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Lemuria and Atlantis: Lost continents and origin of the first civilizations

There are no clear records about the beginnings of humanity. The history dates back to the Sumerian era, but signs of much older civilizations have been found … Is the existence of Lemuria and Atlantis possible?

In 1912, Alfred Wagner, a renowned German meteorologist and geophysicist proposed the existence of two lost continents: Lemuria and Atlantis. These two land masses would have formed part of the 5 major continents today, however, sank in the sea.

Many theorists and researchers say it was in them where humanity was really born and that their sinking could have a reason related to their own inhabitants …

Lemuria and Atlantis: the lost continents

Map of the location of Lemuria and Atlantis. (Public domain)

It is believed that Lemuria was a continent located in the Indian Ocean which was covered by the sea, thousands of years ago. In the nineteenth century it was named by French scientists investigating the existence of the lost land.

It is believed that it was a huge continent, before Africa and, even, Atlantis, and that sank due to a great earthquake.

Lemuria was made up of South Africa, Madagascar, Sri Lanka, India, Maldives, Australia and New Zealand.

The most accepted theory about Lemuria was the one proposed by the University of Oslo, which suggested that the remains of a gigantic continent are confirmed with the Mauritia’s microcontinent, formed by India and Madagascar millions of years ago.

On the other hand, Atlantis is a big island mentioned in the dialogues of Timaeus and Critias, written by Plato, which has generated a lot of theories.

Some experts and researchers have concluded that Plato’s account raises impossible information and data, although its existence is still not completely ruled out by science since there is evidence of a natural disaster in areas where it is believed could exist.

Historians place it in the Mediterranean Sea or in the Atlantic Ocean and it was a unique formation that did not include current locations.

The first civilizations

Reference image of the Lemurian people, the first civilization. Credit: pxfuel

Approximately in the year 14,000 BC, until 12,000 BC, the world saw the establishment of what would be the first generation of humanity

These beings would have lived on the continent of Lemuria, being subsequently known as ‘lemurians’, some humans with great spiritual power and unique technology.

It is believed that the Lemurians were able to reach the Fifth Dimension, being able to move from the Third to the Fifth at will, something that none has been able to achieve.

According to the study of this ancient civilization, this was possible thanks to the frequency reached through the energies of their hearts.

This civilization was known by other inhabitants as the ‘Snake beings’, due to a unique feature in their eyeballs that gave them the appearance of a reptile.

In fact, it is believed that they were a mix of races that came from Sirius, Alfa Centauri and other planets that settled in Lemuria and mixed together, forming the first civilization.

It is believed that the Lemurians had reached a degree of evolution so high that Lemuria was a kind of Terrenal paradise.

However, approximately in the year 8000 B.C., another culture was born: the Atlantes, coming from the island of Atlantis.

Their civilization was equally advanced technologically and culturally, the Lemurians, however, had two essential differences: the first was their physique. Unlike the former, the Atlanteans were beings of great size and physical portent. The second difference was thei ambition.

The War between Lemuria and Atlantis

The Atlantean and Lemurian war. Credit: Pexels

For hundreds of years, both cultures lived normally, sharing the domain of the planet without any problem. However, the ambition of the Atlanteans would be a fundamental factor for this relationship to be broken.

The Lemurians had the philosophy that the rest of civilizations of the world should reach their evolution by themselves, without any intervention.

On the other hand, the Atlantes wanted to dominate the other civilizations since they believed that these, being less evolved, should be under the domain of the two most advanced.

Tensions between the two lands were escalating until a great and inevitable war started.

In Lemuria there was no talk of war, the Atlanteans were warriors. Lemurians knew that starting a war would mean the end of humanity. However, it was inevitable.

A series of wars took place throughout the world. According to researchers, this battle was of nuclear character and at the end of it, there were no winners.

A highly advanced civilization was reduced to its lowest level, until they realized that they were at the edge to ruin themselves, but the damage was already done.

After the war

The sinking of Atlantis and Lemuria as a result of the war. (Public domain)

As Lemuria sank in the waters, Atlantis began to shake, losing territory at great speed until, 200 years later, it disappeared completely.

However, for 2000 continuous years, the Earth suffered the consequences from the war; the weather, which was initially calm, had changed forever, becoming unpredictable.

The lands that did not sink were fragmented and for a fairly long period, the light of the Sun did not fall again on the planet, turning it cold, thus destroying hundreds of ecosystems where neither animals nor plants could live.

Current information

Atlantean evidence today. Credit: JERRYE AND ROY KLOTZ MD / Wikimedia Commons

The reason why there is not much information about these two continents is simple; civilization did a restart after the war.

Whole towns were razed and the few that survived had to endure a new world that led them to live in extreme, very hard conditions.

Hunger, inhospitable weather conditions and diseases led humanity to suffer drastic changes in their way of life and they derived to the involution of the race itself.

The human species went from measuring between 3 and 3.5 meters tall, to barely overcome 1.8 meters, on average. In addition, the lack of nutrients and extreme weather, deteriorated the body, which made them more vulnerable to diseases.

Those and other reasons led humanity to forget what it once was, concentrating in living day by day and survive

However, while humanity evolves once more and as long as it goes the right way, all the features it once had will return.

Lemuria today

The new Lemuria in the Fifth Dimension. Credit: Composite / Pixabay

As we mentioned at the beginning, the inhabitants of Lemuria had the ability to reach the Fifth Dimension at will.

For that reason it is believed that Lemuria still exists between the Fourth and Fifth Dimension, so most of humanity still can’t see it since our vision and perception is only three-dimensional.

While the human being continues its evolution, that mantle that keeps it blinded will fall, revealing the answers to all mysteries of our universe and returning to the harmony in which we live in the past.

This theory continues without a solid base as there are many unfilled plot gaps. However, small evidence has been found in ancient cultures that suggest the existence of a possible previous civilization and, in fact, that is one of the reasons why science has not been able to rule out its existence.

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Ancient

What secrets of the Mayan queen were discovered by a new decoding of ancient records

The Maya are a mysterious people who built their civilization in Mexico long before the coming of the Aztecs. He left behind many books and other inscriptions. Archaeologists can now decipher the documents of the era, and each time new secrets are revealed to them.

An important discovery for Mexico

The city of Coba, once built by the Mayans on the Yucatan Peninsula, has long attracted the attention of archaeologists. It was a large polis, full of pyramidal temples with decorations and inscriptions and connected by many roads with other polis. 

Traces of culture have not yet been able to destroy even the local aggressive jungle, and archaeologists have struggled for decades to understand the history of the city itself and its place in the general history of the Maya.

To date, they have managed to reconstruct the dynasty of rulers of the city-state. It consisted of fourteen people who were in charge of the policy from about 500 to 780. ad. The dynasty was founded by a man named Junpik Tok, but most surprisingly, among the rulers is a woman known as Lady Yopaat.

What secrets of the Mayan queen was opened by a new decoding of ancient records
After the Maya, there are many drawings and inscriptions in stone.

To understand why this discovery is so significant, one must have an understanding of the cultures of America’s major civilizations.In almost all of them, women were in the same humiliated condition as in most cities of Ancient Greece. 

It seems that even the women of royal families were not perceived as something that special. Although it is known that the sisters of the Great Incas were their co-rulers, the ladies did not rule on their own even there. Until now, only three rulers were known on the territory of Mexico.

Archaeologists almost missed this chance

Archaeologist Maria José Con Uribe of the National Institute of Anthropology and History of Mexico notes that the establishment of rulers and the sequence of their rule is important in order to understand the historical connections of Coba and other cities and regions.

 Fortunately, a lot of inscriptions dedicated to these rulers remained on the stone ruins of Koba (Mayan books are often so damaged that it is impossible to leaf through them for decoding).

Unfortunately, these ruins were in such a state that archaeologists did not dare to touch them for a long time, so as not to destroy them completely. Modern technology made it possible to study the inscriptions with minimal contact with the ruins that were decorated with letters. 

Deciphering the inscriptions was like a detective investigation. So, in order to better see the half-erased letters, they were photographed with lighting at different angles and then the photographs were superimposed on each other so that the shadows indicated contours that were already invisible to the eye. 

Often, it was impossible to come up to take a picture, and it was necessary to invent something. Archaeologists had to show a lot of ingenuity.

What secrets of the Mayan queen was opened by a new decoding of ancient records
Photo from the website of the institute.

Surprisingly, among the reasons why archaeologists took up the deciphering so late was also the belief that among the policies of this area there cannot be any where many hieroglyphs can be found. That is, scientists did not see the point in deploying large-scale research using the necessary technologies. 

They did not even try to find more inscriptions than they could be seen at a glance. The northern Mayan cities were considered “not very literate”, and new research refutes this long-held belief.

This resembles the situation with the drawings of primitive people in caves. As you know, archaeologists of the nineteenth century, working with cave sites of ancient Europeans, practically ignored these drawings, because they believed that for so long in the past people could not draw – so the multi-colored lines on the ceilings and walls of the caves cannot tell anything about their life. It took a long time for the drawings to attract the attention of scientists.

What the Mayan queens are known for

As for Yopaat, as far as archaeologists can judge, she ruled for quite a long time – about forty years – at the beginning of the seventh century and significantly strengthened the position and influence of her city in the region. That is, her rise and reign were not a brief episode in a series of violent upheavals, as was the case in some Muslim countries in the Middle Ages.

In addition to her, as you know, the warlike queen Kauil Ahau ruled in Kobe, but she already belongs to another, later dynasty. As you know, Kahuil Ahau, competing with the influence of Chichen Itza – another city-state – built the longest road of its era, and also conquered a polis called Yahuna.

What secrets of the Mayan queen was opened by a new decoding of ancient records
Image of Kahuil Ahau

Another famous ruler is considered Mistress Cable, or Mistress Lily Hands, who ruled at about the same time as Kauil Ahau, but in Calakmula. She reigned for about twenty years. 

Although there were no high-profile cases during her reign, the city flourished under her leadership. Two more Maya queens bore the romantic names Mistress of the Heart of the Windy Place and Mistress of the Sixth Heaven.

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Ancient

How the Egyptians worshiped a god with a reptilian head and why they needed thousands of crocodile mummies

Photo: Getty images

The deification of animals and the forces of nature is a common feature of all ancient civilizations, but some cults make a particularly strong impression on modern man. In the era of the pharaohs of Ancient Egypt, the role of sacred animals was assigned to perhaps the most repulsive and terrible creatures on the planet – the Nile crocodiles.

Sebek – god-crocodile, ruler of the Nile

The role of the Nile in the development of the culture of Ancient Egypt cannot be overestimated – this river determined the very existence of the peoples who settled along its banks. Stretching nearly seven thousand kilometers from south to north, the Nile fed the Egyptians, the floods of the river ensured good harvests in the fields adjacent to the river, and the absence of spills doomed people to hunger. Since the time of the pharaohs, there have been special structures – nilomers, whose purpose was to determine the level of the river to predict the next harvest.

Nilomer

It is not surprising, therefore, the desire to earn the favor of such powerful forces, giving a special ritual character to interaction with a permanent inhabitant of the Nile and, to some extent, with its owner – a crocodile. By the behavior and movement of these animals, the Egyptians, among other things, determined the arrival of floods.

God Sebek (or Sobek), who was portrayed as a man with the head of a crocodile, is one of the most ancient and main gods of the Egyptian pantheon. He was recognized not only as the ruler of the Nile and the lord of its floods, bestowing fertility and abundance, but also as a deity, personifying time, eternity. Sebek was portrayed with the head of a crocodile and in a magnificent crown.

God Sebek

City of Gadov

The cult of Sebek was especially vividly manifested in Crocodilopolis, or the City of Reptiles, located southwest of the ancient capital of Egypt, Memphis. The name “Crocodilopolis” was given to the settlement by the Greeks who came to these lands in the 4th century BC with Alexander the Great. The Egyptians themselves called this city Shedit (Shedet).

El Fayyum – an oasis in the desert

Located in the Fayyum oasis, a wide valley famous for its fertility throughout Ancient Egypt, near Lake Merida, Shedit became a place of worship for the god Sebek and his living incarnations – crocodiles.

In the 19th century BC, the pharaoh of the XII dynasty Amenemkhet III built a pyramid for himself near the city of Shedit. Adjacent to the pyramid was the Labyrinth – a sacred structure that has not survived to this day, a temple complex where Sobek’s son Petsuhos lived.

Which of the crocodiles will be honored to become a divine offspring was determined by the priests – according to rules that are currently unknown.

The crocodile lived in the Labyrinth, where, in addition to the pond and sand, there were many rooms located at different levels – according to ancient sources, in particular, according to the stories of Herodotus, the number of rooms allegedly reached several thousand. The estimated area of ​​rooms and passages of the Labyrinth reached 70 thousand square meters.

Pyramid of Amenemhat III

Serving the crocodile

The priests offered Petsuhos meat, bread and honey, wine as food, and the one who accidentally became a victim of the crocodile’s mouth acquired divine status himself, his remains were embalmed and placed in a sacred tomb. Drinking water from the pond in which such a crocodile lived was considered a great success and provided the protection of the deity.

After the death of “Sebek’s son,” his body was mummified and buried nearby. In total, several thousand of these mummies were discovered, in particular, at the Kom el-Breigat cemetery. The new incarnation of the god was the crocodile, chosen by the same priests.

Mummies of sacred crocodiles

The information about the crocodile cult in Shedite that has survived to our time is extremely scarce and is based, as a rule, on the notes of the Greeks who visited here. The ancient scientist Strabo, who visited Egypt in the first century BC, left the following memories:

Our host, one of the officials who initiated us there in the mysteries, came with us to the lake, taking from dinner some kind of cake, fried meat and a jug of wine mixed with honey. We found the crocodile lying on the shore of the lake. When the priests approached the animal, one of them opened its mouth, and the other stuck a cake there, then meat, and then poured the honey mixture. Then the animal jumped into the lake and swam to the other side. But when another stranger approached, also carrying with him an offering of the firstfruits, the priests took gifts from him; then they ran around the lake and, finding the crocodile, in the same way gave the animal the food they had brought“.

Image of a priest feeding a sacred crocodile

Under Ptolemy II, Crocodilopolis was renamed Arsinoe – in honor of the ruler’s wife.

El-Fayyum is one of the least studied areas of Egypt by archaeologists, so it is possible that in the foreseeable future additional arguments will be received to confirm or refute the legends about the Crocodilopolis Labyrinth.

Nevertheless, the cult of the crocodile god Sebek can be traced in other areas of Ancient Egypt – in particular, in Kom Ombo, a city that used to be called Nubet, there is a temple dedicated to Sebek, where a demonstration of crocodile mummies has been open since 2012. from nearby burials.

Temple of Kom Ombo

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Figures of mysterious creatures found in 10,000-year-old graves in Jordan

Photo: Kharaysin archaeological team / Antiquity Publications Ltd

When excavating in Jordan, an international team from the Kharaysin archaeological team research project discovered dozens of strange Neolithic figures who were in burials about 10 thousand years old.

An article about this discovery is published in Antiquity magazine. Figurines are found which date from the middle of the ninth millennium BC. This era is known as the Early Neolithic. At that time, iconography was just beginning to spread in the Middle East. New research will help to understand how it developed.

The burials mentioned above are located on the archaeological site of Haraisin in the Zarka River Valley. A group of archaeologists from Spain, France and the UK worked there. It was led by Dr. Juan José Ibáñez.

“We were digging burial grounds, a cemetery,” Ibáñez said. “We know very well the tools that were made in that period.”

Discovered artifacts look like flint tools of ancient people. However, most of these items were found in burials, which is not typical of flint tools. Scientists have suggested that artifacts were sacred. That is, they were deliberately laid in the graves along with the deceased during funeral rituals.

The artifacts were carefully analyzed. As a result, the researchers saw them as “human forms.” The upper pair of recesses is a narrowing to indicate the neck, and the lower one to indicate the waist. A similar “violin-shaped contour” was previously observed in two figures of the same period, found in Haraisin and made of fired clay. This indicates that artifacts are Neolithic figurines. Who exactly did they represent?

“When one of the team members first suggested that artifacts are figurines depicting people, we were skeptical,” says Ibáñez. However, the team has since been convinced that these are images of people, although rude. “They made two notches on one side, one probably representing the neck and the other representing the thigh.”

There is a version that these were primitive images of deities. In subsequent periods of time, the practice of making anthropomorphic figures of deities became widespread. For example, in Europe during the excavations, “Venus” figures were found more than once, whose age was estimated at thousands of years.

Perhaps the statuettes found in Jordan were the result of the first attempts to create divine sculptures. By the way, all the Neolithic figurines found by this mission have various shapes and sizes.

In their article, the authors write that artifacts could be cult objects, including “vehicles of magic,” which were used in rituals. But they pay attention to the fact that some of the finds were made not in the graves, but in ordinary pits.

It is possible that these figurines were for some reason thrown away. For example, they could be thrown out after the rite is completed. Or they were simply rejected. There is one more explanation – the figures could be used as children’s toys or as visual exhibits when teaching rituals.

The discovery also proves that “psychological and social shifts” occurred in people upon transition to a sedentary lifestyle and farming. In particular, they probably had ideas about the afterlife.

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