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Metaphysics & Psychology

Is introverted intuition helpful or harmful?

Is introverted intuition helpful or harmful? 86

As a growing number of people turn to online self-help content as a way to reorder their lives, certain ways of understanding or reshaping your own identity are flowing in and out of popularity. At the moment, the idea of ‘introverted intuition’ (Ni) is the subject of lots of attention, particularly on social media.

But what exactly is Ni? Where did the concept come from? And will it help you to figure out who you are?

In this article, I’ll give you the lowdown on introverted intuition. We’ll look at what it is and how to recognize it in yourself, and how some people believe it plays an important role in their lives.

Then, with the help of psychologist Katie Woodland, we’ll cut through the mystery and myth of intuition and consider a different possibility. That rather than helping you understand who you are and how you work, labeling yourself in this way could limit your ability to change.

What is introverted intuition?

Introverted intuition (Ni) is a trait identified through the Myers Briggs personality type test. Katharine Cook Briggs and her daughter, Isabel Briggs Myers, created the test based on Carl Jung’s theory of psychological types. First published in the aptly named book Psychological Types in 1921, Jung offered an innovative way of understanding and ordering human behavior.

Distilled from the complexity of Jung’s work, the Myers Briggs assessment was intended to make self-psychological profiling easy for everyone. Briggs and Myers suggested that if everyone could define their personality type they’d be able to use it to their advantage; capitalizing on their strengths and embracing the differences between them and the people around them.

So, 16 personality types were defined. These definitions came about through oppositions: some personality types were ‘judging’ while others were ‘perceiving’; some were ‘extraverted’ while others were ‘introverted’, some ‘sensing’ while others were ‘intuiting’; and some ‘thinking’ while others were ‘feeling’.

The assessment uses a series of questions to put together a four-letter code—and that code is your personality type. Each type is associated with specific characteristics, preferences, strengths, and weaknesses.

And introverted intuition is a trait associated with two personality types in particular: INFJ and INTJ.

It’s a ‘perceiving function’. It is, essentially, the cognitive ability to notice and make sense of patterns so that a plan emerges. Someone with Ni can effortlessly observe, reshuffle, and piece together complex information. All of this happens below the surface and the human experience of it is a ‘hunch’ or a ‘gut feeling’; an intuitive sense of the future.

Some people seem to have greater intuition than others, and it’s not unusual for intuition to be perceived as some kind of psychic ability. But actually, psychological research shows that all human brains are subconsciously processing loads of information all the time. It’s just that some people are more likely to notice or trust their intuition than others. A report by Thea Zander and colleagues, published in the journal Frontal Psychological, note that intuition becomes apparent when the perceiving person also experiences insight.

Insight and intuition have to occur together, perhaps simultaneously or in a constant cycle, in order for someone to be aware of those subtle cognitive perceptions and form some kind of future thought out of them.

When it comes to intuition and gut feelings, psychologist Katie Woodland says:

“Every single individual will have experienced this. However, not everyone chooses to follow those hunches. If a non-intuitive individual (or rather, someone who does not give weight to their intuition) has a hunch and the logical aspects of the outside world seem to contradict their gut feeling, they are more likely to ignore it.”

In contrast, someone who is intuitive is simply someone who does give weight to their intuition. In terms of Myers-Briggs personality types, those people would have the INFJ or INTJ codes, leaning towards introverted traits. Rather than being some kind of magic, intuition is the tendency to rely on ‘feelings’ and hunches. Woodland says “those who are deeply religious will call it faith, those who are spiritual may believe it’s the Law of Attraction.”

Whatever the label, intuition is available to all of us. Some of us are just more likely to live by it, or act on it, than others.

How do you know if you’re the Ni type?

According to personality type literature, such as the book Type Talk by Otto Kroeger and Janet Thuesen, introverted intuition characterized by a focus on the internal world. You look for abstract connections and symbols to represent relationships between your subjective internal world, and the empirical world around you.

If you’re someone who finds hidden meanings and notices signs in your environment all the time, you’d probably fall under the introverted intuition label. You might have a sense that you can predict the future; a deep confidence that what you believe will happen, will happen.

Actually, Ideapod’s Genefe Navilon has written about the signs of introverted intuition, so I won’t go into too much detail here. Instead, I’ve interviewed someone who identifies strongly with the experience of Ni, and believes that his intuition is one of the foundational blocks of his lifestyle and choices.

An interview with an intuitive introvert

Mark asked for his last name to be kept private. We spoke on the phone, and he told me that learning about personality types and introverted intuition has changed his life.

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“I was never an outgoing person, as a kid and then into adulthood. People always told me I’d ‘come out of my shell’ eventually but it never happened. I liked my own company and kept myself to myself—I still do really. But I always had this sense that I could make things happen.

“Not that I had superpowers or anything but…I could tell what would happen in different situations, and I knew what my life would be like in five or ten years. Or at least I knew what I thought it would be like and I believed it could happen, and now looking back, it has happened. I guess the more time goes on, the more I can see my intuition in action because I can look back and know I was right about things.”

I asked Mark how this intuition plays out in his daily life, and he said that he ‘notices things’ constantly; images and signs that relate to big decisions he needs to make, and patterns that confirm thoughts he’s had in the past. When he talks about discovering personality types and the idea of introverted intuition, his voice lifts:

“It was like a light going on. It was this kind of knowledge about myself that someone else had researched and written down that made it acceptable for me to respect myself. I’d always felt bad for being shy or socially awkward, but suddenly I found all this literature that said my intuition was important, and people like me were valuable in our own way—I didn’t have to be loud and extraverted and I could ask other people to respect me for who I was.”

A quick look at the benefits of Ni

In general, the benefits—or positive qualities—of a person with introverted intuition, as agreed by pop psychology websites across the internet, include:

  • Strong instincts that go deeper than what’s superficially obvious; for example, they’re unlikely to be swayed by loud opinions or strong personalities
  • They’re actively focused on the future and making positive things happen
  • They’re creative and innovative, drawing on seemingly random stimulus to come up with new ideas
  • Openness to alternative perspectives and non-dogmatic
  • An ability to predict pitfalls and prevent mistakes
  • Being comfortable with silence, and speaking when they have something genuinely valuable to say

All of those traits could be highly positive in work environments, and for the wider world. But for Mark, it’s clear that the benefits of Ni aren’t just in his personal abilities. Instead, delving into the world of personality types gave Mark the permission he’d craved to value himself.

He found a new way of talking about himself and felt empowered to pursue a career in digital research that utilized his skills and, in particular, his attention to detail and capacity for noticing and interpreting patterns.

So if there is a value in the idea of personality type categories and introverted intuition, perhaps it’s just that. The very fact of having something written that validates the experience of people who feel excluded from society can create opportunities, confidence, and personal freedom.

Is introverted intuition real?

Introverted intuition is a way of describing certain traits that seem to be common among people who share particular personality characteristics. But the problem with labels like this is that humans are complicated, nuanced, and can change. 

Woodland points out that having these resources so readily available to us can have an impact on whether or not we take responsibility for our own actions and choices. Personality types, and the various categorizations that fall within them—including Ni— are, she says, “simply a way for someone to attempt to understand why they behave in certain ways, so they can figure out how they can fit into society and be accepted.”

And Woodland notes that placing labels on certain people and traits could be harmful, trapping us in cycles that we can’t escape from. “This is not to say that labels aren’t helpful in allowing effective treatment,” she says,

“They are. Understanding that a client is struggling with anxiety and is introverted helps me to create an individualized plan which takes into account how they are currently interacting in society. However, the most important thing about labels is that as we evolve, they change.”

The problem with theories of categorization, such as personality types, is that the way they’re communicated to the general public “misses this fundamental truth”—that if a label is fixed forever, with no awareness that people can and do change and become different as their lives and internal work go on, then that label can become harmful. It can become a limiting force; a restriction that prevents you from changing in positive ways.

It can become a justification for the behavior that holds you back in life: Oh, I have XX personality type and introverted intuition so putting myself out there and trying that potential new situation won’t work for me.

But Woodland suggests that putting a theory like personality types out into the world, and then saying, “but be mindful, this is not fixed and will change based on your continual personal growth,” is not profitable. Companies don’t drive enrollment into their training programs or persuade people to buy their books or lectures or equipment, by encouraging people to take responsibility for their own experience and accept that they will continue to grow and change for the rest of their lives.

A helpful thought exercise

So perhaps personality type categories can be more helpful if we reframe them. Instead of seeing them as fixed labels that dictate how we can and should live our lives and interact with other humans, we can use them as starting points for thinking about ourselves differently.

We all need a push now and then to view ourselves in a new light and embrace the things about us that we don’t usually like. If, like Mark, you’re someone who experiences self-doubt because you don’t feel like you fit in, then using personality type literature to see your personal traits as valuable and vital elements of society could provide the inspiration you need to love yourself a little more.

When you’re stuck in a pattern of putting yourself down, a different perspective can make all the difference.

But that different perspective shouldn’t necessarily become your only perspective. Learning about introverted intuition and other personality type traits could be an exercise in learning itself. A gateway to allowing yourself to consider the possibility that what you think of yourself isn’t always true.

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Metaphysics & Psychology

The Ganzfeld Effect: How To Experience Strong Hallucinations Without Drugs

The Ganzfeld Effect: How To Experience Strong Hallucinations Without Drugs 87
An experiment investigating the ganzfeld effect / Life

Sometimes hallucinations can appear in a healthy person, if he is in a homogeneous auditory and visual environment. For example, the researchers of the Arctic, who for a long time have to look at the endless expanses of ice, or the miners, after an accident, found themselves locked in a mine. 

This phenomenon is called the “ganzfeld effect”, it is the German “full field”. Some people deliberately evoke such visions in themselves. Is it dangerous for the psyche?

What is the Ganzfeld Effect?

About its existence, people knew the ganzfeld effect for a long time. Thus, the northern people who had to deal with such phenomena believed that these visions were sent to people by spirits. The followers of Pythagoras spent a lot of time in dark caves to gain wisdom by connecting with their subconscious.

When we are in a homogeneous, infinite space, where there is nothing to catch the eye, hallucinations may appear. The brain does not receive information, neither visual nor auditory. It cannot exist in reality, where there is no information, so it takes white noise as a basis and supplements it with some kind of visual picture.

The ganzfeld effect is not an aberration. It is based on the work of the brain, which needs to receive a flow of information from the senses. With the help of them, it recognizes models familiar to it, gives out ready-made templates. It does not need to be given any commands or instructions, the brain independently carries out this work. If there is not enough visual information, it complements the visual picture of sensations o its own accord, i.e. a person sees what is not really there.

This was confirmed experimentally in the 1930s by Wolfgang Metzger. His subjects, for a long time looking at a homogeneous field, began to see hallucinations. There are instructions by following which, you can evoke these visions in yourself.

To try this method for yourself, you need to find a clean ping-pong ball, cut it in half. It is advisable to turn on the red light in the room or turn off the lighting. To create “white noise”, you need to tune the radio so that only hiss is heard. You can lie down, fix the halves of the balloon in front of your eyes and wait. If you do not fall asleep, then hallucinations may appear after 10-30 minutes.

The Ganzfeld Effect: How To Experience Strong Hallucinations Without Drugs

Experts advise against doing this. Psychiatrists write that this procedure is stressful for the psyche. If a person has caused such visions in himself many times, he may develop neurotic states. But if you had to face this phenomenon, you should not worry about it, there should be no negative consequences for the psyche.

The ganzfeld effect and telepathy

It is believed that the ganzfeld effect is associated with clairvoyance. Due to the fact that auditory and visual analyzers are completely turned off, a person seems to fall out of objective reality and can plunge into a dialogue with the subconscious. It is this that creates different images in the head.

Many believed that in this way it was possible to establish contact with the universal information field and receive information from there. In the 1970s, experiments took place on the transmission of information telepathically.

One of the subjects sat in a room with dim red lighting, with halves of ping-pong balls in front of him, headphones with white noise in his ears. In another room, a second subject was sitting, trying to transmit a message using psychic abilities.

In 1983, 354 pairs of subjects took part in the experiment, 34% of the participants chose the right card from the proposed ones. In a similar 1985 study, that number rose to 37%. Given that the probability of random guessing is 25%, we can say that it was not possible to prove the presence of telepathic abilities at that time.

The Ganzfeld Effect: How To Experience Strong Hallucinations Without Drugs

The ganzfeld effect does exist, scientists have tried to study and explain it. Knowing about it, one can understand the origin of many legends and superstitions associated with caves, mines, etc. People really heard mysterious sounds and saw some figures, but all these images could be created by our brain, the work of which has not yet been fully studied.

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Metaphysics & Psychology

Research confirms that “near death experience” is not an illusion

Research confirms that "near death experience" is not an illusion 88

Dr. Alexander Batthyany, a professor of psychology at the University of Vienna, has studied thousands of cases of near-death experiences. Human thinking ability has nothing to do with the brain.

Near death experience case study

Dr. Batthyany and others collected thousands of complete cases describing near-death experiences , and recorded in detail the content of the near-death’s private prosecution and doctor’s consultation.

Doctors ask dozens of questions about what the patient sees (visual), what he hears (hearing), what he thinks (consciousness and thinking), life background (such as religious beliefs, life experience), etc., such as “Have this experience before Do you?”, “Do you see the light?”, “Who do you talk about your death experience?”, “Do you believe in your death experience?”, etc., to judge and evaluate the credibility of the patient’s narration of the near death experience Degree and the patient’s mental state after death (whether normal, etc.).

Dr. Batthyany said that the results of the study are reliable and fully confirm that the near-death experience is a real mental activity rather than an illusion. He also said that research methods have certain limitations, which will lead to underestimation of the proportion of near-death experiences.

Extremely credible near-death experiences

Dr. Batthyany explained that due to the limitations of the method, cases are likely to be missed, so the actual rate of near death experience should be higher.

Dr. Batthyany explained how he and his colleagues analyzed thousands of cases by compiling and integrating medical records into a resource library (such as the NDERF website), and then using search terms related to vision (vision) or cognition (such as “See” (saw) or “thought”> search for related medical records and score them according to visual or cognitive content, and then further narrow the scope of the study, such as selecting near-death experience cases with detailed medical records. This screening method based only on search terms is likely to miss cases where there is no such vocabulary in the expression.

Dr. Batthyany said that the near-death experience cases are highly credible. They considered that thousands of cases with near-death experiences are likely to have false reports, but in the process of sorting and analyzing, they noticed that only 1% of near-death cases were deleted due to validity.

Therefore, Dr. Batthyany believes that even if there are still false cases, the number is not enough to affect the overall conclusion.

Evidence of the phenomenon

In addition to these near-death experience studies, Dr. Batthyany also pointed out that the phenomenon of back light also shows that the phenomenon of thinking consciousness is extremely complex, even in the case of severe deterioration of brain function, there can be active thinking.

Dr. Batthyany studies the back-to-light phenomenon in patients with Alzheimer’s disease. Among patients with Alzheimer’s disease (ie, Alzheimer’s disease), some people have been completely incoherent for many years, but suddenly showed a marked improvement or normal thinking shortly before their death. This is what is commonly referred to as “return to light”.

According to the current neurological concept, as the brain function of Alzheimer’s patients gets worse and worse, their thinking performance should be that their memory and various thoughts and feelings are becoming more and more lost, and there is even no human thinking at all.

However, the actual situation is just the opposite. The whole state of mind of Alzheimer’s patients may suddenly become intact like a spark burst.

“Psychological Vision” of the Blind

In fact, there is also a phenomenon of “mindsight” or “mind intuition” which also illustrates the independence of thinking. “Psychovision” refers to the sight of a blind person who reports during a near-death experience.

Kenneth Ring of the University of Connecticut found that among 21 blind cases who reported near-death experiences, 15 blind people described seeing the scene and had vision.

Dr. Batthyany pointed out that some scientists believe that near-death experiences are hallucinations produced by human neurophysiological processes. However, “in this study, the results of near-death experience, rebirth, and psycho-visual phenomena suggest that patients experience near-death experiences when their condition deteriorates, die, or have no neurological activity, and it is common.”

Therefore, Dr. Batthyany concluded that even when the brain function changes or even the electrical activity of the brain stops (the EEG is flat), there is still a clear sense of self, complex visual images, and clear mental activities. And other thinking phenomena.

Even though back-lighting and psychological vision are very rare phenomena, the countless examples of near-death experiences are enough to illustrate the problem.

Dr. Batthyany wrote:

“Our research results show that the visual scene, mental state and self-awareness that people continue to appear in the near-death experience are a rule rather than an exception.”

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Metaphysics & Psychology

What people see after clinical death: Stories from survivors that they would rather forget

What people see after clinical death: Stories from survivors that they would rather forget 89

Humanity still does not know much about death. Of course, it’s easy to write it off as “nothingness,” but what if in reality everything is a little more complicated? In the selection below – ten creepy stories “from the other world” from people who survived clinical death.

Recently, the user Aidanmartin3 asked near-death survivors on Reddit to describe what it was like. The post quickly went viral, with hundreds of people sharing their stories in the comments.

I was about fifteen years old. Climbed onto the kitchen counter to grab something from the top cabinet, but slipped and fell headlong onto the marble floor. The next thing I remember is walking barefoot on water. Then I look to the right, I see a very bright light and a hand, as if calling me. I go to her and suddenly realize how peaceful and relaxed I am. Like the best deep sleep ever. Then I said to myself: “Dude, this is so cool, I would never wake up.” And then all of a sudden everything disappears, and I wake up because of my mother, who is crying over me.By that time, I was already numb, cold, pulseless and even managed to urinate in my pants. As an atheist who does not believe in all this, I often think about that case.


My father died for a short while and then said that at that time he was walking along a long corridor to the door. But when he was about to open it, his father felt himself being “sucked” into his own body

What people see after clinical death: Stories from survivors that they would rather forget 90

GIF © Giphy

He died of an overdose for several minutes.In reality, there was nothing. It’s just darkness and an incomprehensible period of time. It was almost like waking up after hanging out all night and feeling like a horse kicked in the chest.


It seemed to me that I was kind of floating in a long tunnel and I felt very tired. I remember how I fell asleep then and had a dream that I was in the kitchen of my childhood home, and dad was preparing breakfast. I heard turmoil and chaos at one end, and at the other, there was a warm light that seemed soothing. But then all of a sudden I ended up in the chaos of the emergency room.


The story of my ex-girlfriend’s mom. Her heart stopped for 28 minutes. The doctors had already told the family that she had left, and even brought in a priest to bless the room. But in the end she returned. She said that she recalls running around the field with a little girl, who, according to the woman, was her niece, in the dress in which she was buried.

What people see after clinical death: Stories from survivors that they would rather forget 91

GIF © Giphy

I heard a loud, high-pitched noise telling me that I am still too young to die. Then he got even higher, and I saw a bright light and woke up. The ambulance driver was shining a flashlight in my eyes


Anaphylactic reaction to the deadly sting of the Irukandji jellyfish. I saw this white glow and how I soared up, then my family and the doctors and nurses who were saving me. Came back and felt a lot of pain


It felt as if my body was being filmed on a CCTV camera from a third person. Then the camera gradually moved away and rose. I became very cold and began to hear loud clanking sounds. Woke up in an ambulance to the sound of a gurney bouncing on a rough road. It was so surreal. Since then I have not been afraid of death, to be honest. It was almost six years ago, but I still think about that case several times a month.

What people see after clinical death: Stories from survivors that they would rather forget 92

GIF © Giphy

I was hit by a car. I could see everything, blood had not yet got into my eyes. I heard all the commotion. I felt myself being pushed in the back, and then doing artificial respiration … After that I felt only the first beats of the heart and how the blood flowed through my body. The pain began to build up with renewed vigor, and then everything went black


I was pronounced dead three times. But “after death” I have never seen anything. At least i don’t remember


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