fact a relict ceratopsian. Proponents of this idea believe that the Republic of the Congo is home to many prehistoric animals such as living dinosaurs, including the Mokele mbembe and Mbielu-Mbielu-Mbielu (possibly sauropod or stegosaur dinosaurs).

In 1981, Dr. Roy Mackal while searching the Congo for the Mokele-mbembe, collected accounts of the Emela-ntouka. Mackal initially considered that Emela-ntouka might be a Monoclonius, or a Centrosaurus, both ceratopsians. As such, it might be related to the Ngoubou, which might be a six-horned Styracosaurus. However, Mackal also noted the pygmies did not report a neck frill, which he would have expected on a ceratopsian. Furthermore, the Ceratopsia are absent from Africa’s fossil record. Author Loren Coleman suggested that the Emela-Ntouka is not saurian, but a new species of semi-aquatic rhinoceros

Ceratopsia or Ceratopia   is a group of herbivorous, beaked dinosaurs that thrived in what are now North America, Europe, and Asia, during the Cretaceous Period, although ancestral forms lived earlier, in the Jurassic. The earliest known ceratopsian, Yinlong downsi, lived between 161.2 and 155.7 million years ago. The last ceratopsian species became extinct in the Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event, 65.5 million years ago

File:Triceratops front view.jpg

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Fact or fiction

Woman captures a strange figure while on a video call to her best friend

Lori –  who claims to have been home alone at the time – said her ‘heart stopped’ after she replayed the chilling footage and witnessed a dark figure dash in and out behind her while she spoke to Shana. 

The store manager said: “I’d only just moved into my apartment, so I was video chatting with my friend to show her around and I was just talking about general things. It was nothing out of the ordinary. 

“We were using an app called Marco Polo, which is like a video walkie talkie. You can hit the start button to record, and others can watch you in real time like a regular video call. You can then replay it. 

“But all of a sudden, her face got really serious and she asked if someone was in the house with me.

“I live alone but I instantly looked around because it was so weird the way she said it and it really frightened me. 

“I told her I was home alone. She looked pretty shocked and told me to watch my video again to see what I thought. She said it was like someone was following me around the house. 

“So I watched it, and my heart jumped into my throat. I couldn’t believe what I was seeing. 

“It was so scary. It sent chills down my spine, and just shocked me so much. 

“I’ve had lots of paranormal experiences in my life, but nothing quite like this.

“I’ve only cried twice in my entire life from things that I’ve seen, but this did make me cry.”

Lori said she was so frightened by what she saw that she decided to stay at her daughter’s house for the night – and the next day had the house ‘cleaned and blessed’ by a spiritual friend.  

The mum added her new house, which was built in 1935, is located in the oldest part of town and is situated right next to both a hospital from the early 1800s and a nursing home. 

Lori believes the figure to be the ghost of a ‘prankster’ teenage boy – but is also open to the idea of it being an alien. 

And despite the horrifying ordeal, the mum is determined to stay in her new home.

She said: “I showed the video to people at my work and they actually screamed. That scared me, to see their reactions. 

“I believe it was the spirit of a teenage boy, maybe 13 or 14 years old. 

“But many people have said they think it’s an alien. I definitely believe in aliens, so it’s certainly a possibility. 

“People have told me to move out, but you can’t run from these types of things.”

Jewellery maker Shana, 46, was on the video chat with her best friend Lori at the time and said she ‘couldn’t believe her eyes’ when the figure appeared. 

She added: “I seriously thought someone was walking behind her, like a human child. 

“I watched this all happen in real time on the app. I saw this thing peek around the corner at me as if to see if we were still talking. 

“I’ve watched this video probably 1000 times and it still creeps me out. I kind of felt like it wanted to be seen, almost playful.  

“I believe it was the spirit of someone who has passed and wants to be acknowledged. 

“It was very startling to see. I can’t stop thinking about it.”

Source: New Idea

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Why Some Scientists Worried About Interest in Aliens and the “Face” on Mars

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1976 was a historic year for Americans. A contentious U.S. election was underway between incumbent Gerald Ford and Jimmy Carter, his Democratic challenger. It was also the year of the bicentennial, as the United States celebrated two centuries since its founding. And like NASA had done less than a decade before by putting men on the moon, in September of that year the space agency would seek to make history again, as the Viking 2 mission went speeding toward the Red Planet in an attempt to place an unmanned lander on Martian soil.

In the humid summer months preceding the successful Viking 2 mission, its predecessor, Viking 1, had already been in orbit around Mars, sending back a constant stream of photographs which NASA scientists planned to use to help them locate a suitable landing site for Viking 2. On July 25th, the usual batch of images were being received and processed, when a peculiar geological feature of the planet began to reveal itself.

One of the photos depicted a sloping prominence, befitted with a number of depressions and rock formations that, casting hard shadows and observed under the sharp contrast of Viking 1’s photography, bore an obvious likeness to a human face.

Some thought little of it, chalking the ghostly visage staring back at the orbiting Viking 1’s cameras as being merely an instance of pareidolia—the natural tendency of the human eye to assemble familiar shapes and images from random features in nature.

Most who observed the area depicted in the photograph probably thought this, in fact. Although it is hard to imagine that there weren’t some, at least—or perhaps even several—who hadn’t cautiously entertained the other possibility: what if there had been a civilization on Mars at one time? And if so, what if this gloomy face befitted upon an odd, polygonal mountain in the Cydonia region, might actually be some remnant of that civilization?

It wasn’t long before NASA determined that the “face” on Mars was, in fact, a natural formation. In their own words, upon releasing the image publicly just days later, the space agency described a “huge rock formation in the center… which resembled a human head.”

The famous photograph from Viking 2 in 1976, which spurred debate over a “Face on Mars” (Credit: NASA).

The image was, of course, enough to get people talking, whether or not they believed NASA’s determination about the photograph. Many found it impossible to believe that the likeness of the curious features in the photograph to a human face could be pure coincidence. The hope for discovery of life on Mars had already been a source of great anticipation: now an eager public was nearly sold on the idea, but instead of microbes, hoped that within the coming months there would be irrefutable evidence of life on the planet in the form of archaeological traces of a civilization that once lived there.

Interestingly, some scientists were concerned about the emphasis being placed on the search for life on Mars. “There is also a fear that if too much emphasis is placed on the possibility of life and none is then found, as still seems likely, the public will consider the mission a futile failure,” a New York Times article reported on July 22, 1976, just three days before the photos of Cydonia returned to Earth depicting what many believed to be a face.

However, if the famous “face on Mars” had indeed been such, it would raise a number of hard questions. Chief among them is: how could a feature like this—if artificial, as many claimed—have lasted for the untold amounts of time that passed before Viking 1 arrived… especially considering how much it appears to have weathered in the few decades since that time?

While the 1976 photographs remain the most famous ones of the region depicting an alleged face, NASA has released numerous additional photos of the location over the years, captured during ensuing missions (which is interesting in itself, since it shows that there was at least a modicum of interest in the unusual collection of features). However, as we can see in the photos below, NASA’s infamous face didn’t appear to age very well:

By 1996, the “face” looked a lot more like a pile of rocks (Credit: NASA).

Arguably, the more perplexing element to the region where the Martian “face” appears is not the rocky places that form what many liken to eyes, a nose, and a mouth, but the odd, almost geometric shape of the outcrop itself. According to Space.com, “The rocky outcropping that creates the illusion is approximately a mile across and bears a resemblance to buttes or mesas from the American West. It likely formed from a combination of landslides and collected debris.”

Additionally, the differences between the 1976 and 1998 photos are actually greater than those between the first photos, and some of the most recent, in which the face-like details appear to have returned, although only slightly: 

 

Perhaps what is most fascinating about all of this is people’s desire to look for unusual things on barren, alien worlds. Rather than aliens, or simply a desire to believe in them, people’s interpretations of Martian “anomalies” seems to say an awful lot about us.

I’m reminded of a story my grandmother told me once as a child. Often at night, she and her siblings would become very frightened by the sound of loud crashes that came from the back of their family home. Occurring only at night, they would emanate from the back of the home, the portion facing the forest at the edge of their property. Naturally, they began to believe that an animal—or perhaps something else—had been appearing and pounding on the house at night. Several years later, she laughed about how she finally learned that the thick slabs of pine in the walls would creak and pop as they cooled at night, no monsters necessary.

In much the same way that some people interpret random, natural events as evidence of “supernatural” happenings, people seem to both enjoy, and at times even display a need to look for structured things in environments where none should exist. In years since, similar “anomalies” have continued to appear on Mars, which range from odd structures and other alleged “manmade” features, to sightings of Bigfoot.

So let’s face it: that famous “face on Mars” was never really a face at all. Of course, that’s not to say that there aren’t other “faces” that have been spotted on the Red Planet… 

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Crashed Israeli Lunar lander Likely Left Thousands of Tardigrades on the Moon

When Israeli lunar lander Beresheet crash-landed onto the Moon in April, watched live by millions across the world, the spacecraft left a rather serious dent in the lunar surface.

According to a report published Monday by American magazine Wired, however, Beresheet may have left more on the Moon than previously thought. The SpaceIL spacecraft was apparently carrying thousands of microscopic tardigrades, also known as “little water bears,” which are among the most resilient animals known to man.

The tardigrades, only 0.5mm in length when fully grown, joined the lunar-destined journey as part of an initiative led by the Arch Mission Foundation, founded by Nova Spivack.

Aiming to maintain a backup of planet Earth around the Solar System, Beresheet carried the foundation’s lunar library – a tiny 30-million page archive of human history and civilization, human DNA samples and a few thousand dehydrated tardigrades.

Based on the foundation’s analysis of the spacecraft’s trajectory and the composition of their lunar library, Spivack told Wired that he was quite confident that their payload mostly or entirely survived the impact.

Engineers lost contact with the spacecraft only minutes before it was due to complete the historic lunar landing on April 11, making a high-velocity crash-landing inevitable. Reaching the moon was a feat previously completed only by the United States, Russia (then the USSR) and China, backed by giant sums far exceeding Beresheet’s modest NIS 350 million ($99m.) budget.

“For the first 24 hours, we were just in shock,” Spivack said. “We sort of expected that it would be successful. We knew there were risks but we didn’t think the risks were that significant.”

Known for their resilience, a 2007 European Space Agency experiment showed that tardigrades are able to survive space exposure. Some 3,000 organisms joined a 12-day journey into space on-board the agency’s Foton-M3 mission, and survived conditions that would kill humans in minutes.

If the dehydrated tardigrades survived the landing, Spivack added, they could hypothetically be revived in years to come by future human astronauts upon their return to Earth. Research has previously shown that dehydrated micro-animals can be revived decades later.

While SpaceIL and its lead donor, Morris Kahn, quickly stated their ambition following the Beresheet crash to launch a second spacecraft to the Moon within two years, the organization announced in June that reattempting the same mission would not present a sufficiently great challenge.

If some lunar enthusiasts might have been disappointed by the announcement, SpaceIL co-founder Kfir Damari told The Jerusalem Post in July that the decision is about broadening their horizons even further.

“It’s possible that we will return to the Moon, but we won’t give a green light to the same project with the same design,” Damari said.

“We decided that we want to look for different options – maybe to go to the Moon and come back or to take something special with us. We’re also thinking about other places, including the ability to go beyond the Moon.”

It remains to be seen whether SpaceIL’s next mission will include taking even more tardigrades to the Moon, or perhaps even beyond.

Eytan Halon
Jerusalem Post

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