In 1926, Sir William Barrett, a member of the Royal Geographical Society, published a printed work on visions of the dying. According to the information collected in it, the general public learned that before death, people observe other worlds, hear music and often see dead relatives.
But only in the early 70s of the twentieth century, the American professor of philosophy and psychology, doctor of medicine Raymond Moody, became one of the first professional doctors to undertake the study of a little-known phenomenon, which he called “almost fatal experience.” According to the results of research, the scientist published in 1975 the book “Life after life.” Immediately after the publication, she became a bestseller. Suffice it to say that by the end of 1999, more than three million copies of this publication were sold. The facts set forth in it fundamentally change all previous ideas about the death of a person.
The book analyzes the feelings of 150 unfortunates who find themselves in a state of clinical death, but then returned to life. We remind the reader that clinical death is a reversible stage of dying, which occurs within a few minutes after the cessation of blood circulation and breathing. The duration of a person’s stay in this state at normal body temperature usually does not exceed 8 minutes; in cooling conditions, it may slightly lengthen. During resuscitation (lat. Re – again + animatio – revitalization) measures of a person can be brought out of clinical death and brought back to life.
Raymond Moody found that in the near-death state a person experiences peace, feels an exit from the body, a flight inside the “tunnel”, proximity to a light source, and much more. The printed work of the American gave impetus to further followers in this direction.
Of course, scientists tried to give a scientific explanation of the phenomenon. As it turned out, not only dying people experience a similar gamut of experiences. Similar visions are inherent, for example, to drug addicts after taking LSD, people engaged in meditation, patients with epilepsy. They were not in the arms of death, but saw the tunnel and at the end of it light.
The famous American researcher, chairman of the International Association of Transpersonal Psychology, MD, Stanislav Grof and John Halifax put forward a hypothesis: the flight of a departing person through a tunnel is nothing more than a “memory” of the first moments of birth. In other words, this is the movement of the baby through the birth canal at birth. The bright light at the end is the light of the world into which a small person enters.
Another suggestion was made by the neuroscientist Jack Cowan. According to the researcher, visions of the tunnel in the dying cause areas of the cerebral cortex that are responsible for processing visual information. The effect of a giddy flight through a tube appears when brain cells die from oxygen deficiency. At this time, waves of excitation appear in the so-called visual cortex of the brain. They are concentric circles and are perceived by man as flying through a tunnel.
In the late 90s, researchers from the University of Bristol were able to simulate the process of dying of visual cells of the brain on a computer. It was found that at this moment in the minds of people every time there is a picture of a moving tunnel. So Susan Blackmore and Tom Prosyanko confirmed the hypothesis of D. Cowan.
There are also theories that “posthumous” visions are caused by fear of impending death or by the action of drugs administered to the patient.
And yet, despite the stubborn attempts of scientists to understand the phenomenon, a number of phenomena have no answer. Indeed, how, for example, to explain the fact that a person, being in an unconscious state, is able to see what is happening around him? According to a number of resuscitation doctors, often patients who returned from the “other world” told in detail what actions the doctors performed with their lifeless bodies and even what happened at that time in neighboring wards. How to explain incredible visions? Science could not give an answer to this question.
Posthumous Consciousness – Not Fiction
And finally, a sensation. In early 2001, a study was published by Peter Fenwick of the London Institute of Psychiatry and Sam Parin of the Southampton Central Clinic. Scientists have obtained irrefutable evidence that human consciousness does not depend on the activity of the brain and continues to live when all processes in the brain have already ceased.
As part of the scientific work, the experimenters studied medical history and personally interviewed 63 cardiological patients who survived clinical death.
It turned out that 56 returned from the next world do not remember anything. They lost consciousness and came to their senses in a hospital bed. However, seven retained distinct memories of what they experienced during the period of clinical death. Four claim that they were overcome by a sense of peace and joy, time ran faster, the sensation of one’s body disappeared, the mood became elevated, even exalted. Then a bright light appeared, indicating a transition to another world. A little later, mythical creatures appeared, similar to angels or saints. All the respondents were for some time in a different world, and then returned to reality.
It should be noted that these patients were not at all pious people. For example, three admitted that they did not attend church at all. Thus, it is not possible to explain such stories to religious fanaticism.
But the sensational in the research of British scientists was completely different. Having scrupulously studied the medical documentation of the busy ones, the doctors issued a verdict – the traditional idea of a brain cessation due to oxygen deficiency is wrong. None of those who were in a state of clinical death recorded a significant decrease in the content of life-giving gas in the tissues of the central nervous system.
Another hypothesis was rejected – that visions could be caused by an irrational combination of medicines used in resuscitation. Everything was done strictly according to the standard.
Sam Parina claims that he started research, being a skeptic, but now he is one hundred percent convinced: “there is something here.” “Our patients experienced their amazing conditions at a time when the brain was no longer able to function, and therefore was not able to reproduce any memories.” According to the researcher, human consciousness is not a function of the brain. And if this is so, says Peter Fenwick, “consciousness can well continue to exist even after the physical death of the body.”
“When we examine the brain,” writes Sam Parina, “we see clearly: the cells of gray matter in principle do not differ in structure from other cells of the body. They also produce protein and other chemicals, but they cannot create subjective thoughts and images.” which we define as human consciousness. In the end, we need our brain only as a receiver-transformer. It works as a kind of “live TV”: first it perceives the waves that enter it, and then they transform them into image and sound from Otori added holistic picture. “
Later, in December 2001, three Dutch scientists from the Rijenstate Hospital, led by Pym van Lommel, carried out the largest study to date of people who have experienced clinical death. His results were published in the article “Near-death experience of survivors after heart failure: a focused study of a specially formed group in the Netherlands” in the British medical journal Lancet. Dutch scientists came to conclusions similar to the conclusions of their English colleagues from Southampton.
Based on statistics obtained over a ten-year period, scientists have established that not every person who has experienced clinical death visits visions. Only 62 people (18%) out of 344 who underwent 509 resuscitation preserved clear memories of what they experienced between the temporary death and “resurrection”.
During clinical death, more than half of the subjects experienced positive emotions. Awareness of the fact of one’s own death was noted in 50% of cases. In 32% of the so-called “near-fatal experiences”, there were meetings with dead people. About a flight through the tunnel told a third of the dying. Almost the same number of respondents saw pictures of the alien landscape. Out of body experience (when a person sees himself from the side) experienced 24% of those returned to life. A blinding flash of light was recorded by the same number of respondents. In 13% of cases, people watched a series of past life rushing along. They said that they saw the border between the world of the living and the dead, less than 10% of people. None of those who have been in the next world reported frightening or unpleasant sensations.
It is interesting to note that a little earlier, the American researcher Dr. Ring made an attempt to find out the content of the near-death visions of the blind. He, together with his colleague Sharon Cooper, recorded the testimonies of 18 people who were blind from birth, who, for whatever reason, were in conditions close to death.
According to the respondents, dying visions became for them the only way to understand what it means to see. One of those who were in the state of clinical death, Vicki Yumipeg, survived the “exit from the body” in the hospital. From somewhere above, Vicki was looking at herself, lying on the operating table, and at the team of doctors who had resuscitation. So she first saw and understood what light is.
Blind from birth, Martin Marsh, who experienced similar near-death visions, remembered most of all the variety of colors in the world around him. Martin is convinced that his dying experience helped him understand how sighted people see the world.
But back to the study of Dutch scientists. They set a goal – to accurately determine when a person visits visions, during clinical death or during the brain. Van Lammel and his colleagues say that they managed to do it. The conclusion of scientists is as follows: visions are observed precisely at the moment of “disconnection” of the central nervous system. Thus, it was shown that consciousness exists independently of the functioning of the brain.
Perhaps the most striking Van Lummel considers the case, which was recorded by one of his colleagues. A patient in a coma was taken to the intensive care unit of the clinic. The revitalization activities were unsuccessful. The brain died, the encephalogram was a straight line. We decided to use intubation (the introduction of a tube into the larynx and trachea for artificial ventilation and restoration of airway patency). A denture was in the victim’s mouth. The doctor took it out and laid it on the table. After an hour and a half, the patient’s heart beat and blood pressure returned to normal. And a week later, when the same employee was delivering medicines to patients, he returned from the next world and said to her: “You know where my prosthesis is! You took my teeth out and put them in the drawer of the table on wheels!” During a thorough survey, it turned out that the victim was observing himself from above lying on a bunk. He described in detail the ward and the actions of the doctors at the time of his death. The man was very afraid that the doctors would stop reviving, and with all his might wanted to make it clear to them that he was alive …
Dutch researchers confirm their confidence that consciousness can exist separately from the brain by the purity of experiments. In order to exclude the possibility of the appearance of so-called false memories (a situation where a person, having heard from others stories about posthumous visions, suddenly “remembers” something that he himself never experienced), religious fanaticism, and other similar cases, the researchers scrupulously studied all factors that could influence to the reports of the victims.
All subjects were mentally healthy. These were men and women from 26 to 92 years old, having different levels of education, believing and not believing in God. Some have heard of the “near-death experience” before, while others have not.
The general conclusions of the Dutch are as follows: posthumous visions in humans arise during the period of suspension of the brain; they cannot be explained by oxygen deficiency in the cells of the central nervous system; the depth of the “almost deadly experience” is greatly influenced by the gender and age of the person. Women usually feel more powerful than men; most patients who have had the most profound experience of “death” die within a month after resuscitation; posthumous visions of the blind from birth do not differ from impressions of the sighted.
All of the above gives reason to say that at present, scientists have come close to the scientific justification of the immortality of the soul.
We just have to do a little to realize that death is just a transfer station on the border of two worlds, and to overcome the fear of its inevitability.
Paradise and hell
The question arises: where does the soul go after the death of a person?
If you died having lived an unrighteous life, then you won’t go to hell, but you will forever be on Earth in the worst period of mankind. If your life was impeccable, then in this case you will find yourself on Earth, but in a century where there is no place for violence and cruelty.
So says the French psychotherapist Michelle Lerrier, author of the book “Eternity in a Past Life.” He was convinced of this by numerous interviews and hypnotic sessions with people who experienced a state of clinical death. The researcher concludes that the deceased leave mostly in past centuries.
“During hypnosis sessions, all my 208 objects of observation (with the exception of three), describing the departure from this life, indicated past periods in history. They recalled how they walked along a long tunnel to where there is light and peace. They were greeted by familiar people, and then they again found themselves on Earth, though in previous centuries. “
At first, Lerrier suggested that he receives information about the previous incarnation (the next birth of the soul on the physical plane) of the subjects. However, as the facts accumulated, the scientist came to the conclusion: the objects of his research are those who died and found themselves in pleasant circumstances, and those who found themselves in a terrible historical period.
“For example, one prisoner I interviewed turned out to be a tired and hungry slave in Roman galleys. Under hypnosis, he described the terrible beatings and remembered the pangs of thirst and cold. But for a loving mother who devoted herself to the poor, she was destined for a life worthy only of the Egyptian Queen Cleopatra. She was given “wealth, power and hundreds of servants to fulfill her every desire. Coming out of a hypnotic dream, she said that she always dreamed of living in the time of the Pharaohs.”
According to Lerrier, it all boils down to the fact that you need to live on our sinful planet with dignity, respecting yourself and others.
Nevertheless, there are people who go to hell. These are suicides. Those who die from their own free will are very severely punished in the afterlife. Dr. Bruce Grayson, a psychiatrist at the emergency department of the University of Connecticut, who has thoroughly and comprehensively studied this issue, testifies:
“None of the suicides who survived temporary death will wish to hasten the end of their lives in the future. Understanding the other world makes it clear that earthly life has a very important preparatory value. Only God decides when a person is ripe enough for eternity. “
The Ganzfeld Effect: How To Experience Strong Hallucinations Without Drugs
Sometimes hallucinations can appear in a healthy person, if he is in a homogeneous auditory and visual environment. For example, the researchers of the Arctic, who for a long time have to look at the endless expanses of ice, or the miners, after an accident, found themselves locked in a mine.
This phenomenon is called the “ganzfeld effect”, it is the German “full field”. Some people deliberately evoke such visions in themselves. Is it dangerous for the psyche?
What is the Ganzfeld Effect?
About its existence, people knew the ganzfeld effect for a long time. Thus, the northern people who had to deal with such phenomena believed that these visions were sent to people by spirits. The followers of Pythagoras spent a lot of time in dark caves to gain wisdom by connecting with their subconscious.
When we are in a homogeneous, infinite space, where there is nothing to catch the eye, hallucinations may appear. The brain does not receive information, neither visual nor auditory. It cannot exist in reality, where there is no information, so it takes white noise as a basis and supplements it with some kind of visual picture.
The ganzfeld effect is not an aberration. It is based on the work of the brain, which needs to receive a flow of information from the senses. With the help of them, it recognizes models familiar to it, gives out ready-made templates. It does not need to be given any commands or instructions, the brain independently carries out this work. If there is not enough visual information, it complements the visual picture of sensations o its own accord, i.e. a person sees what is not really there.
This was confirmed experimentally in the 1930s by Wolfgang Metzger. His subjects, for a long time looking at a homogeneous field, began to see hallucinations. There are instructions by following which, you can evoke these visions in yourself.
To try this method for yourself, you need to find a clean ping-pong ball, cut it in half. It is advisable to turn on the red light in the room or turn off the lighting. To create “white noise”, you need to tune the radio so that only hiss is heard. You can lie down, fix the halves of the balloon in front of your eyes and wait. If you do not fall asleep, then hallucinations may appear after 10-30 minutes.
Experts advise against doing this. Psychiatrists write that this procedure is stressful for the psyche. If a person has caused such visions in himself many times, he may develop neurotic states. But if you had to face this phenomenon, you should not worry about it, there should be no negative consequences for the psyche.
The ganzfeld effect and telepathy
It is believed that the ganzfeld effect is associated with clairvoyance. Due to the fact that auditory and visual analyzers are completely turned off, a person seems to fall out of objective reality and can plunge into a dialogue with the subconscious. It is this that creates different images in the head.
Many believed that in this way it was possible to establish contact with the universal information field and receive information from there. In the 1970s, experiments took place on the transmission of information telepathically.
One of the subjects sat in a room with dim red lighting, with halves of ping-pong balls in front of him, headphones with white noise in his ears. In another room, a second subject was sitting, trying to transmit a message using psychic abilities.
In 1983, 354 pairs of subjects took part in the experiment, 34% of the participants chose the right card from the proposed ones. In a similar 1985 study, that number rose to 37%. Given that the probability of random guessing is 25%, we can say that it was not possible to prove the presence of telepathic abilities at that time.
The ganzfeld effect does exist, scientists have tried to study and explain it. Knowing about it, one can understand the origin of many legends and superstitions associated with caves, mines, etc. People really heard mysterious sounds and saw some figures, but all these images could be created by our brain, the work of which has not yet been fully studied.
Research confirms that “near death experience” is not an illusion
Dr. Alexander Batthyany, a professor of psychology at the University of Vienna, has studied thousands of cases of near-death experiences. Human thinking ability has nothing to do with the brain.
Near death experience case study
Dr. Batthyany and others collected thousands of complete cases describing near-death experiences , and recorded in detail the content of the near-death’s private prosecution and doctor’s consultation.
Doctors ask dozens of questions about what the patient sees (visual), what he hears (hearing), what he thinks (consciousness and thinking), life background (such as religious beliefs, life experience), etc., such as “Have this experience before Do you?”, “Do you see the light?”, “Who do you talk about your death experience?”, “Do you believe in your death experience?”, etc., to judge and evaluate the credibility of the patient’s narration of the near death experience Degree and the patient’s mental state after death (whether normal, etc.).
Dr. Batthyany said that the results of the study are reliable and fully confirm that the near-death experience is a real mental activity rather than an illusion. He also said that research methods have certain limitations, which will lead to underestimation of the proportion of near-death experiences.
Extremely credible near-death experiences
Dr. Batthyany explained that due to the limitations of the method, cases are likely to be missed, so the actual rate of near death experience should be higher.
Dr. Batthyany explained how he and his colleagues analyzed thousands of cases by compiling and integrating medical records into a resource library (such as the NDERF website), and then using search terms related to vision (vision) or cognition (such as “See” (saw) or “thought”> search for related medical records and score them according to visual or cognitive content, and then further narrow the scope of the study, such as selecting near-death experience cases with detailed medical records. This screening method based only on search terms is likely to miss cases where there is no such vocabulary in the expression.
Dr. Batthyany said that the near-death experience cases are highly credible. They considered that thousands of cases with near-death experiences are likely to have false reports, but in the process of sorting and analyzing, they noticed that only 1% of near-death cases were deleted due to validity.
Therefore, Dr. Batthyany believes that even if there are still false cases, the number is not enough to affect the overall conclusion.
Evidence of the phenomenon
In addition to these near-death experience studies, Dr. Batthyany also pointed out that the phenomenon of back light also shows that the phenomenon of thinking consciousness is extremely complex, even in the case of severe deterioration of brain function, there can be active thinking.
Dr. Batthyany studies the back-to-light phenomenon in patients with Alzheimer’s disease. Among patients with Alzheimer’s disease (ie, Alzheimer’s disease), some people have been completely incoherent for many years, but suddenly showed a marked improvement or normal thinking shortly before their death. This is what is commonly referred to as “return to light”.
According to the current neurological concept, as the brain function of Alzheimer’s patients gets worse and worse, their thinking performance should be that their memory and various thoughts and feelings are becoming more and more lost, and there is even no human thinking at all.
However, the actual situation is just the opposite. The whole state of mind of Alzheimer’s patients may suddenly become intact like a spark burst.
“Psychological Vision” of the Blind
In fact, there is also a phenomenon of “mindsight” or “mind intuition” which also illustrates the independence of thinking. “Psychovision” refers to the sight of a blind person who reports during a near-death experience.
Kenneth Ring of the University of Connecticut found that among 21 blind cases who reported near-death experiences, 15 blind people described seeing the scene and had vision.
Dr. Batthyany pointed out that some scientists believe that near-death experiences are hallucinations produced by human neurophysiological processes. However, “in this study, the results of near-death experience, rebirth, and psycho-visual phenomena suggest that patients experience near-death experiences when their condition deteriorates, die, or have no neurological activity, and it is common.”
Therefore, Dr. Batthyany concluded that even when the brain function changes or even the electrical activity of the brain stops (the EEG is flat), there is still a clear sense of self, complex visual images, and clear mental activities. And other thinking phenomena.
Even though back-lighting and psychological vision are very rare phenomena, the countless examples of near-death experiences are enough to illustrate the problem.
Dr. Batthyany wrote:
“Our research results show that the visual scene, mental state and self-awareness that people continue to appear in the near-death experience are a rule rather than an exception.”
What people see after clinical death: Stories from survivors that they would rather forget
Humanity still does not know much about death. Of course, it’s easy to write it off as “nothingness,” but what if in reality everything is a little more complicated? In the selection below – ten creepy stories “from the other world” from people who survived clinical death.
Recently, the user Aidanmartin3 asked near-death survivors on Reddit to describe what it was like. The post quickly went viral, with hundreds of people sharing their stories in the comments.
I was about fifteen years old. Climbed onto the kitchen counter to grab something from the top cabinet, but slipped and fell headlong onto the marble floor. The next thing I remember is walking barefoot on water. Then I look to the right, I see a very bright light and a hand, as if calling me. I go to her and suddenly realize how peaceful and relaxed I am. Like the best deep sleep ever. Then I said to myself: “Dude, this is so cool, I would never wake up.” And then all of a sudden everything disappears, and I wake up because of my mother, who is crying over me.By that time, I was already numb, cold, pulseless and even managed to urinate in my pants. As an atheist who does not believe in all this, I often think about that case.Cule4444
My father died for a short while and then said that at that time he was walking along a long corridor to the door. But when he was about to open it, his father felt himself being “sucked” into his own bodyWhiskeynostalgic
He died of an overdose for several minutes.In reality, there was nothing. It’s just darkness and an incomprehensible period of time. It was almost like waking up after hanging out all night and feeling like a horse kicked in the chest.Th30xygen
It seemed to me that I was kind of floating in a long tunnel and I felt very tired. I remember how I fell asleep then and had a dream that I was in the kitchen of my childhood home, and dad was preparing breakfast. I heard turmoil and chaos at one end, and at the other, there was a warm light that seemed soothing. But then all of a sudden I ended up in the chaos of the emergency room.Free_Hat_McCullough
The story of my ex-girlfriend’s mom. Her heart stopped for 28 minutes. The doctors had already told the family that she had left, and even brought in a priest to bless the room. But in the end she returned. She said that she recalls running around the field with a little girl, who, according to the woman, was her niece, in the dress in which she was buried.CastingPouch
I heard a loud, high-pitched noise telling me that I am still too young to die. Then he got even higher, and I saw a bright light and woke up. The ambulance driver was shining a flashlight in my eyesWorkerhard62
Anaphylactic reaction to the deadly sting of the Irukandji jellyfish. I saw this white glow and how I soared up, then my family and the doctors and nurses who were saving me. Came back and felt a lot of painGeorgestarr
It felt as if my body was being filmed on a CCTV camera from a third person. Then the camera gradually moved away and rose. I became very cold and began to hear loud clanking sounds. Woke up in an ambulance to the sound of a gurney bouncing on a rough road. It was so surreal. Since then I have not been afraid of death, to be honest. It was almost six years ago, but I still think about that case several times a month.Hemptations
I was hit by a car. I could see everything, blood had not yet got into my eyes. I heard all the commotion. I felt myself being pushed in the back, and then doing artificial respiration … After that I felt only the first beats of the heart and how the blood flowed through my body. The pain began to build up with renewed vigor, and then everything went blackOutsider531
I was pronounced dead three times. But “after death” I have never seen anything. At least i don’t rememberAmihuman159
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