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Cryptozoology

Legendary Monsters Of Africa

The legendary monsters series continues with some scary stories from Africa. There are so many nations and discrete communities in Africa that the problem here was not finding the legendary stories, but whittling down the list to a manageable number.

1. Inkanyamba

The Inkanyamba is a huge carnivorous eel-like animal in the legends of the Zulu and Xhosa people of South Africa. The ancient legends say Inkanyambas can control the weather. They are said to have fins and/or flippers and grow to tremendous size. There are actually freshwater eels abundant in South Africa that grow to around six feet long, but that pales in comparison to the stories of the Inkanyamba.

2. Kongamato

A flying monster called Kongamato in Zambia, Angola, and Congo is described as a flying reptile we may recognize as a pterosaur. It was first described in English by explorer Frank Welland in 1932, although local legend goes back much further. This cryptid lives in rivers and swamps and has a huge wingspan, but no feathers. A similar creature goes by other names in other parts of Africa. Theories on Kongomato sightings range from bad lighting to the possibility that an unknown species may exist in inaccessible places. Of course, the image is familiar to us thanks to Hollywood.

3. Impundulu

The Impundulu or Lightning Bird is a supernatural bird from Pondo, Zulu, and Xhosa folklore. The South African bird is as big as a human and can summon lightning and storms, hence the name. The bird is sometimes a shape shifter that can appear as a human, and sometimes said to be a supernatural familiar that guards a witch or witch doctor. It will attack people and drink their blood. However, parts of the Impundulu or its eggs have medicinal powers. Image by DeviantART member Amadoodles.

4. Adze

The Adze is a vampire in the legends of the Ewe people of Ghana and Togo. It takes the form of a firefly, but if you capture one, it will revert to human appearance. This can be dangerous in itself, because in its human form the adze may attack and eat your organs, but it can be defeated. However, in the insect form, the adze will suck your blood while you sleep and spread disease, which is a possible explanation for malarial outbreaks. Its preferred victims are young children. The victim of an adze becomes a witch who is possessed by the adze’s spirit.

5. Bili Ape

There are plenty of legends of mysterious unknown ape species in Africa. Many of these cryptids are described as something between a chimpanzee and a gorilla. A ghost ape fitting this description is called Ufiti in Malawi. In other areas it became known as the Bondo Mystery Ape, leading to speculation that there was an unknown species waiting to be discovered. Reports led researchers to believe it was a large chimpanzee species that behaved more like gorillas. Various expeditions tried to find this species in Central Africa since skulls were found near the village of Bili in 1908. In the 21st century, evidence of a large subspecies of chimpanzee was found and the apes were later observed in the Bili forest of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Now called the Bili Ape, they are classified as a subspecies of chimp.

6. Gbahali

The Gbahali is a reptilian creature of Liberia, resembling a crocodile. It grows to 30 feet long, has a snout shorter than a croc’s, and somewhat longer legs. Although this species is not confirmed by science, it is not considered a legendary monster among Liberian hunters, but a real creature they have caught and eaten. It is possible, however, that descriptions are exaggerated. Witnesses were shown a picture of the extinct animal Postosuchus, and they recognized it as the Gbahali. Image by Nobu Tamura.

7. Ninki Nanka

Ninki Nanka is a monster that lives in the Gambia River in Gambia. It is a dragon-like creature with the body of a crocodile, the head of a horse (with horns) and a long neck like a giraffe. And it’s huge – 30 to 50 feet long! An expedition in 2006 yielded an object said to be a scale from the monster, but it turned out to be non-biological – possibly a piece of celluloid film.

8. Popobawa

The Popobawa is a fairly recent manifestation reported in Zanzibar and Tanzania. The creature is a demon who appears as a normal human by day, and a one-eyed, bat-winged monster at night. The Popobawa attacks and sodomizes both men and women in the dark of night, and is particularly vicious to those who don’t believe in him. Attacks were first reported in 1965 on the island of Pemba. Reports of attacks come every few years, with a large number in 1995 attributed to mass hysteria. Some think that the attacks of the Popobawa can be traced to “waking dreams” or “night terrors,” in which the person experiences hallucinations somewhere in between lucidity and sleep. The name Popobawa in Swahili translates to “bat wing.”

9. Grootslang

Grootslang is an Afrikaans word meaning “great snake.” The monster of that name lives in a cave called the Wonder Hole in the Richtersveld area of South Africa. The story is that the original Grootslang was found to be too powerful, so the gods subdivided the animal into two species: the elephant and the snake. However, a Grootslang or two escaped this fate and reproduced. The monster can grow up to 60 feet long. Supposedly, its cave is full of diamonds, but no one knows for sure because the Grootslang guards it well. The Grootslang pictured was featured on the Cartoon Network series The Secret Saturdays.

10. Mokèlé-mbèmbé

The Mokèlé-mbèmbé is a cryptid resembling a dinosaur from the Congo River region. The name means “one who stops the flow of rivers” referring to its size. Dozens of expeditions have sought to find this huge creature, but come back with only secondhand accounts and mysterious footprints. The 1995 1985 Disney film Baby is based on the legend of the Mokèlé-mbèmbé.

11. Tikoloshe

A Tikoloshe (or Tokoloshe) is an evil-spirited gremlin in Zulu mythology. A shaman may send a Tikoloshe to vex his enemies, causing anything from harmless fright to illness or death. Tikoloshes are described as short hairy humanoid figures that can render themselves invisible by swallowing a pebble – all the better to sneak up on their victims. Photograph by Toanke.

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Cryptozoology

Expedition Bigfoot’ scours Oregon woods for signs of the mythical and elusive beast

© Shutterstock

Mindy Weisberger
LiveScience

A man crouches on the Oregon forest floor late at night, peering between the trees for signs of nocturnal life. The scene is pitch-black but his face and hands are visible in infrared footage, and he scans the landscape with a thermal camera, looking for a heat signature that would indicate he isn’t alone.

Suddenly, a red blob emerges in the distance.

“Do you see that?” he whispers. “It’s something big.”

But could it be Bigfoot, North America’s fabled apelike creature? That’s the question this man — author and explorer Russell Acord — and his colleagues are trying to answer, in the new Travel Channel documentary series “Expedition Bigfoot,” premiered on Dec. 8 at 10 p.m. ET/PT.

More than 10,000 eyewitness accounts have described Bigfoot encounters in the continental U.S. over the past 50 years. Bigfoot even has an FBI file that was released to the public on June 5; in 1977, the agency examined 15 unidentified fibers that were suspected of being Bigfoot hairs. But the hairs were eventually found to be “of deer family origin,” FBI Assistant Director Jay Cochran, Jr. wrote in a letter.

Now, Travel Channel searchers are hot on the trail of the bipedal beast, bringing the hunt to the Pacific Northwest, where about one-third of all “Bigfoot” encounters have taken place.

In the series, a team of experts — including a primatologist — embarked on a three-week search for the elusive Bigfoot. Using state-of-the-art equipment and computer algorithms, the team analyzed footprints and possible nest sites, and recorded mysterious vocalizations at Bigfoot “hotspots” around 90,000 acres of land in central Oregon, Travel Channel representatives said in a statement.

bigfoot search

© Travel Channel
Primatologist Mireya Mayor has searched for rare and elusive animals in remote locations around the world.

Hairy and apelike

Purported Bigfoot sightings often describe a tall, hairy creature resembling a gigantic ape that walks on two legs. An enormous primate known as Gigantopithecus — standing 10 feet (3 meters) tall and weighing up to 595 lbs. (270 kilograms) — once lived in Southeast Asia, but it went extinct hundreds of thousands of years ago. And large, hairy animals such as woolly mammoths and rhinos roamed North America during the Ice Age. But to date, there is no fossil evidence showing that large primates other than humans ever inhabited North America, said primate researcher and “Expedition Bigfoot” team member Mireya Mayor, director of the Exploration and Science Communications Initiative in the College of Arts, Sciences and Education at Florida International University.

However, the idea that a new type of undiscovered primate could be hiding in dense woodlands in North America “is totally within the realm of possibility” as long as the animals have food, shelter and a habitat that isolates them from humans, Mayor told Live Science. In fact, chimpanzee researcher Jane Goodall said in a 2002 interview that she wouldn’t dismiss the possibility that such creatures might be real.

“I’m a romantic, so I always wanted them to exist,” she told NPR host Ira Flatow.

Big and small

In 2001, Mayor co-discovered a new species of tiny mouse lemur that is one of the world’s smallest primates, weighing less than 2 ounces (57 grams). Small animals can be hard to spot in the wild, but even a very big primate such as the reported Bigfoot could conceal itself from humans quite effectively, Mayor added.

“We’ve seen that throughout history with other apes,” she explained. “When I went in search of western lowland gorillas, because of the dense vegetation that they live in [and] the fact that they’re not habituated and in fact avoid humans at all costs, there were times where we were no more than 3 feet [1 meter] away from a 450-lb. [204 kilograms] silverback, and didn’t know that it was there for a good hour or two.”

As Mayor reviewed eyewitness accounts of possible Bigfoot sightings, one thing that stood out was the consistency of the descriptions: a large, bipedal creature with primate-like behavior. “And when we were in the field, we were able to capture something on video that fits this description: very big and moving in an apelike — if not bipedal — fashion,” Mayor said. “That, to me, is probably the most compelling piece of evidence that I’ve seen so far.”

Mayor shared this footage with a fellow primatologist who has studied living primates around the world and is familiar with all known forms of primate locomotion.

“When he saw the footage, he was completely blown away and agreed with me that something apelike was far from its home,” Mayor said.

The burden of proof

Compelling though this new evidence may be, only a recovered body or genetic data from organic tissue, feces or hairs could definitively establish this fabled creature as a newfound species. Scientifically describing any new species means establishing a holotype — a single physical specimen representing the species, according to paleontologist David Hone, a senior lecturer in zoology with the School of Biological and Chemical Sciences at Queen Mary University of London.

Describing the new species also requires a detailed outline of behavioral, anatomical, and genetic features that establish the animal’s uniqueness and set it apart from its close relatives, he wrote for the Guardian.

To date, physical evidence supposedly representing Bigfoot has consisted primarily of hairs, and all of those samples that underwent genetic analysis have belonged to existing animals. In 2014, researchers examined 36 “Bigfoot” hair samples collected around the world, linking most of the hairs to raccoons, horses, deer, cows, coyotes, a Malaysian tapir and even humans.

Intriguingly, two samples did not belong to any known species. However, the DNA data showed that the mystery hairs didn’t come from primates, and they likely belonged to unknown bear species, the scientists reported in their study, published in March 2014 in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B.

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Cryptozoology

Bigfoot chasing car in Bashkortostan (video)

A few days ago, an interesting video filmed in the Birski District in Bashkortostan was widely circulated on the Internet.

The footage of the video was made by a group of local young people. They captured “something” dark and big. The creature, waving its hands, moves through the tall grass to the steppe path.

The creature apparently has a powerful back, broad shoulders and big hands.

This video intrigued so much Moscow’s Bigfoot researchers at the International Homology Center that they were refusing to leave Bashkortostan.

The head of the Center is the famous Russian researcher of Yeti – Igor Burtsev, who has been searching for these cryptids for half a century (he himself is 79 years old). According to him, he “lost sleep and rest ” when watching this video. He is sure that the captured video footage is a real Yeti, and they are by no means fake.

In an interview with the BTRC Bashkortostan, Burtsev says:

“This, I think, is the second such case in the world. It is very convincing. It becomes clear that this creature is running. In addition, as we were studying the video footage, I saw there at one turn a bulge – this is a woman’s chest. Do you understand? This is a female.”

The record was reported to have been made in 2016, but has only recently become widely available on the web. The authors of the video claim that this creature was chasing their car. At one point, it still manages to catch up with them and damage the trunk and the rear window, but that’s exactly what they couldn’t take.

Burtsev was already out of the forest in the Birski area and immediately saw the traces of Yeti’s presence. He shares:

“When we entered the forest, we saw broken branches. We were back there days ago. There are completely fresh footprints. The locals call it shurale, and scientifically called hominoid. It’s also called Yeti and Bigfoot, but these are all names of the same being. “

According to media reports, the scientists spent several days to  interview local residents if they have seen a shape-shifting Shurale, a creature in Bashkir and Tatar folklore. It’s referred to as a forest spirit but believed to be a shapeshifter which can have a humanoid body with long fingers, glowing eyes, a horn on its forehead and a woolly body

Unfortunately, the original video has been removed from the web, which raises many questions …

You can see the edited video below.


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Cryptozoology

Baseball star captures ‘Bigfoot’ on deer cam

Image Credit: Twitter / @jordy_mercer

Is this Bigfoot, or is someone pulling a prank ? 

Tigers infielder Jordy Mercer has posted up two still images of an alleged Sasquatch on his property.

The 33-year-old Major League Baseball veteran reportedly captured the images on the 18th and 19th of November on his ranch in Oklahoma.

Both images show a large bipedal creature walking from right to left across the frame.

“Anyone know what this is ?” Mercer wrote. “Showed up back to back days on my deer camera!”

Little else is actually known about the images or the circumstances surrounding them and it is not even clear whether the post is intended to be serious or tongue-in-cheek.

As is often the case with such photographs, the ‘Bigfoot’ could simply be a person in a costume.

It is also possible that a third party was pulling a prank without Mercer’s knowledge.

His original Tweet can be viewed below.

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