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Incredible Byzantine underground city in Turkey that runs 18 storeys deep discovered by local who was renovating his home

These stunning images show the underground 18-storey city discovered by chance by a man renovating his home.

In 1963, a Turkish dad knocked down a wall in his basement, revealing a secret room which led to an underground tunnel that took him to the ancient city of Derinkuyu.

Photos of the preserved city document how 20,000 people – including livestock and entire food supplies – could have lived 85m beneath the earth.

Thought to have been created during the Byzantine era in 780-1180AD, the network of kitchens, stables, churches, tombs, wells, communal rooms and schools was most likely used as a bunker to protect inhabitants from the Arab–Byzantine wars.

The ancient city has become a popular tourist attraction for the region (Image: Getty Images)
Located in Derinkuyu, Turkey the network of tunnels runs 85m deep (Image: Getty Images)
Cave-like chapels and Greek inscriptions can be seen still to this day (Image: Getty Images)

During this time, cave-like chapels and Greek inscriptions were added to the ancient city , and about 600 entrances allowed people to come and go.

Heavy stone doors could close Derinkuyu from the inside in order to fend off intruders, and each storey could be shut off individually.

Amazingly, Derinkuyu isn’t the only one of its kind – though it’s in the running to be one of the largest underground cities.

The hidden community, in the region of Cappadocia, is connected to other subterranean cities by tunnels stretching several miles.

It is thought that the city could hold up to 20,000 people as well as livestock and food (Image: Getty Images)
Heavy stone doors could close Derinkuyu from the inside to fend off intruders (Image: Getty Images)
Stunning caves were connected to other underground cities by long tunnels (Image: Getty Images)
City is thought to have been created during the Byzantine era in 780-1180AD (Image: Getty Images)

Only about half of Derinkuyu is accessible, but the site has proved to be a popular tourist attraction.

The historical region in Central Anatolia also attracts visitors with its incredible geological, historic, and cultural features, including rock formations and spires known as ‘fairy chimneys

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Ancient

Yonaguni’s underwater ruins – the remains of Lemuria?

To the south of Japan there is an Okinawa archipelago known to many – it is a small island that “stretches” to the island of Taiwan. The last island of the archipelago is located approximately 100 kilometers from Taiwan, and it is called Yonaguri.

Underwater tourism is widespread here, and for several decades there is a reason why diving enthusiasts plunge into the depths of the waters more and more willingly.

Mysterious find and many years of controversy

Upper Monument Terrace

It all started back in 1985, when Kihachiro Aratake, a diving instructor, discovered a very strange object under water. It was a huge monument, which began off the coast and extended somewhere into the distance. Then Aratake was struck by ideal, as it seemed to him, lines: flat platforms, rhombuses, rectangles and terraces, which turned into large steps leading down.

The monument ended with a wall that went down 27 meters – to the bottom. This precipice was the wall of the trench, which stretched along the entire structure.

On the one hand, the monument could be attributed to the “joke of nature” that endowed it with so even lines and forms, on the other hand, Aratake had doubts. Suddenly the object was man-made?

The find was made public, and a long journey began from sensational headlines to the skeptical conclusion of scientists that there was never a civilization in the designated place, whose representatives could create such a monument

But, as usually happens, supporters of the theory of the man-made origin of the object were found, including the famous professor Masaaki Kimura. He studied the surroundings of Yonagumi for about 10 years, and did not hold the opinion of the artificial creation of the monument.

Then, Graham Hancock, who adhered to the theory of the existence of a highly developed civilization in antiquity, found out about the find. Together with Boston University professor Robert Shoch, Hancock sets off to explore the monument … And the opinions of his colleagues are divided.

Some parts of the monument do not look like “natural” objects

In favor of the natural origin of the monument is the fact that it consists of sedimentary rocks and sandstone – nothing unusual. And the forms that some scientists were so interested in could arise under the influence of water, wind and rain. Perfectly straight cracks could also appear solely due to the structure of the deposits.

Schoch adhered to the theory of the natural origin of the monument, and only later, when he and Hancock once again flew to Okinawa and met with Kimura, the position of the professor at Boston University “staggered.”

Arguments for the Artificial Origin of the Monument

Researchers also have a lot of questions about the origin of the well.

Kimura gives several arguments that may indicate the artificial origin of the monument. First of all, he notes that if the monument was formed in a natural way, then the blocks that were separated from the rock would not lie so “correctly”. They would fall differently, and gravity would play a huge role in this.

The theory of creating a structure through erosion does not stand up to criticism at all: in this case, there would be a lot of debris near the monument at the bottom, and there aren’t so many of them.

Ring road

It is also interesting that side by side there are very different shapes within the monument: a narrow trench, and faces with sharp edges, and round holes, and steps. If it were erosion, then all the elements were “polished” the same way.

It is also impossible to explain deep symmetrical trenches by natural processes, as well as steps that rise at regular intervals – from a depth of 27 meters to the top of the monument.

It is not easy to explain by natural processes the presence of a wall that closes the monument from the west. The fact is that it is laid out from limestone blocks, and they are atypical for the Yonagumi zone.

The mysteries of the Yonaguni complex

This find was nicknamed the “stone of the sun.”

There are several more unsolvable puzzles that researchers still puzzle over. For example, the “twin pillars”, which are located at the western edge of the monument. In some ways, they are like the famous pillars from Stonehenge, and have a strict geometric shape. They, by the way, are from limestone, which, as mentioned above, is not common in Yonagumi.

It is interesting, but the position of these two pillars seems senseless to many: most likely, they fell from the top of the monument.

After several years of research, Schoch and Kimura were able to reach a compromise: they both abandoned radical points of view, and began to look for new evidence in favor of a particular theory. However, a major study of the monument took place only in 1998, under the guidance of the famous archaeologist Arbuthnot – Shocha was also invited to study.

Now the “stone of the sun” fell down

After several weeks of hard work, the skeptical Arbutnot rejected the “extreme” point of view, and began to believe that the monument was nevertheless processed with human hands.

And in 2001, after Kimura’s report, most Japanese scientists nevertheless agreed with the view that the monument is not only of natural origin. But the debate still continues, although so many skeptics who are confident in the exclusively “natural” origin of the monument have never seen it with their own eyes.

Curious find

The head with “eyes” and “mouth” raises many questions

And here is another find that was discovered near the monument: an object that is very similar to a human head! This 7-meter figure could well be of natural origin, but there are recesses on it that act as eyes and mouth.

Perhaps the origin of the head is artificial, but, according to some researchers, it could be “modified”. On the side of the figure there is something that is vaguely reminiscent of a headdress of feathers – the bas-relief is not very well preserved, because many people doubt that it was created by nature.

There are more and more questions every year – as well as finds near the Yonaguni complex. Here stones with reliefs were found: dashes, crosses and even animals, tools. It is believed that representatives of ancient civilization had a hand in creating the monument and other mysterious exhibits. True, this happened on land, and as a result of tectonic processes, everything was submerged under water.

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Traces of the ruler of ancient Egypt lead to the moon

With all the complexities of the modern world, mankind is preparing for a new cosmic leap. The main issue of world cosmonautics is not only flight, but also the primary arrangement of man on the moon, the creation of lunar bases. The drama and difficulties of today can only slow down this process, but they will not stop it and will not cancel it.

Firstly, this is already enshrined in the plans of China, the USA, the United Europe, and Russia as the next task of cosmonautics. Moreover, this club is prone to expansion. Secondly, the reason for the planned flights is not only, but not so much ordinary and professional curiosity, although this is very significant. There are much more serious reasons for flying.

Breastplate of Pharaoh Tutankhamun

(“Pectoral of Tutankhamun”). 

Photo from the author’s archive

Say, strategically, the Earth’s satellite is the primary extraterrestrial territory for the continuation of the natural expansion of mankind. Without such expansion, even by virtue of the law of increasing needs, we will simply eat and destroy our planet. We simply do not have enough resources, as well as the ability of the planet’s nature to recover from “communication” with us.

The introduction of ever new technologies of this contradiction, alas, will not remove it. It is simply superseded to a new level. Let’s say there was a time when Londoners were afraid that horse dung would flood the city to the very rooftops. This, fortunately, did not happen thanks to the advent of the car. But today we understand that a car is a means of salvation from manure, but not at all a conservation of nature. And with this “magic wand”, a conversation about the impact on nature now needs to be conducted not on an urban, but on a global scale!

By virtue of our very being, obliging us to interact with the nature of the Earth in an active way, the strategic prospects of mankind can only be associated with cosmic expansion!

Space expansion is also important for its humanitarian consequences. Expansion is an inspirational move forward. Remember the spiritual uplift of the beginning of the space age! Until a new breakthrough of this level has occurred, modern culture has to get bored with sorting out the already worked out set of basic ideas and impressions. Hence the popularity of remakes and radical interpretations of the already known. Meanwhile, the expectations related to the space program are not exhausted by what has already been said.

Space is interesting not only for its tangible pragmatics. It is important and another, in our time, still quite exotic opportunity – a chance to meet extraterrestrial intelligent creatures. At the same time, science and astronautics should not forget that such a meeting could or could have happened not only in space. For example, it could be realized in the form of paleocontact (visiting the Earth by aliens).

This topic has been formulated and supported in recent times by Matest Agrest, the doctor of physical and mathematical sciences, who published in 1960 the article “Traces lead to space?”. It was, for example, about the giant blocks at the base of the temple complex in Baalbek (Lebanon). Ancient builders managed to procure, deliver and put in place hundreds of tons of blocks! How is this possible and why did they face such a task at all? The usual historical approaches nevertheless do not give a convincing explanation on this score. So it is perfectly acceptable to assume that the ancient builders could be helped, for example, by sentient beings. It is clear that they possess both relevant knowledge and powerful technologies. Otherwise, they simply would not have reached Earth.

In our opinion, science should reflect and conduct a search in this vein. Therefore, we propose to take a look, for example, in the photo of the chest decoration of the pharaoh Tutankhamun (“Pectoral of Tutankhamun”). It miraculously dwells in the shadow of the attention of cosmists, but it looks like an extremely interesting cultural monument.

It seems natural to believe that the ornaments of the pharaoh should emphasize his divine nature and connection with the gods. In this sense, the pectoral is made as if it were just a detailed story about the connection of the pharaoh with celestials (see photo of the necklace). In the framework of the cosmic experience of modern man, the content of the pectoral, as it seems to us, can be hypothetically interpreted, for example, as follows.

It seems that there are three horizontal levels on the necklace, the extreme of which are the Earth (not clearly represented) and the Moon (indicated by the crescent). Between them is the sign of a scarab beetle. We think the scarab in this case expresses two meanings: “flying” and “massive”, but in general it means a “shuttle” on the Earth – Moon route.

Below the moon on the necklace, according to existing belief, is the “heavenly boat” and even with the “All-Seeing Eye.” In ancient times, it was believed that this is the sacred eye that watches everything that happens on Earth. Today it is easy to imagine that it could be an alien surveillance system located at the orbital station.

Finally, above the pectorals we see a crescent moon with some kind of creatures, which, by the way, they seem to be very similar. It is hardly people – there would be at least some traditions about them, but there are not.

Accordingly, we can conclude: judging by the “Pectoral of Tutankhamun”, in our distant past, paleocontact seems to have occurred. It can also be assumed that in the distant past, aliens not only visited our planet, but also had their own orbital station at that time, as well as some kind of base on the moon. And, probably, this could not but affect the history of mankind.

It seems that future astronauts on the moon have a chance to find some traces of the presence of distant alien predecessors, and maybe a message from them.

Of course, we must understand that we are talking about a very bold, but very hypothetical interpretation of the contents of the necklace. Therefore, at this stage, other interpretations of the content of the pectoral may well be developed. But, we think, people related to the development of astronautics would have to reflect on what is said above. 

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Amazing stories about the great floods in the history of mankind

If you think that there was only one great flood in the history of mankind, you are greatly mistaken. There are at least 200 different myths and legends about how water washed away everything in its path.

Surprisingly, in most stories, the cause of the flood is divine intervention. That is, different Gods have repeatedly tried to exterminate all evil and left only a handful of good people who were supposed to revive life on Earth.

1. The legend of Trentren Vilu and Caikai Vilu

This legend came from the mountains from the south of Chile. According to it, there were once two giant snakes – Trentren Vilu and Caikai Vilu. The god of water and the god of earth constantly fought each other. But in the end, after Caikai Vilu flooded most of the Earth, Trentren Vilu defeated it. Of course, there were some losses. But now, off the coast of Chile is a huge number of islands.

2. Unu-Pachacuti

According to the Inca myth, the god Viracocha created a race of giants, but then he was forced to kill all people, because they became unpredictable and uncontrollable.

3. The myth of Deucalion

Deucalion was the son of Prometheus. When Zeus decided to destroy humanity for greed, anger, disobedience, Deucalion begged him to have mercy. But God was determined. Then Deucalion, on the advice of his father, built an ark in which he could feel safe during the attack of the water element. As a result, most of humanity was destroyed. Only Deucalion, his wife, and those who managed to get to the mountains before the flood managed to survive.

4. The Bloody Flood of Väinämöinen

This hero of Finnish mythology was the first to build a boat. After the devil hit him with an axe, the world was buried in the blood of Väinämöinen, and the hero on his own ship went to the lands of Pohjela, where a new page in the history of mankind began.

5. The legend of Tauhaki

In mythology, the Maori Tauhaki caused a flood to destroy his envious and greedy half-brothers. He warned all civilians about the danger and sent them to Mount Hikurangi.

6. Bochica

According to one South American legend, a man named Bochica arrived in Colombia and taught people to take care of themselves on their own, without relying on the will of the gods. He spent a lot of time on help, and his wife did not like it at all. Guyhaka began to pray to the god of water that he would flood the earth and kill all of her rivals. God Chibchacun heard her prayers, but Bochica, climbing the rainbow, with the help of a golden scepter, managed to cope with the elements. Having directed water to safe channels, he managed to save some people, but many still died.

7. Maya Flood

According to Mayan mythology, Huracan, who was subject to winds and storms, caused a flood to punish people who angered the gods. After the flood, seven people were engaged in the restoration of life on Earth – three men and four women.

8. History of the Cameroon Flood

According to legend, the girl was grinding flour at the moment when a goat approached her. The animal wanted to profit. The girl first drove her away, but when the goat returned, she allowed her to eat as much as she wanted. For the kindness shown, the animal warned the girl about the impending flood, and she and her brother managed to escape.

9. The Temum Flood

The Teman people have a legend about how their ancestors died due to the fact that they angered the gods. Only one pair managed to survive, who managed to climb a tree in time.

10. The Niskvalli Flood

In one myth of the Indians, the Puget Sound tells how the population grew so much that people, having eaten all the animals and fish, began to destroy each other. Then a flood was sent to them. Only one pair survived, and they created a new race.

11. The Sumerian Flood

The Sumerians had a chance to survive several floods. One happened due to the fact that the noise created by people did not allow the gods to sleep. Only God Enki took pity on humanity. He warned Zizudra, who managed to build a ship and transported some people to a safe place on it.

12. The flood in the epic of Gilgamesh

Another Sumerian story. Gilgamesh sought the secret of eternal life and met Utnapishtim – a man who recognized this secret. As it turned out, God Enil awarded him immortality because he, having learned of the impending flood, built a boat, loaded his family on it, all his wealth, seeds and set sail. When the flood ceased, he descended on Mount Nisir, where he began to create a new civilization.

13. Noah’s flood

This is the most famous story. People became so evil that God decided to destroy civilization with water. But Noah was instructed to build an ark and assemble his family on it and a pair of each type of animal. The ship sailed for a very long time until an omen appeared in the sky – a rainbow signified the end of the flood.

14. The myth of the Eskimo flood

According to legend, water flooded the whole earth. People ran on rafts and huddled together to warm themselves. Salvation was the wizard An-ozhuy. He threw his bow into the water and ordered the wind to subside. After the abyss swallowed his earrings, the flood stopped.

15. Vainabuzh and the Great Flood

When the world plunged into the darkness of evil, the Creator decided to cleanse the earth with a flood. One of the surviving men was called Vainabuzh. He built a raft for himself and animals and swam, waiting for the end of the flood. But the flood did not stop, then he sent the animals in search of the earth. When Vainabuzh was holding a handful of dirt in his hands, he laid it on the back of a tortoise, which increased in size and became a new world.

16. Bergelmir

In ancient Norse mythology, the sons of Borr killed Imir. There was so much blood that it flooded the world, and the whole race of giants perished. Only Bergelmir and his relatives managed to escape and give life to the new history of the Etuns.

17. Great Yu

With the help of magic mud, a turtle and a dragon, Yu managed to redirect the waters of the Great Flood to canals, lakes and tunnels. So he saved the Chinese empire from destruction.

18. The story of the Korean flood

According to the old Korean myth, a fairy was born to a fairy and a laurel tree. The fairy went to heaven when the boy was small. During the flood, the laurel tree told his son to recover to wander the water. The boy managed to save another boy and grandmother with two granddaughters. All other people died from the flood, but these two couples managed to revive life on earth.

19. Burmese flood

During a great flood, a man named Popou Nan-chown and his sister Changko managed to escape on a boat. They took nine roosters and nine needles with them. Every day after the rain stopped, people threw overboard a cock and a needle to check if the water was sleeping. Only on the last, ninth day, the rooster began to sing and you could hear the needle hit the rock. Then the couple came down to earth.

20. Nüwa

This goddess from Chinese mythology saved the world during the flood by collecting colorful stones, melting them and covering holes in heaven through which water poured on the earth. After this, Nüwa chopped off the legs of a huge turtle and placed a firmament on them.

Nyuiva – creator of human beings

Nuiva is the creator of human beings. Illustration: S. M. Jan / The Epoch Times

In China, there is an ancient legend, which states that all human beings, including the Chinese, were created by Nuiva. The first people created by Nuiva from the mud were the same as puppets – toys without life, thoughts and movements. Nuiva was dissatisfied with this, and decided to breathe her magic breath into these puppets and give them a soul. Thus, they became living human beings.

But these people lacked wisdom, as well as the ability to survive in harsh conditions. They did not know how to control their emotions and had no idea what was happening in their environment. They had no logic or worldview, and they were very vulnerable. When the first people became extinct, Nuiva had to make another group of people. This extra work was very tiring and took a lot of time.

Nuiva has given human beings wisdom. The goddess created musical instruments for them, taught music, songs and dances. And then people became able to express their feelings through singing and dancing. Since then, they have been able to control themselves and enrich their lives.

To continue the human race, Nuiva created a concept such as the relationship of the sexes, so that man and woman live together and give birth to children, who would be the next generation of people.

Gradually, people came to understand how to behave and live in harmony with themselves and nature. Human history, culture, and other aspects of life began to develop and gradually spread. Gradually, their primitive life became more versatile, and people moved on to a more civilized way of life.

In the West, they speak of a similar story: God created Adam and Eve – the progenitors of mankind. Based on eastern and western myths, we can talk about a common idea: people were created by God.

21. Hopi Flood

The Hopi tribe has a myth about a spider woman who weaved a giant web so that people could escape from the flood on it.

22. Manu and Matsya

A fish sailed to Manu and asked him to save it. He placed it in a jug, in which the fish soon started grow bigger. Then Manu carried it into the river, but it continued to grow. Only when it was in the ocean did the fish discover itself as Vishnu. God warned Manu about the flood and ordered him to build an ark on which all kinds of plants and animals would be saved.

23. Flood in Saanich

Local residents were sure that if you follow all the rules of the Creator, you can receive a blessing. But once, people disobeyed the teachings, for which they were punished by the flood.

24. Vali flood

A monster called Afanc sent a great flood to the earth. Only one couple survived who survived on the ship.

25. Kenesh and the Comox people

The Comox people have a story about an old man who warned of a flood, coming in dreams. Collectively, people built a canoe and prepared to escape. The rain began right on time – as the old man predicted. Water was arriving. Suddenly, like a huge white whale, a glacier appeared. Soon after, the flood ceased.

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